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Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
Laurel Homes, Cincinnati
The housing crisis
The housing crisis
Sites to be razed: the imaginary of public housing
Sites to be razed: the imaginary of public housing
Sites to be razed: the imaginary of public housing
Sites to be razed: the imaginary of public housing
Back to the future
Back to the future
Back to the future
Back to the future
Back to the future
Back to the future
City Beautiful
City Beautiful
City Beautiful
City Beautiful
City Beautiful
City Beautiful
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
The Irony of Grant Shapps
Alternative urban visions
Alternative urban visions
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and
Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and contemporary struggles of public housing

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Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and contemporary struggles of public housing

Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and contemporary struggles of public housing.pptx
1Those That Used to Have a Right to 33exposed the limitations of these forms of
Live Here: Historical and contemporary governance and their inadequacies to
struggles of public housing. John Flint grapple with the scale of the urban crisis
University of Sheffield (Birch and Gardner, 1981) The modern
john.flint@sheffield.ac.uk Inaugural project, in response, extended the social
Lecture, ICOSS, University of Sheffield 20 contract through municipal and
November 2013. subsequently national state intervention,
2The Importance of historical culminating in the welfare state and the
precedents. This likeable Scot has an great housing programmes of the 20th
entertaining manner, yet appears to be Century The Big Society, as a form of
costing with his uninspired materialmuch enacting responsibility and obligation to
of what he covers is very limited in act, requires the responsibilisation of
scopein a routine that never really takes government.
off Review: Chortle Comedy Website, 2002. 34Emaciated ambition? A broken state,
3The task before us. Talking once with not a broken society? (Slater, 2011)
a miner I asked him when the housing Government rationalities articulate a form
shortage first became acute in his of governing without government (Jacobs
district; he answered When we were first and Manzi, 2013) that conceals realigned
told about it. George Orwell, The Road class and generational relationships: The
to Wigan Pier (p. 57) We need to be old political economy that underpinned
thinking of the sociology and the public housing is obsolete (Goetz, 2013) A
psychology of the citywe have to start governmental response to a structural
thinking of the human beings who live in crisis in housing, affecting new
the cities of America and what it is to populations (including the middle class)
live there. Senator Abraham Ribicoff, that seeks to deny or reframe the nature
1966 (quoted in McLaughlin, 2011, p. 551, of the crisis Housing represents a
emphasis added). governmental spatial fix for the
4Laurel Homes, Cincinnati. The second uncertainties engendered by a generational
oldest public housing project in the decline in housing opportunities (Mann,
United States is removed from the National 2012; McKee, 2012) An emaciated form of
Register of Historic Places so that it can housing and urban governance and ambition
be demolished in a HOPE VI programme for what the city could and should be.
(Goetz, 2013, p. 161) The neglect of 35Dispersing power? The time has come
history in housing studies (Cole, 2001) to disperse power more widely in Britain
The dismantling of public housing in todayand to pass power back to where it
citiesand a fundamental redefinition of belongs (CLG, 2011) Treasure Islands and
the city and a different vision of what PFI (Shaxson, 2011; Raco, 2012) The
the city should be (Goetz, 2013, p. 99, Victorian Big Society built upon elites
emphasis added). sharing a fate in space and place
5The housing crisis. Middle-class (disease, unrest, crime) with those that
young will fare worse than their they sought to govern: Museums, parks,
parents. Headline in The Observer, 12 prisons, schools and, eventually, housing
October 2013 (based on the report of The for the working classes, were inherently
Social Mobility and Child Poverty local as well as urban, based on a
Commission, see Boffey, 2013). What do we localised social contract (see Hunt, 2004)
do about those households who used to have A wider project of demunicipalisation
a right to live here? (Westminster LBC Overseas ownership of property in London
housing official). (Hodkinson, 2013; Watt, 2013a, 2013b)
6Sites to be razed: the imaginary of Corporate landlordism (Minton, 2012;
public housing. Re-presenting public Hodkinson, 2013; Watt; 2013a, 2013b) and
housing in the imagination (Mann, 2012). blurring of social and private rental
Seen from 40 floors up in a luxury tower tenures (including homelessness
across town, Cabrini-Greens apartment functions).
slabs brood like tombstones on quarantined 36Consequences? Japan and the lost
turf (quoted in Mann, 2012, 282). In 1952 generation? What are the sociological
Congress required public housing tenants consequences of a generation having less
to sign loyalty oaths certifying that they housing opportunities than their parents?
were not members of subversive (McKee, 2012; Pennington et al., 2012;
organisations. Concealment and Colic-Peisker and Johnson, 2012, Boffey,
containment: Hurricane Katrina eroded the 2013). What if there is no longer a
distinction between the private ghetto and centralised or centralising authority
the public arena (Rhodes, 2010). which social contract thinkers built/build
7The controversy of housing and urban their theories upon? What if the political
restructuring programmes. Nothing- no economy that underpinned public housing is
programme- did more to destroy homes and dead? (Goetz, 2013)? What if permanent
