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A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift
Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover
Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover
A MODEST PROPOSAL FOR PREVENTING THE CHILDREN OF POOR PEOPLE IN
A MODEST PROPOSAL FOR PREVENTING THE CHILDREN OF POOR PEOPLE IN
And unless it wants to break from its social function, art must show
And unless it wants to break from its social function, art must show
The Age of Reason  1660-1780
The Age of Reason 1660-1780
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
OPENING OTHERS EYES
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
Jonathan Swift faced such a situation in the late 1720s when
The ruling class were usually Protestants Many of them were not born
The ruling class were usually Protestants Many of them were not born
The Modest Proposal begins by using vivid imagery to describe the very
The Modest Proposal begins by using vivid imagery to describe the very
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

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A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift.ppt
1A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift. 14the frailty of human institutions and
English Composition Ms. Greene. attempt through laughter not so much to
2Satire is a sort of glass, wherein tear them down as to inspire a remodeling.
beholders do generally discover Irony and sarcasm are often used in
everybodys face but their own; which is satire. Irony: A contrast between what
the chief reason for that kind of appears to be and what really is. In
reception it meets in the world and that verbal irony, words imply the opposite of
so very few are offended with it. Jonathan what they literally mean. Voice/persona:
Swift. The voice comes from the narrator in a
3A MODEST PROPOSAL FOR PREVENTING THE piece of writing. The voice is not
CHILDREN OF POOR PEOPLE IN IRELAND, FROM necessarily the writer he/she may create
BEING A BURDEN ON THEIR PARENTS OR a persona to put forth opinions and ideas
COUNTRY, AND FOR MAKING THEM BENEFICIAL TO opposite to the writers personal
THE PUBLICK. opinions.
4And unless it wants to break from its 15Rhetorical Devices - Page 2. The Image
social function, art must show the world of the Speaker The speaker may attempt to
as changeable. And help to change it. Max reflect a variety of images of self in
Ernst 1899-1972. order to gain a positive or credible
5The Age of Reason 1660-1780. Swift image. Some possible categories may be:
wrote his satires during The Age of well educated - concerned citizen sincere
Reason In Europe in the late 17th to end - common sense just plain folks - humorous
of the 18th century, there was a general & sharp witted well organized -
intellectual and literary movement known altruistic.
as the enlightenment. The movement is 16Rhetorical Devices Page 3. A
characterized by Rationalism a Readers Response The reader or listener
philosophy that emphasized the role of responds to various ways that the message
reason rather than sensory experience or is styled to elicit a range of responses.
faith in answering basic questions of The speaker or writer manipulates language
human existence. Concern regarding human in order to attract attention. Some
existence led to a need to address social techniques are: Rhetorical questions -
problems. This movement is sometimes known Allusion Figures of speech - sentence
as the Neoclassical Age. variety Repetition - striking imagery With
6OPENING OTHERS EYES. What if you had persuasive writing, the writer must also
good ideas for solving a terrible social ANTICIPATE OPPOSING POINTS OF VIEW by
problem, but no one would listen to you? addressing the COUNTERARGUMENT - If the
How would you get peoples attention? speaker or writer acknowledges that there
7Jonathan Swift faced such a situation are opposing arguments and answers them,
in the late 1720s when starvation was then the reader or listener will be more
widespread in Ireland. Irish harvests had convinced of the argument.
been poor for years. Farmers couldnt pay 17Rhetorical Devices Page 4. A Modest
the rents demanded by their English Proposal is a classic example of
landlords. Beggars and starving children persuasive writing used for the purpose of
filled the streets. Englands policies satire. Watch for these persuasive
kept the Irish poor. techniques: 1. LOGICAL APPEALS use
8Jonathan Swift (1667-1745). Well-known evidence such as facts or statistics to
as the author of the satirical political support a position. 2. EMOTIONAL APPEALS
fantasy, Gulliver's Travels. Swift use words that arouse strong feelings.
published the Modest Proposal in 1729 as Feelings could include: Joy Pride Fear
a pamphlet (a kind of essay in an unbound Greed Hatred Love Respect Despair Anger
booklet). At this time, and for many years Pity Shame Envy Faith Selflessness 3.
afterward, Ireland (not an independent ETHICAL APPEALS establish the writers
country) was very poor. Most people born sincerity and qualifications.
in Ireland were Roman Catholics & 18Swifts Rhetoric. In addition watch
employed as agricultural laborers or out for: - irony - the image of the
tenant farmers. The landlords (landowners) speaker - the use of a voice/persona - the
were paid from the produce of the land at use of rhetorical questions - a the use of
rates which the workers could rarely allusion - the use of figures of speech
afford. metaphors, similes, personification -
9The ruling class were usually sentence variety - repetition - striking
Protestants Many of them were not born in imagery - how does Swift anticipate
Ireland, nor did they live there opposing points of view by addressing the
permanently If the laborers lost their counterargument?
work, there would always be other poor 19FINALLY. What image of Swift and/or
people to take it up There was no social the speaker emerges after reading A
security system and starvation was as Modest Proposal? Is Swifts message clear
common as in the Third World today Swift and worthwhile? Does the work show a
knows, in writing the Proposal, that in balance of reason (logos) and emotion
living memory, Irish people had been (pathos)?
driven to cannibalism. 20PROBLEM. The Modest Proposal begins by
