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Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates
100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates
Family Tree: Lexicostatistics
Family Tree: Lexicostatistics
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Dogon classification

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1Dogon classification. Jeffrey Heath 15Proto-East: *-nu ‘person’ *-n-bu *-? Found
(Univ. of Michigan), Steve Moran (Univ. of in: East. Niger-Congo Congress September
Munich), Kirill Prokhorov (Humboldt Univ. 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 15.
of Berlin and MAE RAS). 16Nominal Morphology 2: North-East.
2Structure of the talk. Dogon Najamba-Kindige class system suffixes
languages, basic information and data final-vowel animate Sg -? E animate Pl
Lexicostatistical data and the resulting -mbo O inanimate Sg -?go/-go (O/E class) O
tentative classification Evidence from (O/E class) -?ge/-ge (E/E class) E (E/E
nominal morphology Revised classification class) inanimate Pl -? E Other languages
and further issues. Niger-Congo Congress of North-East group have simpler systems,
September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 2. cognate to that of Najamba-Kindige.
3Dogon languages: Trivia. 21 language Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21,
identified. Niger-Congo Congress September 2012, Paris, INALCO. 16.
18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 3. 17Nominal morphology 3. Western-type
4Dogon languages: Trivia. 21 language system of plural making: Sg PL Mombo ?
identified (+Bangiime, isolate). -?ge/-ge Penange ? -ge Ampari ? ge Bunoge
Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, ? ge Also found in Tiranige (see below).
2012, Paris, INALCO. 4. Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21,
5Dogon languages: Trivia. 21 language 2012, Paris, INALCO. 17.
identified (+Bangiime, isolate) Up to 1 18Nominal morphology 4: North-West. AnSg
million speakers. Niger-Congo Congress AnPl Inan Nanga -? (-?) ? ? Ben Tey -m ? ?
September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 5. Bankan Tey -m ? ? In Nanga only ya?-?
6Dogon languages: Trivia. 21 language ‘woman’ (pl. ya?: ‘women’) has singular
identified (+Bangiime, isolate) Up to 1 nasal suffix. Niger-Congo Congress
million speakers Spoken in eastern Mali September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 18.
and (partially) northern Burkina Faso. 19Plural marking in Tiranige. ?1
Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, Tiranige shows clear affinities with
2012, Paris, INALCO. 6. Western group (Mombo, Penange, Ampari,
7Data. Several grammars and Bunoge) in nominal morphology (1) Plural
dictionaries done by non-professional formation: Tiranige na: ‘cow’ na: ge
linguists (Leger 1971, Prost & Kervran ‘cows’ ta?gile 'side‘ ta?gile ge ‘sides’
1986) Two published reference grammars (2) Plural formation: Ampari (WEST) ga:wa
done by professional linguists (Plungian ‘bone’ ga:wa-ge ‘bones’ na?: ‘cow’ na:-ge
1995) and (Heath 2008) Dogon project ‘cows’ Cf. Class system in Najamba
materials (www.dogonlanguages.org). kindige. Niger-Congo Congress September
Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 19.
2012, Paris, INALCO. 7. 20Tiranige: What happened? Tiranige is
8Dogon Project. Started in 2004 originally North-Eastern (NED) language
Supported by NSF (grant BCS-0537435) that borrowed nominal morphology (and some
Website: www.dogonlanguages.org Data on lexicon) from Western Dogon (WD) Tiranige
more than 20 Dogon idioms, incl. is originally WD that borrowed lexicon
comparative lexical spreadsheet with more from NED Tiranige is a separate branch,
than 7 thousand entries. Niger-Congo that is equally close to both WD and NED.
Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21,
INALCO. 8. 2012, Paris, INALCO. 20.
9100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates. 21Frozen class suffixes in WD and
Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, Tiranige. ‘peanut’ Najamba ?l? (PL),
2012, Paris, INALCO. 9. ?l?-?go (SG) Mombo ?l??ge Tiranige ?:l??ge
10Family depth: the lowest rate. Bunoge NB: disharmonic combinations ?/e and ?/e
– Tomo Kan ~ 32%. Niger-Congo Congress in Mombo and Tiranige. Niger-Congo
September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 10. Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris,
11Family depth: the highest rate. Ben INALCO. 21.
Tey – Nanga ~ 88%. Niger-Congo Congress 22Frozen class suffixes … ‘blood’
September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 11. Najamba ge?n (Pl) ge??-ge (Sg) Mombo
12Family Tree: Lexicostatistics. ?2. 4. ge:?ge Tiranige je:?ge. Niger-Congo
1. ?2. 3. ?1. 2. Calculated using Starling Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris,
(starling.rinet.ru). Niger-Congo Congress INALCO. 22.
September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 12. 23Conclusion 1. 4 groups can be securely
13Problems 1:Tiranige. ?1 Even from the identified based on lexicostatistical and
lexicostatistical perspective Tiranige may morphological data East: Toro Tegu, Tomo
equally be attributed to the Western group Kan, Togo Kan, Perge, Jamsay, Donno So,
(Mombo, Penange, Ampari, Bunoge) Cf. Tommo So, Yorno So North-East (NED):
Tiranige – Mombo (West) ~ 65% Tiranige – Najamba-Kindige, Yanda, Tebul, Dogulu
Najamba-Kindige (North-East) ~ 66% Cf. North-West (NWD): Ben Tey, Bankan Tey,
also morphological evidence below. Nanga West (WD): Mombo, Penange, Ampari,
Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, Bunoge. Niger-Congo Congress September
2012, Paris, INALCO. 13. 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 23.
14Problems 2: Bigger groups. ?2 question 24Conclusion 2. Tiranige shows some
whether the 4 branches identified form lexical grammatical proximity to both WD
bigger groups remains problematic: - and NED, but none of them is decisive for
lexicostatistical data are not definitive defining it’s (inner) affiliation Tiranige
cf. rather short period between the (for now) is better considered as separate
supposed major split and following splits branch Common WD-NED-Tiranige features
into the four branches on the tree) - some (cf. frozen class suffixes) may indicate
morphological isoglosses go across these that these languages form a bigger group
groupings. Niger-Congo Congress September within the family or an intensive mutual
18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO. 14. contact influence that these language were
15Nominal Morphology 1: East. subject to in the past. Niger-Congo
Eastern-type class-number system HumSg Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris,
HumPl Nonh Jamsay: -n -m -? Toro Tegu: INALCO. 24.
-r?u ~ -n(u) -m(u) -? Tommo so: –n? -m -?
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