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Mostly used wide-mouth bowls Weak flower stems supported by smaller
Mostly used wide-mouth bowls Weak flower stems supported by smaller
Stone relief from the old Kingdom tomb of Perneb showing a bowl filled
Stone relief from the old Kingdom tomb of Perneb showing a bowl filled
Elaborately designed metal vases, one of which holds lotus blossoms-
Elaborately designed metal vases, one of which holds lotus blossoms-
Wreaths and garlands worn for personal adornment or decoration
Wreaths and garlands worn for personal adornment or decoration
Floral Design History
Floral Design History
Roman mosaic Beginning of 2nd century a.d. Basket of mixed
Roman mosaic Beginning of 2nd century a.d. Basket of mixed
“Maiden gathering flowers” wall paining found in a town destroyed by
“Maiden gathering flowers” wall paining found in a town destroyed by
Symmetrical and conical
Symmetrical and conical
Pink and white roses in classic renaissance vase
Pink and white roses in classic renaissance vase
Vases ornate and formal—designed for the arrangement of flowers
Vases ornate and formal—designed for the arrangement of flowers
Baroque—asymmetrical, massed, and overflowing sweeping lines— dramatic
Baroque—asymmetrical, massed, and overflowing sweeping lines— dramatic
Illuminated “book of hours” Flemish Symbolism in the selection of
Illuminated “book of hours” Flemish Symbolism in the selection of
Little or no overlapping flowers—each flower clearly evident
Little or no overlapping flowers—each flower clearly evident
“still life” Complementary colors blue and orange delphinium
“still life” Complementary colors blue and orange delphinium
Elegant and highly ornate Many made of porcelain
Elegant and highly ornate Many made of porcelain
Porcelain vases
Porcelain vases
Beauty and overabundance
Beauty and overabundance
1785 Crystal vase mounted in gold lilac
1785 Crystal vase mounted in gold lilac
Nosegay believed that carrying a small perfumed bouquet would rid the
Nosegay believed that carrying a small perfumed bouquet would rid the
Floral Design History
Floral Design History
Floral Design History
Floral Design History
English woman Large in proportion to the container, massed, and oval
English woman Large in proportion to the container, massed, and oval
Dainty arrangements that led to today’s bud vase
Dainty arrangements that led to today’s bud vase
Wall vase
Wall vase
“the lady’s last stake” Paired bouquets on the mantle piece
“the lady’s last stake” Paired bouquets on the mantle piece
“the vicar of the parish at the house of the infant squire” Bough pot
“the vicar of the parish at the house of the infant squire” Bough pot
bosom bottles also made to go in hair or waist
bosom bottles also made to go in hair or waist
Elaborate hand-painted porcelain, metal and ceramic containers typify
Elaborate hand-painted porcelain, metal and ceramic containers typify
“Children of Israel and Sarah Ann Griffith” Compactness of the
“Children of Israel and Sarah Ann Griffith” Compactness of the
Simple and charming containers, pitchers, jugs, cups and kettles made
Simple and charming containers, pitchers, jugs, cups and kettles made
“fruit and flowers” American artist 1835
“fruit and flowers” American artist 1835
Epernge Fruit and flowers used for centerpieces in Victorian Europe
Epernge Fruit and flowers used for centerpieces in Victorian Europe
Floral Design History
Floral Design History
“The flower girl”
“The flower girl”
Appears unstructured and naturalistic but requires careful thought and
Appears unstructured and naturalistic but requires careful thought and
Tree peony—most revered of all flowers coupled with early flowering
Tree peony—most revered of all flowers coupled with early flowering
Emphasize simplicity and line
Emphasize simplicity and line
Informal So style of Ikenobo arrangement
Informal So style of Ikenobo arrangement
Shoka arrangement Heaven man earth
Shoka arrangement Heaven man earth
Curving lines of nature, organic motifs Animals, foliage, vines,
Curving lines of nature, organic motifs Animals, foliage, vines,
Asymmetrical cascading waterfall style
Asymmetrical cascading waterfall style
Abstract, angular and unusual Glass bricks popular in 1940’s
Abstract, angular and unusual Glass bricks popular in 1940’s
Strong, streamline, geometric lines, forms and patterns
Strong, streamline, geometric lines, forms and patterns
Freedom of expression Bold foliage, oriental influence of line and use
Freedom of expression Bold foliage, oriental influence of line and use
Tight geometric designs symmetrical and asymmetrical
Tight geometric designs symmetrical and asymmetrical
European Oriental
European Oriental
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Period floral design
Chaplet
Chaplet
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Floral Design History

содержание презентации «Floral Design History.ppt»
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1Floral Design History. 42bouquets on the mantle piece.
