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Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8
Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8
Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in
Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in
Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text
Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text
Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page
Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page
The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names
The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or
Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or
The first line of a footnote is indented
The first line of a footnote is indented
Ibid
Ibid
Ibid
Ibid
A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked
A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked
Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels
Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels
Here is an example of the five-level heading system:
Here is an example of the five-level heading system:
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

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Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
1Chicagos Notes and Bibliography 20replace authors or editors names who hold
Formatting and Style Guide. Brought to you multiple, successive entries in a
by the Purdue Online Writing Lab. bibliography.
2 21DOIs: For electronic journal articles
3Chicago regulates: Stylistics and and other web sources, DOIs (Digital
document format In-text citations (notes) Object Identifiers) are preferred to URLs
End-of-text citations (bibliography). (Uniform resource Locators). -If you must
4Already familiar with the 15th ed. use a URL, look for the stable version
Chicago Manual of Style? Here are some of assigned by the journal. DOIs are to be
the more significant changes: Titles that prefaced with the letters doi and a
end in question marks or exclamation marks colon. EX: DOI: 10.1353/art.0.0020 While
Dividing URLs over a line Names like iPod DOIs are assigned to journal articles in
Titles with quotations Punctuation of any medium, you only need include a DOI
foreign languages in an English context when you accessed the electronic version
Capitalization of web and Internet of the source.
Access dates Classical references Legal 22No access date is required to be
and public document references. reported for electronic sources. -Access
5Regardless of the convention being dates cannot be verified; therefore, only
followed, the primary criterion of any resort to using access dates when the date
source citation is sufficient information of publication is unavailable. If you
either to lead readers directly to the cannot ascertain the publication date of a
sources consulted or, . . . to positively printed work, use the abbreviation n.d..
identify the sources used . . . (The 23In-Text Citations: Each time a source
University of Chicago 2010, 655). Your is used in the text, it must be cited by
instructor, department, or university may note: footnote or endnote. Footnotes
have guidelines that differ from the appear at the foot (bottom) of the page
advice offered here. If so, those and are preferred. Endnotes appear at the
guidelines take precedence (Turabian end of the paper before the bibliography.
2007, 374). (Endnotes are useful when footnotes have
6Direct quotations should: Be become exorbitant.).
integrated into your text in a 24In-Text Citations: A combination of
grammatically correct manner; Use square footnotes and endnotes and even
brackets ([ ]), when necessary, to add author-date style can be used: Use
clarifying words, phrases, or punctuation; footnotes for substantive commentary and
and Use ellipses, or three spaced cite sources with endnotes. Use footnotes
periods (. . .), to indicate the omission for substantive commentary and cite
of words from a quoted passage. Include sources with author-date parenthetical
additional punctuation when applicable. style.
7Emphasis: Italic type can be used for 25Formatting notes: Place note numbers
emphasis within a quote, but should only at the end of the clause or sentence to
be used so infrequently We went last which they refer. Place them after any and
Sunday. Do not use ALL CAPS for emphasis. all punctuation except the dash. Begin
When you use emphasis you must let your note numbers with 1 and follow
reader know the italics were not a part of consecutively throughout the paper.
the original quotation. Emphasis added, Superscript note numbers in the text. In
emphasis mine, italics added, or the notes themselves, note numbers are
italics mine are all acceptable. full sized, not raised, and followed by a
8Sic is italicized and put in square period. Superscripting numbers in both
brackets immediately after a word that is places is also acceptable.
