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8 Home and Automobile Insurance
8 Home and Automobile Insurance
Objective 1 Identify Types of Risks and Risk Management Methods and
Objective 1 Identify Types of Risks and Risk Management Methods and
Most Common Types of Risk
Most Common Types of Risk
Risk Avoidance
Risk Avoidance
Planning an Insurance Program
Planning an Insurance Program
Property and Liability Insurance
Property and Liability Insurance
Objective 2 Assess the Insurance Coverage and Policy Types Available
Objective 2 Assess the Insurance Coverage and Policy Types Available
Homeowners Insurance Coverages
Homeowners Insurance Coverages
Homeowners Insurance Coverages
Homeowners Insurance Coverages
Renters Insurance
Renters Insurance
Home Insurance Policy Forms
Home Insurance Policy Forms
Objective 3 Analyze the Factors that Influence the Amount of Coverage
Objective 3 Analyze the Factors that Influence the Amount of Coverage
Policy Provisions
Policy Provisions
Factors That Affect Home Insurance Costs
Factors That Affect Home Insurance Costs
Objective 4 Identify the Important Types of Automobile Insurance
Objective 4 Identify the Important Types of Automobile Insurance
Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage
Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage
Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage
Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage
Motor Vehicle Property Damage Coverage
Motor Vehicle Property Damage Coverage
?
?
Comprehensive Physical Damage
Comprehensive Physical Damage
No-Fault Insurance
No-Fault Insurance
Objective 5 Evaluate Factors that Affect the Cost of Automobile
Objective 5 Evaluate Factors that Affect the Cost of Automobile
Motor Vehicle Insurance Premium Factors
Motor Vehicle Insurance Premium Factors
Wrap Up
Wrap Up

: 8 Home and Automobile Insurance. : Family and Consumer Sciences. : 8 Home and Automobile Insurance.ppt. zip-: 689 .

8 Home and Automobile Insurance

8 Home and Automobile Insurance.ppt
1 8 Home and Automobile Insurance

8 Home and Automobile Insurance

Insurance Protection against possible financial loss Provides peace of mind Insurance company (insurer) Risk-sharing firm that assumes financial responsibility for losses from an insured risk Procedure Purchase a policy known as coverage Insurance firm assumes a risk for a fee Insured policyholder pays a periodic premium

8-1

2 Objective 1 Identify Types of Risks and Risk Management Methods and

Objective 1 Identify Types of Risks and Risk Management Methods and

Develop a Risk Management Plan

Risk Chance of loss or injury Uncertainty or lack of predictability Peril Anything that may cause a loss Fire, windstorm, robbery, or accidents Hazard Anything that increases the likelihood of a loss For example, driving drunk, defective house wiring

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3 Most Common Types of Risk

Most Common Types of Risk

Personal Risks Loss of income or life Caused by illness, disability, old age, or unemployment Property Risks Losses to property Caused by perils such as fire or theft Liability Risks Losses caused by negligence Resulting in injury or property damage Pure Risk = Insurable Accidental, unintentional Nature and financial loss of the risk can be predicted Speculative Risk = Uninsurable Chance of loss or gain Starting a small business, gambling, or investing

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4 Risk Avoidance

Risk Avoidance

Risk Shifting

Risk Reduction

Risk Assumption

Dont stop at a convenience store in a bad part of town after midnight

Ways to Manage Risk

Buy Insurance Self Insurance

Wear seatbelts Install an alarm system

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5 Planning an Insurance Program

Planning an Insurance Program

Set insurance goals to reduce possible loss of: Income due to premature death, illness, accident or unemployment Property caused by perils Income, savings and property due to personal negligence Develop a plan to reach your goals What do you need to insure? How much should you insure it for? What kind of insurance should you buy? Who should you buy insurance from? Put your plan into action Check your results Insurance needs and goals change

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6 Property and Liability Insurance

Property and Liability Insurance

Potential property losses Home, automobiles, furniture, clothing, personal belongings Risk #1: Physical damage caused by perils (e.g., fire) Risk #2: Loss or damage caused by criminal behavior Liability = legal responsibility for the financial cost of another persons losses or injury (if you are held legally liable) Liability due to negligence Failure to take ordinary and reasonable care Vicarious Liability You are held responsible for the actions of another person, such as your child throwing a ball through a neighbors window

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7 Objective 2 Assess the Insurance Coverage and Policy Types Available

Objective 2 Assess the Insurance Coverage and Policy Types Available

to Homeowners and Renters

Homeowners Insurance Coverage Damage or destruction of the building in which you live, and other structures on the property Garage, tool shed, trees, and shrubs Additional Living Expenses May be limited to 20-30% of property value May be limited to 6-9 months

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8 Homeowners Insurance Coverages

Homeowners Insurance Coverages

Personal Property Furniture, appliances and clothing Household inventory advisable Usually 55%, 70%, or 75% of property value Limits on certain items such as jewelry Personal Liability and Related Coverage Covers injuries to others on property (e.g., fall on ice) Specialized Coverage Earthquake endorsement Flood coverage

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9 Homeowners Insurance Coverages

Homeowners Insurance Coverages

Medical Payments Coverage Coverage for minor injuries caused by you, your family members, or pets, occurring on your property or away from home Personal Liability Coverage Umbrella policy - also called a personal catastrophe policy Supplements basic personal liability coverage $1,000,000 or more in coverage Endorsements and Floaters Endorsements add coverage Personal property floater Covers specific items of high value Jewelry, furs, art collections

