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The Nature of the Russian Far East
The Nature of the Russian Far East
Russian Far East
Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Natural Wonders of the Russian Far East
Geyser Valley - Kamchatka
Geyser Valley - Kamchatka
The Polar Bear
The Polar Bear
The Polar Bear
The Polar Bear
The Polar Bear
The Polar Bear
Arctic Poppy
Arctic Poppy
Arctic Poppy
Arctic Poppy
The сlimate in the russian far east
The сlimate in the russian far east
The сlimate in the russian far east
The сlimate in the russian far east
The сlimate in the russian far east
The сlimate in the russian far east
Vladivostok – East Possessor
Vladivostok – East Possessor
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far East
Thank You for Your Attention
Thank You for Your Attention
Thank You for Your Attention
Thank You for Your Attention
Thank You for Your Attention
Thank You for Your Attention
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The Nature of the Russian Far East

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1The Nature of the Russian Far East. 5evolved to occupy a narrow ecological
Работу на тему «Природа Дальнего Востока niche, with many body characteristics
(география, климат, флора и фауна и т.д.)» adapted for cold temperatures, for moving
выполнила ученица МОУ СОШ № 13, 9 “A” across snow, ice, and open water, and for
класса Шевченко Софья Александровна. hunting the seals which make up most of
misssonychik2007@mail.ru Преподаватель its diet. Although most polar bears are
английского языка: Домрачева Татьяна born on land, they spend most of their
Дмитриевна. time at sea (hence their scientific name
2Russian Far East. Russia reached the meaning "maritime bear") and can
pacific coast in 1647 with the hunt consistently only from sea ice, so
establishment of okhotsk, and consolidated spend much of the year on the frozen sea.
its control over the russian far east in The polar bear is classified as a
the 19th century. Russian far east or vulnerable species, with 8 of the 19 polar
transbaikalia is a term that refers to the bear subpopulations in decline. For
russian part of the far east, in other decades, unrestricted hunting raised
words, extreme east parts of russia, international concern for the future of
between lake baikal in central siberia, the species; populations have rebounded
and the pacific ocean. The russian far after controls and quotas began to take
eastern federal district, which covers effect. For thousands of years, the polar
this area, should not be mixed up with the bear has been a key figure in the
siberian federal distriсt, which does not material, spiritual, and cultural life of
stretch all the way to the pacific. The Arctic indigenous peoples, and the hunting
potential confusion with the international of polar bears remains important in their
meaning of far east in translation is cultures. The IUCN now lists global
caused by the fact, that in russia, the warming as the most significant threat to
region is usually referred to as just the polar bear, primarily because the
"far east". And the melting of its sea ice habitat reduces its
international meaning of far east is ability to find sufficient food. The IUCN
usually called in russia "the states, "If climatic trends continue
asia-pacific region" (or "east polar bears may become extirpated from
asia" ) until 2000, the russian far most of their range within 100
east lacked officially defined boundaries. years."On 14 May 2008, the United
A single term "siberia and the far States Department of the Interior listed
east" was often used to refer to the polar bear as a threatened species
russia's regions east of the urals without under the Endangered Species Act.
making a clear distinction between 6Arctic Poppy. Unique Qualities: The
"siberia" and "the far arctic poppy is extremely tough, but its
east." Several entities with the name flower petals are delicate. It is yellow
"far east" had existed in the and can grow up to 25cm in height. The
first half of the 20thcentury, all with whole plant is covered with black hairs.
