Компании
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British Symbols
British Symbols
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
Union Jack
Union Jack
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
Flags and Saints
10
10
Royal Family
Royal Family
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
Emblems
The Royal Seal
The Royal Seal
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
Icons and Symbols
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British Symbols

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1British Symbols. Лингвострановедение 18Emblems. 18. ROYAL BANNER OF THE KING
США и Великобритании Направление OR QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT
подготовки 031100 «Лингвистика", BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND TODAY.
квалификация: бакалавр (вечерняя форма 19The Royal Seal. 19. IN THE ROYAL SEAL
обучения) ИИЯ МКП Беркович Т.А. WE SEE THE LIONS, AND THE UNICORN, THE
2CONTENT. 1.Ключевые понятия: HARP OF DAVID, AND THE STANDING RED LION.
Британские острова, Соединенное LIONS ARE WITH ROYAL CROWNS. THE
королевство, завоевание англосаксов, WORDS:’DIEU ET MON DROIT’ WHICH MEAN ‘GOD
Британская монархия, Парламент, AND MY RIGHT’ ARE LATIN. ‘HONI SOIT QUI
национальный характер, коренное население MAL Y PENSE’ MEANS:” EVIL BE TO HIM WHO
Америки, первые европейские поселенцы в EVIL THINKS’.
Америке, формирование США и война за 20Icons and Symbols. 20.
независимость, государственное устройство 21Icons and Symbols. 21. BRITANNIA IS
США. 2. Вопросы для самопроверки: Describe THE PERSONIFICATION OF BRITISH
the location of Great Britain and Northern NATIONALISM. SHE IS PORTRAYED AS A YOUNG
Ireland. 2. Are there any differences in WOMAN IN A GOWN AND HELMET, SEATED BY THE
the climate of some parts of Great SEA (“BRITANNIA RULES THE WAVES”). SHE IS
Britain? 3. What can you say about the HOLDING A TRIDENT IN ONE HAND AND A
capital of Great Britain? 4. Speak on SHIELD, DECORATED WITH THE UNION FLAG, IN
early invasions. 5. The rise and fall of THE OTHER. THE ROMANS CALLED THEIR
British Empire. Why did they happen? 2. NEWLY-CONQUERED PROVINCE, JUST ACROSS THE
36. Geographical position of the USA. SEA, BRITANNIA, AND THE COINAGE OF THE DAY
7. The discovery of America and early FEATURED THE IMAGE OF A WOMAN IN ARMOUR.
Americans. 8. Struggle for independence. THIS IMAGE WAS NOT USED ON COINS AGAIN
9. The US Constitution and the Bill of UNTIL THE REIGN OF KING CHARLES II, AND
Rights. 10. What were the reasons of the BRITANNIA BECAME A POPULAR FIGURE IN 1707
Civil War? 3. Список рекомендуемой WHEN SCOTLAND, WALES AND ENGLAND WERE
литературы: 1. Лингвострановедение США= FINALLY UNITED TO FORM GREAT BRITAIN/ SHE
American Culture Studies: учебное пособие/ WAS IMMORTALISED IN 1740 WHEN JAMES
Михайлов Н.Н., Михайлов М.Н. – М.: THOMPSOM WROTE THE WORDS OF “RULE
Издательский центр «Академия», 2008. 2. BRITANNIA” AND SET IT TO MUSIC BY THOMAS
Англия и Англичане / Павловская А.В. – М.: ARNE. THE SONG “RULE BRITANNIA” IS STILL
МГУ им. Ломоносова, 2008. 3. Все о SUNG EVERY YEAR ON THE LAST NIGHT OF THE
Великобритании/ Коробов А.И. – Харьков: “PROMS” –THE PROMENADE CONCERTS HELD IN
Фолио, 2007. 4. Великобритания: монархия, THE ROYAL ALBERT HALL IN LONDON – WHEN THE
история, культура. Книга по страноведению WHOLE AUDIENCE JOINS IN A BURST OF
на английском языке. / В. М. Павлоцкий – NATIONALISTIC FERVOUR AND FLAG-WAVING,
СПб.: КАРО, 2006. 5. Страноведение. INVARIABLY DROWNING OUT THE SOLOIST WHO IS
Англия. Н.М. Нестерова. Ростов-на-Дону, SUPPOSED TO BE DOING THE SINGING!
