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Construction history
Construction history
Stage II: Roof
Stage II: Roof
Stage III: Interiors
Stage III: Interiors
Completion and cost
Completion and cost
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содержание презентации «SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE.ppt»
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1SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE. 11varying length to be cast in a common
2SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE. BUILD BY WHO: It mould, and a number of arch segments of
was conceived and built by Danish common length to be placed adjacent to one
architect J?rn Utzon. another, to form a spherical section.
3WHAT IS IT: It is one of the most 12Stage III: Interiors. The cost of the
famous buildings of the 20th century. It project so far was still only $22.9
is also one of the most popular visitor million less than a quarter of the final
attractions in Australia, with more than $102 million cost. The second stage of
seven million people visiting the site construction was progressing toward
every year. The building houses multiple completion when Utzon resigned. His
performance venues and it hosts over 1,500 position was principally taken over by
performances each year attended by about Peter Hall, who became largely responsible
1.2 million people. for the interior design.
4SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE. ITS LOCATION: It 13Completion and cost. The Opera House
is in Sydney, New South Wales, in was formally completed in 1973, having
Australia and is located at Bennelong cost $102 million. Stage I:podium
point in Sydney port and near the famous approximately $5.5m. Stage II: roof shells
Sydney Bridge. approximately $12.5m. Stage III:
5Description. The Sydney Opera House is completion The Hornibrook Group $56.5m.
a modern expressionist design, with a Separate contracts: stage equipment, stage
series of large precast concrete lighting and organ $9.0m. Fees and other
"shells", each composed of costs $16.5m. The original cost estimate
sections of a sphere of 75.2 metre (246 in 1957 was ?3,500,000 ($7 million). The
ft) radius, forming the roofs of the original completion date set by the
structure, set on a monumental podium. The government was 26 January 1963 (Australia
building covers 1.8 hectares (4.5 acres) Day). The project was completed ten years
of land and is 183 metres (605 ft) long late and over-budget by more than fourteen
and 120 metres (388 ft) wide at its widest times.
point. It is supported on 588 concrete 14Opening. The Opera House was formally
piers sunk as much as 25 metres below sea opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of
level. Australia, on 20 October 1973, with a
6Description (Continue). The power large crowd in attendance. The architect,
supply is equivalent for a town of 25,000 Jorn Utzon, was not invited to the
people and distributed by 645 kilometers ceremony, nor was his name mentioned. The
of electrical cable. The roofs are covered opening was televised and included
with 1.056 billion Swedish glazed tiles fireworks and a performance of Beethoven's
mineral creamy-white, though from a Symphony.
distance the tiles look only white. The 15Reconciliation with Utzon. Beginning
theater's opera and concert hall are the in the late 1990s, the Sydney Opera House
two largest groups of shells and other Trust began to communicate with Jorn Utzon
theaters are on the sides of the shell in an attempt to effect a reconciliation
groupings. The interior of the building and to secure his involvement in future
consists of pink granite. changes to the building. In 1999, he was
7Facilities. The Sydney Opera House appointed by the Trust as a design
contains five theaters, five rehearsal consultant for future work. In 2004, the
studios, two main halls, four restaurants, first interior space rebuilt to an Utzon
six bars and numerous souvenir shops. The design was opened, and renamed "The
five theaters are the facilities: * The Utzon Room" in his honour. In April
Concert Hall Concert Hall, with 2,679 2007, he proposed a major reconstruction
seats, * The Opera Theatre Opera Theatre, of the Opera Theatre. Utzon died on 29
with 1,547 seats, is the main performance November 2008. A state memorial service,
space for Opera Australia, also used by attended by Utzon's son Jan and daughter
the Australian Ballet Australian Ballet Lin, celebrating the creative genius of
Company. * Theatre Drama Theatre, with 544 Jorn Utzon was held in the Sydney Opera
seats * Theatre Playhouse, with 398 seats House Concert Hall on 25 March 2009
* The Theatre Studio Theatre, with 364 featuring performances, readings and
seats Except from theatrical productions, recollections from prominent figures in
facilities are also used for events such the Australian performing arts scene.
as weddings, parties and conferences. 16Reconciliation with Utzon (Continue).
8 On Tuesday 17 November 2009, Sydney Opera
9Construction history. Origins: House officially opened the refurbished
Planning for the Sydney Opera House began Western Foyers and Accessibility
in the late 1940s, when Eugene Goossens, improvements, the largest building project
lobbied for a suitable venue for large completed since Jorn Utzon was re-engaged
theatrical productions. in 1999. Designed by Utzon and his son
10Stage I: Podium. Stage I commenced on Jan, in collaboration with Richard Johnson
2 March 1959, monitored by the engineers of Johnson Pilton Walker, the project has
and partners. However, Utzon had still not transformed the Western Foyers into a
completed the final designs. Major stylish and functional space providing
structural issues still remained patrons with additional amenities
unresolved. By 23 January 1961, work was including new ticketing, toilet and
running 47 weeks behind, because of cloaking facilities. Importantly, new
unexpected difficulties. Work on the escalators and a public lift have vastly
podium was finally completed in February improved access for less mobile visitors,
1963. The forced early start led to people with a disability and families with
significant later problems, not least of prams.
which was the fact that the podium columns 17support. I chose the Sidney Opera
were not strong enough to support the roof House because I think is a very beautiful
structure, and had to be re-built. building and an amazing place which is
11Stage II: Roof. From 1957 to 1963, the used for a lot of types of entertainment,
design team went through at least twelve like opera, theatre and others. Finally,
alterations of the form of the shells it is something very special.
trying to find an economically acceptable 18BIBLIOGRAPHY.
form before a workable solution was http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/?????_???_?i?
completed. In mid-1961, the design team ??
found a solution to the problem: the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Opera_
shells all being created as sections from ouse. Chrystalla Kekkou B'1.
a sphere. This solution allows arches of
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