<<   1 Over the Top Under the Hood OTT Video over IP  >>
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Chancellor von Baden
Chancellor von Baden
Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Republics in One Day
Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Republics in One Day
Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Republics in One Day
Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Republics in One Day
New Assembly, New Challenges
New Assembly, New Challenges
New Assembly, New Challenges
New Assembly, New Challenges
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
The Council of Four
The Council of Four
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Treaty Provisions
Treaty Provisions
Musical Chairs
Musical Chairs
German Impact of Treaty 2: Soldiers Revolt
German Impact of Treaty 2: Soldiers Revolt
The Trigger
The Trigger
The Trigger
The Trigger
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Treaty of Rapallo, 1922
Treaty of Rapallo, 1922
Gathering Economic Crisis
Gathering Economic Crisis
Free Fall
Free Fall
Free Fall
Free Fall
Restoring Economic Order
Restoring Economic Order
Restoring Economic Order
Restoring Economic Order
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
The Munich Putsch
The Munich Putsch
The Munich Putsch
The Munich Putsch
A comedy of errors
A comedy of errors
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings

: Stephen Luscombe. , . , Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings.ppt zip- 3759 .

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings.ppt
1Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from 29Arrogant Prussian officer class
its beginnings? negotiating Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau
2The Second Reich. Hereditary Kaiser Treaty of Vienna Parallels? Germans
(emperor) appoint/dismiss ministers at expecting to be treated similar to France
will Could dissolve Reichstag at will Head in 1815 Magnanimous Kings and emperors
of the armed forces Especially revered in maintaining a balance.
Prussian culture Responsible for Foreign 30The Council of Four. Wilson
Policy Weak Reichstag could not remove Idealistic, Na?ve Clemenceau Old tiger,
chancellor or government ministers Agree vindictive, pessimist Orlando Wanted
or reject laws proposed by Kaiser or his rewarding for helping Allies Withdraws
government Socialist SPD largest Socialist from negotiations! Lloyd-George Imperial
parliamentary group in Europe Reichsrat 26 strategist, Compromiser Many minor
state state governments Control over local delegates attended But Germany not invited
affairs Could veto Reichstag legislation. to any of the negotiations Merely summoned
3First World War. Muddled start to war in June 1919 to sign the finished
Pre-emptive strike due to Russian document.
Mobilisation Wave of nationalistic fervour 31
All parties pledge support for the war 32
(including SPD) Civic Truce Socialist 33Treaty Provisions. 440 articles
conference about war in Switzerland including: Territorial Losses Creation of
Pro-war versus anti-war Communists new buffer states between Germany and
surprised at socialist support for armies Russia! Plebiscites encouraged Sop to
Class war versus nationalism SPD expect Wilson Austria specifically prevented from
political concessions from establishment holding a plebiscite! Punitive actions to
in return for support Although prepared to reduce Germany to a minor power Army
wait until victory is achieved. 100,000, 6 ships, no tanks or aircraft
4War of Attrition. Sclieffen Plan fails Reparations Ominously to be decided!
in 1914 Consumer goods sacrificed for Blank Cheque J M Keynes War Guilt
Total War Black Market profiteers could Clause.
provide goods (at a price) Royal Navy 34Article 231. The Allied and Associated
Blockade starts immediately Food supply Governments affirm and Germany accepts the
problems Food riots Strikes Lawlessness responsibility of Germany and her allies
Disease 1916 Hindenburg and Ludendorff for causing all the loss and damage to
take supreme command of war effort Above which the Allied and Associated
Reichstag, Chancellor and even Kaiser Governments and their nationals have been
Popular move whilst German armed forces subjected as a consequence of the war
are doing well Conditioned Germans to imposed upon them by the aggression of
expect victory through sacrifices being Germany and her allies.
