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Academic Use of Cell Phone Technology at Montclair State University
Academic Use of Cell Phone Technology at Montclair State University
MSU Campus Connect Program
MSU Campus Connect Program
The Challenge
The Challenge
The Challenge for Educators
The Challenge for Educators
Mobile Technology Can Help
Mobile Technology Can Help
Cell Phone Pilot - Stage I Expand Original Purpose
Cell Phone Pilot - Stage I Expand Original Purpose
Home Page
Home Page
Outcomes – Stage I
Outcomes – Stage I
Do you like using cell phones in class
Do you like using cell phones in class
Did cell phones help me learn in class
Did cell phones help me learn in class
Did you believe cell phones could help you in education
Did you believe cell phones could help you in education
Qualitative - English Writing
Qualitative - English Writing
Qualitative - Contemporary Business
Qualitative - Contemporary Business
General Conclusions – Stage I
General Conclusions – Stage I
Cell Phone Pilot - Stage II Expand Original Purpose of Academic Use
Cell Phone Pilot - Stage II Expand Original Purpose of Academic Use
Academic Activities
Academic Activities
Polling
Polling
Question # 1 Why did you come to college
Question # 1 Why did you come to college
What motivated you to apply to college
What motivated you to apply to college
Question # 2 What are you going to do with your free time
Question # 2 What are you going to do with your free time
What will you do with your free time
What will you do with your free time
Question # 3 How many hours a week do you expect to study
Question # 3 How many hours a week do you expect to study
How many hours do you plan to study each week
How many hours do you plan to study each week
Conclusions
Conclusions
Blogging: German
Blogging: German
Polling: German
Polling: German
Blogging: Linguistics
Blogging: Linguistics
Blogs Fieldwork Activities (cont
Blogs Fieldwork Activities (cont
Challenges – Stage II
Challenges – Stage II
Results Stage II
Results Stage II
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Summary
Summary
Summary
Summary
Conclusions/Recommendations
Conclusions/Recommendations

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Academic Use of Cell Phone Technology at Montclair State University

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1 Academic Use of Cell Phone Technology at Montclair State University

Academic Use of Cell Phone Technology at Montclair State University

Edward Chapel, Ph.D., Vice President Office of Information Technology Patricia Kahn, Ph.D., Director Training, Technology and Integration, Office of Information Technology Leslie Wilson, Ph.D. Faculty History, College of Humanities and Social Sciences

Educause Mid-Atlantic Regional Conference 08

2 MSU Campus Connect Program

MSU Campus Connect Program

A simple observation Every student has a cell phone… its what they use for everything! A simple idea Lets get rid of land lines in residence halls. Became a much bigger project Inventing the Virtual Campus Experience

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3 The Challenge

The Challenge

If every student had a mobile phone that we can manage, how do we use them to enrich their living and learning experience at MSU students?

Upgrade traditional landline services Engage Students through improved communications & community reinforcement

Improve academic use of latest technologies Enhance public safety Leverage mobility and location based services for efficiency

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4 The Challenge for Educators

The Challenge for Educators

Newly designed courses promoting student learning through active engagement Higher education needs to employ strategies of using emerging educational technologies to facilitate the learning process by providing a learning environment that matches the student’s new style of learning (Dede, 2005)

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5 Mobile Technology Can Help

Mobile Technology Can Help

An instructional technology that support the 21st century learner but does not require a high level of technical proficiency Enhance the learning process by making learning more interactive and enjoyable Affords curriculum customization to match learners' developmental needs as well as personal interests Promotes a constructivist approach to teaching and learning Bridge the gap on how students live and learn realizing that they will spend their adult lives in a technology-driven multitasked fast-paced world

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6 Cell Phone Pilot - Stage I Expand Original Purpose

Cell Phone Pilot - Stage I Expand Original Purpose

Activity Podcasts of instructor’s course lectures Bb Announcements and Grades Entourage group messaging feature

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7 Home Page

Home Page

Access videos

Access Groups

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8 Outcomes – Stage I

Outcomes – Stage I

Out of the 60 students who participated in the pilot, 44 students were surveyed 22 responses collected from English Writing 22 responses collected from Contemporary Business

Results….

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9 Do you like using cell phones in class

Do you like using cell phones in class

Analysis

English: In class writing activities (journals, portfolios, etc.) Business: Redundancy of class lectures

Subject matter did not lend itself to using cell phones No direct experience from learners

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10 Did cell phones help me learn in class

Did cell phones help me learn in class

Analysis

English: In class writing activities (journals, portfolios, etc.) Business: Redundancy of class lectures

Subject matter did not lend itself to using cell phones No direct experience from learners

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11 Did you believe cell phones could help you in education

Did you believe cell phones could help you in education

Analysis

21st century learner looked for technology in the learning process

As long as it served a purpose!

