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African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics
African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics
Short History of Black English
Short History of Black English
Short History of Black English
Short History of Black English
Short History of Black English
Short History of Black English
Ebonics – More Than a Language
Ebonics – More Than a Language
Linguistic Perspective -- As a tool for communication, all languages
Linguistic Perspective -- As a tool for communication, all languages
Public Education for Ebonics-speaking People ---- Many students fail
Public Education for Ebonics-speaking People ---- Many students fail
Ebonics, lying at the vortex of public education, linguistic aspect
Ebonics, lying at the vortex of public education, linguistic aspect
Grammar in a Nutshell
Grammar in a Nutshell
Grammar in a Nutshell
Grammar in a Nutshell
African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics
African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics
References
References
References
References
Ebonics vs Standard English
Ebonics vs Standard English

Презентация: «African-American Vernacular English \ Ebonics». Автор: Antti. Файл: «African-American Vernacular English \ Ebonics.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 487 КБ.

African-American Vernacular English \ Ebonics

содержание презентации «African-American Vernacular English \ Ebonics.ppt»
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1 African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics

African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics

Introduction to American English 24.11.2008 Saija Lehtonen Feifei Liu Annamaria Payer

2 Short History of Black English

Short History of Black English

Ebonics, AAVE, Black English Definitions: ebony + phonics =>> dialect of SAE Dialect: subgroup of a language, which differs in vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar Roots: West- Africa, Niger-Congo=>> developed in European colonies (South)

3 Short History of Black English

Short History of Black English

Different native language speakers =>>”safest way to trade” (slave ship captain, 1744) Early slave trade- no language mixing The birth of Pidgin English The next stage: English Creole 1715- African Pidgin English (Negro Pidgin); clear Black characteristics 1750- complicated variations in the English of Afro-American population (due to social factors)

4 Short History of Black English

Short History of Black English

Identity- built on African foundations (values and benefits) speaking- African words food- integrated in the national cuisine music- traditional melodies and complex African rhythms Remember and teach their cultural ideal and entertainment

5 Ebonics – More Than a Language

Ebonics – More Than a Language

Ebonics -- a term referring to a dialect of English (African American Vernacular English) Ebonics -- a complex product of historical, environmental and racial factors. The main issue over Ebonics is not language, but perspective.

6 Linguistic Perspective -- As a tool for communication, all languages

Linguistic Perspective -- As a tool for communication, all languages

and dialects are equal. Social Perspective -- Ebonics ? lower, informal, useless in upper and formal situations People speak Ebonics ? low-educated, less-skilled

Ebonics – More Than a Language

7 Public Education for Ebonics-speaking People ---- Many students fail

Public Education for Ebonics-speaking People ---- Many students fail

in school with unfamiliar Standard English as the primary language 1996, Oakland California School asserted Ebonics as the primary language of Black students. ? Bringing the term Ebonics to public, and heated discussion Linguistic Perspective -- Speakers of other varieties can be aided in their learning of the standard variety by pedagogical approaches, which recognize the legitimacy of other varieties of a language. ?Use of Ebonics is linguistically and pedagogically sound Social Perspective – Students unable to speak standard English have a negative influence to their career, social network etc.

Ebonics – More than Language

8 Ebonics, lying at the vortex of public education, linguistic aspect

Ebonics, lying at the vortex of public education, linguistic aspect

and nation- race relation, is being treated more and more equally regardless of racial prejudice. Increasingly being encountered in literature, television and filmed drama, etc. It is only 45 years since Martin Luther King delivered the message ‘I have a dream’, until Barack Obama was selected as the first Black president of the U.S.A.

Ebonics – More than Language

9 Grammar in a Nutshell

Grammar in a Nutshell

No present tense auxiliarity or linking verbs I am going = I going Double negative and use of ain’t I ain’t got no money I ain’t drop the book NOTE: Modern French grammar uses double negative Je ne sais pas I don’t know (Old English used double negative)

10 Grammar in a Nutshell

Grammar in a Nutshell

No suffix –s (plural, genetive, 3rd person singular) My brother book Phonological inversion aks NOTE: Middle English verb acsian no post-vocalic -r car = ca’ Reduction of consonant clusters in word endings cold = col’

11 African-American Vernacular English / Ebonics
12 References

References

Ebonics: African American Vernacular English.Preview By: Coppus, Sally A.. Research Starters Education: Ebonics: African American Vernacular English, 2008, p1-1, 12p; (AN 31962587) A Sketch of the History of Black English.Preview By: Dillard, J. L.. Southern Quarterly, Winter2008, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p53-86, 34p; (AN 31480095) Baugh, John; Beyond Ebonics- Linguistic pride and racial prejudice Horton, James Oliver; In hope of liberty, culture community and protest among northern free Blacks

13 References

References

Yule, George : The Study of Language American Voices: How Dialects Differ from Coast to Coast (Edited by Walt Wolfram and Ben Ward)

14 Ebonics vs Standard English

Ebonics vs Standard English

http://www.bizbag.com/Misc%20articles/Rap%20Lyrics%20Translated.htm (Lyrics) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHDRkO_UmXY (video) www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_KKLkmIrDk (Fox News- video: ax or ask) www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0ucW41HqVA&feature=related (Garrard McClendon)

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