Тексты на английском
<<  Amazing flexibility and the power to do more High field enhancement due to the surface changes  >>
Example 1
Example 1
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Barely acceptable to acceptable
Good to Very Good
Good to Very Good
Good to Very Good
Good to Very Good
DAT-Recorders
DAT-Recorders
DAT-Recorders
DAT-Recorders
DAT-Recorders
DAT-Recorders
solid state recorders
solid state recorders
solid state recorders
solid state recorders
solid state recorders
solid state recorders
A good solution for the field
A good solution for the field
smaller siblings
smaller siblings
smaller siblings
smaller siblings
Saving Raw Data
Saving Raw Data
Saving Raw Data
Saving Raw Data
MD and Hi-MD
MD and Hi-MD
Frequency response
Frequency response
21 / 02 / 06
21 / 02 / 06
Mono
Mono
Mono
Mono
Mono
Mono
windshields
windshields
windshields
windshields
windshields
windshields
Картинки из презентации «How to make good audio recordings in the field» к уроку английского языка на тему «Тексты на английском»

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How to make good audio recordings in the field

содержание презентации «How to make good audio recordings in the field.ppt»
Сл Текст Сл Текст
1How to make good audio recordings in 22response directionality powering. S.
the field? held January 2006 at the LSA Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 22.
meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico Sven 23Microphone types. built-in mics only
Grawunder Max Planck Institute for in case of emergency!!! bad quality
evolutionary Anthropology, Dep. of machine noise omni directional Dynamic
Linguistics, Leipzig, Germany. mics mic-mouth distance crucial
2How to decide on what I need? What is Self-powered electrets (condenser) mics
good? Everybody will tell you: “It depends Rather than phantom powered condenser
on… What do you want to do? What for? What mics. S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 23.
is the field (recording) situation like? 24Frequency response. Frequency range.
What can You handle? How big is your Directionality Omnidirectional (cartoid
budget? S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 2. charcteristic) Directional (hyperbolic
3S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 3. characteristic). S. Grawunder MPI EVA
4S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 4. Leipzig. 24.
5Goals (purpose) Recorders Microphones 25Microphone stands. On a tripod or
(incl. wind shield) Setups Field situation stand? On the table? In your hand? On the
(recording environment). S. Grawunder MPI speaker? Head mounted mic? S. Grawunder
EVA Leipzig. 5. MPI EVA Leipzig. 25.
6Analysis. Transcription Annotation 2621 / 02 / 06. S. Grawunder MPI EVA
Human hearing (20-18000Hz). Pitch Leipzig. 26.
Intensity Formant estimation VOT Voice 27Mono or Stereo??? Mono Elicitation
Quality Common practice in acoustic (One-to-one) 1 Speaker (+ close standing
phonetic analysis (40-12000Hz). S. interviewer). Stereo More than 1 Speaker
Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 6. Moving Speakers Music. S. Grawunder MPI
7Why field recordings? language EVA Leipzig. 27.
documentation (variety of linguistic 28Mono. Stereo. Shure Beta 53 B. AKG
genres, incl. musical genres) C100 S. Sony ECM-MS957. S. Grawunder MPI
conversational analyses oral history. EVA Leipzig. 28.
specific elecitation of paradigms for a 29windshields. S. Grawunder MPI EVA
decent number of speakers (morphosyntax, Leipzig. 29.
phonology, phonetics) Wordlists Narrative 30Don’t ignore… Phantom power (48 Hz)
interview Short stories. S. Grawunder MPI Electric circuit (55-60 Hz) Cable (kinks
EVA Leipzig. 7. and adapters) Cable shielding (microphone
8Special in Endangered Language cable, NOT monitor cable) Connections
Documentation Context. multiple speakers (jacks, plugs etc.). S. Grawunder MPI EVA
(varieties) multiple tasks for multiple Leipzig. 30.
purposes multipurpose recordings 31Field conditions.
demonstration of the language in use 32The 7 enemies of your equipment. Dust
demonstration of a paradigm basis for Heat Humidity / Water Cold Hard
transcription and annotation basis for shaking/sudden motion/vibration Thieves
acoustic analysis. S. Grawunder MPI EVA Yourself. Insolate your devices! Watch the
Leipzig. 8. cables! Keep the equipment dry! Protect
9Example 1. S. Grawunder MPI EVA your devices!!! Watch or let watch! Take
Leipzig. 9. save backups with you!!! S. Grawunder MPI
10Field situation. Ambient noises EVA Leipzig. 32.
(people, animals, natural sources, 33Some Rules 1 (Time). Have a time
vehicles, machines etc.) Climate buffer ? Expect that the recording (setup)
