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Brief History of Sport in Canada
Brief History of Sport in Canada
Early Canada (1600-1850)
Early Canada (1600-1850)
Arrival of British (1763) brought sports like cricket, horse-racing,
Arrival of British (1763) brought sports like cricket, horse-racing,
Victorian Period (1850-1920)
Victorian Period (1850-1920)
Emergence of Sport as a Commodity (1920-1960)
Emergence of Sport as a Commodity (1920-1960)
Sport & Canadian State (1960 – present)
Sport & Canadian State (1960 – present)
History of the Olympic Games
History of the Olympic Games
776 BC
776 BC
Athens, 1896
Athens, 1896
Paris, 1900
Paris, 1900
St
St
London, 1908
London, 1908
Stockholm, 1912
Stockholm, 1912
1914-1918
1914-1918
Antwerp, 1920
Antwerp, 1920
Paris, 1924
Paris, 1924
Amsterdam, 1928
Amsterdam, 1928
Los Angeles, 1932
Los Angeles, 1932
Berlin, 1936
Berlin, 1936
1939 - 1945
1939 - 1945
London, 1948
London, 1948
Helsinki, 1952
Helsinki, 1952
Melbourne, 1956
Melbourne, 1956
Rome, 1960
Rome, 1960
Tokyo, 1964
Tokyo, 1964
Mexico City, 1968
Mexico City, 1968
Munich, 1972
Munich, 1972
Montreal, 1976
Montreal, 1976
Moscow, 1980
Moscow, 1980
Los Angeles, 1984
Los Angeles, 1984
Seoul, 1988
Seoul, 1988
Barcelona, 1992
Barcelona, 1992
1994
1994
Atlanta, 1996
Atlanta, 1996
Sydney, 2000
Sydney, 2000
The Olympic Games…
The Olympic Games…

Презентация: «Brief History of Sport in Canada». Автор: Marcello Campanaro. Файл: «Brief History of Sport in Canada.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 333 КБ.

Brief History of Sport in Canada

содержание презентации «Brief History of Sport in Canada.ppt»
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1 Brief History of Sport in Canada

Brief History of Sport in Canada

1600-present

2 Early Canada (1600-1850)

Early Canada (1600-1850)

Games were important to early native culture Games focused around ceremonial & religious practices Baggataway – lacrosse

3 Arrival of British (1763) brought sports like cricket, horse-racing,

Arrival of British (1763) brought sports like cricket, horse-racing,

fox-hunting, & snow shoeing “Under classes” like farmers & settlers did not have time or $ for recreation Sporting clubs centered around drinking (Scottish merchants began the Montreal CC)

4 Victorian Period (1850-1920)

Victorian Period (1850-1920)

Industrialization (following WWI) provided “free time” Main focus – socialization No leagues or competitions 1860 – 24 clubs in 4 sp; 1894 – 234 in 15

5 Emergence of Sport as a Commodity (1920-1960)

Emergence of Sport as a Commodity (1920-1960)

WWII ended poverty & unemployment of Great Depression Amateur & professional sport emerged and contributed to nationalism TV (1950s) changed sport forever 1917 – NHL (1926 – 10 teams; 2 divisions)

6 Sport & Canadian State (1960 – present)

Sport & Canadian State (1960 – present)

Improved legislation in sports following WWII Government involvement 1950s – Diefenbaker (success in sport needed to boost national pride)

Bill C–131 – 1st time federal gov was officially involved in promotion & dev of fitness & amateur sport 1961-$30,000 Today - $5 million+ Canada Games

7 History of the Olympic Games

History of the Olympic Games

Baron Pierre de Coubertin (1863-1937) Founder of the Olympic Games Body is buried at Olympia in Greece Games emphasize peace, international understanding, & whole development (body, mind, spirit) of human body

8 776 BC

776 BC

First Olympic event takes place with only 1 event Stade race – a sprint of 600 feet (192.28m)

9 Athens, 1896

Athens, 1896

1st modern “Olympic Games” held in Athens, Greece 13 countries 9 sports 311 male participants

10 Paris, 1900

Paris, 1900

A near disaster, these games were poorly organized & received little attention 13 new sports added Women competed in golf & tennis

