Курсы английского
<<  Кельтское искусство на английском Action research for curriculum developments in languages: identifying troublesome grammar knowledge  >>
KAZAKHSTAN: Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine
KAZAKHSTAN: Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine
Kazakhstan at a Glance
Kazakhstan at a Glance
GapMinder: World Trends (www
GapMinder: World Trends (www
Kazakhstan Trends: 1800 – 1990 (www
Kazakhstan Trends: 1800 – 1990 (www
Kazakhstan Trends: 1995-2011 (www
Kazakhstan Trends: 1995-2011 (www
Middle Income Trap
Middle Income Trap
Two Scenarios for CAREC Countries
Two Scenarios for CAREC Countries
Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Indices 2011
Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Indices 2011
Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Trends
Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Trends
Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing in Central Asia
Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing in Central Asia
Kazakhstan’s Healthcare at a Glance
Kazakhstan’s Healthcare at a Glance
Life Expectancy at Birth
Life Expectancy at Birth
Mortality Trends in Kazakhstan
Mortality Trends in Kazakhstan
Disease Burden in Kazakhstan and EU
Disease Burden in Kazakhstan and EU
Macroeconomic and Total Health Expenditure
Macroeconomic and Total Health Expenditure
Overview of Health System
Overview of Health System
Healthcare expenditures
Healthcare expenditures
Responsibility for Managing Financial Resources
Responsibility for Managing Financial Resources
Public-Private Mix in Funding Curative Services
Public-Private Mix in Funding Curative Services
Health Expenditure by Function of Care
Health Expenditure by Function of Care
Cost of Medical Services: Procedures
Cost of Medical Services: Procedures
Cost of Medical Services: Radiology
Cost of Medical Services: Radiology
Cost of Medical Services: Labor
Cost of Medical Services: Labor
Cost of Medical Services: Drugs
Cost of Medical Services: Drugs
Effectiveness of Hospital Bed Use
Effectiveness of Hospital Bed Use
Population Projections in Kazakhstan by Age Category
Population Projections in Kazakhstan by Age Category
Kazakhstan’s Aging Population
Kazakhstan’s Aging Population
Surgical and Non-Surgical Bed-Days in Kazakhstan
Surgical and Non-Surgical Bed-Days in Kazakhstan
Our Strategic Vision
Our Strategic Vision

Презентация: «Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine». Автор: Almaz Sharman. Файл: «Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 3408 КБ.

Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine

содержание презентации «Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 KAZAKHSTAN: Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine

KAZAKHSTAN: Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine

Almaz Sharman, Professor of Medicine

2 Kazakhstan at a Glance

Kazakhstan at a Glance

The 9th largest country in the world by territory (the size of Western Europe); Borders Russia, China, Caspian Sea Population – 16 million Among top ten countries in oil and gas reserves: 2 mln barrels per day (bpd) of oil by 2010 and 3 million bpd by 2015. More than $15 bn US investments $40 bn National Oil Fund modeled after Norwegian Oil Fund Diversified economy: construction, heavy machinery, agriculture, tourism

2

3 GapMinder: World Trends (www

GapMinder: World Trends (www

gapmainder.org)

Japan

China

Malaisya

Qatar

India

USA

Saudi Arabia

Russia

KAZAKHSTAN

Congo

3

4 Kazakhstan Trends: 1800 – 1990 (www

Kazakhstan Trends: 1800 – 1990 (www

gapmainder.org)

5 Kazakhstan Trends: 1995-2011 (www

Kazakhstan Trends: 1995-2011 (www

gapmainder.org)

