Америка
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The Spanish in the New World
The Spanish in the New World
The Spanish in the New World
The Spanish in the New World
Isabella and Ferdinand
Isabella and Ferdinand
Isabella and Ferdinand
Isabella and Ferdinand
Isabella and Ferdinand
Isabella and Ferdinand
Castile, Aragon, and Granada
Castile, Aragon, and Granada
Cristobel Colon
Cristobel Colon
Cristobel Colon
Cristobel Colon
Columbus and the Caribbean
Columbus and the Caribbean
Hispaniola
Hispaniola
Hispaniola
Hispaniola
En Bas Saline (la Navidad) 1492
En Bas Saline (la Navidad) 1492
En Bas Saline (la Navidad) 1492
En Bas Saline (la Navidad) 1492
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino food
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
En Bas Saline – Taino material culture
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
La Isabela (1493–1498)
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Concepci
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti: the church
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Puerto Real, Haiti
Scarcity of Spanish women in early colonies
Scarcity of Spanish women in early colonies
Scarcity of Spanish women in early colonies
Scarcity of Spanish women in early colonies
St
St
St
St
Boazio map of St
Boazio map of St
St Augustine Men
St Augustine Men
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site
St Augustine: Ximenez-Fatio House
St Augustine: Ximenez-Fatio House
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century house
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and glass
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts
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The Spanish in the New World

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1The Spanish in the New World. 23& State visibly manifested in location
2 on central plaza, with homes of elite
3Spain before the New World. 15th C ranged nearby, those of lesser sort living
Spain multi-ethnic (had been colonized by beyond the town centre.
Romans, Visigoths, Arabs) Reconquista – 24General patterns of Spanish –native
war to reclaim agricultural land from the interaction. Replicated to varying degrees
invading Moors had raged for 700 years, at nearly all post-15th-century Spanish
sharpening military skills Spain emerged colonial sites in the Caribbean, Florida,
as unified political entity in 1469, with and Mexico, regardless of social,
marriage of Isabella, sister of King Henry economic, or ethnic affiliations Certain
IV of Castile, to Ferdinand, heir to the elements of Spanish life were retained
throne of Aragon Expansionist policies intact Spanish adopted & incorporated
began in late 1470s, with colonization of native American elements in other areas
Canaries Islands (conquistadors given Developed new, syncretistic material forms
rights: 10% of booty and land) License in yet other areas.
granted to Genoese navigator Cristobel 25Puerto Real, Haiti 1503-1578 A coastal
Colon in 1492, to sail to the Indies cattle-ranching town. regular grid pattern
Diverted attention away from conquest of organization concentration of governmental
Muslim North Africa. and religious authority in the central
4Isabella and Ferdinand. plaza -spatial segregation of differing
5Castile, Aragon, and Granada. residential status groups and production
6Cristobel Colon. activities.
7Columbus and the Caribbean. 26Puerto Real, Haiti. At its peak in the
8Hispaniola. second decade of the 16th century occupied
9Sites investigated span the period by more than 300 Spaniards and 1000 unfree
from 1493–1821: In Caribbean: En Bas Indian labourers The town was forcibly
Saline (La Navidad) (1492) La Isabela abandoned and destroyed (after 75 years,)
(1493–1498) Concepci?n de la Vega in 1578 on the orders of the Spanish
(1498–1562) Puerto Real (1503–1578) In Crown, due to persistent illegal trade
Florida: St. Augustine (1565–1821). with foreign traders and pirates.
10Social Processes of Spanish New World. 27Puerto Real, Haiti. Archaeologists
Multi-ethnic diversity Interaction have investigated the church complex, a
Conflict Accommodation These processes high-status household, lesser households,
occur in all situations of invasion & & a production area (cattle processing
encounter. for hide trade) Results show
11En Bas Saline (la Navidad) 1492. differentiation in architecture among
12En Bas Saline – Taino food. mostly ate households High status had masonry
sea- fish and shellfish for protein, but foundations, were arranged in linear plan
also hutias small guinea piglike rodents. around or adjacent to a patio Lesser
13En Bas Saline – Taino food. plants households tended to live in two-room plan
cultivated by the Ta?no included manioc houses of post-in-the-ground construction.
tubers, also corn, peppers, beans, guava, Criollo cow.
primrose. 28Puerto Real, Haiti: the church.