rather different boundaries: 1920–1922: The arctic poppy is heliotropic meaning it
the far-eastern republic (included turns its face to follow the sun. It does
transbaikalia, amur oblast, primorskaya this to attract I nsects to the centre of
oblast, sakhalin oblast, and kamchatka); its bloom. Can be Seen: Both yellow and
1922–1926: the far-eastern oblast white arctic poppies can be seen in Arctic
(included pribaykalskaya, amurskaya, areas. Likes to Hang Out: The arctic poppy
primorskaya, sakhalinskaya, and likes to hang out in Arctic meadows. It
kamchatskaya guberniyas); 1926–1938: the also likes to grow in the mountains, in
far-eastern krai (included modern the gravel beds of dry rivers, or in rocky
primorsky krai and khabarovsk krai). In high plains. It likes to grow among the
2000, russia's federal subjects were rocks because the stones absorb heat from
grouped into larger federal districts, and the sun and provide moist shelter for the
far eastern federal district was created, roots. Benefits of the Plant: Parts of the
including amur oblast, chukotka, plant are poisonous if ingested, it is
autonomous okrug, jewish autonomous toxic to some mammals but its toxicity
oblast, kamchatka oblast, koryak level is low. Status: Arctic poppies are
autonomous okrug, khabarovsk krai, magadan very rare and uncommon globally. Some
oblast, primorsky krai, sakha (yakutia) species are abundant in certain areas but
republic, and sakhalin oblast. Since 2000, within a narrow range.
the term "far east" has been 7The сlimate in the russian far east.
increasingly used in russia to refer to Extreme weather is the main challenge to
the district, though it is often also used life in the northern area. In January or
more loosely. Defined by the boundaries of December, don’t be surprised if you notice
the federal district, the far east has an a strange noise when you exhale. The dry
area of 6.2 million square kilometers—over and dense frost turns your breath
one-third of the russia's total area. immediately into flourishing snowflakes
According to the 2002 census, far eastern and ice and you will be able to hear the
federal district had a population of crystallization of your own breath. All
6,692,865. Ethnic russians and ukrainians you need do is buy some warm clothes and
make up the majority of the population. you will be glad to breathe in the fresh
75% of the population is urban. The frosty air, to admire the white snow, and
largest cities are (all population figures to say that Russian winters are beautiful.
are as of the 2002 census): vladivostok Tomtor settlement of Yakutia (Sakha)
(pop. 594,701) khabarovsk (pop. 583,072) republic owns the world record for the
komsomolsk-on-amur (pop. 281,035) lowest (-71.2 C / -96 F) temperature ever
blagoveshchensk (pop. 219,221) yakutsk registered (1926) in a populated area.
(pop. 210,642) petropavlovsk-kamchatsky Yet, cold winters lead to toughness and
(pop. 198,028) yuzhno-sakhalinsk (pop. ingenuity; People gather together indoors
177,682) nakhodka (pop. 177,133) ussuriysk to bring each other good cheer, fellowship
(pop. 157,759). and artistic and creative expression.
3Natural Wonders of the Russian Far There are people who like winter, and
East. The Russian Far East is full of many throughout most of Russia there is always
unique natural wonders: volcanoes, the snow in the winter, so you can go
Geyser Valley of Kamchatka, the Amur Tiger snow-skiing, ice-skating, or sledding.
(the world's largest cat), rare Japanese Many people like summer, because in many
Cranes and wild ginseng. More than one parts of Russia you can swim in the rivers
hundred species of flowering plants, such and lakes, gather mushrooms and berries in
as arctic poppy and snow buttercup, are the forest, or go fishing. Russians have
found in the Arctic wilderness, populated liked going to the forest to gather
by polar bears and foxes in the winter mushrooms, berries and medicinal herbs
and, in summer, huge bird colonies. Many since olden times, and this tradition has
cliffs of Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands remained. In the forests of Russia,
have recently been opened to civilian especially far from the cities, there are
visitors after years of being reserved for a lot of various berries and mushrooms. At
military use only. home, Russian women like preserving
4Geyser Valley - Kamchatka. The Geyser different kinds of food collected outside:
Valley is a unique and world-famous salted and pickled mushrooms and
natural feature situated on the east of vegetables, jam, stewed fruit, and what
Kamchatka Peninsula, about 200 kilometers not. In Russia they say that autumn is
north east of Petropavlovsk. It was golden. It is a very beautiful season, and
discovered in 1914 by the Russian many Russian poets have devoted much of
geologist T.Ustinova. She found many their poetry to it. In autumn the warm
geysers, hot springs, boiling mud, vapour weather returns for a short while, giving
springs and hot lands close to the river rise to the name “babiye leto” (literally,
Shumnaya. Scientists of different fields “ladies’ summer”, whereas in America this
started exploring and studying this area period is called “Indian summer”).