2006. 3. BRITANNIA HAS CONTINUED TO FEATURE ON
4The United Kingdom of Great Britain. BRITISH COINS, MOSTLY ON COPPER (PENNY AND
4. HALFPENNY) COINS BUT OCCASIONALLY ON
5Union Jack. 5. THE BRITISH FLAG, KNOWN SILVER, AND AT PRESENT IS TO BE SEEN ON
AS THE UNION JACK, IS A COMBINATION OF THE 50P COIN.
THREE FLAGS: THE SAINT ANDREW’S CROSS, THE 22Icons and Symbols. 22. When Britain
SAINT PATRICK’S CROSS AND THE SAINT first, at heaven's command, Arose from out
GEORGE’S CROSS. THE RED UPRIGHT CROSS ON the azure main, Arose, arose, arose from
THE WHITE FIELD IS ST. GEORGE’S CROSS –THE out the a-azure main, This was the
PATRON SAINT OF ENGLAND. THE DIAGONAL charter, the charter of the land, And
WHITE CROSS ON THE BLUE FIELD IS ST. guardian angels sang this strain: Rule
ANDREW’S CROSS – THE PATRON SAINT OF Britania! Britannia rule the waves.
SCOTLAND. THE RED DIAGONAL CROSS ON THE Britons never, never, never shall be
WHITE FIELD IS ST. PATRICK’S CROSS – THE slaves. The nations, not so blest as thee,
PATRON SAINT OF IRELAND. IT WAS SET UP IN Must in their turn, to tyrants fall, Must
1801 AFTER THE LAST OF THE THREE ACTS OF in ,must in, must in their turn, to
UNION. UNION JACK PRESENTS THE COMBINATION tyrants fall, While thou shalt flourish,
OF COLOURS AND CROSSES REFLECTING THE shalt flourish great and free, The dread
PECULIARITIES OF THE EXISTING AT THAT TIME and envy of them all. Rule Britannia!
NATIONAL FLAGS OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND Britannia rule the waves. Britons never,
IRELAND. THE NAME, THE COLOURS AND CROSSES never, never shall be slaves.
SYMBOLIZE THE UNION OF THE UNITED PARTS OF 23Icons and Symbols. 23. THE BRITISH
THE COUNTRY. HAVE JOHN BULL. HE IS A FICTIONAL
6Flags and Saints. 6. THE SAINT CHARACTER,USED TO PERSONIFY THE BRITISH
PATRICK’S CROSS IS THE FORMER FLAG OF NATION, AND IS ALWAYS DEPICTED AS AN
IRELAND. SAINT PATRICK IS THE PATRON SAINT ELDERLY GENTLEMAN,RATHER PORTLY IN
OF IRELAND. HE WAS BORN ABOUT AD 390. HE BUILD,WEARING FULL RIDING KIT COMPLETE
CONVERTED THE IRISH TO CHRISTIANITY AND IS WITH BREECHES AND BOOTS, AND A UNION JACK
SUPPOSED TO HAVE GOT RID OF ALL THE SNAKES WAISTCOAT. HE WAS CREATED BY JOHN
IN IRELAND. SAINT PATRICK’S DAY IS ARBUTHNOT (1667-1735) A SCOTTISH AUTHOR,
CELEBRATED ON 17 MARCH. SCIENTIST, AND PHYSICIAN WHO WROTE FIVE
7Flags and Saints. 7. SATIRICAL PAMPHLETS IN 1712 ON THE
8Flags and Saints. 8. THE SAINT POLITICS OF THE DAY, USING JOHN BULL AS
ANDREW’S CROSS IS THE SCOTTISH FLAG. SAINT THE TYPICAL ENGLISHMAN. THE CHARACTER
ANDREW, A FISHERMAN, WAS ONE OF THE 12 OBVIOUSLY STRUCK A CHORD AND HE HAS
APOSTLES WHO FOLLOWED JESUS CHRIST. PERSISTED EVER SINCE: THE PICTURE COMES
PAINTINGS OF SAINT ANDREW OFTEN SHOW HIM FROM A 1916 BRITISH ARMY RECRUITING
BEING KILLED ON AN X-SHAPED CROSS. SAINT POSTER.
