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I. Bering Straight (Beringia) Land Bridge
I. Bering Straight (Beringia) Land Bridge
Southwestern Cliff Dwellings
Southwestern Cliff Dwellings
Long Houses
Long Houses
Long Houses
Long Houses
Teepees
Teepees
Teepees
Teepees
III
III
III
III
America: The Beginnings
America: The Beginnings
Aztec Empire
Aztec Empire
Inca Empire
Inca Empire
Spanish (contd)
Spanish (contd)
French
French
French
French
Dutch
Dutch
English (contd)
English (contd)
English (contd)
English (contd)
Religious Dissent
Religious Dissent
America: The Beginnings

: ROBERT ALVERADO. , . , America: The Beginnings.ppt zip- 672 .

America: The Beginnings

America: The Beginnings.ppt
1America: The Beginnings. 21Manhattan, NJ, CT, PA SUCCESSES:
2I. Bering Straight (Beringia) Land Successful fur traders FAILURES: Many
Bridge. 25,000 B.C. Hunter- Gatherers 4 bloody conflicts with the Native
mill. 20 mill. in Mex. Americans, limited economic endeavors.
3Southwestern Cliff Dwellings. 22Dutch (contd). IN 1624 THE DUTCH
4Long Houses. PURCHASED WHAT TODAY IS THE ISLAND OF
5Teepees. MANHATTAN IN NEW YORK FROM LOCAL INDIANS
6European Exploration of the Americas. FOR THE EQUIVALENT OF $24. THE DUTCH NAMED
7MANY OF THOSE DESIRES FOR EXPLORATION THE AREA NEW AMSTERDAM. THE DUTCH WEST
HAD ALREADY EXISTED FOR CENTURIES, SO WHAT INDIA COMPANY create COLONY OF NEW
CHANGED? NEW TECHNOLOGY: COMPASS GLOBE NETHERLAND WHEN 30 FAMILIES SETTLED ALONG
RUDDER IMPROVED SHIP BUILDING TECHNIQUES THE DELAWARE AND HUDSON RIVERS AND
AND DESIGN QUADRANT (IMPROVED ABILITY TO GOVERNORS ISLAND. THE DUTCH CONTROLLED
DETERMINE LATITUDE BASED ON ALTITUDE OF THIS AREA UNTIL 1664 WHEN THE GOVERNOR
STARS) MAPS FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES MARCO SURRENDERED THE TERRITORY TO THE BRITISH.
POLOS WRITINGS. 23VI. English. Reasons they came:
8III. Spanish. Hernando Cortez England after 1550 High inflation Decline
Francisco Pizarro. in wages Huge population growth?
9Spanish. Hernando Cortez and Francisco overcrowding Religion Puritans? followers
Pizarro Convert natives to Catholicism of John Calvin, left England to the
Economic factors 1519 Cortez invaded Americas to practice their religion free
Mexico and met the Aztecs in Tenochitlan of English civil or religious authorities
(Mexico City) 2 yrs. later Aztecs Remained a part of the Church of England
defeated? Spanish had better technology aka Anglican Church, wanted to make the
(ie: guns, horses, steel), and diseases Church of England, purer, hence
(ie: smallpox). Puritans.
10Spanish (contd). 3. 1531-Pizarro 24English Puritanism. Believed in
defeats the Incas in the Andes mountains. predestination and in the authority of
***1565, the first permanent European Scripture over papal authority.
settlement in North America, St. 25English (contd). Separatists aka
Augustine, was founded in what is now Pilgrims? wanted to separate from the
Florida. Church of England entirely First Permanent
11 English settlement: Jamestown, VA, founded
12Aztec Empire. in 1607 by John Smith. Successful because
13Inca Empire. of the cultivation of TOBACCO.
14Spanish (contd). Gold was shipped 26English. Tobacco needed workers
back to Spain Large Spanish Empire was Indentured Servants-Had to work for a
created in N. & S. America In N. number of years (ie: 3, or 10) for free
America, missionaries and economic passage to the Americas African slaves
opportunists settled in Southwester U.S. came in 1619 House of Burgesses, 1619? 1st
and Florida Effects of Spanish conquests representative government in any British
Decrease in native populations Harsh rule; Colony.
Native Americans were near-slaves on 27Pilgrims. New England Colonization
Spanish plantations Horses altered Native 1620, Mayflower Compact? the Pilgrim
American life?travel, follow game. settlement would have a government
15Spanish (contd). answerable to the will of the governed
16French. Samuel de Champlain Fur Trade. (self-government) 1691, joined the
17IV. French. 1608, Samuel de Champlain Massachusetts Bay Colony est. by the
founded Quebec Few French came: climate, Puritans MA/VA Colonies both had Rep. Gov.
few incentives to leave France 65% who VA had slaves; Mass. didnt.
came to Quebec, returned home! 28Religious Dissent. Mass. Bay Colony?
Huguenots-French Protestants, who settled purpose to SERVE GOD Dissent NOT tolerate
in the Americas. French Intersts: Catholic Roger Williams? believed Puritans were
Converts; not as harsh as the Spanish still too close to the Church of England
Farming?trapping and fur trading. Preached Total Separation of Church and
18French (contd). Jesuits-Missionary State Settled in Providence, Rhode Island
group with settlements in FL, NM, Anne Hutchinson? claimed to have received
Paraguay, and French territory in revelations from God Founded Portsmouth
N.America?organized with military near Narragansett Bay.
precision and order Jesuit Jaques 29Religious Dissent (contd). John
Marquette & fur trader Louis Joliet Davenport & Thomas Hooker establish
reached the Mississippi River, WI, and AK CT., 1662.
Robert La Salle explored the Mississippi 30Maryland and the Carolinas. Propriety
River and name the territory Louisiana Coloniesgiven to single individuals or
(after Louis XIV). groups of individuals; not a company
19French (contd). Effects of the French Marylandsettled 1632, John Calvert Refuge
Disease wiped out @30% of Native Americans for English Catholics N. & S.
they encountered Bloody wars with the Carolina? used indentured servants and
Native Americans over the fur trade Had Native Americans at first; then turned to
more Catholic converts?didnt require slavery when they needed large numbers and
forced labor (ie: Spanish) SUCCESSES: Fur after indentured servants gained freedom.
trade industry, native converts FAILURS: 31VII. Effects of English, French, and
large numbers of settlers never took root British Settlement. Disease killed many
there. Agricultural products changed the
20Dutch. Henry Hudson? Perhaps he never ecosystem Population patterns changed:
sat for a portrait. influx of slaves, loss of many Nat. Ams.,
21V. Dutch. Commercial/economic increase in Europeans Gradually introduced
interests 1609, Henry Hudson discovered representative gov. and freedom of
and named the Hudson River Established religion-? which were concepts not popular
trading centers in present-day NY, in much of Europe.
America: The Beginnings.ppt
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America: The Beginnings

