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Beowulf
Beowulf
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus
Beowulf: the story
Beowulf: the story
Beowulf: the story
Beowulf: the story
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c.,
Medieval and Renaissance English Literature

: Pikli Nat?lia. , . , Medieval and Renaissance English Literature.ppt zip- 578 .

Medieval and Renaissance English Literature

Medieval and Renaissance English Literature.ppt
1Medieval and Renaissance English 13mediation The Dreamers descriptive vision
Literature. Old English Literature 2.: The Roods narrative vision (memory)
Poetry Nat?lia Pikli, PhD ELTE. Christs passion/Roods passion The Roods
2Hymn of C?dmon (Old English? Latin ? address to the Dreamer (mission,
Old English). Nu sculon herigean understanding) The Dreamers personal
heofonrices weard, meotodes meahte ond reflections.
his modge?anc, weorc wuldorf?der, swa he 14Behold! The best of dreams I shall
wundra gehw?s, ece drihten, or tell, what I dreamt in the midnight, after
onstealde. He ?rest sceop eor?an bearnum mortal men upon couches dwell. It seem to
heofon to hrofe, halig scyppend; ?a me that I perceived a rare and wondrous
middangeard moncynnes weard, ece tree 5 extending on high a surrounding
drihten, ?fter teode firum foldan, light alit the wood brightly. All that
frea ?lmihtig. 4-stress alliterative line beacon was covered with gold; jewels
with a caesure (4 stressed syllables, studded lovingly at its Earthen base,
varying number of unstressed syllables) while likewise there were five upon that
repetition and alliteration: mnemonic shoulder-span. Behold there the Angel of
device/oral poetry Kenning metaphorical God, 10 lovely through-out eternity. There
compound: earths children = men, was not an evil criminal on the gallows,
woruld-candel, hron-rad (whale-road). but it was at He there gazed the Holy
3Hymn of Caedmon. focus on mankind Spirits, men throughout Earth and all this
God=protector/guardian - like a Germanic glorious creation. Wondrous was that
lord/king (mankinds ward/dryhten) Victory Tree, and I the sinner guilty and
middlearth Pagan beliefs (transitional badly wounded with stain.
age: Christian & Pagan) cf. J.R.R. 15There I observed the glorious wood 15
Tolkien Roof/solid round: mead-hall adorned with garment that beautifully
creation beginning of the beamed, garnished with gold; with it gems
world/poetry. Now we must praise the stood covering splendidly the Lord's tree.
Protector of the heavenly kingdom, The But nevertheless through that gold I
might of the Measurer and His mind's understood the wretched ancient struggle,
purpose, The work of the Father of Glory, when it first began 20 bleeding on the
as He for each of the wonders, The eternal right side. I was with sorrow disturbed,
Lord, established a beginning. He shaped frightened for this stunning vision. Saw I
first for the sons of the Earth heaven as that brilliant beacon then change garment
a roof, the Holy Maker; then the and color: sometimes with moisture soaked,
Middle-World, mankind's Guardian, The drenched in flowing blood, sometimes with
eternal Lord, made afterwards, solid treasure still adorned. But nevertheless I
ground for men, the almighty Lord. there lay a long time I took 25
4Old English Poetry (30,000 lines): sorrowfully gazing at the Saviours's tree,
textual sources. MS Cotton Vitellius XV until then I dreamt that it spoke;
(BM, 17th c. Sir Robert Cotton): Beowulf, beginning with these words the tree did
Judith and other prose pieces MS Junius decree:
XI: Caedmon and his school Genesis, 16Duality: wondrous/glorious,
Exodus, Daniel, Christ and Satan blood/jewels, Victory tree/instrument of
(apocryphal) (Oxford, Bodleian Library, torture and death basic paradox of
16th c. Francois Dujon/Franciscus Junius) Christianity: death=life, defeat=victory,
MS The Exeter Book (Exeter Cathedral Son of Man=Son of God Pagan and Christian:
Library) The Wanderer, The Seafarer, rood/crucifix = world tree (axis,
Cynewulf: The Phoenix, Deors Lament, Wuld ygdrasil) Totemism/speaking tree and
and Eadwacer, The Ruin, etc. MS The symbol of Christianity Christ: young
Vercelli Book (Northern Italy, St. hero, mighty King, Prince the
Andress Cathedral) The Dream of the Rood warrior, hasten with great zeal,
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: The Battle of bitter struggle There I did not dare to
Brunanburh Fragments: Battle of Maldon, break God's word and bend down or break,
Finnesburh Fragment. though I felt the tremble of the Earthen
5Old English Poetry: genres. Heroic surface. I might have been able upon those
poetry (longer) epic poem Beowulf fiends to fall, yet I stood stable. loyal
(shorter narrative poems) lays: Battle of retainer=humility!
Maldon, Battle of Brunanburh (Byrthnoth) 17Parallelism sym-pathia humble
Biblical/religious poetry dream vision: beginnings With dark nails they pierced
The Dream of the Rood biblical stories me: on me the scars are visible Mocked
(cf. Caedmon) Elegiac poetry: Deors they us both together Then men chopped
