Лондон
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GVA per hour in Oxfordshire, Source ONS, 2013
GVA per hour in Oxfordshire, Source ONS, 2013
Percentage of employed residents in SOC 1-3 in Oxfordshire
Percentage of employed residents in SOC 1-3 in Oxfordshire
Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of
Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of
Reasons for being in Oxfordshire
Reasons for being in Oxfordshire
SOPHOS
SOPHOS
Number of Sophos’ R&D Centres
Number of Sophos’ R&D Centres
Relevance of regions for Sophos’ Recruitment
Relevance of regions for Sophos’ Recruitment
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Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of London Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University Presentation at Department of Planning Seminar Series, Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014

содержание презентации «Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of London Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University Presentation at Department of Planning Seminar Series, Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014.ppt»
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1Helen Lawton Smith Department of 16some occupations requiring postgraduate
Management Birkbeck, University of London qualifications and/or a formal period of
& Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, experience-related training. Associate
Oxford University Presentation at professional and technical occupations. An
Department of Planning Seminar Series, associated high-level vocational
Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014. qualification, often involving a
What is the new economy in Oxfordshire? substantial period of full-time training
2What are the features of Oxfordshire’s or further study. Some additional
‘new economy’? How is it similar and task-related training is usually provided
different to the ‘old economy’? What are through a formal period of induction.
its exceptional features? How is it 17
changing? As an entrepreneurial region, 18Skills enhancement and development in
how is it being sustained? Overview. sustaining growth. Education Oxford
3Main sources of evidence used today. University Said Business School & Dept
DPhil thesis School of Geography Oxford of Cont. Ed Oxford University
University 1990 – The Location and entrepreneurship education. Oxford Brookes
development of advanced technology Apprenticeships Training provided by
industry in Oxfordshire in the context of government labs and Oxford University
the research environment Current study- Specialist motorsport training New
where are they now? OEO reports since 2001 university technical college in Didcot –
– oeo.geog.ox.ac.uk including Enterprising vocational education focusing on science
Oxford (2003, 2007) OEO team: Lawton and engineering.
Smith, Glasson, Chadwick, Romeo, Waters 19Universities and local economic
OEO contribution to SQW Oxford Innovation development.
Engine Report (2013) Lawton Smith, Glasson 20Science and technology-based assets.
et al (2013) ‘Enterprising Global brand, conveying an image of
Regions:evidence from Oxfordshire and academic excellence Oxford University,
Cambridgeshire’. with outstanding research and teaching,
4Assessing the innovativeness of a and Oxford Brookes, one of the best
region. what is specifically regional in performing new UK universities Unique
the innovative process in the region under grouping of ‘big science’ and other
consideration? Direct and indirect research facilities, including the UK
evidence what are the alternative possible Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) Centre for
explanations for regional economic Fusion Research; the Science and
performance in the regions under Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
consideration? what is the conceptual Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Diamond
model of this relationship? (Storper Light Source, the UK’s synchrotron
2000). facility; the Medical Research Council’s
5Storper and an evolutionary economic facilities at Harwell, and the Satellite
geography approach. ‘it is not enough to Applications Catapult Centre High level
simply summarize the evidence on regional military education at Shrivenham
high-technology growth in the 1990s, with (Cranfield U).
standard indicators such as number and 21
size of firms, employment, some remarks on 22Isis Innovation, Oxford University
products, etc. But that is not generally technology transfer company (1988, 1997).
what is meant in the literature by Isis Angels Network 1988 Oxford Innovation
evolutionary. This term comes specifically Society 1990 Review of Technology Transfer
from evolutionary economics, and is Arrangements 1994 New CEO of Isis
inherently tied up with notions such as Innovation 1997 Oxford University
interdependence among actors, the way that Consulting 2001 Oxford Spin-out Equity
such interdependencies and spillover Management 2008 Oxford Invention Fund
effects create histories and render 2011.
certain kinds of developments possible and 23Locational factors mid-1980s.