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12 Qualitative - English Writing

Qualitative - English Writing

Liked Cell Phones Able to obtain reminders from the instructor without having to logon to Blackboard. Enjoyed listening to the lectures while on the train or driving to and from school

Disliked Cell Phones No need to access lecture podcast from cell phone required assignments were in-class written exercises material for assignments was obtained from in-class lectures

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13 Qualitative - Contemporary Business

Qualitative - Contemporary Business

Liked Cell Phones Viewing the podcasts were helpful; reinforced material in class for tests Enjoyed listening to the lectures while on the train or driving to and from school Rewrote lecture notes while reviewing the lesson for a test

Disliked Cell Phones Same material covered in class; therefore, no motivation to view lectures on the phone

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14 General Conclusions – Stage I

General Conclusions – Stage I

21st century learner looks for technology in the learning process as long as it serves a purpose. The subject matter and discipline needs to lend itself to using the technology. Students will not be motivated to use the technology if pedagogy doesn’t support its use. Given the appropriate venue and material, cell phones could help the education process

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15 Cell Phone Pilot - Stage II Expand Original Purpose of Academic Use

Cell Phone Pilot - Stage II Expand Original Purpose of Academic Use

Changed the focus based on feedback from Stage I. Activities… Interactive and engaging Did not repeat classroom experience Required feedback from peers Supplemented course lectures Promoted classroom discussion

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16 Academic Activities

Academic Activities

Blackboard Announcements and Grades Polling (cell phones as clickers): Assess student understanding of material Receive anonymous feedback on provocative content Blogging Fieldwork Exercises Text messaging to blogs Pictures from phones to blogs Improved Communication Entourage feature facilitating group collaboration Video Podcasts Viewed outside of class – supplement to class discussion

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17 Polling

Polling

The instructor can ask a question in class that the students can answer anonymously and within minutes The answer can be displayed to the class via a computer projector or smart board

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18 Question # 1 Why did you come to college

Question # 1 Why did you come to college

Offered choices: To get an education To lead to a job or career Family obligations Other

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19 What motivated you to apply to college

What motivated you to apply to college

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20 Question # 2 What are you going to do with your free time

Question # 2 What are you going to do with your free time

Offered choices: Hang out with friends Study Get involved in campus affairs Work Party

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21 What will you do with your free time

What will you do with your free time

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22 Question # 3 How many hours a week do you expect to study

Question # 3 How many hours a week do you expect to study

Offered choices: Five hours Ten hours Twenty hours

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23 How many hours do you plan to study each week

How many hours do you plan to study each week

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24 Conclusions

Conclusions

Students like using the technology Class becomes more fluid and student oriented Students use the technology outside of class Learning is initiated through the students not through the instructor

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25 Blogging: German

Blogging: German

Free-time Activities Scavenger Hunt

“As a vocabulary building exercise in the chapter on how we spend our free time, I gave the students a list of about 25 verbs. In teams of 4-5 students, they had 15 minutes to walk around campus and find people engaging in activities from the list. Using their cell phones……

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26 Polling: German

Polling: German

Free-time Activities Scavenger Hunt “I put together a list of trivia questions (in German) about famous Germans, such as "What did Goethe write?" or "Who is Joseph Ratzinger?" Each question was set up as a poll with multiple choice answers accessed from the cell phone....

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27 Blogging: Linguistics

Blogging: Linguistics

Linguistic Assignment: Gender Differences in Speech

“Linguistic research has shown that males and females use formal and informal speech under different circumstances and at different rates. Using your cell phone post your observations on your blog”

Count how many turns the females take. Count how many turns the males take….

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28 Blogs Fieldwork Activities (cont

Blogs Fieldwork Activities (cont

Urban History Students learning about urban history are studying fires as a historical event. Students are required to visit a local fire house and interview a fireman/firewoman and post the highlights of the discussion on their blog page by using their phones.

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29 Challenges – Stage II

Challenges – Stage II

Double sign on Phone Activation Group Invites Comfort level with the phone Did not want to give up their own personal phone

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30 Results Stage II

Results Stage II

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

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n = 45; Total surveyed 200

39 Summary

Summary

The jury is still out whether using cell phones enhances the learning experience In Stage II, students…

Rather be in a class that did not use cell phones Faced many challenges, which influenced their experience

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40 Summary

Summary

But, In Stage II, students also…

Felt the activities were relevant Liked the cell phone as a teaching tool

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41 Conclusions/Recommendations

Conclusions/Recommendations

Important to meet with an instructional designer well advance of implementation to develop appropriate teaching strategies Provide activities that are interactive and engaging and serve a purpose Support, support, support – don’t assume comfort level of 21st Century Learner

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