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Alcohol consumption patterns of young adolescents in Europe Renate
Alcohol consumption patterns of young adolescents in Europe Renate
Project AAA-prevent
Project AAA-prevent
Abstinence Rates
Abstinence Rates
Drunkenness due to beer, wine and breezers (lifetime users)
Drunkenness due to beer, wine and breezers (lifetime users)
Drunkenness due to spirits (lifetime users)
Drunkenness due to spirits (lifetime users)
Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more last drinking occasion
Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more last drinking occasion
Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more last drinking occasion
Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more last drinking occasion
Cluster Analysis
Cluster Analysis
Identification of country clusters
Identification of country clusters
Three country clusters
Three country clusters
What is risky drinking
What is risky drinking
What is risky drinking
What is risky drinking
What is risky drinking
What is risky drinking
Distribution of indicators
Distribution of indicators
Open questions
Open questions
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Alcohol consumption patterns of young adolescents in Europe Renate Soellner Astrid-Britta Br?ker University of Hildesheim

содержание презентации «Alcohol consumption patterns of young adolescents in Europe Renate Soellner Astrid-Britta Br?ker University of Hildesheim.ppt»
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1Alcohol consumption patterns of young 21Prevention aims and realities.
adolescents in Europe Renate Soellner Prevention goals. Risky drinking may be.
& Astrid-Britta Br?ker University of late onset low frequency low amount
Hildesheim. AAA-Prevent Alcohol Abuse reduction of risky use habits drinking
among Adolescents in Europe Effective only in leisure-time contextual abstinence
Environmental Strategies for Prevention. avoid intoxication … early drinking (minor
2Agenda. than 14) drinking at all drinking more
3Project AAA-prevent. Based on: than once (e.g. weekly use) high amounts
International Self-Report Study of (e.g. heavy episodic drinking) drinking
Delinquency (ISRD-2; 2006-2010) N = during examinations drunkenness (e.g. at
67.883, 30 countries, 7. – 9. Klasse (11 – least twice in lifetime) … cp. ESPAD,
18 year olds) delinquency, leisure time, HBSC. abstinence and/or responsible
drug and alcohol use, family, drinking?
neighbourhood etc. Alcohol Abuse among 22Operationalisations of risky drinking.
Adolescents in Europe. Effective Frequency Weekly Amount of alcohol Heavy
environmental strategies for prevention N episodic drinking: last month Heavy
= 57.771 25 countries 7. – 9. Klasse (12 – episodic drinking: lifetime Consequences
16 year olds ). AAA-Prevent. Junger-Tas, of use Drunkeness lifetime (at least
Marshall, Enzmann, Killias, Steketee & twice) Setting of use Alone Theoretical
Gruszczynska (2010). derived criteria No use under the age of
4Adolescent Alcohol Use in Europe. 14 & less than 5 times last month
European School Survey Project on Alcohol & less than 5 units last drinking
and Other Drugs (ESPAD): 62% of the occasion.
adolescents drank during the last month 23Results.
39% have been drunken during the last year 24Distribution of indicators.
43% used at least 5 units of alcoholic 25Distribution of sum of indicators.
beverages (heavy episodic drinking) Over two thirds do not reach any of the
Hibell, Guttormsson, Ahlstr?m, Balakireva, criteria h.e.u. last month does not appear
Bjarnason, Kokkevi & Kraus (2009) solely.
Health Behavior in School-Aged Children 26Relationships of indicators. 1. ,695.
(HBSC) weekly use: 11% of the 13 year ,537. ,379. ,465. -,023. . 1. ,845. ,500.
olds; 26% of the 15 year olds being ,469. -,058. . . 1. ,510. ,365. -,060.
drunken at least twice: 11% of the 13 year . . . 1. ,316. -,056. . . . . 1.
olds; 33% of the 15 year olds Currie, Nic -,019. . . . . . 1. Drinking alone
Gabhainn, Godeau, Roberts, Smith, Currie, does not measure the same Correlations of
Picket, Richter, Morgan & Barnekow the indicators show middle to high size.