impossible, and so on, all of which are Proximity to the founder’s home was the
generally summarized in the notion of path critical factor; 87 establishments (53%)
dependencies. To analyze such path gave this as a reason. 17% spin-offs by
dependencies (or evolutionary existing companies (17) Access to labour
trajectories), then, there has to be was mentioned by only 20 establishments of
careful attention to the factors that bind much more significance for manufacturing
actions together and generate specific than for R & D establishments and not
pathways in time and space. Its much more at all for software houses. 8
than just describing, however competently, manufacturing firms, 2 R & D and 2 s/w
the fact of how a given regional high tech gave access to technical information was
economy grew in the 1990s.’ (Storper the most important reason (7.3%). Very few
2000). were likely to move out of the county 20
6Examples of other conceptual models establishments moved into Oxfordshire.
relating to innovative entrepreneurship Overseas rather than local markets
and regional growth. Innovative milieux important High levels of local
(Camagni 1991) Regional innovation systems subcontracting.
(Cooke 1992) Clusters (e.g. Porter 1995) 242011 Questionnaire Objective: what was
Knowledge spillover theory of locally important more or less than in
entrepreneurship (Audretsch and Keilback previous decades? Company’s sector focus
1995) Feldman and Francis (2006) three and product portfolio Company’s human
stage growth model Regional triple helix resources The Oxfordshire location
spaces (Etzkowitz 2008) Fritsch and Company’s engagements with academia,
Schindele 2011 – labour markets and research laboratories, local companies and
entrepreneurial activity. public authorities Company’s financial and
7Governance: entrepreneurial regions. innovation performance Company’s
‘entrepreneurial regions are defined by internationalization Other insights into
growing high levels of entrepreneurship the relevance of the Oxfordshire location
and innovation, and as regions with to the firm and its growth.
outstanding entrepreneurial visions’ (EU, 25Reasons for being in Oxfordshire.
2013). must also be places where there is Source: Survey 2010--2011, Survey
co-ordinated entrepreneurial activity to 1996-1997, Survey 1986-1987: 7 companies.
put those visions into practice so that 26Illustrative companies. Date
ecosystems function effectively. agency of established. Type. Employees 2012/13. NAG
research institutions, local government, (Numerical Analysis Group). 1976.
skills agencies and so on working Scientific and technical software. 90.
together. Penlon. 1943. Medical instrumentation -
8An economic transformation: from a anaesthetics. 47. SOPHOS. 1981. ICT data
rural town with a famous university, a car security and protection. 1682. MR Magnet
industry to a high tech economy. Technology. 1983. Medical Instruments -
Oxfordshire was in the top 19 counties of imaging. 470.
high technology industry in 1981 (Hall 27SOPHOS. Source: Survey 1986-1987,
1985) and R&D did not feature in the Survey 1996-1997, Survey 2011-2012.
list of key sectors in the City of Oxford 28Number of Sophos’ R&D Centres.
in that year. Highest employment Source: Survey 1986-1987, Survey
categories in Oxford City motor vehicle 1996-1997, Survey 2011-2012 I.
manufacture and education – both 16% (8.5% 29Relevance of regions for Sophos’
and 12.3% respectively in the county) Recruitment. Source: Survey 1986-1987,
Mid-1980s, 182 R&D-intensive advanced Survey 1996-1997, Survey 2011-2012.
technology firms employing 10,659 people 30The Three Most Important Reasons for
35 university spin-offs late 1990s - SOPHOS to Stay in Oxfordshire. Source:
developing as a national and Survey 1986-1987, Survey 1996-1997, Survey
internationally important high-tech 2011-2012. Survey 2011-2012. Survey
economy based in the South East of 1996-1997. Survey 1986-1987. First
England, part of the Thames Valley, itself important reason to stay in Oxfordshire.
the richest and most dynamic economy in Founders/key staff home. Attractive local
the UK outside London (Economic living environment for staff and
Development Strategy for Oxfordshire directors. Pleasantness of surroundings.