14En Bas Saline – Taino material 29Puerto Real, Haiti. Lace bobbins (ca.
culture. 1540-1575) Haiti , Puerto Real. Unicorn
15La Isabela (1493–1498). ‘the first pendant (ca. 1550-1570) Haiti , Puerto
intentional European colonial town in the Real. Columbia Plain majolica (ca.
New World’. Columbus house. 1550-1585) Haiti , Puerto Real.
16La Isabela (1493–1498). ‘The overall 30Puerto Real, Haiti. The material
stylistic character of La Isabela’s assemblage from Puerto Real is distinct
material world was strongly medieval and from that at La Isabella, both in the
strongly Morisco (Spanish Muslim) with diversity of its origins and in the
medieval Muslim traditions evident in relative scarcity of medieval and Islamic
building construction, personal influences elements (more Italian and
ornamentation, pottery forms and Dutch wares) Cooking pots hand-made and
decoration, horse equipment, medicine, non-European in style Diets also changed –
lighting, and sanitation’ Deagan and lots of beef eaten – as opposed to Spanish
Cruxent 2002. liking for fish, sheep, goat, and less
17Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican reliance on imports. Local food sources
Republic 1496-1562 ‘a gold-rush boom used: fish turtles, manioc.
town’. 31Scarcity of Spanish women in early
18Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican colonies. Led to intermarriage between
Republic. Built as small fort by Columbus Spanish men & native American women
in 1496 Intended to guard route to gold Native elements predominate in female
mines of Cibao valley Spanish settlement domestic activities Socially visible
gradually grew up here & the town symbols associated with males (e.g.,
experienced a gold-rush boom after 1508 By clothing, ornamentation, tablewares, &
1510 was one of the largest & most architecture) remain predominantly
important European cities in the European.
hemisphere; destroyed & buried by 32St. Augustine, Florida.
earthquake in 1562 Excavations have 33St. Augustine, Florida. Established by
exposed remains of several stone Pedro Men?ndez de Aviles in 1565 Served as
buildings, including fort with tower, northernmost outpost of Spanish empire
water system, remains of monastery, & after fall of Santa Elena in 1587 Was
home sites. largely a garrison town at first
19Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican Settlement was made within a town already
Republic. Thorough survey & mapping populated by Timucua Indians, led by Secoy
has defined the bounds of the city. Excavations have been carried out
20Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican throughout the town for over 30 years, at
Republic. Rumbler bells. top - copper sites across the spectrum of cultures
alloy cascabeles (hawk’s bells) below – & historical periods, including
petaloid crotal bells AD 1500-1562. military, domestic, religious, &c.,
Ceramic lion shaped from a child’s and ranging from 16th-19th centuries in
footprint. date.
21Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican 34Boazio map of St. Augustine AD 1586.
Republic. Copper alloy chain-mail links 35St Augustine Men?ndez camp. The first
and belt-clasp AD 1500-1560. thanksgiving feast in the U.S. was on
22Concepci?n de la Vega, Dominican September 8, 1565. The meal probably
Republic. Copper alloy candle sticks included corn, fish, oysters, venison,
(northern European), iron candle snuffer, garbanzo beans, hardtack biscuit, olives
Italian majolica plate (AD 1500-1560), and wine, prepared and eaten using Spanish
Venetian-style glassware. - and perhaps Indian- utensils.
23Importance of community. After the 36St Augustine: Fountain of Youth site.
disasters of La Navidad & La Isabela 37St Augustine: Ximenez-Fatio House.
(earliest unplanned colonies) the Spanish 38Ximenez-Fatio Site: 17th-18th-century
crown sought to impose city planning house.
ordinances. Laws of the Indies published 39Ximenez-Fatio Site – pottery and
in 1573. These laws imposed principals of glass. Guadalajara Polychrome (ca.
regularity & hierarchy and led to 1650-1800). 16th century Spanish majolica
highly organized & militaristic towns (ca. 1585-1650). Glass vial or perfume
Possible influences? ancient Roman bottle (ca. 1650-1700).
colonization strategy Spanish experience 40Ximenez-Fatio Site - Artifacts.
in the Canary Islands Centrality of Church
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The Spanish in the New World

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