made. 35German Impact of Treaty 1: Cabinet
5The War Drags On German response to Crisis. Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau
Blockade Unlimited Submarine Warfare Not Disgusted at lack of German participation
as effective as blockade Brings US into Allowed just 15 days to make observations
war Russian Revolution provides hope to on document Disgusted that Blockade
the Germans Potentially frees up millions continued throughout Horrified at
of German soldiers Turn down peace vindictiveness of treaty Illegally
overtures from allies Confident of victory published a draft copy German Public as
through their own efforts Negotiations horrified as he was Chancellor Scheidemann
with Bolsheviks drawn out Had to restart Considers resuming the war Army High
Eastern Front campaign in 1918 Treaty of Command point out that Germany has
Brest-Litovsk punitive towards Russia effectively no military capability to
Required vast manpower just to garrison defend itself Although Hindenburg
newly acquired territory. considers a Heroic defeat! Chancellor
6 resigns rather than sign such a savage
71918 Clutching Defeat from the Jaws document.
of Victory. Ludendorff Summer Offensive 36Musical Chairs. President Ebert tried
New tactics Storm-troopers infiltrating to resign as President Bauer takes over
enemy lines Initially successful, massive from Scheidemann Reluctantly agrees to
advances Outskirts of Paris Amazed to find Treaty Provisions 237 to 138 in Reichstag
allies have significant supplies whilst Foreign Minister Muller signs on 28th June
their own rations / conditions were so The SPD would forever be tarnished for
poor US Allied counter-attacks easily having had to sign the Dictated Peace
recover German gains German forces out of Treaty.
emplacements Poor Morale Exhausted meagre 37German Impact of Treaty 2: Soldiers
supply chains. Revolt. Prussian Military Tradition
8 undermined by Treaty Officer corps
9Staring Defeat in the Face! German horrified by savage cuts Freikorps units
Army in full retreat 2 million dead 6 were no longer in legal limbo they were
million wounded Blockade starving now illegal Frustrated army unable to turn
civilians and military alike Defeatism and on victorious Allies Turn on Weimar
collapse of morale Turks, Bulgarians, Government instead! Luttwitz Berlin Army
Austro-Hungarians all negotiating Commander Erhardt German Marine
surrenders German High Command realise Commander Kapp Prussian Civil
that defeat is imminent! Servant/Leader of the Fatherland Party.
10Deflecting Blame! September 29th 38The Kapp Putsch. The Plan March on
Generals suggest a new Civilian Government Berlin Expel Socialist government Place
to negotiate an armistice with Allies Why? Pliant Kapp as civilian figurehead of a
11Deflecting Blame! Generals suggest a new military government An Open Secret?
new Civilian Government to negotiate an Plotters asked Seeckt, Ludendorff and
armistice with Allies Why? They knew that other generals for their support No
continuing the war was hopeless They could support received But no hostility either
avoid some of the blame for losing the war Nobody reported the plotters Plotters
German High Command was basically running assumed that German soldiers would not
Germany They felt that the Allies would be fire on German soldiers!
more sympathetic negotiating with 39The Trigger. February 1920 Forced
Civilians rather than with Military Demobilisation of army A requirement of
Wilson! the Treaty of Versailles 12,000 Freikorps
12Chancellor von Baden. October 3rd New ordered to disband Commander Luttwitz
Civilian Government Led by Prince Max of refuses.
Baden Full Reichstag Support Including 40
liberals and socialists First Job To 41Who will defend the Republic?
negotiate the armistice/surrender! Chancellor Bauer asks General Seeckt to
Amenable to Wilsons 14 points. restore order General refuses Troops do
13I. Open covenants of peace, openly not fire on troops; when Reichswehr fires
arrived at, after which there shall be no on Reichswehr all comradeship within the
private international understandings of officer corps has vanished! Wait and See
any kind but diplomacy shall proceed policy (See who wins?) Most Soldiers
always frankly and in the public view. II. remain neutral But government forced to
Absolute freedom of navigation upon the flee Berlin To Dresden and then to
seas, outside territorial waters, alike in Stuttgart Nationalist Von Kahr takes
peace and in war, except as the seas may advantage to regain control of Bavaria
be closed in whole or in part by from Communists Would become a centre of
international action for the enforcement right wing tolerance.
