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10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language
10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language
10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language
10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language
1. American Sign Language (ASL) is Not English on the Hands
1. American Sign Language (ASL) is Not English on the Hands
2. ASL Is A Visuo-Spatial Language
2. ASL Is A Visuo-Spatial Language
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
ASL Grammatical Features Continued
Indicating Tense in ASL
Indicating Tense in ASL
Indicating Tense in ASL
Indicating Tense in ASL
Indicating Tense in ASL
Indicating Tense in ASL
Prepositions in English Locatives in ASL
Prepositions in English Locatives in ASL
Prepositions in English Locatives in ASL
Prepositions in English Locatives in ASL
Prepositions/Locatives Continued
Prepositions/Locatives Continued
Prepositions/Locatives Continued
Prepositions/Locatives Continued
6. Adjectives in English and ASL
6. Adjectives in English and ASL
Classifiers Used as Adjectives
Classifiers Used as Adjectives
Classifiers Used as Adjectives
Classifiers Used as Adjectives
Classifiers Representing Size and Shape
Classifiers Representing Size and Shape
Classifiers Representing Size and Shape
Classifiers Representing Size and Shape
7. Negation
7. Negation
7. Negation
7. Negation
Negation Continued
Negation Continued
8. The Verb “To Be”
8. The Verb “To Be”
9.The Role of Fingerspelling in American Sign Language
9.The Role of Fingerspelling in American Sign Language
The American Manual Alphabet
The American Manual Alphabet
10
10
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10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language

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110 Things You Should Know About 14Classifiers Representing Size and
American Sign Language. Dr. Nanci A. Shape. Several classifiers that are used
Scheetz, CSC Professor, VSU Dr. Susan to show size and shape. Two of them are:
Easterbrooks Professor, GSU. CL:F (“F” handshape) is used to show a
21. American Sign Language (ASL) is Not small round object such as a coin, piece
English on the Hands. ASL is a complex of candy, a spot on an animal, etc. CL:B
language used within and among members of (“B” handshape) is used to show a large
the Deaf community. It is “a complete pile, a big stomach, a handful of
natural language, quite independent from something.
English” (Lane, Hoffmeister, & Bahan, http://www.jal.cc.il.us/ipp/Classifiers/cr
1996). dits.swf.
32. ASL Is A Visuo-Spatial Language. 157. Negation. There are several ways to
Signed messages are produced in the form negative sentences in ASL. Non-manual
signing space. ASL is based on visual markers: produced in isolation Negative
perception and visual conveyance of ideas, headshake Eyebrows squeezed together
information and feeling concepts In Non-manual markers: combined with signs No
essence, space provides the backdrop for Never Not none
the expression of the language. http://www.lifeprint.com/dictionary.htm.
4ASL is a Visuo-Spatial Language 16Negation Continued. No is used in
Continued. Space is used to… Convey response to a Yes/No Question None can be
noun/verb relationships Identify nouns and used to indicate zero quantity and can be
pronouns Refer to individuals who are not signed before or after the verb Not and
present Illustrate time sequences Reflect never occur either before the verb or at
spatial relationships Express distance the end of the sentence thus producing a
between locations Compare and contrast. negative consequence.
who. what. when. where. 178. The Verb “To Be”. ASL shows the
53. American Sign Language has verb “to be” in a variety of ways:
Grammatical Features. where. when. where. Incorporating it into the verb phrase “I
who what. why how. Some of these features am going to work” Including it as part of
include: Use of Space Indicating Tense a reference for a noun or pronoun as in
Temporal Aspect Prepositions/Locatives the sentence: “She is over there” or
Classifiers Topic/Comment Conditional Including it as part of a descriptive
Sentences. adjective as in: “He is tall” English sign
6ASL Grammatical Features Continued. systems have signs for is, are, was, were,
Negation “WH” Questions “Yes”/”No” am, and be. However, these are not signed
Questions Directional Verbs Listing in ASL.
