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Barbarian to Carolingian Art
Barbarian to Carolingian Art
End of the Classical Era
End of the Classical Era
End of the Classical Era
End of the Classical Era
Dark Ages
Dark Ages
Dark Ages
Dark Ages
Barbarians  Warriors Boar Helmet
Barbarians Warriors Boar Helmet
Barbarians  Warriors With Boar Helmets
Barbarians Warriors With Boar Helmets
Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages
Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages
Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages
Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art - Viking Jewelery
Celtic/Germanic Art - Viking Jewelery
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art
Celtic/Germanic Art  Saxon Literature -- Beowulf
Celtic/Germanic Art Saxon Literature -- Beowulf
Celtic/Germanic Art; Anglo  Saxon Literature --Beowulf
Celtic/Germanic Art; Anglo Saxon Literature --Beowulf
Christianity
Christianity
Christianity
Christianity
Monasticism
Monasticism
Monasticism
Monasticism
Christian Influence
Christian Influence
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
Early Medieval Illumination
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
Carolingian Texts
Carolingian Texts
Carolingian Texts
Carolingian Texts
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
Carolingian Texts
Carolingian Texts
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries
The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries
The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries
The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance Portable Art
The Carolingian Renaissance Portable Art
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance Fresco
The Carolingian Renaissance Fresco
The Carolingian Renaissance
The Carolingian Renaissance
End of the Carolingian Renaissance
End of the Carolingian Renaissance
End of the Carolingian Renaissance
End of the Carolingian Renaissance
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian art
Ottonian art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Ottonian Art
Finis
Finis
Barbarian to Carolingian Art
Barbarian to Carolingian Art

: Barbarian to Carolingian Art. : . : Barbarian to Carolingian Art.ppt. zip-: 2973 .

Barbarian to Carolingian Art

Barbarian to Carolingian Art.ppt
1 Barbarian to Carolingian Art

Barbarian to Carolingian Art

2 End of the Classical Era

End of the Classical Era

The collapse of the economy of the West meant that skilled workers departed for the East. Even had the new barbarian rulers an interest in preserving city life, there were no longer the technical skills to do so. The West simply ran down through neglect.

3 End of the Classical Era

End of the Classical Era

The Barbarians who came to settle in what had been the Western Roman Empire brought their own artistic traditions with them.

4 Dark Ages

Dark Ages

The dark ages were not so dark as many imagine them. Classical culture lived on and classical art was much valued, even by Romes barbarian conquerors. However, trade and the organization needed to maintain a civilized, urban, culture collapsed.

5 Dark Ages

Dark Ages

There was no sudden disappearance of Classical forms just a fading out of the Classical World as the barbarians took over.

6 Barbarians  Warriors Boar Helmet

Barbarians Warriors Boar Helmet

7 Barbarians  Warriors With Boar Helmets

Barbarians Warriors With Boar Helmets

8 Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages

Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages

Barbarian art differed from Classical art in many ways. First and foremost, it reflected pagan, and often animist traditions. Nature deities replaced man and God as the measure of all things.

9 Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages

Barbarians & the So-Called Dark Ages

Abstract and organic shapes were merged in highly original designs. Art objects tended to be portable, since the Germanic tribes were mobile.

Tara Brooch (Celtic)

10 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

Most such art existed in small, portable, forms. Jewelry Textiles Weaponry

Purse Cover from the Sutton Hoo Treasure

11 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

12 Celtic/Germanic Art - Viking Jewelery

Celtic/Germanic Art - Viking Jewelery

13 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

Naturally textiles and wood have mostly been lost. Some Norse artifacts, which are culturally similar, but from a later period, do survive.

Wooden Prow of a Viking Longship

14 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

Long lasting work in metal does survive and provides evidence of a rich artistic tradition.

Gundestrup Cauldron beaten our of 10 kg. Of silver

15 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

Much surviving craftsmanship consists of weaponry.

16 Celtic/Germanic Art

Celtic/Germanic Art

17 Celtic/Germanic Art  Saxon Literature -- Beowulf

Celtic/Germanic Art Saxon Literature -- Beowulf

In a word where literacy was limited to the clergy alone, an oral tradition was vital. Poet-singers, called troubadours, trouveres or minnesanger, told or sang stories and perpetuated legends. One such legend was Beowulf.

18 Celtic/Germanic Art; Anglo  Saxon Literature --Beowulf

Celtic/Germanic Art; Anglo Saxon Literature --Beowulf

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19 Christianity

Christianity

Between the 5th and 9th centuries a fusion of the Classical and Germanic worlds would take place. The catalyst for this change was the Roman Catholic Church.