misspelled or otherwise wrongly used in 26The first line of a footnote is
the original quotation. We saw The indented .5 from the left margin.
Beetles [sic] on Ed Sullivan. A colon Subsequent lines within a note should be
(formal) or a comma (informal) can be used formatted flush left. Leave an extra line
to introduce a direct quotation. Lucas has space between notes.
argued: After several years, . 27A complete note citation for a book,
9Quotations within quotations are which corresponds to a slightly
enclosed in single quotation marks. The differently formatted bibliography entry,
so-called butterfly effect is often would look like this: 1. Jodi Dean,
When the entire quotation is a quotation Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies:
within a quotation, only one set of double Communicative Capitalism and Left Politics
quotation marks is necessary. A title is (Durham: Duke University Press, 2009), 30.
placed in quotes or italicized based on Subsequent note citations can and should
the type of work it is. Book and be shortened Shortening usually
periodical titles (titles of larger works) comprises the authors last name and a
get italicized; article, chapter, and keyword version of the works title in
shorter work titles are enclosed in double four or fewer words. Subsequent citations
quotation marks. Through the Looking Glass of Dean would be shortened to: 2. Dean,
vs. Jabberwocky. Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies,
10Use headline-style capitalization for 30.
titles in the text, notes, and 28When an editors or translators name
bibliography. Capitalize the first word of appears in addition to an authors, the
the title and subtitle and all important former appears after the latter in notes
words, including proper nouns. and in the bibliography. Bibliographic
Capitalization is Important: Know your Edited by or Translated by should be
Rules Apply sentence-style capitalization shortened to ed. and trans. in notes.
by request. Follow the guidelines above Plural forms, such as eds., are never
but exclude the important words that are used. EX: 6. Immanuel Kant, An Answer to
not proper nouns. Otherwise, take a the Question: What is Enlightenment? in
minimalist approach to capitalization. Perpetual Peace and Other Essays, trans.
Lowercase terms used to describe periods, Ted Humphrey (1784; repr., Indianapolis:
for example, except in the case of proper Hackett, 1983), 41.
nouns the colonial period, vs. the 29Ibid. is an abbreviation meaning in
Victorian era. the same place. -Use it when the present
11Chicago recommends you: print on note repeats the information of the
standard-sized paper (8.5 x 11); use 1 immediately preceding note. - For example,
1.5 margins on all sides; choose a Ibid., ## indicates the same source but
readable typeface (e.g., Times New Roman) different page number(s). Aside from
at no less than 10 pt. (preferably,12 Ibid., Chicago style offers
pt.); double-space text, with one space cross-referencing for multiple notes with
after punctuation between sentences; and repeated content (especially for longer,
number pages beginning with Arabic numeral discursive notes).
1 on the first page of text. 30When a note contains both source
12Title is centered one-third of the way documentation and commentary, the latter
down the page and written in ALL CAPS. should follow the former. Citation and
Name + course + date follows several lines commentary are usually separated by a
later, also centered. No page numbers on period, but such comments as emphasis
the title page! added are usually enclosed in
13Number the first text page as page parentheses. Discursive or substantive
number 1. Type all text double-spaced (no notes comment upon the text and need not
break between sections). Identify the necessarily include citations. EX: 75.
sources you use in the paper in footnotes Lisa Ede and Andrea A. Lunsford,
and in the bibliography. Format tables and Collaboration and Concepts of
figures. Authorship, PMLA 116, no. 2 (March 2001):
14Center the title, Bibliography, at 354-69,
the top of the page. Do not bold, http://www.jstor.org/stable/463522. Ede
italicize or enclose in quotation marks. and Lunsford note that we all agree that
Flush left the first line of the entry and writing is inherently social, yet we still
indent subsequent lines. Single-space rely on individualistic praxis; we still
reference entries internally. Double-space ascribe to pedagogies that encourage the
entries externally. Order entries independent author producing concrete
alphabetically by the authors last names. (original, honest and truthful) works.
15Notes-Bibliography Style: Used by 31A prose quotation of five or more
those in the humanities and some social lines should be blocked. The block
sciences. Requires footnotes and/or quotation is singled-spaced and takes no
endnotes to cite sources and/or provide quotation marks, but you should leave an