Rhetorical Questions. 189.The Role of Fingerspelling in
74. English Word Endings Are Not Used American Sign Language. Fingerspelling is
to Depict Tense in ASL. English word a manual representation of the language
endings such as: “ing” as in Walking “ed” that is spoken. In ASL it is used to
as in Walked “s” or “es” as in Walks are represent: Proper names Titles Addresses
not part of ASL. Words that there are no signs for.
8Indicating Tense in ASL. In American 19Fingerspelling Continued.
Sign Language… Time is generally indicated Fingerspelling is a process of spelling
at the beginning of a sentence Tense out English words where there is no sign
indicators such as now or today can be equivalent in ASL. The fingerspelled
signed at the beginning to designate the alphabet corresponds to the English
tense Yesterday, recently, before and long alphabet When fingerspelling the signer
ago are frequently signed to indicate past produces the handshapes in a rapid
tense Future tense can be indicated by sequence, pausing slightly between words
signing future, will, tomorrow, or later. (Easterbrooks & Baker, 2002).
9Indicating Tense in ASL Continued. 20The American Manual Alphabet.
English establishes tense with verb 2110. ASL Does Not Use A Written Format.
inflections such as “ed”, “ing”, etc. and ASL is produced visually with signs
time adverbials may occur at the beginning simultaneously communicating information
or end of a sentence Once tense is and other grammatical information. Signed
established in ASL it is not necessary to messages are produced in the signing
repeat it in every sentence When a change space. Unlike spoken language that follow
in tense occurs within a narrative a new a linear order, sound by sound, word by
tense indicator appears alerting the word, and can be represented in a written
listener to the time frame. format, ASL is produced visually.
10Prepositions in English Locatives in 22ASL Does Not Use A Written Format
ASL. English prepositions may pose a Continued. As a result, information that
challenge to deaf individuals because they students comprehend visually/conceptually
are frequently represented in ASL through may become challenging if sign to print
the use of locatives. When prepositions connections are not made. When
are signed in English the English teachers/interpreters provide students
preposition is represented; however when with the sign to print link the
the preposition is not represented in ASL opportunity for reading comprehension to
the meaning may be vague. occur is enhanced.
11Prepositions/Locatives Continued. When 2310 Things to Remember. ASL is Not
signing sentences in ASL such as: “I am English on the hands ASL is a
going to the store” the word “to” is visuo-spatial language ASL has grammatical
incorporated into the sign for GO-TO “Put features English word endings are not used
the plate in the cupboard” the word “in” to depict tense in ASL Prepositions in ASL
would be incorporated into the sign for are shown in locatives.
PLATE and the location would be designated 2410 Things to Remember Continued.
by sign movement and location in space. Adjectives in ASL may be placed before or
126. Adjectives in English and ASL. after the noun There are several ways for
English and ASL are both rich with form negative sentences in ASL The verb
adjectives. However, each language “to be” is signed differently in ASL and
represents them differently. Adjectives in is not represented by English signs
ASL may be placed before or after the Fingerspelling plays a role in ASL ASL
noun. After the noun they create a pattern does not use a written format.
that is contrary to English structure. 25References. Easterbrooks, S. &
When describing a tall man with red curly Baker, S. (2002). Language learning in
hair in ASL you could sign either: MAN children who are deaf and hard of hearing.
TALL HAIR RED CURLY or TALL MAN RED CURLY Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Scheetz, N.
HAIR. (2001). Orientation to deafness. Boston,
13Classifiers Used as Adjectives. MA: Allyn & Bacon Scheetz, N. (2005).
Classifiers can be used as size and shape Forming connections: understanding the
specifiers (SASS) In these instances they difference between ASL and Contact
can be used to describe the visual Signing. Unpublished document Scheetz, N.
characteristics of an object or a person. (in press) Building American Sign Language
Once an object is identified it can be Skills. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
described using a classifier.
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10 Things You Should Know About American Sign Language

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