of international covenants. III. The 42Who will defend the Republic? The Left
removal, so far as possible, of all comes to the rescue General Strike ordered
economic barriers and the establishment of by Trade Unionists with support of most
an equality of trade conditions among all working classes and even Communists 80,000
the nations consenting to the peace and communists take control of Ruhr Refuses to
associating themselves for its cooperate with the new Kapp Government
maintenance. IV. Adequate guarantees given Kapp Ineffectiveness 4 days of rule were
and taken that national armaments will be pretty ineffective Could not announce
reduced to the lowest point consistent victory to newspapers as they could not
with domestic safety. V. A free, even find a working typewriter Banks
open-minded, and absolutely impartial refused to issue loans or currency on
adjustment of all colonial claims, based behalf of the unrecognised government
upon a strict observance of the principle Strike paralysed business and industry.
that in determining all such questions of 43Who will defend the Republic? Dilemma
sovereignty the interests of the for Government What to do with the German
populations concerned must have equal Army? It had demonstrated that it could
weight with the equitable claims of the not be relied on in times of crisis to
government whose title is to be defend the Republic from attacks from the
determined. VI. The evacuation of all Right However, it was still needed to
Russian territory and such a settlement of defend the Republic from threats from the
all questions affecting Russia as will left! Eg 80,000 Communists in the Ruhr
secure the best and freest cooperation of They would not lay down arms after the
the other nations of the world in fall of the Kapp Government Army more than
obtaining for her an unhampered and happy to shoot left wing rebels!
unembarrassed opportunity for the 44June 1920 Elections. 1919 %. 1920 %.
independent determination of her own SPD. 38. 21. Zentrum. 20. 8. DDP. 19. 18.
political development and national policy DNVP. 10. 15. USPD/KPD. 7.6. 19. DVP. 4.4.
and assure her of a sincere welcome into 14.
the society of free nations under 45June 1920 Elections. Disaster for the
institutions of her own choosing; and, SPD The writers of the Weimar constitution
more than a welcome, assistance also of were punished by its own provisions
every kind that she may need and may Associated with Treaty of Versailles,
herself desire. The treatment accorded Hunger, Defeat, Instability, Poor economic
Russia by her sister nations in the months conditions, etc etc SPD withdrew into
to come will be the acid test of their opposition The future of the Weimar
good will, of their comprehension of her Government passed to weak coalition
needs as distinguished from their own governments who were at best hostile to
interests, and of their intelligent and the Weimar constitution.
unselfish sympathy. VII. Belgium, the 46The Bill arrives. April 1921 Germany
whole world will agree, must be evacuated to pay ?6.6 billion for damage caused
and restored, without any attempt to limit during First World War +6% interest over
the sovereignty which she enjoys in common 50 years of repayment plan To be paid in
with all other free nations. No other Gold Marks 7% of annual German Income
single act will serve as this will serve Centrist Chancellor Fehrenbach resigns in
to restore confidence among the nations in horror!
the laws which they have themselves set 47Wirth picks up the poisoned Chalice.
and determined for the government of their New coalition formed Zentrum, SPD and DDP
relations with one another. Without this Appoints DDP Rathenau as foreign minister
healing act the whole structure and Highly talented Jewish DDP politician
validity of international law is forever Wirth attempts a complicated tactic
impaired. VIII. All French territory Fulfillment policy Attempt to honour
should be freed and the invaded portions repayments in order to show that Germany
restored, and the wrong done to France by is incapable of repaying such a huge bill
Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Sow seeds of hyperinflation Government did
Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the not fully try to control spending Subtlety
peace of the world for nearly fifty years, lost on Allies France not concerned at any
should be righted, in order that peace may suffering on part of Germans Britain
once more be made secure in the interest needed to repay loans taken from US
of all. IX. A readjustment of the Subtlety lost on German public Blamed
frontiers of Italy should be effected everything on Treaty of Versailles or on
along clearly recognizable lines of Weimar governments attempting to honour
nationality. X. The peoples of Treaty of Versailles.
