Россия
<<  All About Montana (Всё о Монтане) A school uniform in Great Britain and in Russia  >>
All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination
All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination
What Exactly Is Artificial Insemination
What Exactly Is Artificial Insemination
Artificial Insemination Is: The injection of semen from a male into
Artificial Insemination Is: The injection of semen from a male into
History Of Artificial Insemination
History Of Artificial Insemination
Advantages of Artificial Insemination
Advantages of Artificial Insemination
Advantages of Artificial Insemination Cont
Advantages of Artificial Insemination Cont
Disadvantages Of Artificial Insemination
Disadvantages Of Artificial Insemination
Bull Selection
Bull Selection
EPD's Account For:
EPD's Account For:
What Are EPD's
What Are EPD's
EPD's & Accuracy
EPD's & Accuracy
Facilities
Facilities
The Collection Of Semen
The Collection Of Semen
Semen Extension
Semen Extension
Handling Semen
Handling Semen
Semen Storage
Semen Storage
Tools Used In Artificial Insemination
Tools Used In Artificial Insemination
But
But
By combining the two procedures, a two-injection PG600 Cysterelin
By combining the two procedures, a two-injection PG600 Cysterelin
Artificial Insemination Checklist & Steps
Artificial Insemination Checklist & Steps
9. Insemination gun and sheath should also be approximately 95 degrees
9. Insemination gun and sheath should also be approximately 95 degrees
Artificial Insemination Cont
Artificial Insemination Cont
You Now Have A Pregnant Cow
You Now Have A Pregnant Cow
Healy High School Agriculture Students
Healy High School Agriculture Students
The “Girls” Of The Group
The “Girls” Of The Group

Презентация: «All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination». Автор: Healy Schools. Файл: «All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1045 КБ.

All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination

содержание презентации «All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination

All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination

"No Bull"

Healy High School Agriculture Class October 27, 2004

2 What Exactly Is Artificial Insemination

What Exactly Is Artificial Insemination

But This…

Not This…

3 Artificial Insemination Is: The injection of semen from a male into

Artificial Insemination Is: The injection of semen from a male into

the vagina of a female by a chosen tool. . . Looking something like this.

4 History Of Artificial Insemination

History Of Artificial Insemination

Artificial Insemination is older than everyone in this room’s ages combined. Documents from around 1322 A.D. state that an Arab chief wanted to mate his mare to a stallion owned by his rival. So he preformed an amateur version of the artificial insemination we know today.

Then in 1780, Spallanzani successfully bred two dogs with the use of A.I. Leading to him being named the inventor of artificial insemination.

The mass breeding of cattle however didn’t come until later, in 1931. By an A.I. Cooperation in Denmark.

5 Advantages of Artificial Insemination

Advantages of Artificial Insemination

The greatest advantage of Artificial Insemination is that it increases the maximum use of superior sires.

It allows easier access for consumers to obtaining high quality sperm.

You can compare herds easier.

Increase accuracy and selection intensity

Introduce new genetics easier.

6 Advantages of Artificial Insemination Cont

Advantages of Artificial Insemination Cont

The semen being used can be tested for disease.

You can identify genetic defects.

These all lead to genetic improvement in herds and cattle stock.

7 Disadvantages Of Artificial Insemination

Disadvantages Of Artificial Insemination

Not Being Timed Properly (In order with the “heat” cycle)

The Semen Not Being Handled Properly

The main point of this information is that you need to truly know what you are doing and getting into before beginning this process.

{There are about 22 steps that must be done right to have an accurate fertilization}

8 Bull Selection

Bull Selection

AI allows for and enormous range of options in the bulls that you use

Bulls are listed in catalogs and their pedigree and EPDs are provided to help with the selection

9 EPD's Account For:

EPD's Account For:

Genetic value of cows to which the bull is bred

Environmental differences affecting contemporary groups

Genetic differences of other parents in the contemporary

Genetic trend

10 What Are EPD's

What Are EPD's

Expected Progeny Differences

These are used to estimate how future progeny of an animal will compare to progeny of other animals within the breed.

11 EPD's & Accuracy

EPD's & Accuracy

Accuracy is the reliability of the EPD numbers

Low: 0.0 to .25

Medium: .25 to .50

High: .50 to 1.0

12 Facilities

Facilities

Proper working facilities are a must when artificially inseminating cattle

It eases stress and helps to prevent injury of all involved

13 The Collection Of Semen

The Collection Of Semen

There are several ways to collect semen. Although the use of an artificial vagina is most common.

The artificial vagina is made of a firm cylindrical tube that has a thin-walled rubber lining.

First the bull is allowed to mount a teaser cow

Then as the bull ejaculates the penis is directed into the artificial vagina, where the semen is captured.

