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The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution
The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution
The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution
The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution
La Revolution Tranquille
La Revolution Tranquille
Maitres Chez Nous
Maitres Chez Nous
The Government of Jean Lesage
The Government of Jean Lesage
The Program of the Lesage Government Sought to
The Program of the Lesage Government Sought to
Quebec and Ottawa
Quebec and Ottawa
Daniel Johnson and the Return of Union Nationale
Daniel Johnson and the Return of Union Nationale
Violence in Quebec
Violence in Quebec
Ottawa Responds to Nationalism in Quebec
Ottawa Responds to Nationalism in Quebec
Ottawa Responds to Nationalism in Quebec
Ottawa Responds to Nationalism in Quebec
Trudeau and Quebec
Trudeau and Quebec
Robert Bourassa Takes Power in Quebec 1970
Robert Bourassa Takes Power in Quebec 1970
The October Crisis 1970
The October Crisis 1970
The October Crisis II
The October Crisis II
The October Crisis III
The October Crisis III
Rene Levesque and the Parti Quebecois
Rene Levesque and the Parti Quebecois
Levesque and Bill 101
Levesque and Bill 101
The Quebec Referendum
The Quebec Referendum
The Reaction of the Federal Government
The Reaction of the Federal Government
The Winds of Change
The Winds of Change
Robert Bourassas Demands for Quebec - 1987
Robert Bourassas Demands for Quebec - 1987
The Meech Lake Accord 1987
The Meech Lake Accord 1987
The Bloc Quebecois
The Bloc Quebecois
The 1995 Quebec Referendum
The 1995 Quebec Referendum
The Supreme Court Ruling 20 August 1998
The Supreme Court Ruling 20 August 1998
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
Recent Changes in Quebec
A Nation in a Nation
A Nation in a Nation
The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution

: Charlie Brown. , . , The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution.ppt zip- 794 .