Austria-Hungary, whose place among the 48Upper Silesia Plebiscite. Requirement
nations we wish to see safeguarded and of Treaty of Versailles Allowing locals to
assured, should be accorded the freest determine national identity Join Germany
opportunity to autonomous development. XI. or Poland 717,122 votes to join Germany
Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be 483,514 votes to join Poland Clear
evacuated; occupied territories restored; majority and yet Poles claimed cheating
Serbia accorded free and secure access to and started an insurrection British troops
the sea; and the relations of the several sent to region to stop the fighting League
Balkan states to one another determined by of Nations compromise Germany to receive
friendly counsel along historically 2/3rds of area But Poland got the
established lines of allegiance and industrial 1/3 with most of the coal mines
nationality; and international guarantees German fulfillment policy in tatters Why
of the political and economic independence bother working with Treaty of Versailles
and territorial integrity of the several institutions if they are only going to
Balkan states should be entered into. XII. work against Germany no matter what!
The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Serious credibility blow for Wirth
Empire should be assured a secure government.
sovereignty, but the other nationalities 49
which are now under Turkish rule should be 50Treaty of Rapallo, 1922. First
assured an undoubted security of life and political success for Weimar Government
an absolutely unmolested opportunity of Negotiated by Rathenau Designed to
autonomous development, and the outflank France Pariah Treaty The enemy of
Dardanelles should be permanently opened my enemy is my friend USSR and Germany
as a free passage to the ships and agreed: No reparations demands on each
commerce of all nations under other Close economic ties Normalise
international guarantees. XIII. An diplomatic ties Secret military clauses
independent Polish state should be erected Germans to be able to train in USSR USSR
which should include the territories to receive German technical assistance in
inhabited by indisputably Polish weapons production Diplomatically useful
populations, which should be assured a but domestically dangerous Confirmed to
free and secure access to the sea, and nationalists that Weimar was secretly
whose political and economic independence sympathetic to communist form of
and territorial integrity should be government (+ Jewish connection) Rathenau
guaranteed by international covenant. XIV. assassinated in June 1922 by right wing
A general association of nations must be terror group.
formed under specific covenants for the 51The enemy is on the Right. Political
purpose of affording mutual guarantees of assassinations. Left. Right. Murders
political independence and territorial Committed. 22. 354 (326 of which
integrity to great and small states alike. completely unpunished). Sentenced to
14Wilsons 14 Points. US President death. 10. 0. Severely punished. 17. 1.
Wilson seemed to offer more favourable 52The enemy is on the Right. Why might
terms with his 14 Points Compared to the many Germans disagree with Wirths plea?
vindictive French! Wilson refused to Look at page 41 Were Germans justified in
negotiate with Kaiser or with military being more concerned at a left wing threat
autocrats Belief in Democracy and than the more subtle right wing
Democratic Governments ButFrance and institutional threat!
Britain not keen on handing over 53Gathering Economic Crisis. Currency
negotiating rights to this Johnny come markets concerned at impact of reparations
lately. on German government finances German mark
15The Deteriorating Situation: The Kiel begins to slide 103,208,000,000 Marks
Mutiny. German Navy had been starved of Total budget for1922 187,531,000,000 Marks
resources In port since Battle of Jutland, Amount of reparations required by Allies
1916 Bored sailors Poor morale High in 1922 (in gold marks) France unwilling
command order fleet to sea for one final to bend Annoyed at Treaty of Rapallo
desperate bid to unblock blockade Sailors Unconcerned at German difficulties Wirth
refuse to follow orders October 28th resigns November 1922.
Mutiny Red flags prevalent Influence of 54Free Fall. Cuno business government
Russian revolution Soldiers hear of takes over Minority Government French
sailors mutiny German soldiers begin to invasion of Ruhr to secure payments in
mutiny, desert, surrender Discipline kind Policy of non-cooperation initiated
collapses across Western Front Government Hyperinflation kicks in as richest area of
realise that defeat is imminent! Need to Germany now under foreign control and not
act to forestall a full scale Communist producing anything anyway!