Lament (scop) The Wanderer, The Seafarer: us down They buried us in a deep pit
twin poems Secular poetry/elegies: resurrection as Christ/Holy Rood
riddles, love elegies (Wulf and Eadwacer, Roods address to the Dreamer: that you
The Wifes Lament, The Husbands Message). this vison tell to men, Doomsday, by
6Beowulf. 3182 lines: longest and virtue of the Cross - mediator Dreamer:
earliest Germanic epic poem early 6th prayed I then to the tree in joyful
c.(Hygelac) late 10th c. (oral-formulaic spirit, I look forward [] the heavenly
poetry, scops or oral-derived poetry: dream, there with the Lords people / to
repeated scenes, phrases) 1 MS, 2 scribes be with always, in perpetual bliss [] I
Pagan story w. Christian colouring shall be the Lords friend memory
Danes. Geats and other Germanic peoples understanding will.
memory (tradition) entertainment model 18The Elegies: topic of loss and decay -
example ??t was god cyning hero/warrior. transience. Dears Lament: Deor (dear)
7The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial. scop (in exile or captivity), references
8mead-hall/Heorot/comitatus. to diff. stories, melancholy/hope: This
9Listen! We have heard of the glory in passed away, this also may The Wanderer,
bygone days of the folk-kings of the The Seafarer: twin poems, solitary layman
spear-Danes, how those noble lords did speakers, transitional age, images of
lofty deeds. Often Scyld Scefing seized nature images of the soul (stormy sea)
the mead-benches from many tribes, troops The Wifes Lament (losing husband, feud,
of enemies, struck fear into earls. Though cavern, Grief goes side by side with
he first was found a waif, he awaited those / who suffer longing for a loved
solace for that he grew under heaven and one), The Husbands Message, Wulf (woman
prospered in honor until every one of the speaking) The Ruin ruined city (Roman
encircling nations over the whales-riding Bath), giants work.
had to obey him, grant him tribute. That 19The Wanderer. - The lord-retainer
was a good king! relaionship losing ones lord = losing
10Beowulf: the story. Part 1: (ship) ones place in society, warm joys vs
funerals, fights and banquets Scyld sleet, wind and cold: winter Where is the
Scefing (shield, sheafson, corn god, feasting place? Where the pleasures of the
foundling), Danish royal dynasty ? King hall? (ubi sunt) I mourn the gleaming
Hrothgar (Heorot, mead-hall) Grendel cup, the warrior in his corselet / the
(Cains descendant) Beowulf, young glory of the prince the world beneath
Geatish hero (strength of 30 men) the heavens is in the hands of fate
Grendels mother Swords: N?gling, Hrunting (wyrd) vs it is best for a man to seek
Part 2: Beowulf, King of the Geats, 50 mercy and comfort from the Father in
yrs, dragon, protecting his people, heaven Ideal of steadfast/brave/wise man
Wiglaf, funeral pyre ship in a barrow resignation and melancholy.
Structure: rise and fall, 3 fights, 3 20The Seafarer. more Christian
funerals w. lots of episodes/scopss sentiments, esp. in part 2 Life at sea vs
stories (flashbacks and references to the life on land: He thinks not of the harp
future). nor of receiving rings, / nor of rapture
11German heroic ideal: ??t was god in a woman, nor of worldly joy, / nor of
cyning: scourge of many tribes, great anything but the rolling of the waves; /
ring-giver, shield hero/warrior: the seafarer will always feel longings
physical strength and stamina, loyalty to my heart leaps within me / my mind roams
the lord, fights and fame 3. comitatus: with the waves / over the whales domain
lord and loyal retainers Transitional age: Fame and praise vs gold the gold [] is
the mighty lord went to the Lords no use at all to his soul /full of sins,
keeping, Men do not know how to say in the face of Gods wrath Blessed is
truly not trusted counselors, nor heroes the humble man: mercy comes to him from
under the heavens who received that heaven / God gave man a soul because He
cargo, in Heorot: scop singing about The trusts in His strength.
Creation wyrd vs Lord Formulae: Beowulf 21Bibliography/web sources. The
ma?elode, bearn Ecg ?eowes Wiglaf Cambridge Companion to Old English
ma?elode, Wihstanes sunu Set scenes of Literature (Cambridge Univ. Press) The
arrivals, banqueting, fights, etc. Anglo-Saxon World: An Anthology (Oxford
Kennings: Beowulf on the funeral pyre: Univ. Press) Bosworth-Toller Anglo-Saxon
famous lord ?careful master? Dictionary (http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/)
bone-house Translations into modern Beowulf:
English: Seamus Heaney (wordhoard). http://www.heorot.dk/beowulf-on-steorarume
12The Dream of the Rood: MS 10th c. front-page.html Dream of the Rood:
Ruthwell Cross: 8th-early 9th c., http://www.dreamofrood.co.uk/frame_start.h
Dumfriesshire, Scotland. m.
13The Dream of the Rood. dream vision:
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Medieval and Renaissance English Literature

Medieval and Renaissance English Literature

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