ANDREW’S DAY IS CELEBRATED ON 30 NOVEMBER. 24Icons and Symbols. 24. THE BULLDOG
HE IS THE PATRON SAINT OF BOTH SCOTLAND SYMBOLISES THE VERY ESSENCE OF
AND RUSSIA. BRITISHNESS. HE IS SOLID, RELIABLE,
9Flags and Saints. 9. UNSHAKEABLY LOYAL, VERY INDIVIDUAL, VERY
1010. IRELAND HAS THE RED HAND AS ONE OF NICE WHEN YOU GET TO KNOW HIM. HE ALSO
ITS SYMBOLS TODAY. THIS IS THE BANNER OF BEARS A STARTLING RESEMBLANCE TO WINSTON
ULSTER IRELAND. THE RED HAND WAS TAKEN AS CHURCHILL, BRITAIN’S GREAT WARTIME LEADER
THE SYMBOL IN 1600 BC. WHOSE MEMORY IS STILL HELD IN GREAT ESTEEM
11Royal Family. 11. BY THE MAJORITY OF THE BRITISH.
12History of "God Save The 25Icons and Symbols. 25. THE ROBIN IS
Queen" 12. Though usually attributed EVERYONE’S FAVOURITE BIRD : WHEN A
to Arne, there is good ground for NATIONAL NEWSPAPER CONDUCTED A POLL TO
believing it is really the work of Henry DECIDE BRITAIN’S NATIONAL BIRD MILLIONS
Carey, a singer and composer. It is said VOTED, AND THE ROBIN WON BY A LANDSLIDE.
to have been written sometime between 1736 THE ROBIN IS IMMEDIATELY RECOGNISABLE – NO
and 1740, but was first heard in public at OTHER BRITISH BIRD HAS THE SAME RED
a dinner in 1740 to celebrate the taking BREAST, WHISH IS PRESENT IN BOTH SEXES,
of Portobello by Admiral Vernon. Carey AND IT IS THE ONE BIRD EVERYONE CAN
sang it as his own composition. The oldest IDENTIFY EVEN IF THEY CAN NAME NO OTHER
copy is in "Harmonia Anglicana" BIRD! ROBINS ARE SO FAMILIA BECAUSE THEY
of 1743 to which Carey was one of the ARE SO TAME : THIS SEEMS A CHARACTERISTIC
chief contributors. Several similar OF BRITISH ROBINS, WHICH ELSEWHERE IN
earlier airs exist in a manuscript of 1619 THEIR RANGE ARE SHY WOODLAND BIRDS. THEY
attributed to Dr. John Bull, an organist KNOW THAT EVERYONE LOVES THEM!
in the Chapel Royal during the reign of 26Emblems. 26. THE RED ROSE BECAME THE
James I. In the same book is a song called EMBLEM OF ENGLAND AFTER THE WARS OF ROSES
"God Save the King", but the (1455-1485) WHICH WAS THE WAR OF THE
music is different. The Scots claim it is DYNASTIES FOR THE ENGLISH THRONE. ALL
based on an old carol of 1611 called RIVALRY BETWEEN THE ROSES ENDEDBY THE
"Remember O thou man" or MARRIAGE OF HENRY VII TUDOR (THE
"Franklyn is fled away" of 1669. LANCASTRIAN WHOSE EMBLEM WAS THE RED ROSE)
It has also been traced to Purcell in WITH PRINCESS ELIZABETH, THE DAUGHTER OF
1696. As a phrase from the Coverdale Bible EDWARD IV (THE YORKIST WHOSE EMBLEM WAS
of 1535, "God Save the King" was THE WHITE ROSE ). THE RED ROSE HAS SINCE
used as a naval watchword to which the BECOME THE NATIONAL EMBLEM OF ENGLAND.