relevant commentary within the text (see extra line space immediately before and
later). Includes each source cited within after. Indent the entire quotation .5
the text as an entry in the references (the same as you would the start of a new
page at the end of the paper. paragraph).
16Invert authors nameslast name 32Chicago has an optional system of five
followed by first nameand alphabetize heading levels.
reference list entries by the last name of 33Here is an example of the five-level
the first author of each work. Ex. heading system:
Agamben, Giorgio Use headline-style 34Position tables and figures after the
capitalization for titles. Ex. A Tale of paragraph in which theyre described. Cite
Two Cities Italicize titles of longer the source of table and figure information
works such as books and journals. Put with a source line at the bottom of the
quotation marks around the titles of table or figure. Source lines are
shorter works such as journal articles or introduced by the word Source(s), followed
essays in edited collections. Ex. A Tale by a colon, and end with a period. Cite a
of Two Cities vs. An Essay on Dickens A source as you would for parenthetical
Tale of Two Cities Publishers names are citation, minus the parentheses, and
generally written out in full but may be include full information in an entry on
abbreviated. Ex. Purdue University Press your References page. Acknowledge
OR Purdue UP. reproduced or adapted sources
17When to Cite: Sources you consulted appropriately (i.e., data adapted from ___
but did not directly cite may or may not ).
be included (consult your instructor). 35Every table should have a number and
Some sources are traditionally left out of (a short and descriptive) title. Flush
bibliographies, such as personal left on the line above the table. Table 1.
communications; however, its better to Title without a terminal period Every
ask permission than forgiveness (consult figure should have a number and a caption.
your instructor). Flush left on the line below the figure.
18The strategy below might be useful: Figure 2. Caption with or without a
Identify the type of source: Is it a book? terminal period. Number tables and figures
A journal article? A webpage? 2. Find a separately, in the order you mention them
sample of citing this type of source in in the text. In the text, identify tables
your textbook or in the OWL Chicago Guide: and figures by number (in figure 3)
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource rather than by location (below).
717/01/ 3. Mirror the sample. 4. Make 36The Purdue OWL
sure the entries are listed in http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource
alphabetical order and that the subsequent 717/01/. Purdue Writing Lab @ HEAV 226
lines are indented (Recall References: Composition textbooks The University of
Basics). Chicago Presss The Chicago Manual of
19For multiple authors, use the Style (16th ed.) Kate L. Turabians A
conjunction and, not the ampersand Manual for Writers of Research Papers,
(&) symbol. For two to three authors Theses, and Dissertations (7th ed.).
or editors write out all names in the Chicagos website
order they appear on the title page of the http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.h
source in both your notes and ml.
bibliography. For four to ten authors: 37The End. Chicagos Notes and
-write out all names in the bibliography Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
but use just the first authors name and AUTHOR: Jessica Clements Brought to you in
et al. in the notes. cooperation with the Purdue Online Writing
20The 3-em dash () should be used to Lab.
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
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Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Russian games - Basketball appeared in the Russia in 1901. Sports and games popular in Russia. Basketball is popular in Russia. It is played ball basketball. Country of basketball is the USA. Many children are playing football. They like Football very much. England is the home of football. In Russia football appeared at the end 19th century.

- - . has. The End. Queen . Royal family . -? She some problems with mathematics. She it wrongly. is. . - . Have.

- ! -ship. -er (-or). -Ur (-ture, -sure). -th, -ant. -ness, -y. -age, -ism. -hood, -ment. -ist, -ian. -ist. -ity, -ing. 3. . -er (-or) ( to + -er, -or). , -ing I .

English speaking countries - WHAT IS THE MAIN PLACE OF INTEREST IN NORTHERN IRELAND? WHAT ARE THE LEADING IRISH INDUSTRIES? WHAT ARE THE MAIN SIGHTS OF BELFAST? THE IRISH SEA. WHAT IS IRELAND WASHED BY? English-speaking countries. FARMING. IRISH. WHAT IS IRELAND FAMOUS FOR? PATRICK`S CATHEDRAL. Ireland: SHIPBUILDING. Great Britain.

Lewis Carroll - 720 . . Real name. . . . . . . . . in the Liddell family. . . . .

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