The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution

The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution.ppt
1The Quiet and Not So Quiet 23Quebecois organized a referendum on
Revolution. Quebec & Canada1914 -1998 sovereignty-association for May 20, 1980.
Chapter 8- Canadian Identity. Social This meant independence from Canada but
Studies 11. the retention of close economic ties.
2Quebec and Canada 1914 -1945. Each of Claude Ryan the Liberal leader in Quebec
the two twentieth century world wars had urged Quebeckers to vote non. The
brought with it domestic tension related campaign was very passionate and divisive.
to the issue of conscription. There had 24The Quebec Referendum II. Federal
been passionate opposition to conscription politicians, like Pierre Trudeau,
in Quebec in 1917 and again in 1944. After supported the no side in Quebec. The
1945 Quebec-Canada relations appeared to actual referendum question was complex and
be relatively calm but problems remained did not attract the support the Government
very close to the surface. of Quebec wished. 82% of the population
3The Problems of Quebec after 1945. The turned out to vote and 59% rejected the
population of Quebec was leaving the farms proposal.
for jobs in the cities. Higher educational 25The Quebec Referendum III.
levels tended to make Quebeckers more Francophones. Anglophones. Immigrants. Oui
critical of their situation in Canada. It 60% Non 40%. Oui 9% Non 91%. Oui 16% Non
was increasingly apparent that the English 84%.
speaking minority in Quebec controlled the 26The Reaction of the Federal
economy. The power of Ottawa and the Government. In 1969 Pierre Trudeau took
influence English language was growing. many of the recommendations of the Bi and
4La Revolution Tranquille. Maurice Bi Commission and incorporated them in
Duplessis, while he remained premier of the Official Languages Act. This act was
Quebec, managed to control the forces of given a muted response in Quebec as most
change. His death in 1959 opened the way Quebec nationalists didnt care about
for fundamental changes in Quebec. No encouraging the French language across
longer would the citizens of Quebec be Canada.
willing to accept second class status in 27Multiculturalism in Canada.
their own province. Biculturalism was not supported by the Bi
5Maitres Chez Nous. Duplessis and Bi Commission as the multicultural
approach to politics in Quebec was nature of our country was already an
conservative and paternalistic. People overwhelming fact. In 1977 The Task Force
were discouraged from questioning on Canadian Unity was established to
traditional authority. He was, however, a study and make recommendations on the
Quebec nationalist and stressed to Ottawa state of Canadian unity for all Canadians.
that Quebeckers must be masters in their 28The Winds of Change. The 1980
own house.. referendum convinced Pierre Trudeau that
6What Were the Problems? Unemployment constitutional change was necessary. The
in Quebec was the highest in Canada. The Liberal government of Pierre Trudeau
English minority in Quebec were better finally undertook the difficult task of
paid and had better jobs than the French patriating the constitution. This was
speaking population. Most top civil achieved in 1982 but without the approval
service positions were held by English of Quebec.
speaking Canadians. The birth rate in 29Robert Bourassas Demands for Quebec -
Quebec was falling and new immigrants 1987. Distinct society status. A veto
preferred to learn English. for Quebec on any future constitutional
7The Government of Jean Lesage. amendments. More power over immigration to
Duplessis Union National party had been Quebec. The right to opt out of cost
in power for 18 of the previous 23 years. sharing programs with the federal
The Liberals under the leadership of Jean government. The right to nominate Supreme
Lesage now embarked on a difficult and Court judges.
expensive program. The slogan of change 30Distinct Society. What did this term
continued to be Maitres Chez Nous.. mean? Was Quebec to be considered
8The Program of the Lesage Government different or special? If Quebec was to be
Sought to. Eliminate corruption in the special did this mean that additional
Government of Quebec. Improve public powers would be given to the Quebec
services particularly, transportation , government?
health care and education. Improve wages 31The Meech Lake Accord 1987. Meech Lake
and pension benefits for the citizens of was an effort to complete the
Quebec. Develop new industries and to constitutional process and meet some of
access the natural resources of the Quebecs demands. It included 1. The
province. confirmation of distinct society status
9Quebec and Ottawa. Lesage placed new for Quebec in order to bring the province
demands on the central government to allow into the constitution. 2. The right to
Quebec to take over complete control of allow provinces to nominate Supreme Court
programs like health and education. He judges. The accord was not ratified by all
wanted more control over the economic ten provinces and failed.
development of Quebec and a greater share 32The Failure of the Meech Lake Accord.
of tax revenues from Ottawa. It was also This accord was acceptable in Quebec but
made clear to Ottawa that Quebec wished to eventually failed in Manitoba. It was seen
be consulted on any matter affecting the in Quebec as a rejection by the rest of
provincial interest. Canada. The separatist movement in Quebec
10Daniel Johnson and the Return of Union was revived by the emotion surrounding the
Nationale. Lesage and his government were failure of Meech..
defeated in 1966. Daniel Johnson, the new 33The Bloc Quebecois. The failure of the
Premier, did not abandon the goals of the Meech Lake Accord resulted in the
Quiet Revolution. Johnsons approach was formation of a new federal political party
to establish closer ties with France. The - theBloc Quebecois. This party
fear in Ottawa was underscored by the attracted support only in Quebec but won
visit of Charles de Gaulle and his Vive enough seats in 1993 to become the
le Quebec Libre! speech in 1967. Click official opposition party in Ottawa. The
here to see the speech (CBC Archives). first leader of the Bloc was Lucien
11Violence in Quebec. By 1963 there was Bouchard.
a growing trend among some small radical 34The Charlottetown Accord 1992. This
groups in Quebec to arm themselves. Bombs was the second attempt to amend the
were planted and military supplies stolen. constitution. It promised - 1. Distinct
Most French-Canadians opposed these society status for Quebec. 2. Aboriginal
lawless acts but Ottawa felt that it had self-government. 3. Senate reform. It
to respond. failed to pass a national referendum in
12Ottawa Responds to Nationalism in October 1992 when a large majority
Quebec. All the provinces were granted Canadians voted no.
greater autonomy and more money to run 35The 1995 Quebec Referendum. In 1995
provincial programs. The new Canadian flag the people of Quebec voted on the question
was adopted in 1965 replacing the old Red of sovereignty. Jacques Parizeau, the