(2008). ESPAD (2007): 15-16 year olds 35 risky use. h.e.u. l.m. h.e.u. lifet.
countries. HBSC (2005/2006): 11-15 year drunkenness. weekly. alone. risky use.
olds 41 countries. h.e.d. l.m. h.e.d. lifet. drunkenness.
5Prevalence. weekly. alone.
6Abstinence Rates. Notes: lowest 27Ausgew?hlte L?nder.
abstinence rates in Eastern European 28Summary. adolescent alcohol use varies
countries High abstinence rates in enormously across Europe. At least half of
Mediterranean countries, but also in the students never drank alcohol in
Iceland, Bosnia-Herzegovina & Norway. Iceland, Bosnia Herzegovina, France,
7Prevalence last month (beer, wine, Portugal, Cyprus and Norway Estonia,
breezers; spirits). Notes: Less than 50% Hungary, Czech Republic and Lithuania show
report drinking alcohol last month Same the highest rates of lifetime use Hungary,
pattern as regards lifetime use: Hungary, Estonia, Czech Republic, Denmark and
Estonia, Czech Republic and Denmark show Germany rank at the top and Bosnia and
higher use than Portugal, Iceland and Herzegovina, Iceland, Portugal and France
Bosnia-Herzegovina. at the bottom regarding last month use
8Prevalence of drinking 5 times or more Frequent drinking shows high ratings in
(last month) (beer/wine/breezers; Northern and Central European countries
spirits). Notes: Youngsters from Central with Estonia, Switzerland, the
European countries show frequent use (e.g. Netherlands, Germany, Hungary and Denmark
Switzerland, the Netherlands, Germany) It Considering lifetime drunkenness Northern
is the only upper position of Switzerland and Eastern European Countries are leading
in all rankings Portugal, Iceland and (Estonia, Denmark, Ireland, Finland,
Bosnia-Herzegovina are lowest again. Russia, Sweden and Norway) Heavy drinking
9Drunkenness due to beer, wine and of beer, wine and breezers is a common
breezers (lifetime users). Ever been consumption pattern in Western countries
drunk? Notes: Estonia and Denmark are (Ireland, Finland, Denmark, the
leading Youngsters from Southern and Netherlands and Germany).
Western European countries have less 29Summary. BUT: The problem‘s size
experience with drunkenness but also differs dependent on the indicator chosen.
Armenia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. For planing and evaluation of prevention
10Drunkenness due to spirits (lifetime programs a multiple perspective of risk
users). Ever been drunk? Notes: Nearly indicators should be taken. Drinking at
same ranking as regards the use of least 5 units of spirits during one
beer/wine/ breezers More youngsters occasion is popular in countries like
reported getting drunken by using spirits Estonia, Ireland, Denmark and Poland
than by beer, wine or breezers. Adolescent alcohol use may be described in
11Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more complex use patterns There are countries
last drinking occasion with similar alcohol use patterns The
(beer/wine/breezers). Notes: Drinking high Nordic drinking style which is
amounts of alcohol (5 alcoholic beverages characterized by using spirits in high
and more) is more common in Central and amounts was found especially for Estonia
some Northern European countries Spain is and Lithuania. The more beer, wine and
ranked between Northern and Eastern breezers drinking culture with high levels
European countries (and not next to the of episodic drinking was more common in
Mediterranean countries). Central European countries The
12Prevalence of drinking 5 units or more Mediterranean style of drinking alcohol
last drinking occasion (spirits). Notes: frequently but in moderation was more
Drinking high amounts of spirits is less prevalent in France, Portugal and Bosnia
common overall Similar ranking as regards and Herzegovina.
the use of beer/wine/breezers. 30Open questions. Which should be the
13Patterns of use. aims of preventive efforts? Which country
14Cluster Analysis. Variables Frequency characteristics may explain these
of use last month (beer, wine, breezers) differences in adolescent alcohol use?
