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Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil
Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil
Objectives
Objectives
India’s Contradictions
India’s Contradictions
Solution to the Contradictions
Solution to the Contradictions
Agriculture Technology (AT) Engine for Growth
Agriculture Technology (AT) Engine for Growth
Low Indian Crop Productivity (kg/ha)
Low Indian Crop Productivity (kg/ha)
Raising Crop Productivity
Raising Crop Productivity
Land Preparation in India
Land Preparation in India
Normal Indian Soil
Normal Indian Soil
Deep Soil ploughing
Deep Soil ploughing
Deep Soil Ploughing
Deep Soil Ploughing
Ripper Plow with 4 feet Shanks (USA)
Ripper Plow with 4 feet Shanks (USA)
One Shank (Raised) in India
One Shank (Raised) in India
One Shank (Lowered) in India
One Shank (Lowered) in India
Balanced Soil & Plant Nutrition
Balanced Soil & Plant Nutrition
California AT “Applied” in India
California AT “Applied” in India
High Potential Crops
High Potential Crops
Rotate & Mix Cropping Patterns
Rotate & Mix Cropping Patterns
Creating Assured Markets
Creating Assured Markets
Energy is an unlimited market
Energy is an unlimited market
Biomass Power Plants
Biomass Power Plants
Ethanol – A Proven Motor Fuel
Ethanol – A Proven Motor Fuel
Brazil
Brazil
Ethanol in India
Ethanol in India
Economics of Ethanol Fuel
Economics of Ethanol Fuel
Benefits of Bio-Fuels Project
Benefits of Bio-Fuels Project
Tamil Nadu Rural Energy Strategy
Tamil Nadu Rural Energy Strategy
Meet India’s demand for Edible Oil
Meet India’s demand for Edible Oil
Other Agro-Industrial Crops
Other Agro-Industrial Crops
Generate 1000 Agro-Industries
Generate 1000 Agro-Industries
Strategy for Industrialisation
Strategy for Industrialisation
Critical Needs
Critical Needs
Tamil Nadu Project for Advanced Agriculture Technology (TPAAT)
Tamil Nadu Project for Advanced Agriculture Technology (TPAAT)
Project Goals
Project Goals
Project Targets
Project Targets
Project Components
Project Components
6000 Farm Schools (FS)
6000 Farm Schools (FS)
Training Curriculum for FS Instructors
Training Curriculum for FS Instructors
Training Methodology
Training Methodology
Computerized Farm Advisory Software (FAS)
Computerized Farm Advisory Software (FAS)
Computerized Educational Software
Computerized Educational Software
Farmers Trained
Farmers Trained

Презентация: «Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil Nadu». Автор: Garry Jacobs. Файл: «Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil Nadu.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2046 КБ.

Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil Nadu

содержание презентации «Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil Nadu.ppt»
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1 Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil

Agro-Industrial Revolution To Convert Poverty Into Prosperity in Tamil

Nadu

Strategy for Tamil Nadu to emerge as the leading state in India on growth of agriculture, industry, employment & living standards within three years.

1

2 Objectives

Objectives

Generate minimum 5 million new job & self-employment opportunities in Tamil Nadu Generate Rs 50,000 crores rural income (generating approximately Rs 5,000 crores tax revenue to government) Generate 2,000 MW non-conventional biomass power in Tamil Nadu Spread advanced methods for rainwater harvesting throughout Tamil Nadu

2

3 India’s Contradictions

India’s Contradictions

Lowest wages but highest unit production cost for all crops --due to low crop yields. Abundant water resources but not enough water for agriculture -- due to wastage of water. e.g. California cotton farmers produce 35 times more cotton per liter of water than in Tamil Nadu with AT. Huge food stocks but widespread malnutrition -- due to lack of purchasing power. Though farmers produce more, they earn less -- due to falling market prices.

3

4 Solution to the Contradictions

Solution to the Contradictions

Increase productivity to reduce unit cost of production below international level -- generates more income for farmers & surpluses can be exported. Diversify from foodgrains to commercial & orchard crops such as oilseeds, banana, mango, amla, neem, etc. Rotate crops every season to avoid surplus production in response to changing market demand. Link agriculture to agro-industries such as biomass power, fuel and edible oil to provide assured market for surplus production & generate non-farm employment. Raise profitability of agriculture to increase the incomes and purchasing power of rural population to eliminate malnutrition and poverty. Raise efficiency of water usage & crop productivity by advanced methods of deep soil ploughing & rainwater harvesting.