(temperature range, humidity) Long takes twice as long as in the lab Practice
Distances (Transport) Energy supply the record setup (microphone settings,
Interacting in foreign languages (working cable ports/jacks, recorder settings)
language, contact language, elicited Check “Recording Onset Time” (especially
language). S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. for Tape-Recorders of all types: MC, DAT,
10. DCC). S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 33.
11Equipment. 34Some Rules 2 (Equipment). Get to know
12Recorders. Analog/Digital (costs, your equipment before you go to the field
formats, media) Digital Formats (16bit You don’t want to play with settings in a
PCM, 22.05kHz, 44.1kHz, 48kHz) Quality real situation Consider that the field
(signal-to-noise ratio) Power Supply session may be a ‘stressful’ situation You
(accumulator / battery) Metering (details, need to focus on your subject (plus
delay, channel split) Media (costs, Monitoring, Metering, Prompting paradigms,
durability, long-lasting). S. Grawunder Making notes, …). S. Grawunder MPI EVA
MPI EVA Leipzig. 12. Leipzig. 34.
13Barely acceptable to acceptable. 35Some Rules 3 (Supply). Make sure that
Barely acceptable (but not recommendable) you never run out of Power (Batteries)!
Micro cassettes via Dictaphone. Acceptable Accumulators Solar panel for recharging?
(but not recommendable) IPod PC/Mac Laptop Make sure that you never run out of
internal soundcard dv-camera tone (ext. storage (Cassetes, Cards, etc.)! Consider
mic). S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 13. a ratio of 5:1. S. Grawunder MPI EVA
14Good to Very Good. Good (but not Leipzig. 35.
recommendable) Tape recorders (analogue, 36Some Rules 4 (Field Situation). Get
DCC) (Hi-)MD recorders. Very good aware of the recording environment The
DAT-Recorder Solid State Recorder. S. more “natural” the more “distorted” –
Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 14. Lower sometimes your expectations
15DAT-Recorders. Fostex PD 4 MK II. Sony Nonetheless try to control the recording
TCD-D100. TASCAM DA-P1. S. Grawunder MPI environment. S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig.
EVA Leipzig. 15. 36.
16solid state recorders. But: Power 37Recording environment. Choose a
supply via Accu Price. S. Grawunder MPI possibly quiet location Close doors and
EVA Leipzig. 16. windows Cover large reverberant surfaces
17A good solution for the field? e.g. Ask for turning off lights, refrigerators,
Marantz PMD 660 Battery powered Individual fans, air conditioning etc. Remove
Channel metering Mono recording possible anything that ticks, buzzes, bangs,
44.1 & 48 kHz / 16bit Speakers + Line rattles, squeaks, hisses, or otherwise
Out Professional XLR Input. S. Grawunder makes itself heard. S. Grawunder MPI EVA
MPI EVA Leipzig. 17. Leipzig. 37.
18Not bad, but … It needs E-net 38Speaker. Find the appropriate
connection for direct USB-copying to Microphone – Mouth distance (Headworn M. /
PC/MAC ? card reader Bad circuit Static M.) Watch hands and feet Ask for
insulation: phantom power current reiterations. S. Grawunder MPI EVA
influences the recording ?Never run out of Leipzig. 38.
batteries? shielded cables, self powered 39Some Rules 5 (After Recording).
mics Actual presets are invisible. S. Control your data again – listen through
Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 18. your recordings Make notes (on settings,
19smaller siblings. S. Grawunder MPI EVA solutions, etc.) Don’t lower the quality
Leipzig. 19. requirements for digitization. S.
20Saving Raw Data. To your computer Via Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 39.
Card-Reader or Directly via USB-cable 40References: EMELD:
(Electricity needed!!!). Another solution: http://emeld.org/school/toolroom/ DOBES:
Direct Copying to a “mobile photo hard http://www.mpi.nl/DOBES Oral history:
drive”. S. Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 20. http://www.historicalvoices.org/oralhistor
21MD and Hi-MD. ATRAC ?opaque format /
ATRAC?WAV : Don’t betray yourself http://bartus.org/akustyk/signal_aquisitio
MD-WAV?MD-PC: Beware losing your data .pdf Radio feature literature. S.
Still Open Software “needed”. S. Grawunder Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 40.
MPI EVA Leipzig. 21. 41Good luck with your recordings!!! S.
22Microphones. Frequency range Frequency Grawunder MPI EVA Leipzig. 41.
How to make good audio recordings in the field.ppt
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How to make good audio recordings in the field

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