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BUS 782 Information Systems for Management
BUS 782 Information Systems for Management
Information Technologies continue to advance
Information Technologies continue to advance
Near Field Communication, NFC
Near Field Communication, NFC
An important commercial use of NFC: NFC mobile payment technology
An important commercial use of NFC: NFC mobile payment technology
Wireless Remote Charging https://www
Wireless Remote Charging https://www
Wireless Charging Videos
Wireless Charging Videos
Wearable Devices
Wearable Devices
3D Printing(Additive manufacturing) http://en
3D Printing(Additive manufacturing) http://en
3D Printing Applications
3D Printing Applications
Social Issues Concerning Technology
Social Issues Concerning Technology
Digital Millennium Copyright Act: Host website/Copyright holders/File
Digital Millennium Copyright Act: Host website/Copyright holders/File
Information Systems
Information Systems
Airline Systems
Airline Systems
Customer Service: PG&E Smart Meter
Customer Service: PG&E Smart Meter
Hong Kong Starbucks: Enjoying 30 minutes free WiFi activated by
Hong Kong Starbucks: Enjoying 30 minutes free WiFi activated by
Techies might finally be able to move into top management
Techies might finally be able to move into top management
Geek-Suit http://www
Geek-Suit http://www
Course Introduction
Course Introduction
What is Information Technology
What is Information Technology
Data and Information
Data and Information
Digital Data
Digital Data
Hardware
Hardware
Computer System Concept
Computer System Concept
Moore’s Law
Moore’s Law
Types of Computer Systems
Types of Computer Systems
Personal Area Network
Personal Area Network
Bluetooth Business Applications http://www
Bluetooth Business Applications http://www
Storage Device
Storage Device
Data Center
Data Center
Where to put data center
Where to put data center
Radio Frequency Identification
Radio Frequency Identification
RFID
RFID
Passive & Active RFID
Passive & Active RFID
A few interesting RFID applications
A few interesting RFID applications
Potential Risk of RFID
Potential Risk of RFID
Internet of Things, IoT (Everything, IoE)
Internet of Things, IoT (Everything, IoE)
Software
Software
Operating system functions
Operating system functions
Current Operating Systems
Current Operating Systems
Today’s Operating Systems
Today’s Operating Systems
Open-Source Software
Open-Source Software
Copyleft
Copyleft
Linux and Open Source
Linux and Open Source
GNU General Public License
GNU General Public License
Operating Systems for Mobile Devices
Operating Systems for Mobile Devices
Virtualization
Virtualization
Application development software
Application development software
A compiler translates a complete program into a set of binary
A compiler translates a complete program into a set of binary
Object-oriented development tools
Object-oriented development tools
Portability Java: Write Once Run Anywhere
Portability Java: Write Once Run Anywhere
Microsoft’s
Microsoft’s
Software as a Service, SaaS
Software as a Service, SaaS
Companies Offer SaaS
Companies Offer SaaS
What is cloud computing
What is cloud computing
Examples of Cloud Computing
Examples of Cloud Computing
Examples of Cloud Computing Platforms
Examples of Cloud Computing Platforms
Cloud Computing Pricing
Cloud Computing Pricing
Who owns the data
Who owns the data
Reasons to Adopt SaaS
Reasons to Adopt SaaS
Top reasons why businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS
Top reasons why businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS
New products, services, and business models: Business model: describes
New products, services, and business models: Business model: describes

Презентация: «BUS 782 Information Systems for Management». Автор: dchao. Файл: «BUS 782 Information Systems for Management.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1646 КБ.

BUS 782 Information Systems for Management

содержание презентации «BUS 782 Information Systems for Management.ppt»
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1 BUS 782 Information Systems for Management

BUS 782 Information Systems for Management

David Chao

2 Information Technologies continue to advance

Information Technologies continue to advance

Examples: Near Field Communication, NFC Share photos, videos by touching another phone NFC mobile payment technology Cell phone wireless charging Wearable devices Google glasses, Apple Watch 3-D printing

3 Near Field Communication, NFC

Near Field Communication, NFC

NFC is a wireless technology that enables data transmission between two objects when they are brought within a few inches of each other. Smartphones enabled with NFC technology can exchange data with other NFC enabled devices or read information from smart tags embedded in posters, stickers and other products. NFC Contactless logo:

4 An important commercial use of NFC: NFC mobile payment technology

An important commercial use of NFC: NFC mobile payment technology

Google Wallet is a mobile app that uses NFC to make secure payments by tapping the phone on any NFC enabled devices http://www.google.com/wallet/index.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Wallet iPhone 6: pay with Touch ID http://www.apple.com/iphone-6/apple-pay/

5 Wireless Remote Charging https://www

Wireless Remote Charging https://www

youtube.com/watch?v=qr63Kl0SuFo

Electromagnetic induction: magnetic fields could drive electric currents and makes it possible to transfer energy. Qi wireless charging standard Wireless Power Consortium standard for inductive electrical power transfer over distances of up to 4 cm. The Qi system comprises a power transmission pad and a compatible receiver in a portable device. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qi_(inductive_power_standard)