20 Christianity

Christianity

The advance of Christianity in the Barbarian West is the most significant development of the early Middle Ages. Missionaries and monks from Ireland in the North-West and from Rome eventually Christianized all of Western Europe. Their monopoly of literacy and learning made them invaluable to Kings and powerful rulers.

21 Monasticism

Monasticism

As towns fell into disrepair, small, often remote, monastic communities preserved what they valued of the classical world, including literacy and some technology. The chief strength of the Church was that it preserved learning in the West. Kings and chiefs needed the skills that only the clergy possessed

22 Monasticism

Monasticism

From their fortress-like communities, monks laboriously copied manuscripts, worked and prayed.

23 Christian Influence

Christian Influence

The fusion of Christian and Celtic-Germanic styles is seen in Irish and Scottish stone crosses.

Monasterboice Cross

Moone Cross

24 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

The Christian influence is also particularly apparent in manuscript illuminations, the work of Irish monks.

Illumination of a page from the Book of Kells

25 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

Gospel of Luke

26 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

Halberstadt Gospels

27 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

Lindisfarne Gospels

28 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

Book of Kells

Lindisfarne Gospels

29 Early Medieval Illumination

Early Medieval Illumination

In this early art, man becomes a stylized and unrealistic image.

30 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

The so-called Carolingian Renaissance was short-lived. Art and learning were encouraged and the great king nearly restored order to Europe. Unfortunately his successors were less capable and outside invasions destroyed his empires unity.

31 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Light Green areas inherited by Charlemagne Dark Green areas added by the time of his death

32 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Charlemagne Coin

33 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

The Supposed Sword of Charlemagne

34 Carolingian Texts

Carolingian Texts

Codex Aureus

35 Carolingian Texts

Carolingian Texts

St. Gall Gospel Back Cover

36 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Charlemagne encouraged learning and literacy. Monks copied and created illuminated works of great beauty, such as Ebbos Gospel Book.

St. Mathews Gospel

37 Carolingian Texts

Carolingian Texts

Charlemagnes Gospel of St. Mark

38 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

An important development in Carolingian scriptoria was the invention of a new kind of writing Carolingian miniscule which used both upper and lower case letters.

39 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

From the Stuttgart Psalter

40 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Wonderful work in metal and crystal adorned abbeys and palaces.

41 The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries

The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries

Supposed True Cross Reliquary

42 The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries

The Carolingian Renaissance Reliquaries

43 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Ivory Dyptich

44 The Carolingian Renaissance Portable Art

The Carolingian Renaissance Portable Art

A Carolingian Purse

45 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

Few mosaics survive, but they were important and likely reflect links to the Byzantine Empire

Ceiling of Charlemagnes Palatine Chapel, Aachen

46 The Carolingian Renaissance Fresco

The Carolingian Renaissance Fresco

St. Rabanus

47 The Carolingian Renaissance

The Carolingian Renaissance

In politics, Charlemagne linked the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds. They were now also linked politically. Classical realism reappear, somewhat. It is also linked with Byzantine symbolism and Germanic decoration.

48 End of the Carolingian Renaissance

End of the Carolingian Renaissance

Charlemagnes death left the empire in weaker hands. By the treaty of Verdun, the Frankish Empire was divided among his grandsons.

49 End of the Carolingian Renaissance

End of the Carolingian Renaissance

Outsiders also threatened the empire. From the North came the Vikings. From the East came the Magyars. From the South came the Moslems

50 Ottonian Art

Ottonian Art

The advances of the Carolingian Renaissance were not completely lost, however. Otto I established a line of Saxon kings that gained control over most of Italy and present-day Germany

51 Ottonian Art

Ottonian Art

Otto II married a Byzantine princess, strengthening ties between East and West and bringing Byzantine artists into his Holy Roman Empire.

Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, Note the similarity of this picture with Byzantine portraiture

52 Ottonian Art

Ottonian Art

Around 870 AD, master craftsmen created an opulent image of the crucifixion on the cover of the Lindau Gospels. No attempt was made to present the scene realistically.

53 Ottonian art

Ottonian art

This may be a crucifixion, but the figure on the cross is very much alive. He does not suffer in the least.

54 Ottonian Art

Ottonian Art

Only a century later there is an entirely new depiction of the same scene. Christs agonized portrayal in the Gero Crucifix, though not wholly realistic, is an entirely compassionate portrayal. It also marks the reappearance of monumental sculpture

55 Ottonian Art

Ottonian Art

The Gero image pulls on the heart-strings of the observer. Muscles strain. The body is contorted. Christ suffers and, he suffers for man.

56 Finis

Finis

57 Barbarian to Carolingian Art
Barbarian to Carolingian Art
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