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Welcome
Welcome
What are we going to cover
What are we going to cover
The Sun
The Sun
How Big is the Sun
How Big is the Sun
Inside the Sun
Inside the Sun
The Suns Atmosphere
The Suns Atmosphere
The Suns Atmosphere
The Suns Atmosphere
The Suns Atmosphere
The Suns Atmosphere
Energy from the Sun
Energy from the Sun
Features in the Photosphere
Features in the Photosphere
More on Sunspots
More on Sunspots
More on Sunspots
More on Sunspots
More on Sunspots
More on Sunspots
Solar Wind
Solar Wind
Radiation
Radiation
Radiation
Radiation
Suns Radiation at Earth
Suns Radiation at Earth
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Sun as a Source of Energy
Young stars form in nebulae from Small Magellanic Cloud
Young stars form in nebulae from Small Magellanic Cloud
Star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud: http://hubblesite
Star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud: http://hubblesite
Orion image at http://hubblesite
Orion image at http://hubblesite
Our Sun is a Regular/ Small Star
Our Sun is a Regular/ Small Star
In a few Billion years Red Giant
In a few Billion years Red Giant
By 5 billion years White Dwarf
By 5 billion years White Dwarf
Image at http://hubblesite
Image at http://hubblesite
Image at http://hubblesite
Image at http://hubblesite
Massive Stars are different
Massive Stars are different
Betelgeuse
Betelgeuse
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
SupernovaMassive Star Explodes
Welcome

: shipp. , . , Welcome.ppt zip- 3577 .

Welcome

Welcome.ppt
1Welcome! Sun and Seasons. Created by 19CMEs effects on Earth. Animation of a
the Lunar and Planetary Institute For CME leaving the Sun, slamming into our
Educational Use Only LPI is not magnetosphere.
responsible for the ways in which this http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/
powerpoint may be used or altered. Photo ovies/recon/reconsm.mpg. Can damage
from satellites Very dangerous to astronauts
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ Power problems.
estofsoho.html. 20Activities. Lets go observe the Sun
2What are we going to cover. Properties Sunspot graphing.
of the Sun Influence on Earth: Gravity 21Influences on Earth. Gravity Light
Light Solar wind Life cycle of the Sun (Radiation) Solar Wind (already
Seasons. Photo from discussed).
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ 22Gravity. Orbits The Suns powerful
estofsoho.html. gravity keeps the planets in orbit.
3The Sun. Is a star Made of gases Is 23Radiation. Our Sun (and all active
our primary source of energy. 70% hydrogen stars) emits radiation Radio, infrared,
and 28% helium. Light (radiation). Image visible, ultraviolet, x-ray and even some
at gamma rays Most of the sunlight is
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2007/im yellow-green visible light or close to it.
ges/chromosphere/LimbFlareJan12_strip2.jpg The Sun at X-ray wavelengths. Image and
4How Big is the Sun? Activity: Lets info at
measure the Sun. http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/teachers
5How Big is the Sun? About 110 times gammaraybursts/imagine/page18.html and
wider than Earth Or 1.3 million times http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarCh
bigger than Earth. Photo from ld/solar_system_level2/sun.html .
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ 24Activities on Sunlight. UV Man (or
estofsoho.html. woman, or dog, bug, etc.) Observations of
6How does our Sun compare to other infrared light using filters and cell
Stars? Active stars range in size from phones.
supergiants to dwarfs Stars range from 25Suns Radiation at Earth. The Earths
very bright (supergiants) to very dim atmosphere filters out some frequencies
(dwarfs) Stars range from very hot blue on Ozone layer protects us from some
the outside (O class) to cool red on the ultra-violet, and most x-rays and gamma
outside (M class). Our Sun is a rays Water and oxygen absorb some radio
dwarfmedium mass. Our Sun is a waves Water vapor, carbon dioxide, and
medium-bright dwarf. Our Sun is ozone absorbs some infrared.
in-between--yellow. Electromagnetic spectrum
7So is our Sun an average star? Nomost http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_
stars are smaller and cooler than our Sun lassroom/ir_tutorial/what_is_ir.html .
BUT Most of the bright stars we see are 26Lets test what happens to the light.
bigger and hotter. Activity Time!! Sunlight is absorbed by
8Rotation. High cadence solar rotation, Earth.
EIT 195?(Dec. 10-24, 1999) Movie at 27Sunlight is absorbed by Earth. The Sun
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ does NOT send heat rays into space. Some
ovies/EITdec99/EITdec99sm.mpg. At the of its light is infrared, but that is not
equator, the Sun rotates once every 25.4 the same thing as heat. The Suns light is
days Near its poles, the Sun rotates once absorbed by Earth (clouds, plants, oceans,
every 36 days Known as differential rock) By absorbing the light, we are
rotation. transforming it into heat energy.
9Suns Magnetic Field. Winds up due to 28Sun as a Source of Energy. Light from
differential rotation Eventually forms the Sun is absorbed by the Earth, unevenly
loops and becomes tangled. Animation of to: drive wind bands which drive surface
how the Sun's magnetic field winds up and currents drive deep ocean currents drive
loops out. Movie at water cycle drive weather. Credit: NASA
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ GSFC Water and Energy Cycle
ovies/dynamo/dynamosm.mpg. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/news/grace
10Inside the Sun. Core Radiative Zone 20061212.html. NASA image at
Convection zone. Image at http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view_rec.php?
http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/interior d=107.
shtml. 29Sun as a Source of Energy. Plants need
11The Suns Atmosphere. Photosphere light for photosynthesis Without its heat,
Chromosphere Corona. Photosphere image: the only inhabitable areas on Earth would
http://science.msfc.nasa.gov/ssl/pad/solar be near volcanic vents. Images from
surface.htm Chromosphere image: http://nasadaacs.eos.nasa.gov/articles/200
http://science.msfc.nasa.gov/ssl/pad/solar /2005_rainforest.html and
chromos.htm Corona image: http://planetquest.jpl.nasa.gov/TPF/tpf_bo
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/dis k/gallery/4-2a.html.
lay.cfm?IM_ID=191. 30Young stars form in nebulae from Small
12Energy from the Sun. Nuclear chain Magellanic Cloud. Image at
reaction (hydrogen forming helium) http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
Releases radiation (gamma rays) The gamma leases/2007/04/image/a/results/50/.
ray loses energy as it bounces around 31Star-forming region in the Large
inside the Sun It is finally released at Magellanic Cloud:
the photosphere, primarily as visible http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
light. Image at leases/2008/31/image/a/results/50/.
http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/interior 32Orion image at
shtml. http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
13Features in the Photosphere. Sunspots leases/2006/01/image/a/results/50/.
Dark and small (but brighter than Full 33Our Sun is a Regular/ Small Star.
Moon and big as Earth) Cool-- temperatures Image at
only 6,200 F (Suns surface is 10,000 F) http://www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20011210
Associated with magnetic fields: one set nsidesun.html.
of spots is positive, other is negative. 34In a few Billion years Red Giant.
Image at Image at
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/gallery/top http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
0/top10_results.html. leases/1997/26/image/a/.
14More on Sunspots. Our Sun has an 35Our Suns Habitable Zone. Animation at
activity cycle of 11 years Sunspots appear http://www.nasa.gov/97994main_BHabitableZo
at specific latitudes on Sun Bands of e.MPG. Billions of years ago, things may
latitude move towards equator during have been different The Sun was cooler (by
cycle. Images at up to 30%!) Earths atmosphere was
http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarCh different (thicker, carbon dioxide)
ld/questions/question17.html and Conditions will be different in the future
http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/SunspotC By many accounts, increases in the Suns
cle.shtml. temperature will make Earth uninhabitable
15Solar Events. Flares (Explosions of in 1 billion years or less These changes
energy on the surface of the Sun) will also affect other planets Mars?
Prominences Coronal Mass Ejections 36By 5 billion years White Dwarf. Image
(massive clouds of plasma ejected from the at
Sun). Movie: Six months with EIT 171 (Aug. http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
12, 2003 - Feb. 9, 2004) leases/nebula/planetary/1998/39/results/50
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ .
ovies/171/EIT171sm.mpg. 37Image at
16Solar Wind. Blows charged particles http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
and magnetic fields away from the Sun leases/nebula/planetary/2000/28/image/a/fo
Charged particles captured by Earths mat/web_print/results/50/.
magnetic field Create Auroras or Northern 38Image at
and Southern Lights. Image at http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/the_key. leases/nebula/planetary/2004/27/image/a/fo
html. mat/large_web/results/50/.
17Auroras. Animation of solar wind 39Massive Stars are different. Image
impacting the magnetosphere and creating from
aurora http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ leases/nebula/emission/1997/33/results/50/
ovies/animation/Solarwind.mpg. Electrons 40Betelgeuse. Image from
from solar wind are captured by the http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
Earths magnetic field Interact with atoms leases/star/massive%20star/1996/04/image/a
in our atmosphere: oxygen and nitrogen results/50/.
make red and green; nitrogen can also make 41SupernovaMassive Star Explodes.
violet Northern lights are Aurora Images at
Borealis, while southern are Aurora http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
Australis. leases/star/supernova/2004/09/results/50/
18Coronal Mass Ejection. This series of http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/r
images of coronal mass ejections taken leases/nebula/supernova-remnant/2005/37/re
with LASCO C3 (May 1-31, 1997) at ults/50/
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/bestofsoho/ http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2009/casa
ovies/C3May97/C3May97sm.mpg. The eruption .
of a huge bubble of hot gas from the Sun. 42Done with the Sun. Time for Seasons!
Welcome.ppt
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Welcome

