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I can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in
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From the Common European Framework of Reference to the European Language Portfolio

содержание презентации «From the Common European Framework of Reference to the European Language Portfolio.ppt»
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1From the Common European Framework of 14Guide for Developers, 2001 D. Little and
Reference to the European Language R. Perclov?, European Language Portfolio:
Portfolio. David Little. Guide for Teachers and Teacher Trainers,
2Overview. What is the European 2001 D. Little (ed.), The European
Language Portfolio? A brief history: 1991 Language Portfolio in use: nine examples,
? 2007 The challenge that the ELP poses to 2003 D. Little and B. Simpson, The
pedagogy curricula assessment The intercultural component and learning how
challenge to language education policy to learn (language biography templates),
Conclusion. Intergovernmental Policy 2003 Data bank of descriptors for use in
Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February checklists, 2003. Intergovernmental Policy
2007. Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February
3What is the ELP? Three obligatory 2007.
components: Language passport ? Summarizes 15A brief history. Today the Council of
the owner’s linguistic identity and Europe’s website lists 80 validated and
language learning and intercultural accredited ELPs from 25 countries:
experience; records the owner’s Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech
self-assessment against the Republic, France, Georgia, Germany,
Self-assessment Grid in the CEFR. Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. Russian Federation, Slovak Republic,
4I can deal with most situations likely Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
to arise whilst travelling in an area Turkey, United Kingdom 3 INGOs:
where the language is spoken. I can enter EAQUALS/ALTE, CercleS, European Language
unprepared into conversation on topics Council 1 consortium: Milestone Project
that are familiar, of personal interest or (Socrates-Comenius 2.1) According to
pertinent to everyday life (e.g. family, figures submitted by ELP contact persons
hobbies, work, travel and current events). in Council of Europe member states,
Self-assessment grid (CEF and standard approximately 2 million ELPs had been
adult passport). Intergovernmental Policy distributed by 2005. Intergovernmental
Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8
2007. February 2007.
5What is the ELP? Three obligatory 16A brief history. There is a small but
components: Language passport ? Summarizes convincing body of empirical research to
the owner’s linguistic identity and show that the ELP can make a positive
language learning and intercultural difference to language learners and
experience; records the owner’s teachers, for example: Finland (Kohonen
self-assessment against the 2002, 2004) Czech Republic (Perclov? 2006)
Self-assessment Grid in the CEFR. Ireland (Ushioda and Ridley 2002,
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of Sisamakis 2006) But a wealth of anecdotal
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. evidence suggests that there is a lot of
6What is the ELP? Three obligatory resistance to the ELP: 2 million ELPs may
components: Language passport ? Summarizes have been distributed, but it seems that
the owner’s linguistic identity and only a small percentage are in regular use
language learning and intercultural Because the ELP (with the CEFR behind it)
experience; records the owner’s poses a challenge to pedagogy, curricula
self-assessment against the and assessment. Intergovernmental Policy
Self-assessment Grid in the CEFR Language Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February
biography ? Provides a reflective 2007.
accompaniment to the ongoing processes of 17The challenge to pedagogy. The ELP is
learning and using second languages and designed to promote the development of
engaging with the cultures associated with learner autonomy It does this by
them; uses “I can” checklists for goal stimulating reflection on the content and
setting and self-assessment. process of learning and (especially)
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of assigning a central role to
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. self-assessment This aspect of ELP use
7CercleS ELP: goal-setting and requires significant pedagogical
self-assessment checklists. innovation: despite the aim of many
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of national curricula to promote learner
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. independence and critical thinking,
8What is the ELP? Three obligatory self-assessment and other forms of
components: Language passport ? Summarizes reflection are not widely practised The
the owner’s linguistic identity and challenge to pedagogy is also a challenge
language learning and intercultural to teacher education. Intergovernmental
experience; records the owner’s Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8
self-assessment against the February 2007.
Self-assessment Grid in the CEFR Language 18The challenge to curricula. The ELP is
biography ? Provides a reflective often felt by teachers and learners to
accompaniment to the ongoing processes of demand additional effort that is not
learning and using second languages and obviously related to the curriculum This
engaging with the cultures associated with might change if curricula were expressed
them; uses “I can” checklists for goal (partly) in the CEFR’s action-oriented
setting and self-assessment. (“can do”) terms An example: Ireland’s
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of approach to teaching English as a second
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. language to immigrant pupils in primary
9What is the ELP? Three obligatory schools: Scaled (“can do”) curriculum
components: Language passport ? Summarizes (CEFR levels A1?B1) ELP mediates
the owner’s linguistic identity and curriculum to pupils via “I can”
language learning and intercultural checklists ELP and “pre-ELP” used on a
experience; records the owner’s large scale. Intergovernmental Policy
self-assessment against the Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February
Self-assessment Grid in the CEFR Language 2007.