Ensign. The Royal Commission on premier, led the Yes forces in Quebec
Bilingualism and Biculturalism was but the question was defeated by a narrow
established in 1963 to study French margin. The No side won by 51 per cent
language and culture in Canada. to 49 percent. There was shock in the rest
13The Commission Reports. Canada was to of Canada but no immediate solution.
be officially bilingual with English and Parizeaus Money & the Ethnic Vote
French the official languages of speech, from the CBC Archives.
Parliament and the federal courts. 36The Calgary Summit. In September of
Government services should support 1997 nine provincial premiers proposed a
minority language groups in all provinces. constitutional amendment which would
More French-Canadians should be employed recognize Quebecs unique character.
in the federal civil service. French was This was received with considerable
to be the primary language of business and skepticism by the Parti Quebecois
government in Quebec. government of Lucien Bouchard.
14Trudeau and Quebec. In 1968 Pierre 37The Supreme Court Ruling 20 August
Trudeau became the Prime Minister of 1998. The federal government asked the
Canada. He was a French-Canadian Supreme Court three questions in 1996. 1.
federalist with strong views on Canadian Can Quebec secede unilaterally from Canada
unity. Mr. Trudeau rejected separatism and under the constitution? 2. Does it have
focused on bilingualism in government. the right to secede unilaterally under
Large sums of money were spent to achieve international law? 3. If there is a
this goal with mixed results. conflict between Canadian and
15Problems With Bilingualism. It was international law, which takes precedence?
difficult for older unilingual Canadians 38The Constitutional Right to Secede
to learn a new language. English Canadians (Question 1). The Constitution
began to feel that the French language was (guarantees) order and stability, and
being given an unfair degree of support accordingly secession of a province under
and a backlash developed. Even among some the Constitution could not be achieved
French-Canadians there was opposition to unilaterally Negotiation with the other
the extent of the effort to encourage the provinces within the terms of the
use of French in English Canada. constitution would be required for Quebec
16Robert Bourassa Takes Power in Quebec to secede.
1970. Robert Bourassa believed that 39International Law and the Right to
Quebec's place was in Canada. In the first Secede (Question 2). The court decided
year of his government he was forced to that the right to secede exists but not at
deal with a radical separatist group the the expense of the stability and integrity
FLQ. The Front de Liberation Quebecois of Canada. Only if a people were colonized
wanted the independence of Quebec and were or oppressed would the court consider
prepared to use violence to achieve this unilateral secession acceptable. This,
end. clearly, does not apply to Quebec.
17The October Crisis 1970. After seven 40General Conclusions of the Supreme
years of bombings and other acts of Court (Question 3). The court ruled that
violence the FLQ embarked on one last there was no conflict between Canadian and
desperate act of defiance. On October 5, International law. The Supreme Courts
1970 they kidnapped James Cross the ruling was open to interpretation by both
British Trade Commissioner to Canada. This sides but offered little comfort to the
was followed by a separate kidnapping of separatist movement in Quebec. Quebec can
the Quebec Minister of Labour - Pierre hold another referendum on a clear
Laporte. question and if it wins this referendum
18The October Crisis II. The FLQ issued Canada and Quebec must negotiate the terms
a list of demands which included the of secession.
release from prison of several members of 41Problems Associated with Quebec
their group. On October 16, 1970 Prime Separation. What happens to the large
Minister Trudeau invoked the War Measures French speaking population outside of
Act. This act gave the government special Quebec? What happens to the anglophone
powers of arrest and had been requested by population inside of Quebec? How do we
both the government of Quebec and the city divide the economic resources and the
of Montreal. Click here for Trudeaus national debt of the country? How does the
Watch me speech, from the CBC Archives. rest of Canada remain united?
19The October Crisis III. Nearly 500 42Recent Changes in Quebec. Some people
Quebeckers were arrested and jailed think that the tide has turned against the
although very few were ever brought to Separatists. Immigration is reducing the
trial. The FLQ was outlawed and the influence of pur laine Quebecers the
Canadian Armed Forces patrolled the chief supporters of separation.
streets of Montreal and Quebec City. 43Recent Changes in Quebec. In the 1992
Pierre Laporte was murdered but James Quebec election, the Parti Quebecois was
Cross was eventually released. Laportes rejected. Jean Charests more federalist
body found, from CBC Archives. Liberals returned to power.
20Rene Levesque and the Parti Quebecois. 44A Nation in a Nation? Liberal
Most Quebecois were opposed to violence leadership candidates and a Conservative
and terrorism but at the same time many Prime Minister both supported public
supported a separate Quebec. This gave statements to this effect. In late 2006 a
rise to a new separatist political party - number of people suggested that the circle
the Parti Quebecois - led by Rene could be squared by declaring Quebec a
Levesque. Levesque led his party to nation within a nation. In a Parliamentary
victory in the provincial election of motion, only 16, including North
1976. Vancouvers Don Bell, voted against the
21Levesque and Bill 101. One of the most motion (21 were absent and 2 seats were
controversial measures of the Parti vacant). Is anything really changed? What
Quebecois was Bill 101 - The Charter of does this mean for Canadian nationhood?
the French Language. This bill made French 45Summary. Constitutional debate in
the only working language in Quebec. Canada continues and the question of
English speaking Quebeckers felt the bill national unity remains an unsolved
went too far and deprived them of their problem. Quebec remains outside of the
rights as Canadians in a bilingual Canadian Constitution. The PQ government
country. in Quebec does not intend to hold another
22Bill 101. All business in the Quebec referendum until they are assured of
government and courts will be carried out winning conditions. At the moment these
in French. French is to be the only conditions do not exist.
official language in Quebec. The people of 46Chapter 8 The Canadian Identity-
Quebec have the right to. ) speak French Activities: Do Activity Sheet 8-1- Know
at work. ) be served in French in stores. time-line on page 191 Do Activities:
) be taught in French. -Page 194:1-5 -Page 200:1-7 -Page 204:1-5
23The Quebec Referendum. The Parti -Page 206:1-5 -Page 216:1-6.
The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution.ppt
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The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution

The Quiet and Not So Quiet Revolution

The english-speaking countries - Disneyland. USA. Scotland. The English-speaking countries. Australia. Great Britain.

The green movement - The countries in which there are offices Greenpeace. "Green" movement in the world. The main objective to achieve the decision of global environmental problems, including by attraction to them of attention of the public and the authorities. Several active workers managed to steal up on a raft to a platform and to chain themselves to it.

The animals - BISON. SEAL. KANGAROO. REINDEER. SQUIRREL. BEAR. SEA-HORSE. The animals which live in Australia. TIGER. FISH. PARROT. HIPPO. CAMEL. GRIFFIN. BOBCAT. ELEPHANT. The animals which live in the OCEAN. The animals which live in the polar regions. DOLPHIN. FOX. FLAMINGO. PANDA. ZEBRA. The ANIMALS of our planet.

the woman - , . A womans tongue wags like a lambs tail. . A good wife makes a good husband. ; . . - , - ; - . Der mann- . , , .

Human rights - Both Rights and Obligations. It is very important to be informed with your human rights. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law.

Hippy - The idea of equality and freedom lies in hippies ideology. The origin. Mottos, slogans. Epigraph. They prefer living in forests as our ancestors did. Also it consists in rejection from modern cities, technological progress. And if you make evil as an answer to violence you increase it twice. Ideology.Values.

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