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Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
Re-use & Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility
1. The market expectation of industry & government of e-mobility by
1. The market expectation of industry & government of e-mobility by
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
2. Legislation: terms defined
4. Does it make sense technologically
4. Does it make sense technologically
5. Does it make sense economically
5. Does it make sense economically
Prices of battery materials are decreasing
Prices of battery materials are decreasing
IERC 2015 - Salzburg – DELL presentation
IERC 2015 - Salzburg – DELL presentation
Business example 1: the Renault model
Business example 1: the Renault model
Business example 1: the Renault model
Business example 1: the Renault model
Business example 2: BMW – BOSCH - Vattenfall
Business example 2: BMW – BOSCH - Vattenfall
Business example 2: BMW – BOSCH - Vattenfall
Business example 2: BMW – BOSCH - Vattenfall
Business example 3: Field study by VW
Business example 3: Field study by VW
Business example 4: e-mobility industrial batteries
Business example 4: e-mobility industrial batteries
Business example 5: Ford of North America
Business example 5: Ford of North America
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Re-use Second Use of advanced rechargeable batteries for e-mobility in Europe

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1Re-use & Second Use of advanced 13guidance does not promote re-use. 13.
rechargeable batteries for e-mobility in 14These considerations give an
Europe. Follow-up of WRBRF, May 2013. PPT indication... 1. What’s the market going
8.1. 6th. WRBRF - 2015 Berlin, Germany to look like ? Optimistic 6-8 million on
March 23-24, 2015. the road – big uncertainty 2. What does
2Can it be a realistic option for the law say ? Unclear, need for harmonized
EV-batteries life cycle extension prior to definitions, legal gap with (extended)
recycling, to meet the EU Resource and producer responsibilities 3. What’s the
Energy Efficiency objectives ? Follow-up availability of batteries ? Depends on the
of WRBRF, May 2013. PPT 8.1. 6th. WRBRF - market availability – big uncertainty 4.
2015 Berlin, Germany March 23-24, 2015. Does it make sense technologically ? Old
3Prior to answering that question... A technology (10-12 years old at a time of
couple of considerations should be rapid technical battery developments) in a
examined: What’s the market going to look new stationary device ? Who would want
like ? What does the law say ? What’s the that ? 5. Does it make sense economically
availability of batteries ? Does it make ? With the current material values, not
sense technologically ? Does it make sense likely. 14.
economically ? Show a few business 15And what about ... Warranty of the
examples Present our current position. Can original usage / warranty of the re-use or
it be a realistic option for EV-batteries second use ? who’s responsible ? Insurance
life cycle extension prior to recycling, policy issues in case of incident (fire)
to meet the Resource and Energy Efficiency Battery in the vehicle – part of the
objectives ? 3. vehicle Battery in the vehicle, used for
41. The market expectation of industry energy storage at home, or being charged
& government of e-mobility by 2020. in the garage at home Car insurance ? Home
Germany < 30,000 units in 2015 insurance ? Where’s the consumer
(IQPC-de). 4. protection when different parties are
52. Legislation: terms used in involved in producer responsibility
litterature. Re-use. Second use. Second issues, product warranty, insurance
hand. Double use. Re-pairing. matters ? 15.
Re-purposing. Re-manufacturing. 16Business example 1: the Renault model.
Re-labelling. Re-building. Re-designing. The industrial battery stays in ownership
Re-conditioning. Each of these ‘actions’ of Renault. The battery is leased. A
have different legal & economic practical solution to control the complete
implications for the seller, the buyer, value chain. It allows Renault to decide
and the user ! 5. whether a battery should be re-used, go
62. Legislation: terms defined ! No for second use, or be offered for
definition. 6. recycling. Key: there’s no basic change of
73. Legislation - EU Political context. ownership. 16.
< EU Commission Fitness Check of the 17Business example 2: BMW – BOSCH -
waste regulations - during 2013 - 2014 Vattenfall. Project Batteries of the BMW
> Priority according the Waste i3 will get a second life as buffer
hierarchy Extend product life ? re-use ? storage for solar or wind facilities. To
recycle. The Roadmap to a Resource start by end 2015. BMW expects that
Efficient Europe concludes that if waste aftermarket alternatives or refurbished
is to become a resource to be fed back batteries will hit the market at some time
into the economy as a raw material, then in the future. 17.
much higher priority needs to be given to 18Business example 3: Field study by VW.
re-use and recycling. The 2020 milestone In a pilot project, VW and LichtBlick
for the EU should be to achieve a state (Green energy provider) want to use
where waste is managed as a resource. . 7. electric cars as forms of energy storage.
83. Availability of EV-batteries From November 2013 onwards, VW will equip
(schematic view). Sales of electric cars 20 households in Berlin with electric cars
started slowly from 2010 onwards and is of E-Up type. The cars will be modified,
expected to take-off by 2020. gap. units. enabling their batteries to feed
gap. year. sales. ELV & recycling. electricity into the grid. The batteries
2020. 2025 ~. 2010. 2015. Warranty – will be charged in times when solar panels
quality control returns to OEM. Car and wind turbines produce large amounts of
Service Life 10-15 years. Return Rate energy and the price for electricity is
<<< Rate of POM. low. In times of acute energy shortages,
94. Does it make sense technologically when the price for electricity is very
? (Reference: Batteries2014). 9. high, the e-car can feed electricity into
104. Does it make sense technologically the grid, enabling their owners to make
? Stationary battery packs with the latest money. Combined energy storage to increase
technology might be more reliable and demand for electric cars Field-study
better than a 12-year old used battery scientifically supported by Fraunhofer.
(how used ?) This battery was initially 18.
designed for an automotive or industrial 19Business example 4: e-mobility
mobile application As an old and used industrial batteries. Research initiative
battery, this battery has to be converted in the Netherlands. 19.
to a stationary application (including 20Business example 5: Ford of North
BMS). Does it make sense from a America. 20.
technologically point-of-view to put an 21Our current position - Re-use.
old battery technology in a new high-tech RECHARGE supports the re-use of batteries
device ? 10. for their original applications. This
115. Does it make sense economically ? requires that quality, performances and
Also an issue for the recycling industry ! safety standards are observed before
Ref. ICBR2014. 11. placing the battery for a second time on
12Prices of battery materials are the market. 21.
decreasing. The constant market price 22Our current position - Second Use.
decrease of Li batteries, makes each RECHARGE only supports the second use of
battery manufactured 10 years ago not very batteries when the battery remains under
competitive. 12. the responsibility of the first producer,
13IERC 2015 - Salzburg – DELL acting as the first entity placing the
presentation. Challenges for a circular battery on the market. In absence of a
economy: use resources more effectively legal basis and clear minimum requirements
Sometimes re-use only possible if transfer , RECHARGE does not support second use of
from customer in one country to batteries, when there is a transfer of
refurbishment in another country Less ownership, as there are too many unknown
valuable materials in the products Large factors that could impact product’s
volumes are lost out of the formal waste reliability and end users safety. 22.
streams Basel convention: current proposed
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