2Historical periods: 43“the vicar of the parish at the house
3Egyptian 2800-28 BC: Repetition and of the infant squire” Bough pot.
alteration Lotus flower—Egyptian goddess 44Victorian Period 1820-1901: “Of all
Isis traced back as far as 2500 b.c. modes of enlivening the aspect of an
Separate primary colors Egyptian flower apartment, there is perhaps none more
vases made to hold up flowers with weaker pleasing than the sight of plants and
stems like lotus Festivals and feasts flowers suitably arranged and distributed.
Faience—type of finely ground silicate They are ornaments of Nature’s own
Mostly used wide-mouth bowls During time producing, which inspire an interest apart
of pharaohs lotus, papyrus and palm tree from their beauty, by the care and
most commonly portrayed members of the attention required for their culture. They
plant kingdom. employ the hand, delight the eye, and
4Mostly used wide-mouth bowls Weak inform and edify the mind, and, unlike
flower stems supported by smaller tubes in many artificial objects, the enjoyment and
vase like lotus blossom. instruction they afford are within the
5Stone relief from the old Kingdom tomb reach of all, the poor may partake as well
of Perneb showing a bowl filled with lotus as the rich.” --Article written in Jan
blossoms and buds. 1855.
6Elaborately designed metal vases, one 45Victorian Period 1820-1901: Named
of which holds lotus blossoms- originals after Queen Victoria who reined in England
probably had inset fragments of colorful from 1837 to 1901 Floral design recognized
stones Used for ceremonial tribute. as an art Establishing rules of design led
7Greek (Classical) 600-146 BC: to the development of today’s floral
Garlands-exchanged by lovers, worn at industry Girls taught to arrange flowers
weddings and hung on door to denote the and make tussie-mussies as well as grow,
birth of a son Wreaths-a symbol of preserve, press, draw and paint flowers
allegiance and dedication rewarded to Make artificial flowers using shells, wax,
athletes, poets, civic leaders and feathers, hair, textiles, and beads
victorious soldiers and sailors Cornucopia Bouquets poorly designed.
--symbol of abundance Scattered petals “Airless,”overstuffed and flat,
Mythology Chaplet-head piece Professional symmetrical, with no particular focal
flower makers and sellers. point. Short-stemmed flowers.
8Wreaths and garlands worn for personal 46Victorian Period 1820-1901: Nosegays
adornment or decoration. more popular—conveyed sentiments silent
9Roman 28 BC-AD 325: Continued the use messages depending on what went into them
of garlands and wreaths (fuller, wider) Posey holders—small container to hold
Day to day life and celebrations Rose nosegay made of metals, steel, and alloy,
petals piled on floor Nero and Cleopatra ivory, glass, painted porcelain, amber,
used them extravagantly during festivities tortoiseshell, and mother of pearl, inlaid
lavish and fantastic strewn on banquet with jewels, pearls, and small mirrors
tables and couches, streets and lakes Grew Included two small chains—one with ring
roses among hot water pipes to supply all for finger, other pin attached to secure
demand Sachet Fragrance. flowers.
10 47Victorian Period 1820-1901: Bosom
11Roman mosaic Beginning of 2nd century bottles—small container to hold flowers
a.d. Basket of mixed flowers—first used as an accent for clothing worn at
representation of a truly naturalistic decolletage Complementary color
flower bouquet Basket motif recurs schemes—blue next to orange and so on Sand
throughout history of art. used to place flowers into.
12“Maiden gathering flowers” wall 48bosom bottles also made to go in hair
paining found in a town destroyed by or waist.
Vesuvius in a.d. 79. 49Elaborate hand-painted porcelain,
13Byzantine 320-600 AD: Garlands of metal and ceramic containers typify the
fruit Symmetrical conical designs with entire Victorian period.
concentric rings of fruit, stones, jewels, 50“Children of Israel and Sarah Ann
metals. Tree compositions. Griffith” Compactness of the bouquets and
14Symmetrical and conical. nosegay-outlines softened by delicate
15Middle Ages 476-1400 AD: Warring green foliage.
feudal lords state of unrest Monks grew 51EARLY AMERICAN PERIODS: (Closely
herbs were well acquainted with many of correlated with the simultaneous periods
the beautiful everyday flowers illuminated in Europe).
in manuscripts Everyday life—wild and 52Early American Period 1620-1720:
cultivated used in food, drink, medicine Simplified versions of the European
Fragrant flowers strewn on ground and designs Colonists were avid gardeners
freshen air Art belonged to the Common people who lived a “puritan”
church—stained glass windows, mosaics, existence Common household containers
tapestries, sculpture, paintings and Bouquets made of wildflowers, often
illuminated religious books. including dried materials.