in 1940ies to explain why these geysers 8Vladivostok – East Possessor. The
and hot springs appear, how they operate Russian Far East is comprised of ten
and to discover their influence on the federal districts; its largest cities are
surrounding areas. Geysers are natural hot Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. The
springs with a permanent rhythmical Khabarovsk, Primorski Krai, Sakhalin, Amur
activity and are quite rare. The cycle of Jewish districts etc. Kamchatka, Magadan,
geyser activity consists of several Chukotka, Yakutia (Sakha), Koryak
phases. The fountains of hot water may be districts etc. Once tigers roamed on this
vertical, e.g. geysers "Velikan" territory and ancient God of Sea Cucumbers
(The Giant) and "Bolshoi" (The ruled in shoaling waters… And now look at
Great), or inclined, e.g. geysers this beautiful city Vladivostok! Like the
"Triple" and Greek Amphitheatre it stands out of the
"Pioneer". Pulsating Hot Springs waters of Japanese sea. Vladivostok Hills
differ from geysers as they are waiting to give you breathtaking marine
continuously erupting with very short calm views and amazing panorama of the city.
periods. For example "Sakharnyi" Even Alexander the Great dreamed to visit
(Sugar) Hot Spring has eruptions every 4-5 this place where all land roads end and
minutes, with a duration of about marine ones begin. Indeed Vladivostok is
2minutes. The small pools of these hot the end of the world. The big unknown
springs are always full of boiling water world of Russia. The heart of Russian Far
pouring over theedges and forming small East so close to Asia is beating here. You
streams. Some of the pulsating hot springs can find Russian Orthodox Churches and
had been geysers in the past, but changed mysteries, Slovenian rituals mixed with
their character for natural reasons Mongolian and Chinese ones. Ancient Bohay
(mainly micro relief changes) or because city’s ruins and mystic ritual mountain
of human activity. Every second there are Pidan waiting for You to solve their
about 250-300 liters of thermal water mysteries. The nature of Far East is
pouring out in the Geyser Valley. The incredibly rich with northern and southern
various hydrothermal phenomena of Geyser types of flora and fauna. You can try it’s
Valley influence their local environment, wild taste in nature preserves. Only there
such as rock, relief, air, soil, flora and you can approach to the real tigers up
fauna. The air has a permanent chemical close or dance with funny Himalayan baby
laboratory smell as water vapors produced bears. The city is located in the southern
by geysers and fumaroles are associated extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula,
with hydrogen sulfide, methane and other which is about 30 km long and
gases. Thermal grounds do not get a approximately 12 km wide. Vladivostok
permanent snow cover during the winter. shares the latitude with Sapporo, Sukhumi,
The vegetation bursts into bud earlier in Almaty, Florence, Marseille, A Coru?a,
spring, birds start making nests, insects Boston, and Toronto. The Trans-Siberian
and brown bears wake up earlier. The Railway was built to connect European
varied mineral compositions and Russia with Vladivostok, Russia's most
temperatures of natural springs has important Pacific Ocean port. Finished in
resulted in some having health and medical 1905, the rail line ran from Moscow to
resorts built around them. Vladivostok via several of Russia's main
5The Polar Bear. The polar bear is a cities. Part of the railroad, known as the
bear native largely within the Arctic Chinese Eastern Line, crossed over into
circle encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its Manchuria, China, passing through Harbin,
surrounding seas and surrounding land a major city in Manchuria. Air routes
masses. It is the world's largest land connect Vladivostok International Airport
carnivore and also the largest bear, with Japan; People's Republic of China;
together with the omnivorous Kodiak bear, North Korea; South Korea; Vietnam.It is
which is approximately the same size. An possible to get to Vladivostok from
adult male weighs around 350–680 kg several of the larger cities in Russia.
(770–1,500 lb), while an adult female is 9Flora and Fauna of the Russian Far
about half that size. Although it is East.
closely related to the brown bear, it has 10Thank You for Your Attention!
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