14 Semen Extension

Semen Extension

The main reason for extending (or diluting) the semen is to increase the number of females that can be inseminated from one ejaculation. A normal ejaculated from a dairy bull will contain 5 to 10 billion sperm, which can be used to inseminate 300 to 1000 cows if fully extended. There are several good semen extenders. Those made from egg yolk or pasteurized, homogenized milk are two of the most widely used. A good tender not only adds volume ejaculate but favors sperm survival and longevity. Dilution rate depends on quality of sperm per insemination have good conception rates. Penicillin and streptomycin are added to semen extenders. These antibiotics inhibit bacterial growth and reduce danger of spreading diseases such as vibriosis.

15 Handling Semen

Handling Semen

A revolutionized discovery was made; That semen could be frozen. It can also be stored for indefinite periods. British scientists discovered that addition of glycerol to the semen extender improved resistance of sperm to freezing, in 1949. Glycerol removes water from the sperm before freezing. It also prevents the ice crystals from damaging the sperm.

16 Semen Storage

Semen Storage

One way is dry ice and alcohol (-100 degrees F)

Liquid nitrogen (-320 degrees F), the preferred method. Is preferred because there isn’t any deterioration with age.

When using dry ice and alcohol fertility declines gradually.

17 Tools Used In Artificial Insemination

Tools Used In Artificial Insemination

Liquid Nitrogen tank

Semen straw

Long gloves

Warm water bath

Insemination rod

Thermometer

Paper towels

Rubbing alcohol

Straw cutter

Clock

Record books

Sheath

18 But

But

..Before You Artificially Inseminate

The first step in figuring out the right time to consider artificial insemination is detecting the time that your female is in heat. Many prefer to use prostaglandin (s) or “PG” (potent hormone-like substance found in bodily tissues that have important functions in the animal body,) so they can focus their labor to restricted amounts of time for heat detection, instead of relying on daily observations.

There are a multitude of ovulation management products being used today, which include combinations of either PG and/or GnRH (other hormones). While PG is used, as a one-shot or two-shot administration it has been the basis of most operations, the development of the OvSynch procedure has become more popular, and good results have been achieved with this GnRH/PG combination.

19 By combining the two procedures, a two-injection PG600 Cysterelin

By combining the two procedures, a two-injection PG600 Cysterelin

Bovalene Estrumate followed by OvSynch, will increase of 1st service conception rates. Why this exact combination works we don’t really know, “it just does” is the only reason that scientists have been able to come up with so far.

So before you artificially inseminate your cattle, be sure to know how or when they are cycling.

20 Artificial Insemination Checklist & Steps

Artificial Insemination Checklist & Steps

1. Keep breeding kit clean and organized 2. Identify cow & check breeding record 3.Wash Hands 4. Have sleeve, sheath, gun, scissors, and towels ready before thawing semen. 5. Prepare water bath at 90-95 degrees and place near tank 6. Keep semen below frost line while removing straws for thawing 7. Remove straws within 10 seconds 8. Shake straw to remove excess nitrogen and quickly plunge into water bath for 40-45 seconds.

21 9. Insemination gun and sheath should also be approximately 95 degrees

9. Insemination gun and sheath should also be approximately 95 degrees

and not extremely hot or cold to touch 10. Dry straw completely and check semen I.D. prior to loading gun 11. Clip ?” squarely from the end of the straw and apply sheath. Lock o-ring firmly in place. 12. Wrap prepared gun in dry paper towel or protective sheath and tuck close to body. 13. Clean vulva thoroughly prior to insertion of breeding gun. 14. Insert insemination gun at 30? angle to avoid urethral opening. 15. Pass rod through cervix, check location (uterine body) with tip of index finger and slowly deposit 1/2 of semen.

22 Artificial Insemination Cont

Artificial Insemination Cont

16. Recheck location and deposit the rest of the semen. 17. Slowly remove gun and check for infection, blood, and semen feedback inside sheath. 18. Recheck semen I.D. 19. Properly dispose of sheath, towels and glove. 20. Clean gun if needed. 21. Record breeding information on barn chart and/or other record keeping system. 22. Recheck temperature of water bath prior to thawing additional straws and repeat the steps listed above.

23 You Now Have A Pregnant Cow

You Now Have A Pregnant Cow

..

And A Baby On The Way!

24 Healy High School Agriculture Students

Healy High School Agriculture Students

25 The “Girls” Of The Group

The “Girls” Of The Group

The “Boys” Of The Group

The Sponsor Of The Group

«All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination»
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/all-there-is-to-know-about-artificial-insemination-106509.html
cсылка на страницу
Урок

Английский язык

29 тем
Слайды
900igr.net > Презентации по английскому языку > Россия > All There Is To Know About Artificial Insemination