Revolution! 55
16Speeding up of negotiations. 5th 56Was there an alternative to
November Wilson agrees to use 14 points Hyperinflation? Yes, But it would involve:
But adds that Germany liable for all Cutting expenditure Raising taxes These
damage caused Baden government would have cut the deficit and reduce the
prevaricates French and British furious to amount of money in the economy and hence
find US negotiating without them November inflation. So, why didnt the government
9th Allies revise demands Rhine to be choose this option? Why did it choose to
occupied German Fleet to be handed over print money instead?
East Africa to be handed over All 57Was there an alternative to
munitions to be handed over All Allied Hyperinflation? So, why didnt the
POWs to be freed immediately. government choose this option? It would
17Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 have hurt industrial output and put many
Republics in One Day!. November 9th Baden businesses into bankruptcy Unemployment
Government reeling from new demands would have risen Very unpopular in the
Communists feel that conditions are ripe immediate term! Hyperinflation would be
for a revolution Spartacist Revolution unpopular but only once the effects were
USPD (Independent Socialists) Karl felt Tax increases and budget cuts would
Leibknecht and Rosa Luxembourg Support be felt immediately Perhaps a different
from Lenin Bavaria declared a Socialist government would be in place when the
Republic Soviet Republic of Germany consequences were felt?
declared! General Strike announced. 58Free Fall. Losers from Hyperinflation.
18Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Winners from Hyperinflation.
Republics in One Day!. November 9th 59Free Fall. Losers from Hyperinflation.
Majority Socialists (SPD) oppose Winners from Hyperinflation. Lenders
Spartacist Revolution Afraid of model of Middle Classes State Workers Pensioners
October Revolution! Would prefer a those on fixed benefits Mittelstand Weimar
February Revolution! Call for Kaiser to Republic Jews (incorrectly blamed) German
abdicate to remove wind from Spartacist Government Politically. Borrowers
demands Kaiser dithers cannot make up Speculators Landowners Areas close to
his mind Chancellor Baden decides for him! borders Foreigners German Government
Announces Kaisers abdication Establishes Financially.
a Regency Calls for a new Constituent 60Restoring Economic Order. Streseman
Assembly Chancellor resigns and hands came to power August 1923 How did he go
power to SPD. about restoring order Use page 49 Hite and
19Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Hinton Use page 30 Collier.
Republics in One Day!. November 9th 61Restoring Economic Order. Stresemanns
Kaiser livid Kept on mumbling that he did Fulfillment policy? Hjalmar Schacht
not mean to abdicate! Treason! Barely any appointed to Reichsbank Hans Luther the
army left to defend him! Order collapsing new Finance minister New currency created
throughout Germany Forces of order anxious Rentenmark 1 Rentenmark =
of Communist Russian Precedent Bundled 1,000,000,000,000 Reichsmarks Supply of
onto a train to Holland and exile. new currency strictly limited
20Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 3,200,000,000 in total Backed by bonds Cut
Republics in One Day!. November 9th SPD government expenditure Redundancies for
Friedrich Ebert declared new Chancellor A 700,000 government workers Called off
Marriage of convenience General Groener Passive resistance in Ruhr and repaid some
Commander of German Army Contacts Ebert by reparations Allow France to withdraw from
secret phone to negotiate giving him the Ruhr A commission set up to look at
support of the army What demands did he reparations payments Dawes Plan.
make? 62Threats to Stresemann. Economic
21Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 Threats Difficulties and sacrifices
Republics in One Day!. November 9th A required to stabilise new currency
Marriage of convenience General Groener Regional Threats Saxony and Thuringia
What demands did he make? Ebert must Communists had cooperated with Socialists
oppose Communism Ebert must put down the to take control of these states Bavaria
Spartacist Uprising Ebert must leave the Concerned at the Communist takeover of
structure of the German Army alone This neighbouring States, The Right wing Kahr
gives Ebert the ability to assert control requests German Army declare loyalty to
over Spartacist Revolution (takes time) him before to Berlin.