16Renaissance 1400-1600 AD: Resurgence 53Simple and charming containers,
and flourishing of the arts Religious pitchers, jugs, cups and kettles made from
symbolism 7 flowers representing the 7 pottery, copper, and pewter.
stations of the cross Seven fully-opened 54Colonial Williamsburg Period
columbine flowers represent the seven 1714-1780: Life more sophisticated Trade
gifts of the holy spirit—wisdom, provided a richer choice of containers and
understanding, counsel, strength, materials Designs copied from floral
knowledge, true godliness and holy fear prints and tapestries Designs were
purity represented by certain fan-shaped or mounded Fruit and flowers
flowers—usually the white lily (Virgin placed for centerpiece.
Mary) because it appeared in so many 55“fruit and flowers” American artist
Annunciation paintings, it soon became 1835.
known as the Madonna Lily Annunciation 56American Federal Period 1780-1820: The
where angel appears to Mary rose neoclassical, Empire New freedom and
represented sacred or profane love. independence Designs were influenced by
17Renaissance 1400-1600 AD: Old garden the delicate French, the masculine French,
book for growing, freshening and arranging and an emphasis on the individual merits
flowers—Flora overo Cultura di Fiori of each flower.
Bouquets usually pyramidal and full 57American Victorian 1845-1900: Romantic
Containers made for arranging flowers era Copied European Victorian Epergne.
removable lid so flower arrangement can be 58Epernge Fruit and flowers used for
lifted and flowers recut every 3rd day centerpieces in Victorian Europe and
tearred affect so short stemmed flowers America.
could be placed on top. 59
18Pink and white roses in classic 60“The flower girl”.
renaissance vase. White lily depicting the 61ORIENTAL INFLUENCE: place emphasis on
Annunciation, symbolized chastity and individual form, texture, and color of
fertility. plant material Great attention to negative
19Vases ornate and formal—designed for space and line.
the arrangement of flowers Removable lids 62Chinese Style: China known as “The
with holes in them. Flowery Kingdom.” Unstructured and
20Baroque 1600-1775 AD: Influence of naturalistic, but require careful thought
artists The “S” curve or Hogarth curve and planning. 1.art of
Lavish designs--bright colors Large, contemplation—Confucius Confucius—real
overly proportioned designs in big, heavy enjoyment consists in simplicity there is
containers Not for church or nobility any a distraction that comes from viewing too
longer—middle class could have flowers—due much beauty serenity to be gained from
to trading and redistribution of wealth savoring one thing at a time shadow of a
with new world. tree on a pond—structure, seasons,
21Baroque—asymmetrical, massed, and strength a few flowers in a vase can
overflowing sweeping lines— dramatic conjure up the whole life-history of a
contrasts of large and small, dark and plant, as well as display the beauty of
light. perfect blooms.
22Dutch-Flemish 1550-1760 AD: Holland 63Chinese Style: 2.preservation of
and Belgium Tulip imported from Turkey New life-Buddhism prohibits taking of life—cut
flowers-- particularly “out of season” flowers sparingly Not conquering nature,
greenhouse grown flowers Paintings following it. Gardens have strategic
included composite groups of flowering plants instead of masses—areas
flowers—painted during different seasons for contemplation 3.floral
Terra-cotta Age of great scientific, symbolism-folklore all flowers are
botanical and horticultural discoveries feminine because of fragile beauty and are
Delftware-copied Chinese porcelain vases given women’s names tree peony most
in blue and white but less expensive—named revered of all flowers liked to depict the
after Netherland city where it was seasons.
invented. 64Appears unstructured and naturalistic
23Illuminated “book of hours” Flemish but requires careful thought and planning.
Symbolism in the selection of flowers, the 65Tree peony—most revered of all flowers
little jug, the glass tumbler, and the two coupled with early flowering plum
handled bottle in which the flowers are Paper-white narcissus symbolic of the new
placed suggest the casual and natural year and fungus, symbolic of longevity.
gesture of bringing cut flowers indoors. 66Japanese Style a.k.a. Ikebana. Highly
24Little or no overlapping flowers—each formalized and follows strict rules of
flower clearly evident Scattering of construction--Ikenobo Adapted from ancient
shells, insects, etc. characteristic of Chinese art and steeped in tradition and
Dutch-Flemish. symbolism. Materials placed in a manner
25“still life” Complementary colors blue reflecting how they are found in nature.
and orange delphinium. Arrangements emphasize simplicity and
26FRENCH PERIODS: line.