Amount of units last drinking occasion 31Alcohol consumption patterns of young
(beer, wine, breezers) Frequency of use adolescents in Europe Renate Soellner
last month (spirits) Amount of units last & Astrid-Britta Br?ker University of
drinking occasion (spirits) Data 12 – 16 Hildesheim. AAA-Prevent Alcohol Abuse
year-olds, 25 countries, with lifetime among Adolescents in Europe Effective
experience of drinking alcohol. Environmental Strategies for Prevention.
15K-means clustering. differences in 32based on %. Country clustering:
level. qualitative differences. Cluster country. mild. moderate. frequent.
means. frequency beer/wine. 0. 0.62. 1.91. intense. no. Germany. 0.43. 0.14. 0.03.
12.47. 3.38. units beer/ wine. 0. 1.52. 0.04. 0.36. Netherlands. 0.44. 0.15. 0.02.
5.46. 6.17. 15.52. frequency spirits. 0. 0.04. 0.35. Austria. 0.40. 0.15. 0.02.
0.12. 0.94. 4.77. 1.99. units spirits. 0. 0.03. 0.40. Switzerland. 0.41. 0.15. 0.03.
0.55. 3.79. 4.79. 6.83. size (%). 42.9. 0.04. 0.38. Belgium. 0.41. 0.12. 0.02.
42.0. 11.5. 2.2. 1.5. no use. mild use. 0.02. 0.43. Poland. 0.42. 0.13. 0.01.
episodic use. frequent use. heavy episodic 0.04. 0.40. Italy. 0.45. 0.08. 0.01. 0.01.
use. 0.45. Slovenia. 0.47. 0.10. 0.01. 0.02.
16Identification of country clusters. 0.40. Denmark. 0.35. 0.24. 0.02. 0.05.
Can the countries be categorized regarding 0.34. Finland. 0.40. 0.21. 0.01. 0.05.
the prevalence of alcohol consumption 0.33. Ireland. 0.34. 0.22. 0.01. 0.04.
patterns? 0.40. Czech Rep. 0.64. 0.15. 0.01. 0.02.
17Three country clusters. HIGHEST 0.19. Estonia. 0.59. 0.18. 0.03. 0.02.
PROPORTION OF INTENSE USE. MAINLY MILD 0.18. Lithuania. 0.58. 0.15. 0.01. 0.03.
USE. MAINLY NO USE. 17. 0.23. Armenia. 0.58. 0.04. 0.00. 0.00.
18Country clusters. Percent. 0.38. Russia. 0.53. 0.07. 0.01. 0.01.
East-Europe. Central- Europe. 0.39. Hungary. 0.58. 0.10. 0.02. 0.01.
North-West-Europe. mild use. 58.1. 41.1. 0.29. Norway. 0.28. 0.13. 0.01. 0.02.
27.0. episodic use. 11.3. 15.3. 7.4. 0.56. Sweden. 0.31. 0.11. 0.01. 0.02.
frequent use. 1.6. 1.7. 0.7. heavy 0.55. Cyprus. 0.33. 0.06. 0.01. 0.01.
episodic use. 1.3. 3.5. 1.3. no use. 27.7. 0.59. Portugal. 0.30. 0.07. 0.01. 0.01.
38.4. 63.6. 0.61. Bosnia/H. 0.29. 0.05. 0.00. 0.01.
19Indicators for Risky use. 0.65. Spain. 0.26. 0.10. 0.01. 0.01. 0.62.
20What is risky drinking? Which goals France. 0.24. 0.05. 0.00. 0.01. 0.70.
prevention programs aim at? How is risky Iceland. 0.14. 0.04. 0.01. 0.00. 0.81. 32.
drinking behaviour measured in scientific 33
studies?
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Alcohol consumption patterns of young adolescents in Europe Renate Soellner Astrid-Britta Br?ker University of Hildesheim

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