Army a little gung-ho in shooting their 63
countrymen with little remorse. 64Horses for courses? Stresemann showed
22Bare-Face Outrageous Treason and 2 his nationalist leanings in his treatment
Republics in One Day!. November 9th of the two regional threats Saxony and
Marriage of Convenience Allows Ebert to Thuringia Germany army sent to overthrow
save Germany from immediate revolution But the communist/socialist governments SPD
It allows the conservative army to remain horrified and withdrew support from
intact* Allows Ebert to conclude armistice Stresemann coalition Bavaria He does not
with Allies Allies prefer socialist sack von Lossow (army commander) or
Germany to a Communist Germany Allies overthrow Kahr Kahr and Lossow or thankful
content that with the support of the army to the conservative Stresemann (will be
Ebert can be negotiated with November 11th useful shortly).
Armistice signed at 11am Short term versus 65The Munich Putsch. Adolf Hitlers
long term blame! attempt to take power in Munich and march
23Ebert tries to stabilise Germany. to Berlin to replace the Weimar
Short Term Gain. Long Term Problem. Army government. Why did it take place in
left intact. Civil Service left intact. 3 Bavaria? Why did this take place in
USPD socialists invited into government. November 1923?
Workers councils set up. Employers and 66The Munich Putsch. Why Bavaria? Very
trade unions brought together. Constituent Conservative Catholic Region Hostile to
Assembly elections called. Weimar Cosmopolitan attitudes Resentful at
24Ebert tries to stabilise Germany. being on periphery of power base Deeply
Short Term Gain. Long Term Problem. Army hostile to anti-religious sentiments of
left intact. Civil Service left intact. 3 Communism Von Kahrs Right Wing Government
USPD socialists invited into government. Took power in 1920 Putsch Replaced
Workers councils set up. Employers and Communist Government Violent overthrow
trade unions brought together. Constituent culturally acceptable? was deeply hostile
Assembly elections called. Restore Law and to communists and socialists Allowed Right
Order. Leaves conservative institution wing groups to thrive Persecuted Left wing
alone. Allows Germany to function groups.
reasonably stably. Leaves conservatives at 67The Munich Putsch. Why November 1923?
heart of government. Show sincerity and Inspired by Mussolinis March on Rome,
willingness to cooperate with opposition. 1922 Clock is ticking National Socialists
Tarnished by association with Communists. thrive on discontent Stresemanns economic
Show socialist credentials. Shows reforms are already kicking in Stability
communist similarities! Prevents strikes returning to Germany Stresemann getting
and increases production at a crucial the credit Misread Stresemanns leniency
time. Industrialists resentful at being to Kahr Thought it was a sign of weakness
dictated to by government. Smacks of rather than strength Misread Kahr and
communism. SPD gains support of Lossow Thought they were allies They were
conservative/nationalists desperate to conservative monarchists who were deeply
avoid Communism. Convinces SPD that they uneasy about some of the socialist aspects
have more support than they really do. of National-Socialism (see page 52).
25January 1919: The war is over, but the 68A comedy of errors? Poorly organised
problems are not! Treaty of Versailles Lack of coordination Did not have
negotiations continuing Royal Naval necessary arms Poor communications systems
Blockade in place Starvation/Hunger Relied on Blackmail They required the
Influenza epidemic General Strike still support of Kahr and Lossow to allow a
continuing Russian Revolutionaries helping march on Berlin to have any chance of
newly created German Communist Party (KPD) success Errors Ludendorffs Traditional
Anarchy and Chaos on Eastern Border value system German officers couldnt
Separatist governments being declared lie! Allowed Kahr and Lossow to reassure
Communist infiltration of some Police their wives! Indecisive Hitler had a
forces Army barely maintaining discipline nervous collapse when he found out kahr
No money to pay soldiers! FreiKorps step had gone Ludendorff had to decide to march
in to fill vacuum Spartacist revolution to city centre Army remains loyal to right
being crushed violently Thousands killed wing Kahr Why shouldnt they? More
in Berlin alone Bavaria restored Summary Nationalist less Socialist than Nazis
justice. Cowardice Hitler does a runner when the
26Is the enemy on the left or the Right? man next to him is shot Ju-Jitsu lady
Treaty of Versailles negotiations disarms frantic Hitler.