6 Middle Income Trap

Middle Income Trap

7 Two Scenarios for CAREC Countries

Two Scenarios for CAREC Countries

Asian Century Scenario Middle Income Trap Scenario

Source: Centennial Group, 2011

8 Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Indices 2011

Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Indices 2011

INDICES

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Germany

Germany

Turkey

Turkey

Population Thriving

31%

+4

41%

-1

24%

+8

Population Struggling

58%

-3

52%

-2

56%

-14

Population Suffering

11%

0

7%

+2

20%

+6

Employed full time for an employer

50%+

50%+

50%+

Underemployed

15-24%

15-24%

15-24%

Unemployed

5-9%

5-9%

10-14%

With home Internet access

33%

+2

77%

-1

40%

+2

Satisfied with local schools

51%

-6

63%

-2

53%

-8

Confident in national government

72%

+1

43%

+2

60%

+5

Confident in honesty of elections

54%

12

67%

+9

50%

+13

Food insecure

50%

-6

5%

+1

35%

http://www.gallup.com/consulting/worldpoll/24046/About.aspx

9 Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Trends

Kazakhstan: Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Trends

http://www.gallup.com/consulting/worldpoll/24046/About.aspx

10 Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing in Central Asia

Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing in Central Asia

http://www.gallup.com/consulting/worldpoll/24046/About.aspx

11 Kazakhstan’s Healthcare at a Glance

Kazakhstan’s Healthcare at a Glance

Mostly government funded with the budget of about 4% GDP Dual burden of disease: TB, STDs/heart disease and cancer Significant government investments; the challenge is to make sure they are based on international best practices Starting January 2010, Kazakhstan introduced a new single-payer National Healthcare System with capitation funding for out-patient services Loosely regulated market–based private system offers competitive solutions.

11

12 Life Expectancy at Birth

Life Expectancy at Birth

Indicator

Kazakhstan

CIS countries

EU

European Region

Total

67.18

68.07

79.43

75.48

Male

61.94

62.77

76.34

71.67

Female

72.53

73.63

82.43

79.33

Source: Health for All Database, WHO EURO (2010)

13 Mortality Trends in Kazakhstan

Mortality Trends in Kazakhstan

Source: Health for All Database, WHO EURO (2010)

13

14 Disease Burden in Kazakhstan and EU

Disease Burden in Kazakhstan and EU

Share of Disease Burden (%)

Cause

Kazakhstan

CIS8

EU27

EU15

Cardiovascular diseases

22

22

14

12

Neuropsychiatric disorders

14

16

30

32

Unintentional Injuries

13

8

8

7

Infectious and parasitic diseases

5

7

2

2

Perinatal conditions

4

5

N/A

NA

Digestive diseases

5

6

5

4

Respiratory infections

4

6

N/A

NA

Respiratory diseases

4

4

6

7

Cancer (malignant neoplasms)

7

6

13

13

Intentional injuries

7

N/A

3

N/A

Total non-communicable diseases

76

82

87

84

Total communicable diseases

5

7

2

2

Total injuries

19

11

11

10

Source: 10 health questions about Caucasus and Central Asia, WHO EURO

15 Macroeconomic and Total Health Expenditure

Macroeconomic and Total Health Expenditure

Macroeconomic parameters

2008

2009

2010

2011

GDP (US$Bn)

133.44

115.31

149.06

178.312

Total general government expenditure (GGE) US$Bn

13.33

13.84

16.40

21.39

Total HE (US$ billion)

5.34

4.61

5.96

7.13

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

140.92

151.21

161.97

N/A

CPI for services, including health

111.7

114.3

109.8

104.3

Index of real growth 2007=100

100

112.5

113.3

117.7

Health care financing ratios

Health care financing ratios

Health care financing ratios

Health care financing ratios

Health care financing ratios

Total HE as % of GDP

4

4

4

4

Public health expenditure as % of GGE

8

11

11

N/A

Public health expenditure as % of GDP

2

3

N/A

N/A

Private health expenditure as % of total HE

42

41

41

N/A

Per capita ratios

Per capita ratios

Per capita ratios

Per capita ratios

Per capita ratios

Per capita total HE current US$**

329.81

325.94

393.10

N/A

Per capita total HE current PPP int.$***

440.45

514.48

540.52

N/A

Sources: Agency for Statistics, Ministry of Finance, National Bank of Kazakhstan, www.economywatch.com

16 Overview of Health System

Overview of Health System

MINISTRY OF HEALTH

Local Governments

National hospitals Research centers

Medical universities

OBLAST HEALTH DEPARTMENT

State committee for sanitary epidemiologic surveillance

Oblast branches

State committee for quality and pharmaceutical control

Private healthcare organizations

Public health organizations

Oblast branches

State committee health services purchasing

Oblast branches

Source: Katsaga et al. Kazakhstan: Health System Review. Health Systems in Transition, 2012; 14(4): 1 - 154

