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Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer  10/20/14
Bell Ringer 10/20/14
Islamic Cultural Diffusion and Islamic Empires
Islamic Cultural Diffusion and Islamic Empires
Islamic Empires Vocabulary
Islamic Empires Vocabulary
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
https://www
https://www
The RISE OF ISLAM
The RISE OF ISLAM
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Why choose Islam
Why choose Islam
Death of Muhammed in 623
Death of Muhammed in 623
Split within Islam
Split within Islam
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
MECCA
MECCA
Characteristics of Islamic society
Characteristics of Islamic society
Ottoman Empire Origins
Ottoman Empire Origins
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
The Ottoman Empire 1453-1918 The Ottomans Nomadic group of Turkish
The Ottoman Empire 1453-1918 The Ottomans Nomadic group of Turkish
The Fall of Constantinople:1453
The Fall of Constantinople:1453
The Ottoman Capital  Constantinople now renamed Istanbul
The Ottoman Capital Constantinople now renamed Istanbul
Hagia Sophia  Church of Holy Wisdom  turned into a mosque
Hagia Sophia Church of Holy Wisdom turned into a mosque
The Ottoman Bureaucracy
The Ottoman Bureaucracy
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 The Rule of Suleiman Muslim ruler
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 The Rule of Suleiman Muslim ruler
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Created a grand court and empire
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Created a grand court and empire
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566
Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
The Golden Age of the Ottomans Important advancements made in science,
The Golden Age of the Ottomans Important advancements made in science,
Muslim Inventions https://www
Muslim Inventions https://www
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
The Islamic Empires 1500-1800
Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
http://www
http://www
Taj Mahal the jewel of Muslim art in India
Taj Mahal the jewel of Muslim art in India
http://www
http://www
The Islamic Empires1500-1800
The Islamic Empires1500-1800

: Bell Ringer 10614 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this question. : McGee. : Bell Ringer 10614 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this question.ppt. zip-: 5515 .

Bell Ringer 10614 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this question

Bell Ringer 10614 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this question.ppt
1 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this

Bell Ringer 10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this

question! 1. Explain how religion can be used to help strengthen people and an empire? Class discussion in 2 minutes.

2 Bell Ringer  10/20/14

Bell Ringer 10/20/14

Step 1: Refer to your notes on the Rise of Islam. Step 2: Answer the following questions using your notes. Q 1: What was the major disagreement in Islam after Muhammeds death that lead to the split in the religion? Q 2: What are the 2 sects of Islam? Q 3: What is a caliph?

3 Islamic Cultural Diffusion and Islamic Empires

Islamic Cultural Diffusion and Islamic Empires

What Led to the Spread of Islam?

4 Islamic Empires Vocabulary

Islamic Empires Vocabulary

Muhammed Muslim 5 Pillars Koran Caliph Sunni Shiite Osman Bey Anatolia

10. Ottoman Empire 11. Istanbul 12. Hagia Sophia 13. Sultan 14. Suleiman 15. Social Classes 16. Golden Age Accomplishments 17. Safavid Empire 18. Mughal Empire

5 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
6 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
7 https://www

https://www

youtube.com/watch?v=OnDBTskOZik

The Spread of Islam. Prod. Fabian-Baber. Fabian-Baber, 2006. Discovery Education. Web. 25 March 2012

8 The RISE OF ISLAM

The RISE OF ISLAM

Muhammad unified the Arabic people both politically and through the religion of Islam 4 Reasons Islam Spread: The Will of Allah united Muslims Divide and Conquer Byzantine and Persian Empires were weakened from fighting one another Fair Treatment Muslim Rulers conquered fairly, non-Muslims paid a special tax but could practice freely The Mighty Sword Arabs were strong fighters

9 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
10 Why choose Islam

Why choose Islam

Orthodox Christianity became identified with the Greek culture which was foreign to the life of Arabs Zoroastrianism was associated with Persian culture The Byzantine and Persian empires were considered oppressive and cruel Allowed Arabs to have equal status despite wealth

11 Death of Muhammed in 623

Death of Muhammed in 623

Created confusion because he had no successor Discussions led to his father-in-law Abu Bakr becoming the first Caliph deputy Caliphs heads of state, chief judge, religious leader, and military commander Next 3 Caliphs: Umar, Uthman, and Ali All were close friends of Muhammed

12 Split within Islam

Split within Islam

2 sects developed after Muhammeds death

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KLvjs7Yrtw

Sunnis

Shiites

90%

10%

Believed caliph(leader) should be chosen by Muslim leaders

Believed caliph(leader) had to be a relative of Muhammed

13 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
14 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
15 MECCA