27French Baroque 1600’s: Louis 67Japanese Style a.k.a. Ikebana.
XIV--effeminate extravagance Art evolved Ono-no-Imoko—founded Ikenobo—flower
around the aristocracy Topiary balls or arranging school Items found in nature
trees Chateau of Versailles large rooms would complement the flowers, rocks, pine,
decorated with elaborate wood and stone bamboo, cypress, cedar water Exclusively
carvings marble fireplaces and floors by men at first—priest then nobility and
decorative flower arrangements large in warrior class to find tranquility of mind
scale Enormous conservatory stored 3000 and relief from life’s tension in the
orange trees during the winter using handling and observation of flowers In the
hothouses to supply indoor plants for doing not it the decorating Contests and
massive decoration. books of instruction Flowers never used
28Elegant and highly ornate Many made of out of season—water, branches Elements of
porcelain. a design face each other.
29French Rococo 1700’s: Louis XIV 68Japanese Style a.k.a. Ikebana. Heaven,
mistress-Antoinette Poisson, the Marquis man, earth (shin, soe, tai) Shin one and
do Pompadour had great influence. one half times the height of the container
Asymmetrical, curvilinear, formal crescent Soe two thirds the length of Shin Tai is
(C curve) “Rock and shell” curving lines two thirds the length of soe line.
Predominant subtle colors: apricot, peach, 69Emphasize simplicity and line.
cream, rose, gray, sage green, yellow, 70Informal So style of Ikenobo
beige, turquoise, and powder blue Delicate arrangement.
accessories. 71Shoka arrangement Heaven man earth.
30Porcelain vases. 72MODERN FLORAL ARRANGING:
31Beauty and overabundance. 73Art Nouveau 1890-1910: Curvilinear
32Louis XVI late 1700’s: Strong feminine lines Patterned after nature Shape of
influence of Marie Antoinette—delicate, plants or flowers as well as the human
cool colors, highlighted with gold, more form Asymmetrical flower arrangement.
simple containers than previous. 74Curving lines of nature, organic
331785 Crystal vase mounted in gold motifs Animals, foliage, vines, flowers.
lilac. 75Asymmetrical cascading waterfall
34Empire 1804-1814: Strong use of style.
neoclassical design ideas Napoleon 76Art Deco 1925-1930. Derived from 1925
Bonaparte Masculine designs, dramatic, Paris world’s Fair exhibition.
militaristic, dictator-oriented symbols Characterized as strong, streamlined,
predominate Heavy massive designs and geometric lines, forms and patterns,
containers with large boldly colored including zigzags, pyramids, and sunburst
flowers. motifs Known as le style 25.
35ENGLISH PERIODS: 77Abstract, angular and unusual Glass
36English-Georgian Period 1714-1760: bricks popular in 1940’s.
Named after English Kings George I,II, III 78Strong, streamline, geometric lines,
Full, strongly stylized symmetrical forms and patterns.
bouquets, oval to triangular shapes Formal 79Free-Form Expression 1950’s: A modern,
and symmetrical—tightly arranged natural appearance. Expressive with both a
“tuzzy-muzzy” or nosegay “tuzzy” refers to feeling of movement and of freedom Use of
old English word for knot of flowers driftwood and other figurines in designs.
Nosegay to carry the sweet scents—relief 80Freedom of expression Bold foliage,
from unsanitary surroundings Fragrance to oriental influence of line and use of
rid air of contagious and infectious driftwood.
diseases Decolletage—flowers around 81Geometric Mass Design 1960-1970’s:
neckline of a dress Bough pot—flower Tight geometric bouquets. Include mass and
filled container set in the fireplace in line.
non heated seasons Wedgwood--English 82Tight geometric designs symmetrical
potter Josiah Wedgwood—fine ceramic ware and asymmetrical.
used during this season—special holes to 83Contemporary. Contemporary refers to
hold flowers in stiff and formal shape. the time of the present or of recent times
37Nosegay believed that carrying a small Called modern because they generally are
perfumed bouquet would rid the air of different than whatever style was
infectious diseases. previously popular.
38 84Cultures that have had the greatest
39English woman Large in proportion to influence in today’s design: Oriental
the container, massed, and oval Two European Line Mass Line-Mass “American,”
handled metal container. or “Western Style”.
40Dainty arrangements that led to 85European Oriental.
today’s bud vase. 86Examples of Student activities.
41Wall vase. 87Period floral design.
42“the lady’s last stake” Paired 88Chaplet.
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Floral Design History

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