communities in this country than the affordability (Goetz, 2013) is now
Luftwaffe in the Second World War, but the replaced by transience?
housing market renewal programme did more 37Wicked problems and urban space.
housing destruction and community Reimage cities : transforming entire
destruction than there has been at any public housing stocks and reconfiguring
time since the war. [Some descriptions of the architectural and demographic reality
HMR] were so distant from the reality on of these cities (Goetz, 2012). Difficult
the groundas to be a grotesque bending of spaces and multi-scalar geographies of
the truth. Grant Shapps, Minister for socio-spatial justice (Soja, 2010;
Housing, UK Government, 22 April 2012 (see Ferrari, 2012; Pinnegar, 2012). Struggles
Bury, 2012). for the soul of the city (Judt, 2010).
8International coalescence and The imagining of the just city (Harvey,
alignment. International coalescence and 1973; Fainstein, 2011; Marcuse et al.,
alignment within housing, planning and 2009). The right to the city: the
urban policy in western neo-liberal ability to legitimately participate in
societies in the last twenty years (access) and appropriate (occupy) urban
Uniformity of the diagnosis of urban space (Lefebvre, 1968; Harvey, 2008;
housing problems and the commonality of Attoh, 2011; Duke, 2009; Connelly, 2011).
rationalities and techniques deployed to Spatial manifestations of power and
address them Low demand, poor stock conflict (Zukin, 1991). Patons (2012)
condition and shrinking cities Physical concept of differential elective fixivity
and economic obsolescence Crisis of the and how different classes retain or
social purposes and outcomes of public develop an ability to control or choose
housing Neighbourhood effects their location. Context of transience in
(underclass, Broken Britain etc.). the illegal cities of the global south
9Rationalities and techniques. Mixed (Datta, 2012).
communities, reconnected housing markets 38What are we to do? Architects and
and neighbourhood renewal Techniques of planners must give the lead and the target
renovation, demolition, new build and must be placed higher than the
tenure and population reconfigurations inarticulate yearnings of the average
through mechanisms and consequences often working class housing wife (reviewer of
defined as state-sponsored gentrification Peoples Survey, 1940, quoted in Kynaston,
Housing Market Renewal (England), Housing 2007, p 52): A reinvigorated sociology of
Opportunities for People Everywhere/ housing, returning to the traditions of
Moving to Opportunity (United States), previous scholars, with empirical as well
Stedelikje Herstructureing (urban as theoretical ambition Looking in the
restructuring)/ 40 Wijkenannpak-(40 right places (Racos work on PFI; CIH)
Neighbourhoods)(Netherlands), Solidarite Challenging orthodoxy, in historical,
et Renouvellement (Solidarity and Urban international and local terms Meeting the
Renewal) Housing Act (France), the challenge of naming the world and
Stadtumbau Ost (Urban Restructuring East) recognising the nature of the political
(Germany), National Rental Affordability project confronting us Recognising that
Scheme (Australia) Widely and extensively impact requires new forms of
implemented outside these national communication and engagement (think
programmes by local urban regimes at state tanks); acknowledging the radical
and city levels (Goetz, 2012). transformation of housing professions;
10Governmentalities. It is our part to identifying and working closely with
relieve the Distressed, theirs to amend alternatives (Wakefield District Housing,
their lives. An Account of the Sheffield City Council); but also truth
Proceedings of the Governors of to power- dont misunderstand what
Lock-Hospital, London, 11 December 1749 progressive coalitions want from ivory
(quoted in Cruickshank, 2010, p. 302). towers Detachment in Eliasian terms: not
The causes of apprehension and complaint positivism or objective empiricism, but
among populations ultimately lie not resisting the retreat into the present A
within constitutions or governments but in renewed ambition (despite HMR and Hope VI)
their own conduct (Edmund Burke, 1790, p. that the future can be calculated and
375). shaped: that there can be (some) order
11The Right and Broken Britain. Social from chaos.
Justice Policy Group (2006) Breakdown 39Alternative urban visions. Hope
Britain: underclass Alan Duncan MP, 2007: Seoul master plan 2014 Allowing each
a need to re-civilise Britain to counter citizen to enjoy welfare benefits and
a real life Lord of the Flies Browne securing a minimum standard of living. To
(2008): Despite some moral improvements, create a city where each citizen can
family breakdown, drug and alcohol abuse unabashedly enjoy a certain level of
and welfare dependency have unequivocally welfare. In the future the city will
increased in the last two decades with focus on welfare as a basic human right
an evident decline in social capital and strive to approach a form of universal
Conservative Party (2010): Labours Two welfare by establishing the Seoul
Nations David Cameron (2010): Huge Standard for this first time in the
cultural changes will be required within country and designating the marginalized
communities lacking the abilities to cope as Seoul households in poverty (emphasis
with modern life.. added). Increasing the ratio of public
12A perpetual crisis of the present? housing, supporting co-operative housing
age of insecurity, loss of ontological and supplying housing vouchers to monthly
security, age of anxiety, angst rental housing tenants from low income
society, governmentality of unease; households.
liquid life, vertigo of modernity 40
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Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and contemporary struggles of public housing.pptx

Those That Used to Have a Right to Live Here: Historical and contemporary struggles of public housing

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