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CD and DVD Technologies
CD and DVD Technologies
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CD and DVD Technologies

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1CD and DVD Technologies. James Lehman 15backward player compatibility; ability to
EDCI 663 Purdue University. include extra content such as videos,
2CD-DA. The digital audio CD (CD-DA) stills, etc. High-quality surround sound,
was developed by Sony and Philips capacity greater than CDs; backward player
following development of the laser compatibility; ability to include extra
videodisc. The standard was defined in content such as videos, stills, etc.
1982 as the “Red Book” standard. It was an High-quality surround sound, capacity
immediate consumer success. greater than CDs; backward player
3CD-DA. CDs are 12 cm (4.72 in) in compatibility; ability to include extra
diameter (compared to 12 inches for content such as videos, stills, etc.
videodiscs). Audio CDs hold up to 72 High-quality surround sound, capacity
minutes of 16 bit audio sampled at 44.1 greater than CDs; backward player
KHz. compatibility; ability to include extra
4CD-ROM. Sony and Philips developed the content such as videos, stills, etc.
CD-ROM as an offshoot of the audio CD. The DVD-ROM. Format for both computer and TV
original standard was defined in 1983-84 applications; backward player
with the release of the “Yellow Book” compatibility; single file system; large
standards. CD-ROM XA extended the standard capacity. Format for both computer and TV
format, interleaving audio and video, to applications; backward player
better support multimedia. compatibility; single file system; large
5CD-ROM. CD-ROMs hold up to 650 MB of capacity. Format for both computer and TV
data. Error correction limits errors to 1 applications; backward player
in 10 trillion. Because they were designed compatibility; single file system; large
as a mass storage medium for computers, capacity. Format for both computer and TV
CD-ROMs made for one computer platform applications; backward player
often do not work on a different platform. compatibility; single file system; large
6CD-ROM. The original standards did not capacity. DVD-R. Recordable single or
take into account the file system. High double-sided with 3.95 - 4.7 Gb per side;
Sierra was the first effort to standardize compatible with DVD-Video, DVD-Audio and
file formats. It uses mainly the old DVD-ROM; multisession capable. Recordable
MS-DOS format. HFS supports Apple file single or double-sided with 3.95 - 4.7 Gb
names, Rock Ridge supports UNIX, Joliet per side; compatible with DVD-Video,
supports Windows long file names. DVD-Audio and DVD-ROM; multisession
7Recordable CD-ROMs. Recordable CD capable. Recordable single or double-sided
formats were defined by the “Orange Book” with 3.95 - 4.7 Gb per side; compatible
standards. Today, CD-R and CD-RW drives with DVD-Video, DVD-Audio and DVD-ROM;
are commonplace, and media costs have multisession capable. Recordable single or
declined sharply. double-sided with 3.95 - 4.7 Gb per side;
8Other CD Formats. CD Extra (Blue Book) compatible with DVD-Video, DVD-Audio and
– Audio CD with visual add-ons. CD-I DVD-ROM; multisession capable. DVD-RW.
(Green Book) – now defunct multimedia CD Rewritable single or double-sided with up
format Photo CD – Kodak’s format for to 4.7 Gb per side; rewritable; drives now
storing photos on CD Video CD (White Book) produced by Pioneer and others but
– Old video CD format that supports 74 challenged by DVD+RW. Rewritable single or
minutes of MPEG-1 video on a CD. double-sided with up to 4.7 Gb per side;
9CD Family Tree. rewritable; drives now produced by Pioneer
10DVD. Proposed by a consortium in 1995, and others but challenged by DVD+RW.
DVD originally stood for “Digital Video Rewritable single or double-sided with up
Disc” then “Digital Versatile Disk.” Now, to 4.7 Gb per side; rewritable; drives now
it’s just DVD. DVD-Video and DVD-ROM produced by Pioneer and others but
standards were released in 1996. DVD-audio challenged by DVD+RW. Rewritable single or
was defined in 1999. double-sided with up to 4.7 Gb per side;
11DVD. Consumer products first appeared rewritable; drives now produced by Pioneer
in 1997. While slow to catch on at first, and others but challenged by DVD+RW.
DVD is now the most successful consumer DVD+RW. Rewritable DVD disc designed from
electronics innovation in history. There the outset to be compatible with all
are now over 55 million DVD-video players existing formats; challenging DVD-RW and
in the U.S., and over 100 million DVD-ROM DVD-RAM. Rewritable DVD disc designed from
drives are installed worldwide. the outset to be compatible with all
12DVD-Video. A standard (DVD-5) existing formats; challenging DVD-RW and
DVD-Video disk holds 133 minutes of video DVD-RAM. Rewritable DVD disc designed from
encoded in MPEG-2 format. Like videodiscs, the outset to be compatible with all
DVD-Video supports multiples languages, existing formats; challenging DVD-RW and
still frames, searching, etc. Though DVD-RAM. Rewritable DVD disc designed from
little used, the DVD-Video format is the outset to be compatible with all
capable of supporting a multiple camera existing formats; challenging DVD-RW and
angle feature. DVD-RAM. DVD-RAM. Rewritable single or
13DVD-ROM. DVD-ROM is the larger cousin double-sided with 2.6 - 4.7 Gb per side,
of CD-ROM. One can hold 4.7 GB of data. uses Zoned CLV format which is not
Recordable DVD formats are still not compatible with other DVD formats.
standardized. However, recorders and Rewritable single or double-sided with 2.6
players are now available that support - 4.7 Gb per side, uses Zoned CLV format
most of the competing formats. which is not compatible with other DVD
14DVD-Audio. DVD-Audio supports formats. Rewritable single or double-sided
high-quality surround sound (5.1 channel) with 2.6 - 4.7 Gb per side, uses Zoned CLV
audio at sampling rates of 44.1 KHz to 96 format which is not compatible with other
KHz and with greater frequency range than DVD formats. Rewritable single or
on CD-DA disks. Extras such as images and double-sided with 2.6 - 4.7 Gb per side,
notes can also be included. DVD-Audio uses Zoned CLV format which is not
products are now beginning to appear. compatible with other DVD formats. DVD
15DVD Types/Formats. Types of DVD. Formats. Capacity. Layers. Sides. Notes.
Notes. Notes. Notes. Notes. DVD-Video. DVD-5. 4.7 Gb. 1. 1. Basic format – one
Supports high-quality MPEG-2 video, side and one layer. DVD-9. 8.5 Gb. 2. 1.
surround sound, multiple displays, and Dual layers of data on one side. DVD-10.
user interaction for non-linear 9.4 Gb. 1. 2. Both sides of the disc used.
applications. Supports high-quality MPEG-2 DVD-18. 17 Gb. 2. 2. Two sides and two
video, surround sound, multiple displays, layers.
and user interaction for non-linear 16Next Generation. Two competing formats
applications. Supports high-quality MPEG-2 are now vying to be the next generation
video, surround sound, multiple displays, DVD: Blu-Ray from Sony HD-DVD from Toshiba
and user interaction for non-linear Blu-Ray has a larger storage capacity (25
applications. Supports high-quality MPEG-2 GB vs 15 GB), but HD-DVD promises to be
video, surround sound, multiple displays, less expensive. The marketplace will
and user interaction for non-linear determine the preferred format.
applications. DVD-Audio. High-quality 17Questions?
surround sound, capacity greater than CDs;
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