1998/9, 4). 2014 growing high-tech economy Second important reason to stay in
but on some indicators is underperforming Oxfordshire. Access to skilled labour.
comparator regions – Cambridgeshire and Access to high quality skilled labour
Thames Valley. (research staff in particular). Close to
9Oxfordshire’s new economy: exceptional founder's home. Third important reason to
features. Rapidly growing number of stay in Oxfordshire. Presence of other
high-tech firms, clustered in a few high technology firms and services.
sectors (manufacturing and service) strong Reputation and prestige of a
science base highly skilled labour market Cambridge/Oxford address. Oxford image.
anchor high-tech firms business survival 31MR Magnets: three most important
rates better than England levels and any reasons for remaining in Oxfordshire.
other county council area. Networks e.g. 32Local governance. City Deals (2012)
Oxford Trust (Science Oxford), OBN, (National Funding) intended to give
Venturefest. participating areas ability to use funds
10 better for local needs such as training
11 and skills, roads etc. Oxford and
12computer, electronic and optical Oxfordshire City Deal vision ‘to
products (3,500 employees), motor vehicle accelerate the growth of the city region’s
manufacture (3,500), publishing activities knowledge-based economy’ Regional Growth
(5,500), computer related activities Fund (National Funding) 2.6 billion fund
(8,200), engineering & technical across England 2011 - 2016, which supports
consultancy (7,100) scientific research projects and programmes that are using
and development (5,700). Biomedical private-sector investment to create
sector?? Oxfordshire’s largest high tech economic growth and sustainable employment
sectors (wider definition) by employment Oxford and Oxfordshire Local Economic
2013. Partnership (LEP) Both universities
13Anchor high-tech firms. Some earliest represented at the Pro-Vice Chancellor
firms and largest firms originated in level
Oxford University or had a university http://www.oxfordshirelep.org.uk/cms/.
connection Penlon 1943 Littlemore 33Sustaining growth: the research base
Scientific Engineering Ltd 1953 Oxford and local growth strategies. Science Vale
Instruments 1959 Research Machines (RM), UK Harwell, Milton Park, two local
1973 Sophos 1981. district councils (Vale of White Horse and
14Oxfordshire labour market. One of most South Oxfordshire), the Oxfordshire Local
highly qualified labour markets in the Economic Partnership, Oxfordshire County
county Three-fifths of Oxford residents in Council and the Science and Technology
employment are in managerial or Facilities Council (STFC)
professional occupations, compared to http://www.sciencevale.com/ University
around two-fifths in Great Britain 2011, science parks, proposed bioescalator and
21,000 students at Oxford University, University of Oxford’s plans for growth.
11,752 UGs and 9, 621 PGs Rising student 34Conclusions: sustaining growth - what
numbers e.g. Oxford University had only needs to be overcome? Numerous
5,312 PG students in 2000/1 hence a rise interconnected factors responsible for
of over 5000 in 10 years About a third high tech economy growth relating to its
Oxford University (32.62%) and Oxford exceptional features But 2013 SQW report
Brookes University (34.6%) students stay highlighted Chronic shortage of early
in the county after their first degree. stage investment capital + intransigent
15GVA per hour in Oxfordshire, Source banks Extensive national visa requirements
ONS, 2013. for highly-skilled foreign workers. Lack
16Percentage of employed residents in of leadership from within Oxford
SOC 1-3 in Oxfordshire. Managers, University in local systems of governance
directors and senior officials. A + lack of leadership per se? Lack of
significant amount of knowledge and linkages between University of Oxford and
experience of the production processes and high-tech firms. National policy works on
service requirements associated with the assumptions that more effect needs to be
efficient functioning of organisations and invested in local growth strategies
businesses. Professional occupations. A focused on innovation – must therefore be
degree or equivalent qualification, with things to fix!
Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of London Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University Presentation at Department of Planning Seminar Series, Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014.ppt
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Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of London Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University Presentation at Department of Planning Seminar Series, Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014

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900igr.net > Презентации по английскому языку > Лондон > Helen Lawton Smith Department of Management Birkbeck, University of London Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University Presentation at Department of Planning Seminar Series, Oxford Brookes University, March 6 2014