11 St

St

Louis, 1904

Held at same time as World Fair Only 12 countries participated, with majority of competitors being American 1st Canadian to win GOLD – Desmarteau (Montreal policeman)

12 London, 1908

London, 1908

Use of proper rules but all judges were British so animosity existed among all teams Figure skating first introduced as a sport

13 Stockholm, 1912

Stockholm, 1912

Games well-organized & involved twice as many competitors 2490 male athletes 57 female athletes Women participated in swimming No incidents or protests

14 1914-1918

1914-1918

Olympic Games were cancelled because of WWI

15 Antwerp, 1920

Antwerp, 1920

Hosted by Belgium following WWI 29 countries (but Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria & Turkey were not allowed) Ice hockey introduced as sport

16 Paris, 1924

Paris, 1924

Large increase in participating countries 44 countries 3092 competitors Summer & Winter games began to be held separately

17 Amsterdam, 1928

Amsterdam, 1928

Women participated in athletics & gymnastics Several women collapsed at end of 800m race 48 countries took part

18 Los Angeles, 1932

Los Angeles, 1932

Travel costs reduced # participants More spectators attended than ever; 100,000 at opening ceremonies 1st Olympic Village to accommodate participants

19 Berlin, 1936

Berlin, 1936

IOC insisted Games take place despite persecution of Jews by Hitler’s Nazi party Hitler used Games to show German superiority as a race Jesse Owens (black American) won 4 gold medals

20 1939 - 1945

1939 - 1945

Games cancelled because of WWII

21 London, 1948

London, 1948

London still recovering from war 59 countries 4500 participants Germany, Japan, & Soviet Union did not attend

22 Helsinki, 1952

Helsinki, 1952

“Friendly Games” b/c of Germany’s absence Soviet Union returns after 40 years away Beginning of East-West rivalry that still exists

23 Melbourne, 1956

Melbourne, 1956

Unexpected events & political turmoil Foreign horses could not enter country Equestrian events took place in Sweden Several countries withdrew b/c of political unrest

24 Rome, 1960

Rome, 1960

No political problems All-white team represented South Africa (apartheid) Events witnessed on television Danish cyclist died after using drugs to enhance performance

25 Tokyo, 1964

Tokyo, 1964

Very expensive Games 94 countries despite several being banned (S Africa, N Korea, & Indonesia)

26 Mexico City, 1968

Mexico City, 1968

East & West Germany entered as separate teams Violent demonstration over cost of Games & poverty (people killed) 1st time drug testing “Black power” salute by 2 USA athletes

27 Munich, 1972

Munich, 1972

Black American athletes staged protests during medal ceremonies again Palestinian terrorists killed several Israeli athletes & officials Some teams/competitors left the Games

28 Montreal, 1976

Montreal, 1976

$2 billion spent in preparation French Canadians upset b/c Queen Elizabeth II opened ceremonies Issues with Africa & apartheid; 32 nations walked when IOC refused to ban NZ

29 Moscow, 1980

Moscow, 1980

Games were successfully organized 81 teams took part Boycott by Western countries, spearheaded by USA Security was very heavy

30 Los Angeles, 1984

Los Angeles, 1984

Most commercialized games to date Enormous profit 140 countries Soviet Union, Cuba, & most East European countries boycotted

31 Seoul, 1988

Seoul, 1988

Superbly organized & turned large profit No boycotts, disruptions or protests took place Ben Johnson disqualified for banned substances Pro tennis players

32 Barcelona, 1992

Barcelona, 1992

Peaceful games without incident S Africa permitted after 30-yr ban USA “Dream Team” participates in b-ball 12 separate teams represent USSR

33 1994

1994

Winter & Summer Games begin to be held at 2-yr intervals to each other.

34 Atlanta, 1996

Atlanta, 1996

Almost every country participated in these Games 197 countries 10,788 athletes Dark side – small bomb in a public place

35 Sydney, 2000

Sydney, 2000

Games flawlessly organized No incidents 10,651 athletes 300 events

36 The Olympic Games…

The Olympic Games…

- have survived more than 100 yrs, 2 World Wars, boycotts, bombs, killings, & numerous political demonstrations

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