17 Healthcare expenditures

Healthcare expenditures

Source: Katsaga et al. Kazakhstan: Health System Review. Health Systems in Transition, 2012; 14(4): 1 - 154

18 Responsibility for Managing Financial Resources

Responsibility for Managing Financial Resources

% of total of current health expenditure

Fund managers

2008

2009

2010

2011

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

59.0

60.6

58.2

60.1

Central government bodies

5.7

13.6

8.9

30.3

Oblast/local government bodies

53.3

47.0

49.3

29.8

PRIVATE SECTOR

40.8

39.1

41.5

39.8

Private insurance (other than social insurance)

0.9

1.4

1.2

1.2

Private households (out of pocket)

38.8

37.0

39.9

38.5

Corporations (other than health insurance)

1.0

0.8

0.4

0.1

Other

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.1

Total current health expenditure (%)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Source: Oxford Policy Management, 2011

19 Public-Private Mix in Funding Curative Services

Public-Private Mix in Funding Curative Services

Source: Oxford Policy Management, 2011

20 Health Expenditure by Function of Care

Health Expenditure by Function of Care

2009%

2010 %

2011 %

Current outlays

100

100

100

Compensation of employees

50.2

54.2

55.5

Wages

46.7

46.1

48.7

Social contributions

6.2

4.1

5.4

Supplies and services

36.8

38.3

34.9

Material supplies

26.3

26.6

25.0

Drugs and other medical inputs

16.3

16.3

16.6

Food

4.7

4.0

4.3

Other supplies

5.2

5.3

4.1

Services

10.5

11.7

10.0

Fuel and electricity costs

2.6

2.8

1.0

Utility costs

0.8

0.8

2.2

Other services

7.1

8.1

6.7

Consumption of fixed capital

3.8

3.9

Transfers to households

0.1

0.1

0.0

Property taxes

0.3

0.3

0.4

Other current expenditure

7.3

7.3

6.6

Total CHE less retail sale of drugs and medical supplies ($Bn)

1.88

2.51

2.79

21 Cost of Medical Services: Procedures

Cost of Medical Services: Procedures

Caesarian Section

Angioplasty

Coronary Bypass

Adopted from: International Federation of Health Plans “2011 Comparative Price Report: Medical and Hospital Fees by Country”

22 Cost of Medical Services: Radiology

Cost of Medical Services: Radiology

Angiography

CT Abdomen

MRI

Adopted from: International Federation of Health Plans “2011 Comparative Price Report: Medical and Hospital Fees by Country”

23 Cost of Medical Services: Labor

Cost of Medical Services: Labor

General Practitioner

Uncomplicated Birth

Caesarian Section

Adopted from: International Federation of Health Plans “2011 Comparative Price Report: Medical and Hospital Fees by Country”

24 Cost of Medical Services: Drugs

Cost of Medical Services: Drugs

Cost of Nexium

Cost of Plavix

Adopted from: International Federation of Health Plans “2011 Comparative Price Report: Medical and Hospital Fees by Country”

25 Effectiveness of Hospital Bed Use

Effectiveness of Hospital Bed Use

Source: Oxford Policy Management, 2011

86.9

83.0

73.0

58.9

54.2

41.9

35.8

29.2

26 Population Projections in Kazakhstan by Age Category

Population Projections in Kazakhstan by Age Category

Source: Sanigest, 2011

27 Kazakhstan’s Aging Population

Kazakhstan’s Aging Population

Source: Sanigest, 2011

28 Surgical and Non-Surgical Bed-Days in Kazakhstan

Surgical and Non-Surgical Bed-Days in Kazakhstan

Surgical bed-days

Non-surgical bed-days

Source: Sanigest, 2011

29 Our Strategic Vision

Our Strategic Vision

Transform medicine and health from a Curative to a Preemptive paradigm Support basic research to identify the earliest molecular stages of disease in complex biological systems Accelerate translation of findings from the bench to the bedside to the community Provide the evidence and knowledge base to allow for a rational transformation of Kazakhstan’s healthcare system

«Background, Healthcare Academic Medicine»
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/background-healthcare-academic-medicine-106669.html
cсылка на страницу

Курсы английского

25 презентаций о курсах английского
Урок

Английский язык

29 тем
Слайды