America: The Beginnings

the woman - , . Chickens mind- . ; - , - ; - . . = . . As great a pity to see a woman cry as a goose go barefoot.

The green movement - Several active workers managed to steal up on a raft to a platform and to chain themselves to it. "Green" movement in the world. Management of each such branch in which head there is a chief executive, carries out national board. It became the first African who has headed this organization.

The english-speaking countries - Disneyland. Australia. USA. Great Britain. The English-speaking countries. Scotland.

The animals - REINDEER. PARROT. SCORPIO. The animals which live in the desert. GORILLA. SEAL. SQUIRREL. ZEBRA. LIZARD. LION. The ANIMALS of our planet. The animals which live in the polar regions. The animals which live in a SAVANNA. TIGER. The animals which live in the forest. KANGAROO. HIPPO. BEAR. DOLPHIN. SNAKE.

Cinema - Salkov and Cats presents. Theater, public building (or part of it), equipped for movies. The most widely K. medium capacity (from 300 to 1,000 seats). Cinema. Cinema - public institution to public demonstration of films. Modern K. in the USSR and other countries is a complex structure. The total number of K in the world - about 100 thousand.

Pioneers - Pioneer a member of all-union pioneer organization in USSR and some youth democratic organizations in other countries. The biggest pioneer camps are: Artek - the all-union camp Orlenok, Young guard, Zubrenok. There were 19.5 million young pioneers in 1984. Pioneers. Pioneers newspapers. Pioneers Truth (Pionerskaya Pravda) - the soviet children newspaper since 1925. Pioneers Zorka - all-union daily radio newspaper for pioneers and schoolchildren since 1925.

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