MECCA

16 Characteristics of Islamic society

Characteristics of Islamic society

Strong commitment to monotheistic faith, Five Pillars Development of overland and maritime trade and communication routes Facilitated the spread of new crops, trade goods and ideas Adopted various cultural traditions of Persians, Indians, Christians, Judaism, and Greeks

17 Ottoman Empire Origins

Ottoman Empire Origins

Name came from Osman Bey, a Turkish leader of a western Anatolian nomadic group who began expansionistic moves in the 14th century. Gradually these nomads took over Anatolia and became the border between Islam and Byzantine Christian

18 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
19 The Ottoman Empire 1453-1918 The Ottomans Nomadic group of Turkish

The Ottoman Empire 1453-1918 The Ottomans Nomadic group of Turkish

people. Originally from central Asia. Emerged as rulers of the Islamic world. Ottoman Empire The Fall of the Byzantine Empire Ottomans capture Constantinople under the leadership of Mehmed II (1453) 6- week campaign of fighting Controlled trade with Europe & Asia. Made it difficult for Europeans to pass. Conquered Egypt & North Africa. United Muslims under one rule.

20 The Fall of Constantinople:1453

The Fall of Constantinople:1453

Constantinople's location made it the natural "middleman" center for both land and sea trade between the eastern Mediterranean and central Asia, possession of which would ensure immense wealth.

"

21 The Ottoman Capital  Constantinople now renamed Istanbul

The Ottoman Capital Constantinople now renamed Istanbul

22 Hagia Sophia  Church of Holy Wisdom  turned into a mosque

Hagia Sophia Church of Holy Wisdom turned into a mosque

23 The Ottoman Bureaucracy

The Ottoman Bureaucracy

SULTAN

Divans

Muslims

Jews

Local Administrators & Military

Christians

Landowners / Tax Collectors

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdWZvq4yvLU

Social / Military Divans

Heads of Individual Religious Millets

24 Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 The Rule of Suleiman Muslim ruler

Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 The Rule of Suleiman Muslim ruler

from 1520-1566. Named the Lawgiver in the East because he revised the entire legal system of the empire.. Established & enforced strict laws. Based on the Koran. Reconstructed the Ottoman system of rule. Personally instituted legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law

25 Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Created a grand court and empire

Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Created a grand court and empire

Built palaces, mosques, schools, libraries, roads, bridges, hospitals Encouraged literacy, art, science Encouraged conversion to Islam Non-Muslims had to pay a special tax Had Coffee houses drank coffee and discussed political and religious issues

26 Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566

Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566

III. Suleimans Social Class System Citizens were organized into four districts. Men of the pen, sword, negotiation & the fields. men of the pen lawyers, judges, teachers, scientist, poets, artisans men of the sword warriors, soldiers, bodyguards (Janissaries) men of negotiation merchants, tax collectors, traders and merchants men of fields farmers, pig herders 2. Higher citizens ? special privileges. 3. Educated men held the highest rank.

27 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
28 The Golden Age of the Ottomans Important advancements made in science,

The Golden Age of the Ottomans Important advancements made in science,

architecture & literature.

29 Muslim Inventions https://www

Muslim Inventions https://www

youtube.com/watch?v=e6SIcHMF9Y0

Hospitals/Surgery Algebra Bicycle Toothbrush Universities Glasses Coffee Flying Machine

30 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
31 The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

32 The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from 1500-1800 Ottoman Empire (Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa) Safavid Empire (Persia) Mughal Empire (Northern India)

33 The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals Based on military leadership of the ruler Devotion to Islam Based on nomadic traditions Power struggles within families Indirect influence of wives and concubines

34 The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

The Islamic Empires 1500-1800

Culture Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal rulers made their capitals centers of culture and trade Mosques and palaces all over Istanbul, Isfahan, and Delhi Capitals were a reflection of the rulers tastes Rulers hired architects and engineers and incorporated elements of culture

35 Bell Ringer  10/6/14 *Pick up a map and atlas Think about this
36 http://www

http://www

youtube.com/watch?v=Wac0fyrfu_8

37 Taj Mahal the jewel of Muslim art in India

Taj Mahal the jewel of Muslim art in India

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ppAQDPb8DYM

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIyZpEFJID4

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rhHpBe4FjNY

38 http://www

http://www

youtube.com/watch?v=mBB96mj2X38

39 The Islamic Empires1500-1800

The Islamic Empires1500-1800

Decline in the 18th century Though these were powerful empires why did they decline? Due to lack of leadership worked well when tolerant but all rulers not tolerant and many were corrupt Religious tension between Islam and Christianity Cultural conservatism - saw trade very differently from Europeans One reason was they spent a lot of money fighting wars - Decline in military technology Resisted new developments in western technology and science Spent enormous sums on monumental architecture to display power Power Superficially external visible Real power Hidden in inner quarters

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