Welcome

My country Russia - Summer temperatures in Russia from +1 to +40, and in winter from -1 to -50 degrees. Russia has a population of about 145,600 people. Russia is situated on two continents: Europe and Asia. Russia. This flag has three wide stripes on it. One Russian symbol is the Russian national flag. The capital of Russia - Moscow.

Russian revolution - Lenin. Russian Artillery. Russian war dead. February bread riot. Russian rout. General strike. Election poster. Potemkin Mutiny. Election results. Stages of the russian Civil War. Alexander Kerensky. Protests. Russian Artillery Shelling Galacia. Trotsky as commissar of war. White recruitment Poster.

About Russia - Lets Learn About Russia. www.euratlas.com/Atlas/ russia/peterhof_palace.jpg. Some Famous Russians. Moscow. www.pbase.com/hiker_photograph/image/48246979. The language spoken is Russian. Celebrating Birthdays in Russia. Cheryl L. Enderlein. Russia ABCs. Lets visit some important cities in Russia. Discovering Cultures- Russia.

Russia - Kremlin in Moscow. Mausoleum Lenina in Moscow. Unique in the country the natural park which is in city boundaries Omska. Dvortsovo-park ensemble "Peterhof " on the bank of a southern Finnish gulf. Cruiser an Aurorain Sankt-Peterburg. In Russia 35 national parks and 84 reserves are located.

- 5. : . . It weighs 40 tons. ? ? ? , , . Before the revolution it had up to 200 small shops. It is 17 feet long and has a caliber of 35 inches. This gun was never fired.

Moscow sights - Choose the right answer. Insert the articles where necessary. The founder of the Tretyakov Gallery. Game. . Read the sentence. . Hospitable. St Basils Cathedral. A Famous Sight of Moscow.

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