4

5 Agriculture Technology (AT) Engine for Growth

Agriculture Technology (AT) Engine for Growth

Higher crop yields & farmer profit through AT

Links to Agro-industries for assured market

Higher on-farm employment

Higher non-farm employment

Higher purchasing power leading to bigger demand for food

5

6 Low Indian Crop Productivity (kg/ha)

Low Indian Crop Productivity (kg/ha)

Crop

USA

India

USA/India

Rice

6622

2928

2.3

Maize

8397

1666

5.0

Wheat

4400

2583

1.7

Groundnut

3038

912

3.3

Soy beans

2452

1007

2.4

Potato

40,238

17,307

2.3

Lint Cotton

700

333

2.1

Tomato

59,295

15,138

3.9

6

7 Raising Crop Productivity

Raising Crop Productivity

Soil preparation Plant nutrition Water management Pest management Time & schedule management

7

8 Land Preparation in India

Land Preparation in India

Plough soil only 6 to 8” deep Resulting in dense packing of earth Prevents rainwater storage in the soil Leads to flooding of roots during irrigation & heavy rains which stops plant growth Prevents crop roots from penetrating into the earth Leads to stunted plant growth

8

9 Normal Indian Soil

Normal Indian Soil

6”

Hard Pan

Rainwater cannot penetrate deepr or drain, so it floods roots & evaporates rapidly. The flooding prevents plant roots from breathing, which is essential for absorption of nutrients.

Crop

Roots cannot penetrate so plant growth is stunted. Plants are small, weak, needs frequent irrigation & gives low yield.

9

10 Deep Soil ploughing

Deep Soil ploughing

36”

Soft Pan

Crop

Roots sink deep to reach perennial water supply & nutrients. Plant grows large, strong & highly productive.

Rainwater stored deep down where it will not easily evaporate & is available to plants for months

10

11 Deep Soil Ploughing

Deep Soil Ploughing

Enables soil to capture rainwater Recharges groundwater Prevents run-off Enables root systems to grow deep Increases crop productivity. Reduces need for irrigation to as low as 20%.

11

12 Ripper Plow with 4 feet Shanks (USA)

Ripper Plow with 4 feet Shanks (USA)

12

13 One Shank (Raised) in India

One Shank (Raised) in India

13

14 One Shank (Lowered) in India

One Shank (Lowered) in India

14

15 Balanced Soil & Plant Nutrition

Balanced Soil & Plant Nutrition

Plants require more than 12 essential nutrients to generate healthy and productive growth. Without these 12 nutrients, genetic potential of hybrid seeds cannot be tapped. Same hybrid rice seed generates 2.8 tons per hectare in India, 5.4 tons in China and 8 tons in USA. In India, soil is being tested for only three nutrients. Methods employed in India for application of fertilizers lead to low absorption, high wastage and high cost. Advanced methods can triple or quadruple the productivity of the same hybrid seed.

15

16 California AT “Applied” in India

California AT “Applied” in India

Crop

Indian Average

CACS in India

Tomato

25-30 tons/ha

80-86 tons/acre

Lint Cotton

432 kg/ha

985 kg/ha

Egg Plant

17.5-20 tons/ha

60 tons/ha

Black Pepper

0.5 kg/vine

1.23 kg/vine

16

17 High Potential Crops

High Potential Crops

Cotton Maize Oilseeds Paddy Sugarcane & Sugar Beet Tapioca Tomato & other vegetables

Banana Orchard crops – amla, cashew, lime, mango, papaya Tree Crops – bamboo, casuarina, eucalyptus, jatropa, paradise tree Black pepper & other herbs and spices

17

18 Rotate & Mix Cropping Patterns

Rotate & Mix Cropping Patterns

Rotate 3 different crops for 3 seasons every year (1 year example) Vegetable in fall Maize in spring Pulse in summer Mixed cropping (10 acre example) 3 acres maize, tapioca, sugarcane or sugar beet for ethanol 1 acre banana 1 acre vegetable 1 acre pulses for edible oil 1 acre mango, neem or amla orchard 1 acre Casuarina (irrigated or dry 1 acre jatropa (dry) for fuel oil 1 acre Paradise tree (dry) for edible oil

