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africa 5 themes of geography
africa 5 themes of geography
PLACE
PLACE
2 things to consider about a place:
2 things to consider about a place:
What features make Africa unique
What features make Africa unique
Huge contrasts
Huge contrasts
Coastal Cities/Ports
Coastal Cities/Ports
Physical Characteristics
Physical Characteristics
REGION
REGION
Regions can change over time due to changes in climate, economic
Regions can change over time due to changes in climate, economic
Well known regions:
Well known regions:
Well known regions:
Well known regions:
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
How do people depend on the environment
How do people depend on the environment
Nile river has flooded for thousands of years Aswan High Dam – blocked
Nile river has flooded for thousands of years Aswan High Dam – blocked
Africa 5 themes of geography
Africa 5 themes of geography
LOCATION
LOCATION
Both the equator and Prime Meridian pass through Africa Large size of
Both the equator and Prime Meridian pass through Africa Large size of
MOVEMENT
MOVEMENT
African Movement
African Movement

Презентация: «Africa 5 themes of geography». Автор: David Johnston (Teacher - HS Social Studies). Файл: «Africa 5 themes of geography.pptx». Размер zip-архива: 527 КБ.

Africa 5 themes of geography

содержание презентации «Africa 5 themes of geography.pptx»
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1 africa 5 themes of geography

africa 5 themes of geography

AFRICA 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY

2 PLACE

PLACE

A theme of geography that conjures up a mental picture of a place with people going about their everyday lives in their familiar environment. PLACE is the personality of geography.

3 2 things to consider about a place:

2 things to consider about a place:

Physical characteristics – things determined by nature, such as climate, land forms, indigenous plants and animals, and types of soil. Human characteristics – can be defined by the culture of a place, for example, the language, clothing, architectural styles, and government ideologies.

4 What features make Africa unique

What features make Africa unique

Wildlife Physical characteristics People Where they live Language they speak

5 Huge contrasts

Huge contrasts

Large cities – small villages Modern – old tribal customs Living locations: Coastal regions Savanna regions Grasslands and certain types of agriculture

6 Coastal Cities/Ports

Coastal Cities/Ports

Northern – Europe Eastern – Asia Western – North America and Western Europe Suez Canal – shortcut from Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean

7 Physical Characteristics

Physical Characteristics

Huge rainforests – equator Plains in the East Tell mountains Deep valleys Huge deserts – Sahara covering the north

8 REGION

REGION

A region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those unifying or similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human, or cultural. A region is described by the features that make it unique, either small or large.

9 Regions can change over time due to changes in climate, economic

Regions can change over time due to changes in climate, economic

conditions, accessibility of trade routes, and many other factors.

10 Well known regions:

Well known regions:

Nile Valley Region – long history Longest river in the world Has affected the lives of people, wildlife, and vegetation for thousands of years Banks of river are rich, green, fertile strips of land. People raise crops, relying on water from river many town and cities are found along the river

11 Well known regions:

Well known regions:

Serengeti Plains Flat, grassy area filled with a variety of wildlife Masai Mara National Reserve Game reserve for endangered animals

12 HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION

HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION

Human-environment interaction looks at the relationships between people and their environment; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it.

13 How do people depend on the environment

How do people depend on the environment

(Example: In ancient times, the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops.) How to people adapt to the environment? (Example: The ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year, after the annual flooding. As time went on, they built their homes above the flood plain.) How do people modify the environment? (Example: The ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water the crops. In modern times, Egypt built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.)

14 Nile river has flooded for thousands of years Aswan High Dam – blocked

Nile river has flooded for thousands of years Aswan High Dam – blocked

the flow of the river and created lake Nassar Abu Simbel – ancient Egyptian Temple Taken apart and reassembled in a location away from the lake.

15 Africa 5 themes of geography
16 LOCATION

LOCATION

Where is it? Absolute: A location can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude Relative: A location can be relative - examples: next door, nearby, a short drive, down the road a ways. Or, it can be in the same general location as another location - example: next to the post office.

17 Both the equator and Prime Meridian pass through Africa Large size of

Both the equator and Prime Meridian pass through Africa Large size of

Africa makes giving is absolute location very difficult Huge size and location gives Africa many different climates. Surrounded by bodies of water- Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mediterranean Sea to the north, Indian Ocean to the East Sinai Peninsula links Africa with Asia

18 MOVEMENT

MOVEMENT

Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.

19 African Movement

African Movement

Travel for work, school, or recreational. Many forms of travel- Rural or remote locations may still use traditional forms of transportation (oxen pulling a cart) Camels now used mainly to attract tourists. Small airplanes and helicopters are used to fly tourists. Urban – trains, bikes, cars, scooters, buses, trucks Coastal – to travel to other locations

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