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10 Renters Insurance

Renters Insurance

Broad Form Covers personal property loss or damage specified in the policy Comprehensive Form Protects property against all perils not excluded Renters insurance is relatively inexpensive Replacement value coverage more costly Covers property only in your home Usually includes liability coverage Many renters do not have insurance

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11 Home Insurance Policy Forms

Home Insurance Policy Forms

Basic Form (HO-1) Protects against perils such as fire, lightning, windstorms, hail, smoke, theft, vandalism and riots (specific named perils) Broad Form (HO-2) Wider coverage including falling objects and damage from ice, snow or sleet (more specific named perils) Special Form (HO-3) Basic + Broad form + all other risks unless specifically excluded (commonly earthquake, flood, nuclear accidents, business usage) Tenants Form (HO-4) Covers personal property against listed risks Comprehensive Form (HO-5) Expands HO-3 coverage to replacement cost; increasingly rare! Condominium Owner (HO-6) Covers personal property and building additions

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12 Objective 3 Analyze the Factors that Influence the Amount of Coverage

Objective 3 Analyze the Factors that Influence the Amount of Coverage

and Cost of Home Insurance

Determine amount of coverage needed: Replacement value of home ? Value of homes contents ? Protection for specific items ? (Jewelry, furs, art) Liability coverage ? Consider loss frequency (likely # of times for loss) and loss severity (potential magnitude of a loss) Principle of Indemnity- insurance will pay no more than actual financial losses suffered Policy Limits- specify the maximum dollar amounts that will be paid under a policy

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13 Policy Provisions

Policy Provisions

Look for a policy with full coverage (100% value) Coinsurance clause requires you to pay a part of a loss. Claim settlement methods: Actual Cash Value (ACV) Replacement cost less depreciation Replacement Cost Full cost to repair or replace the damaged or lost item 10-20% > actual cash value coverage

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14 Factors That Affect Home Insurance Costs

Factors That Affect Home Insurance Costs

Location of Home (e.g., rural vs. urban) Type of Structure (e.g., brick vs. wood) Coverage Amount and Policy type Home Insurance Discounts Alarm system Smoke detectors If you insure car with the same company Company Differences Compare costs and coverages

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15 Objective 4 Identify the Important Types of Automobile Insurance

Objective 4 Identify the Important Types of Automobile Insurance

Coverage

Financial Responsibility Law State legislation requiring proof of financial ability to cover the cost of damage or injury caused in an automobile accident 45 states have compulsory automobile liability insurance laws NJ has very low liability limits:15/ 30/5

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16 Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage

Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage

Bodily Injury Liability Covers financial loss due to legal expenses, medical expenses, lost wages, etc. associated with injuries caused by an accident for which you were responsible Expressed as 3 numbers: 100/300/50 Maximum coverage in $1,000s $100,000 maximum paid for injuries to any one person $300,000 maximum paid in total (2+ people) $50,000 maximum paid for property damage

8-16

17 Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage

Motor Vehicle Bodily Injury Coverage

Medical Payments Coverage Covers the cost of health care for persons injured in your automobile, including yourself Also covers you or family members injured while riding in or hit by another vehicle Uninsured Motorists Protection Protection against the risk of getting into an accident with someone with no insurance Underinsured Motorists Coverage Pays costs if your car is hit by a person who doesnt have enough insurance to cover the damage they did to you and your car

8-17

18 Motor Vehicle Property Damage Coverage

Motor Vehicle Property Damage Coverage

Property Damage Liability Covers damage to the other persons car when you are at fault. Includes damage to such things as street signs, telephone poles, and buildings Example: during a snow storm you accidentally slide your vehicle into a neighbors mailbox. This coverage would pay for repair or replacement of the mailbox

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19 ?

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Collision Coverage

Pays for damage to your automobile, regardless of who is at fault. If you are not at fault, your insurer will try to collect from the other drivers property damage liability first. Coverage limited to the retail value of your vehicle

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20 Comprehensive Physical Damage

Comprehensive Physical Damage

Covers damage to your vehicle not caused by a collision, such as: Fire, theft or vandalism Glass breakage Hail, sand, or wind storm Falling objects or hitting an animal

8-20

21 No-Fault Insurance

No-Fault Insurance

Each driver collects from his or her own insurance company for medical expenses, lost wages, and related injury costs 30 states have some variation of the system Intended to provide fast, smooth method of paying for damages without determining fault Variations among states; designed to reduce cost and time to settle cases

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22 Objective 5 Evaluate Factors that Affect the Cost of Automobile

Objective 5 Evaluate Factors that Affect the Cost of Automobile

Insurance

Automobile Insurance Costs Legal Concerns Have enough coverage if you are sued Recommendations: $100,000/$300,000 bodily injury liability Additional $1,000,000+ umbrella liability policy Property Values $50,000-$100,000 suggested for property damage liability

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23 Motor Vehicle Insurance Premium Factors

Motor Vehicle Insurance Premium Factors

Vehicle Type Year, make, model, and theft rate Rating Territory Accident, auto theft, and vandalism rates in the area where you live Driver Classification Age, sex, marital status, credit history, driving record, driving habits Assigned risk pool for those unable to obtain insurance Reducing Automobile Insurance Premiums Compare Companies Premium Discounts Establish and maintain a good driving record Non-smoker Install security devices such as a car alarm If more than one vehicle, insure with the same company Larger deductibles

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24 Wrap Up

Wrap Up

Chapter Quiz Concept Check 8-1- Four Methods of Avoiding Risk with Examples Concept Check 8-2- Complete the Statements Concept Check 8-3- True of False? Concept Check 8-4- True or False?

8 Home and Automobile Insurance
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