continuing Royal Naval Blockade in place 69Why did the Weimar Republic Survive
Starvation/Hunger Influenza epidemic 1919 1923? Did the Weimar Government
General Strike still continuing Russian stand a chance? Which of the following
Revolutionaries helping newly created posed the greatest threat to Democracy
German Communist Party (KPD) Anarchy and taking root in Germany: Place them in an
Chaos on Eastern Border Separatist order of greatest threat to democracy:
governments being declared Communist Limited Nature of the 1918 German
infiltration of some Police forces Army Revolution The Weimar Constitution The
barely maintaining discipline No money to Treaty of Versailles Right Wing Extremism
pay soldiers! FreiKorps step in to fill Left Wing Extremism The Economic Crisis
vacuum Spartacist revolution being crushed Attitudes of the German elite Attitudes of
violently Thousands killed in Berlin alone ordinary Germans.
Bavaria restored Summary justice. 70Why did the Weimar Republic Survive
27Constituent Assembly Results January 1919 1923? Limited Nature of German
1919. %. Seats. SPD. 38. 163. Zentrum. 20. Revolution The Weimar Constitution The
91. DDP. 19. 75. DNVP. 10. 44. USPD. 7.6. Treaty of Versailles Right Wing Extremism
22. DVP. 4.4. 19. Left Wing Extremism The Economic Crisis
28New Assembly, New Challenges! Attitudes of the German elite Attitudes of
Chancellor Schiedemann Minority government ordinary Germans Compare your list to your
SPD 163 out of 421 A new constitution is neighbours Do you need to rewrite your
written In Weimar Weimar thought to be the list? Can you agree on a common list?
home of the German liberal 71Why did the Weimar Republic Survive
Intelligentsia Goethe, Bach, Schiller, 1919 1923? Page 57 Hite and Hinton Read
Nietzsche Text on pages 26/27 of big red events 1 to 12 With a partner decide
book Analyse advantages and disadvantages whether you agree with a) or with b) or
of Constitution Treaty of Versailles with neither!
Concluded June 1919. 72
29Treaty of Versailles. German 731924 1929 The Golden Age of Weimar?
Negotiating difficulties Change of What evidence can you find that life got
Government Coalition government better for the majority of Germans between
Compromises, disassociations, these years?
vascillations German army melting away 74
Peoples priorities elsewhere in 1919
Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings.ppt
http://900igr.net/kartinka/anglijskij-jazyk/was-the-weimar-republic-doomed-from-its-beginnings-198822.html
c

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings

The animals - POLAR BEAR. TIGER. STARFISH. ELEPHANT. GORILLA. The animals which live in the polar regions. CAMEL. The animals which live in Australia. BISON. ZEBRA. SQUIRREL. SEA-HORSE. The animals which live in the forest. FLAMINGO. LION. The animals which live in the desert. GRIFFIN. FOX. REINDEER. WOMBAT. HIPPO.

the woman - The wife is the key to the house. A womans tongue wags like a lambs tail. . . As great a pity to see a woman cry as a goose go barefoot. . ; Chickens mind- . Der mann- .

The green movement - Green color which is used by participants of movement as the general emblem, serves as a symbol of the nature, hope and updating. National offices Green Peace are opened in 43 countries of the world as the independent units working over achievement of the purposes of the national projects. One of the largest victories in the given campaign can name refusal of flooding of an oil platform brent spar as it contained many toxic substances.

The english-speaking countries - USA. Australia. Great Britain. Disneyland. The English-speaking countries. Scotland.

Flat - a chair. a sofa. Opposite the sofa there are bookshelves. flat. flowers. HOME, SWEET HOME. a bedroom. a computer. There ... in the room. There ... a chair in the room. There ... a wardrobe in the room. a living-room. a stereo. There is a video on the desk. . an armchair. There are armchairs near the wall unit.

Word 2010 - Character spacing. Tracking changes. Database tables and queries. Text alignment. Merging. Acknowledging a source. Text highlighting. Create a data source. Show markup. Calculate with table formulas. Bibliography. Share and search for source. Font attributes. Using an access database. Watermarks. Document properties.

46

29
900igr.net > > > Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from its beginnings