10Appalled by the misery in Ireland, describing the very real poverty of people
Jonathan Swift set out to make the English in Ireland. Swift presents this quite
more responsive to their neighbors sympathetically but sets out facts and
suffering. A Modest Proposal? details, showing that there is a surplus
11The Modest Proposal begins by using of children who cannot be fed. He
vivid imagery to describe the very real considers the possibility of selling the
poverty of people in Ireland. Swift children into slavery, but objects to this
presents this quite sympathetically but - not because it is cruel or wrong, but
sets out facts and details, showing that because no-one will buy children below
there is a surplus of children who twelve years of age. This means that there
cannot be fed. With a masterful use of is a long period in which the children
rhetorical (persuasive) devices, Swift, cannot be fed, because their parents are
through the use of a persona/speaker, too poor, but are too small and weak to be
then: a. suggests solutions for the sold into work.
problem b. describes how the solution will 21SOLUTION? Next he digresses to make
benefit society c. addresses opposing the shocking claim that, according to an
points of view d. explains why his American whom he knows, a healthy child at
solution is the best. one year old is: a most delicious,
12VOCABULARY. Some of the unfamiliar nourishing and wholesome Food, whether
terms in the Modest Proposal are explained Stewed, Roasted, Baked or Boyled.
below: Chair: (Here) a Sedan Chair - a 22SOLUTION. From this beginning, Swift
covered chair supported by poles, carried proceeds to develop his scheme by breeding
by two bearers. Episcopal: To do with children for food. For example, he states
(here appointed by) a bishop - the that landlords will be popular with
adjective refers to church administration tenants because they will be able to pay
at the time Swift wrote. Gibbet: Place them more, to buy the children for the
where criminals are hanged. Mandarin: table. He reasons that, by selling their
Important official serving an oriental children so soon, mothers will be able to
(originally Chinese) ruler, or any high go back to work, until they produce the
official today. Papists: Supporters of the next child. He notes that, as Catholics
Pope, an insulting name for Catholics. seem to breed more rapidly than
Pretender: James Stuart, a Catholic who Protestants, his scheme will help reduce
pretended to (claimed) the English and their numbers - as most of the children
Scottish thrones. He is sometimes known as sold for food will be Papists, as he
the Old Pretender, while his son, Charles calls them. And he suggests that some
Edward Stuart, is known as the Young purchasers will not only wish to eat the
Pretender (or Bonnie Prince Charlie) children, but will flay the skin and make
Shambles: Place (usually in a town) where gloves or boots from it, as from a fine
animals are slaughtered and butchered. leather.
Solar year: A year in the ordinary sense 23OPPOSING POINTS OF
(as measured by the earth's going once VIEW/COUNTER-ARGUMENT. Swift considers the
round the sun). Other words to know: .1. possibility of eating older children, but
importune 6. emulate 2. raiment 7. decides against it - the boys would be
expedient 3. repine 8. parsimony 4. gibbet tough and lean, while the girls would be
9. animosity 5. vintner 10. overture. near to the time when they could become
13Rhetoric Review. Rhetoric is the art Breeders themselves, and it would be best
of persuasion. It is the effort on the to let them do so. He moves to list six
part of the speaker or writer to take full reasons why his scheme is a good one.
advantage of the communication process in Before concluding he advises people not to
order to bring about a change of thinking suggest other solutions - like taxing
or acting on the part of the listener or absentee landlords, of encouraging the
reader. Rhetoric may be reflected in the domestic economy by buying Irish goods, of
efforts of the speaker or writer to discouraging pride, vanity, idleness and
communicate: Some aspects of a self image gambling, and generally of expecting the
Some emphasis of line of reasoning in the wealthy to be more compassionate to the
message or argument Some appeal to poor. He argues finally, that an early
rational or emotional response of the death would have been preferable to the
audience. misery many poor people experience in
14Rhetorical Devices Page 1. Satire: A their adult lives. And he claims to be
literary manner that blends a critical quite impartial, because his oldest child
attitude with HUMOR and WIT for the is nine and his wife past child-bearing -
purpose of improving human institutions or so that he will not be able to make any
humanity. True satirists are conscious of profit by selling his own children.
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift.ppt
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A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift - There was all the world and his wife. 1667-1745. 1704. Bread is the staff of life. , . Tale of the Tub (1696 1697) Battle of the Books. ( ) . Whatever the poets pretend, it is plain they give immortality to none but themselves; it is Homer and Virgil we reverence and admire, not Achilles or AEneas.

Lewis Carroll - . . . A school. , . . . Charles Lutwidg Dodgson. in the Liddell family. . . . . . The writer had.

- George Noel Gordon Byron. . , . George Gordon Byron. . . . My soul is dark - Oh! He died from a fever in Messolonghi in Greece. , . . . ... (1807).

- Tom and Huck try to free Jim. . . But really Jim is free. .. Yes or No? Tom is wounded. Huck and his friend Jim travel down the Mississippi. A couple of hucksters, the Duke and Dauphin, joins them . , , , .

Joanne Rowling - . 4 , . Joanne Rowling. 2001 . . . .

Jonathan Swift - Every Man desires to live long; but no Man would be old. Bread is the staff of life. I have known several persons of great fame for wisdom in public affairs and councils, governed by foolish servants. How is it possible to expect that mankind will take advice, when they will not so much as take warning?

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