18

19 Creating Assured Markets

Creating Assured Markets

19

20 Energy is an unlimited market

Energy is an unlimited market

India needs energy – demand for power & oil will triple by 2020 Shift to renewable energy for energy self-sufficiency Bio-fuels are cost-effective source of renewable energy & reduce dependence on coal & imported oil Ethanol from maize, tapioca, sugarcane & sugar beet can be mixed as a pollution-free motor fuel Electrical power can be produced from Casuarina & other tree crops Diesel fuel oil can be produced from Jatropa tree

20

21 Biomass Power Plants

Biomass Power Plants

One in Tamil Nadu, 20 in AP with 20 more licensed Tamil Nadu power demand increasing 10% per annum Capital investment Rs 3 per MW vs. Rs 5 for thermal power. Decentralized plants will reduce transmission losses & support rural industries.

21

22 Ethanol – A Proven Motor Fuel

Ethanol – A Proven Motor Fuel

Ethanol-petrol fuel blends are utilized in more than 20 countries, including Brazil, Canada, Sweden and USA. Ethanol is clean burning, pollution free. USA consumes 4 billion liters of ethanol as motor fuel per annum.

22

23 Brazil

Brazil

41% of demand for transport fuel is met by ethanol 4 million vehicles run on 95% ethanol blend. Country consumes more than 16 billion liters of ethanol annually Reduced oil imports by 70% between 1979 and 1992 while cutting reliance on imported oil from 43% to 22%

23

24 Ethanol in India

Ethanol in India

GOI has already approved 5% ethanol-petrol fuel blend Ethanol can be approved for use up to 10% mix with both petrol and diesel in unmodified vehicle engines. India consumes 40 million tons of diesel and 6 million tons of petrol annually. Assuming a 10% blend of ethanol with petrol & diesel, total ethanol requirement would be 4.6 million tons per annum, equivalent to 4.6 billion liters. With engine modification, much higher ethanol blends can be utilized, created a potential demand for more than 10 billion liters of ethanol per annum. Total current production of ethanol in India (primarily from molasses) is 1.3 billion liters, of which 50% is used for industrial purposes and 50% for potable purposes.

24

25 Economics of Ethanol Fuel

Economics of Ethanol Fuel

Cost of production of ethanol fuel from sugarcane will be approximately Rs 18 liter, of which 2/3rd will go as income to farmers. International price Rs 18-20 per liter FOB vs. cost of production Rs 15.

25

26 Benefits of Bio-Fuels Project

Benefits of Bio-Fuels Project

Creates employment for 2.5 million rural families Generates Rs 23,000 Crores rural income Reduces dependence on imported fuels Create an alternative market for sugarcane to reduce sugar surplus Stimulus to rural industrialization Reduce pollution from petrol-based motor fuel Boost rural electricity generation from begasse & provide local source of power for rural industrialization Improve general rural eco system and generate average Rs.20,000 per year for each families covered under the scheme.

26

27 Tamil Nadu Rural Energy Strategy

Tamil Nadu Rural Energy Strategy

Cover 25 lakh hectares with energy crops 5 lakh ha -- Casuarina & other tree crops for biomass power 10 lakh ha -- Jatropa (rain fed) for engine fuel oil 10 lakh ha – Ethanol from maize, tapioca, sugarcane & sugar beet 2000 MW of biomass power generation 10.75 million tons of bio fuels (.75 MT jatropa & 10 MT ethanol) 27.5 lakh farm & non-farm jobs from the above energy crops Higher rural income & widespread rural prosperity

27

28 Meet India’s demand for Edible Oil

Meet India’s demand for Edible Oil

India imports 3 million tons of edible oil / year 10 lakh hectares of Paradise Tree will generate 1.5 MT of edible oil worth Rs 6000 crores Edible oil crops can generate additional 5 lakh farm & non-farm jobs

28

29 Other Agro-Industrial Crops

Other Agro-Industrial Crops

Corn oil, corn flakes, corn syrup, fructose, chicken & cattle feed, and many other foods and industrial chemicals from maize Fruit juices, pulp and dried fruits from mango, guava, pineapple, grapes, etc. Processed tomatoes High protein foods from beans Herbs & Medicinal plants such as amla, neem