biography ? Provides a reflective 19The challenge to assessment. The CEFR
accompaniment to the ongoing processes of offers to bring curriculum, pedagogy and
learning and using second languages and assessment into closer interaction with
engaging with the cultures associated with one another than has often been the case
them; uses “I can” checklists for goal Each “can do” descriptor implies A
setting and self-assessment Dossier ? learning target Teaching/learning
Collects evidence of L2 proficiency and activities Assessment criteria The
intercultural experience; supports self-assessment checklists in the ELP can
portfolio learning. Intergovernmental serve the same three functions Do
Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 national/public examinations likewise
February 2007. reflect an action-oriented approach?
10What is the ELP? Two functions: Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of
Pedagogical function – The ELP is designed Europe, 6?8 February 2007.
to make the language learning process more 20Language education policy. According
transparent to the learner and foster the to the Principles and Guidelines, the ELP
development of learner autonomy (cf. the should support the development of
Council of Europe’s commitment to plurilingualism and pluriculturalism Every
education for democratic citizenship and model should accommodate all the
lifelong learning) Reporting function – second/foreign languages the owner knows,
The ELP provides practical evidence of L2 including those learnt outside formal
proficiency and intercultural experience education Every model should prompt the
(cf. the Council of Europe’s interest in owner to reflect on his/her developing
developing a unit credit scheme in the plurilingual and pluricultural identity In
1970s). Intergovernmental Policy Forum, this way the ELP reflects the ideal
Council of Europe, 6?8 February 2007. (necessity?) of a Europe strongly
11What is the ELP? Key features: Values committed to lifelong language learning.
all language and intercultural learning, Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of
whether it takes place in formal Europe, 6?8 February 2007.
educational contexts or outside them Some 21Language education policy. The
educational traditions find this plurilingual/pluricultural dimension of
problematic Designed to promote the ELP requires significant pedagogical
plurilingualism and pluriculturalism This innovation: it can be realized only if
has posed a particular challenge to ELP schools use the ELP to underpin the
design The revised French ELP for older teaching of all languages in some kind of
adolescents and adults (5.2000 rev.2006) interaction with one another The
marks an important breakthrough. plurilingual/pluricultural dimension also
Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of challenges national authorities to
Europe, 6?8 February 2007. reconsider key features of their language
12A brief history. The R?schlikon education policy: Which languages should
Symposium (1991; CoE 1992): Recommended be offered? How many languages should the
the development of a Common European individual student learn, for how long,
Framework Recommended the establishment of and to what level(s)? Intergovernmental
a working party to consider possible forms Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8
and functions of a European Language February 2007.
Portfolio Proposed that the ELP should 22Conclusion. The ELP has the capacity
contain a section in which formal to transform language teaching and
qualifications are related to a common learning It supports the reflective cycle
European scale, another in which the of planning, implementing and evaluating
learner him/herself keeps a personal learning It makes language learners aware
record of language learning experiences, of their evolving
and possibly a third which contains plurilingual/pluricultural identity It can
examples of work done. Intergovernmental facilitate the implementation of language
Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 education policies that assign a central
February 2007. role to plurilingualism It provides
13A brief history. 1997: publication of practical evidence that complements the
proposals for the development of ELPs for more abstract evidence of exam grades and
language learners of different ages and in certificates. Intergovernmental Policy
different domains (CoE 1997) 1998?2000: Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 February
ELP pilot projects (Sch?rer 2000) 15 2007.
countries 3 INGOs: ALTE/EAQUALS, CercleS, 23Conclusion. The ELP is unlikely to
ELC About 2,000 teachers About 30,000 become a fixture in national educational
learners 1998?2000: evolution of systems unless it is strongly promoted by
Principles and Guidelines (CoE 2000; ministries given a central role in
annotated version, CoE 2004; now part of language teacher education supported by a
European Language Portfolio: Key Reference curriculum that defines language learning
Documents, CoE 2006). Intergovernmental goals in “can do” terms complemented by
Policy Forum, Council of Europe, 6?8 examinations that are explicitly shaped by
February 2007. an action-oriented philosophy.
14A brief history. Supports provided by Intergovernmental Policy Forum, Council of
the Language Policy Division: G. Schneider Europe, 6?8 February 2007.
and P. Lenz, European Language Portfolio:
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