countersign was "Long to reign over 27Icons and Symbols. 27. THE BOWLER HAT
us". For a long time the song was CONJURES UP AN INSTANT IMAGE OF
used as an expression of personal loyalty BRITISHNESS. ORIGINALLY DESIGNED IN 1850
to the king and in translation it was used BY LOCK’S THE HATTERS FOR WILLIAM COKE II,
in Prussia, Denmark, and in Russia until LATER THE EARLOF LEICESTER, IT WAS
1833 when Czar Nicholas commissioned a new ACTUALLY MADE BY THE HAT MAKER WILLIAM
version. The tune has also been used in BOWLER. IT WAS FIRST CALLED THE ‘COKE’ BUT
Sweden, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and the SOON BECAME KNOWN AS A ‘BOWLER’,PARTLY
United States. GOD SAVE THE QUEEN is sung BECAUSE OF ITS MAKER BUT ALSO BECAUSE OF
in the United Kingdom as a matter of ITS BOWL-LIKE SHAPE. THE BOWLER HAT BECAME
tradition. It has never been proclaimed THE TRADEMARK OF SEVERAL WELL-KNOWN
the national anthem by an Act of ENGLISHMEN : CHARLIE CHAPLIN (BORN IN
Parliament or a Royal Proclamation. LONDON) AND MORE RECENTLY JOHN STEED, THE
13God Save The Queen. 13. God save our ARCHETYPAL GENTLEMAN SPY. YOU WILL STILL
gracious Queen Long live our noble Queen, SEE BOWLER HATS BEING WORN ON THE STREETS
God save the Queen: Send her victorious, OF LONDON TODAY AS THEY FORM PART OF THE
Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: UNOFFICIAL ‘UNIFORM’ OF THE CITY GENT,
God save the Queen. O Lord, our God, ALWAYS ACCESSORISED WITH A ROLLED BLACK
arise, Scatter thine enemies, And make UMBRELLA.
them fall: Confound their politics, 28Icons and Symbols. 28. THE BRITISH
Frustrate their knavish tricks, On thee BOBBY IS ONE OF THE MOST CHERISHED ICONS,
our hopes we fix: God save us all. Thy CALLED AFTER THE FOUNDER OF THE MODERN
choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased POLICE FORCE, SIR ROBERT PEEL. THE BRITISH
to pour; Long may she reign: May she POLICEMEN ARE NOT ROUTINELY ARMED AND
defend our laws, And ever give us cause To THERE IS CONSIDERABLE PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR
sing with heart and voice God save the IT REMAINING THAT WAY; THE BRITISH HAVE A
Queen. NATURAL AVERSION TO THE EVERYDAY USE OF
14Emblems. 14. A BRITISH LION IS GUNS, AND STILL YEARN FOR THE DAES WHEN
ACTUALLY A “LION PASSANT GARDANT” – A THE LOCAL BOBBY COULD DISPENSE SUMMARY
WALKING LION, LOOKING OUT AT YOU FULL JUSTICE TO MISBEHAVING JUVENILES WITH A
FACE, AND WAS FIRST USED BY ROLLO, DUKE OF SWIFT CLOUT AS SOON AS HE CAUGHT THEM.
NORMANDY (FATHER OF WILLIAM THE 2929. Использование материалов
CONQUEROR). THE LION PASSANT GARDANT презентации Использование данной
STANDS FOR “ RESOLUTION AND PRUDENCE”. презентации, может осуществляться только
15Emblems. 15. THE SCOTS ALSO HAVE A при условии соблюдения требований законов
LION AS THEIR HERALDIC EMBLEM: THEIRS IS A РФ об авторском праве и интеллектуальной
RED LION RAMPANT (STANDING ON ITS HIND собственности, а также с учетом требований
LEGS, LOOKING STRAIGHT FORWARD). THE SCOTS настоящего Заявления. Презентация является
MADE THEIR RED LION STAND UP: READY TO собственностью авторов. Разрешается
FIGHT. распечатывать копию любой части
16Emblems. 16. DAVID’S HARP”ERIN GO презентации для личного некоммерческого
BRAGH” = “IRELAND FOREVER” WAS THE использования, однако не допускается
NATIONAL BANNER OF IRELAND FOR MANY распечатывать какую-либо часть презентации
CENTURES. THE ARMS OF NORTH IRELAND TODAY с любой иной целью или по каким-либо
ALSO HAVE A RED LION STANDING UP. причинам вносить изменения в любую часть
17Emblems. 17. THE ROYAL BANNER OF презентации. Использование любой части
ENGLAND. THE LION IS THE EMBLEM OF презентации в другом произведении, как в
ENGLAND, IT WAS FIRST USED BY ROLLO, DUKE печатной, электронной, так и иной форме, а
OF NORMANDY( FATHER OF WILLIAM THE также использование любой части
CONQUEROR, WHO ADDED THE SECOND LION). THE презентации в другой презентации
THIRD WAS ADDED BY HENRY II, AND HENRY посредством ссылки или иным образом
VIII ADED A CROWN TO THE LION. IN HERALDY, допускается только после получения
THE LION STANDS FOR ‘DEATHLESS COURAGE’. письменного согласия авторов.
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