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The project:
The project:
The Republic of Dagestan is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia,
The Republic of Dagestan is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia,
With a population of 2,910,249,Dagestan is ethnically very diverse (it
With a population of 2,910,249,Dagestan is ethnically very diverse (it
With a population of 2,910,249,Dagestan is ethnically very diverse (it
With a population of 2,910,249,Dagestan is ethnically very diverse (it
The word Dagestan is of Turkic and Persian origin
The word Dagestan is of Turkic and Persian origin
The republic is situated in the North Caucasus mountains
The republic is situated in the North Caucasus mountains
Dagestan is rich in oil, natural gas, coal, and many other minerals
Dagestan is rich in oil, natural gas, coal, and many other minerals
In the 5th century AD, the Samian peregrinations took place from
In the 5th century AD, the Samian peregrinations took place from
Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia (8th century BCE)
Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia (8th century BCE)
A large portion of the walls and several watchtowers still remain in
A large portion of the walls and several watchtowers still remain in
A large portion of the walls and several watchtowers still remain in
A large portion of the walls and several watchtowers still remain in
To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty
To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty
In 733 seven mosques were built here
In 733 seven mosques were built here
The project
The project
The project
The project
The project
The project
The project
The project
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Автор: Лиана Мамаева. Чтобы познакомиться с картинкой полного размера, нажмите на её эскиз. Чтобы можно было использовать все картинки для урока английского языка, скачайте бесплатно презентацию «The project.pptx» со всеми картинками в zip-архиве размером 3573 КБ.

The project

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1The project: « Dagestan ». Mamaeva 7Gates of Alexander, being known in Arabic
Liana For 8 A. as B?b al Abwab ("Gate of
2The Republic of Dagestan is a federal Gates") and Turkish asDemirkap?
subject (a republic) of Russia, located in ("Iron Gate").
the North Caucasus region. Its capital and 8Derbent claims to be the oldest city
largest city isMakhachkala, located at the in Russia (8th century BCE).[9] Since
center of Dagestan on the Caspian Sea. antiquity, the value of the area as the
3With a population of gate to the Caucasus has been understood,
2,910,249,Dagestan is ethnically very and Derbent has archaeological structures
diverse (it is Russia's most heterogeneous over 5,000 years old. As a result of this
republic, where no ethnic group forms a geographic particularity, the city
majority) with several dozen ethnic groups developed between two walls, stretching
and subgroups inhabiting the republic, from the mountains to the sea. These
most of which speak Caucasian and Turkic fortifications were continuously employed
languages. Largest among these ethnic for a millennium and a half, longer than
groups are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, any other extant fortress in the world.
Lezgian, Laks,Azerbaijani, Tabasaran and Over the years, different nations gave the
Chechen.[13] Ethnic Russians comprise city different names, but all connected to
about 3.6% of Dagestan's total the word gate; its name in Persian is
population.[14] Russian is the primary Darband, which means "closed
official language and the lingua franca gates".
among the ethnic groups. 9A large portion of the walls and
4The word Dagestan is of Turkic and several watchtowers still remain in
Persian origin. Da? means 'mountain' in reasonable shape. The walls, reaching to
Turkic and -stan is a Persian suffix the sea, date from the 6th century,
meaning 'land'. The word Dagestan Sassanid dynasty period. The city has a
therefore means 'the land of mountains'. well-preserved citadel (Narin-kala),
Dagestan used to be called Kohestan enclosing an area of 4.5 hectares (11
'mountainous place' in Persian and acres), enclosed by strong walls.
Arabized as Ghahestan. When the Persian Historical attractions include the baths,
language gradually faded in those regions the cisterns, the old cemeteries, the
and the Turkic language prevailed, the caravanserai, the 18th-century Khan's
Persian koh (kuh in contemporary Persian) mausoleum, as well as several mosques. The
was replaced with its Turkic equivalent oldest mosque is the Juma Mosque, built
dagh. The present city transliterated as over a 6th-century Christian basilica; it
Derbent is from the Persian Darband, has a 15th-century madrassa. Other shrines
meaning a point on a mountain that one include the 17th-century Kyrhlyar mosque,
cannot climb further. In Persian Islamic the Bala mosque and the 18th-century
mysticism Darband is the place where Chertebe mosque.
Simorgh (Shahrokh or Phoenix) lives and is 10To the north of the town is the
the end point and farthest point of the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty heroes,
world that man can imagine. Some areas of who fell defending Dagestan against the
Dagestan were known as Albania, Avaria, Arabs in 728. To the south lies the
and Tarkov at various times. seaward extremity of the Caucasian wall
5The republic is situated in the North (fifty metres long), otherwise known as
Caucasus mountains. It is the southernmost Alexander's Wall, blocking the narrow pass
part of Russia, and is bordered on its of the Iron Gate or Caspian Gates (Portae
eastern side by the Caspian Sea. Athanae or Portae Caspiae). When intact,
6Dagestan is rich in oil, natural gas, the wall had a height of 29 ft (9 m) and a
coal, and many other minerals. The oldest thickness of about 10 ft (3 m) and, with
records about the region refer to the its iron gates and numerous watch-towers,
state of Caucasian Albania in the south, defended Persia's frontier.
with its capital at Derbent and other 11The first Islamic activists and the
important centres at Chola, Toprakh Qala, descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
and Urtseki. The northern parts were held had started their charitable mission here.
by a confederation of Dagestani tribes. In After Arabs conquered Iran in 602, they
the first few centuries AD, Caucasian reached the walls of ancient Derbent under
Albania continued to rule over what is the command of Maslama in the first
present day Azerbaijan and mountains of quarter of the 8th century. They
Dagestan. It was fought over in Antiquity considered the town could become a center
by Roman Empire and the Sassanid Persians of Islamic religion in the northeast
and converted to Christianity early on. Caucasus. From that time on Derbent became
7In the 5th century AD, the Samian the spiritual home and Islam became the
peregrinations took place from Ukraine to most wide-spread religion of the region.
this land, they returned to their natal 12In 733 seven mosques were built here.
country by 150 BC. The Sassanids gained Each town quarter (magal) had one. And a
the upper hand and constructed a strong special cathedral mosque to be used for
citadel at Derbent. Derbent is one of the Friday prayers called al-Masjid al-Djamii
oldest towns that has saved its original was raised. In 1796 there 15 mosques
look till nowadays. One can hardly find existed in Derbent. The Djuma-mosque is
another town that has survived so many truly the cradle of Russian islamisation.
invasions and destructions, has been an It is one of the first significant
apple of discord and a scene of bloody mosques, that was built out of the Islamic
battles so many times. Derbent occupies caliphate. The Djuma-mosque is situated in
the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea the center of Derbent’s old part. It is a
and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the part of an architectural ensemble of the
Eurasian steppes to the north and the ancient town. The group of buildings
Middle East to the south. Its etymology consists of the main mosque, a madrasah
derives from the Persian Darband (?????), and some houses where religious leaders
meaning "locked gate",[8] and it live.
is often identified with the legendary 13
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