29

30 Generate 1000 Agro-Industries

Generate 1000 Agro-Industries

200 – Ten MW Biomass Power Plants ? 275 – Oil extraction units for jatropa 275 – Oil extraction units for Paradise 250 – Ethanol plants ? Registered crops on sugar factory model

30

31 Strategy for Industrialisation

Strategy for Industrialisation

Educate farmers about commercial potential of each agro-industrial crop. Demonstrate methods for high profit cultivation at training centres & on farm schools. Canvas farmers in each region to plant sufficient area for one or more agro-industries of each type. Conduct business conferences in major cities to promote these agro-industries. Identify potential entrepreneurs and investors in each taluq and approach them to establish units. Recommend for cold storage and crop processing facilities.

31

32 Critical Needs

Critical Needs

Transfer of advanced crop production technology Intensive training of farmers on AT Diversify cropping patterns Improve management of water resources Create links with agro-industries

32

33 Tamil Nadu Project for Advanced Agriculture Technology (TPAAT)

Tamil Nadu Project for Advanced Agriculture Technology (TPAAT)

Project Partners Tamil Nadu Government California Agricultural Consulting Services, USA – agricultural consultants to award winning farms covering 30,000 acres in California The Mother’s Service Society, Pondicherry – social science, development & education research institute, operated 1st village adoption scheme by nationalized bank in India

33

34 Project Goals

Project Goals

Transfer and disseminate AT (Agriculture Technology) to double the yield on major commercial crops. Teach farmers how to double or triple net income per acre by higher productivity, crop diversification, and improved water management. Promote cropping patterns that will support links to agro-industries.

34

35 Project Targets

Project Targets

Train more than 100,000 farmers within three years on methods for high profit commercial crop production. Train an additional 100,000 farmers per year from 4th year onwards. Establish 6000 village-based Farm Schools within four years. Establish permanent infrastructure for on-going technical support to lead farmers.

35

36 Project Components

Project Components

11 -- Model Farms cum Training Centres to demonstrate high yield, high profit production methods with farm equipment hire centres 8 – world class soil labs Training of 6000 Farm School Instructors to set up village-based Farm Schools Computer software for crop selection & production Computerized farmer training programme Links with agro-industries AT information website

36

37 6000 Farm Schools (FS)

6000 Farm Schools (FS)

10 acre model farms in the village on owned or leased lands to demonstrate TPAAT methods run by self-employed farmer-cum-Ag-consultants trained by TPAAT Each FS to train 30 lead farmers per year in TPAAT methods On-going technical support from TPAAT to FSs Each FS has computer centre for farmer education & technical advice Income from training of lead farmers (Rs. 30,000 to 60,000 per year) for each FS instructor FS instructor is certified by TPAAT FS instructor is technical representative of TPAAT in the village

37

38 Training Curriculum for FS Instructors

Training Curriculum for FS Instructors

Crop economics Crop selection methods Land preparation Deep ploughing & rainwater harvesting techniques Soil analysis & plant nutrition techniques Pest management practices Irrigation scheduling & methods Crop maintenance practices Harvesting methods Post-harvest handling Agro-industry & agri-business opportunities Marketing Teaching and communication skills

38

39 Training Methodology

Training Methodology

Classroom lectures Practical demonstration on model farms Practical field work applying all concepts on model farm test plots

39

40 Computerized Farm Advisory Software (FAS)

Computerized Farm Advisory Software (FAS)

Recommend best cropping pattern options based on soil analysis, cost of inputs & prevailing market prices, including cost-benefit for each crop Recommend package of practices for specific crops based on field conditions & soil test results Generate detailed crop production instructions for the specific crop and field conditions

40

41 Computerized Educational Software

Computerized Educational Software

Tamil language 25 to 50 hours of CD-Rom based courseware covering all aspects of CACS technology For use at training centres, farm schools, secondary schools and vocational training centres Multimedia: With photographs, video images, text & voice presentations Interactive: User selects topics and proceeds at own pace Feedback: Self-tests provide instant feedback to users

41

42 Farmers Trained

Farmers Trained

Year

1

2

3

4

Total

1100

1400

1500

2000

6000

33000

75000

120000

228000

Cumulative Total

1100

34400

76500

122000

234000

Farm School Instructors Trained

Lead Farmers Trained

42

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