6 Wireless Charging Videos

Wireless Charging Videos

iPhone: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A9yzXYA1TDI Bus: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrnpvGyAX8oLogo:

7 Wearable Devices

Wearable Devices

Google Contact Lenses http://money.cnn.com/2014/01/17/technology/innovation/google-contacts/index.html Apple Watch http://www.apple.com/watch/ Focus on healthcare field

8 3D Printing(Additive manufacturing) http://en

3D Printing(Additive manufacturing) http://en

wikipedia.org/wiki/3D_printing#Rapid_prototyping

It is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. 3D printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X5AZzOw7FwA NASA 3D Pizza Printer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55NvbBJzDpU

9 3D Printing Applications

3D Printing Applications

Rapid prototyping Rapid manufacturing Mass customization Mass production 3D printing services Domestic and hobbyist uses

10 Social Issues Concerning Technology

Social Issues Concerning Technology

Privacy/Legal/Security Issues Example: What's the Deal with Copyright and 3D Printing? https://www.publicknowledge.org/files/What's%20the%20Deal%20with%20Copyright_%20Final%20version2.pdf

11 Digital Millennium Copyright Act: Host website/Copyright holders/File

Digital Millennium Copyright Act: Host website/Copyright holders/File

Uploaders takedown flow chart

12 Information Systems

Information Systems

An information system is a computerized system enabled by information technologies to solve business problems. Operational problems: Reducing costs, improving efficiency Managerial problems: Improving management by providing better information Strategic problems Gain competitive advantage by providing better services

13 Airline Systems

Airline Systems

United Airlines- http://www.united.com Search for flights Select your seats Web check-In Mobile check-in with smart phones: http://www.cathaypacific.com/cx/en_US/manage-booking/check-in/mobile-check-in.html Save your check-in confirmation with the barcode on your mobile device

14 Customer Service: PG&E Smart Meter

Customer Service: PG&E Smart Meter

Energy Alerts let you know when you’re moving into higher-priced electric tiers so you can manage your energy use and save. Understanding your electric charges http://www.pge.com/en/myhome/saveenergymoney/plans/tiers/index.page Track energy use online

15 Hong Kong Starbucks: Enjoying 30 minutes free WiFi activated by

Hong Kong Starbucks: Enjoying 30 minutes free WiFi activated by

password printed on receipt

16 Techies might finally be able to move into top management

Techies might finally be able to move into top management

More Chief Information Officers (CIOs) are reporting directly to CEOs. More CIOs are being included on management committees. In a recent survey of executives at capital market firms, 89% believed that technology managers would assume greater responsibilities.

17 Geek-Suit http://www

Geek-Suit http://www

nri.co.jp/english/opinion/papers/2009/pdf/np2009143.pdf

18 Course Introduction

Course Introduction

IT – Introduction to information technology Computer hardware, software, network IT management IS – Introduction to information systems Information system components Types of information systems PC – personal computing Advanced spreadsheet techniques in decision support. Introduction to database and database application development Internet techniques

19 What is Information Technology

What is Information Technology

A term used to refer to a wide variety of items and abilities used in the creation, storage, and dispersal of data, information and knowledge. Data: Raw facts, figures, and details. Numerical, text, multimedia Information: An organized, meaningful, and useful interpretation of data. Summarized information from database Knowledge: Insight of a subject matter. Knowledge base Data mining

20 Data and Information

Data and Information

Raw data from a supermarket checkout counter can be processed and organized to produce meaningful information, such as the total unit sales of dish detergent or the total sales revenue from dish detergent for a specific store or sales territory.

21 Digital Data

Digital Data

Bit: Binary Digit 0, 1 N-bits: 2N Example: Color depth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_depth A 24-bit true color monitor can represent 224 colors.

22 Hardware

Hardware

Input devices CPU and primary storage RAM - temporary storage Processor Control Unit - decoder Arithmetic & Logic Unit (ALU) Output devices Secondary storage devices Magnetic disk Flash memory Communication devices

23 Computer System Concept

Computer System Concept

24 Moore’s Law

Moore’s Law

Moore’s Law is a computing term which originated around 1970; the simplified version of this law states that processor speeds, or overall processing power for computers will double every two years. Common corollary of Moore’s Law… Computing prices will be cut in half every 18 to 24 months Applies to cost of storage as well

25 Types of Computer Systems

Types of Computer Systems

Mobile/Micro/Minicomputers Personal computing, workstation,network server. Departmental and workgroup systems, network server, workstation. Mainframes Speed: MIPS million instructions per second 26 MIPS to about 17,801 MIPS Enterprisewide systems for organizations have to deal with huge amounts of data. Giga-record or tera-record files are not unusual. Data mining and warehousing Supercomputers Speed: Floating-point operations per second 20 peta flops Supercomputers are often purpose-built for one or a very few specific institutional tasks (E.g. Simulation and Modeling). Scientific calculations Networked computer systems WAN, LAN, PAN

26 Personal Area Network

Personal Area Network

A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one person. The devices may or may not belong to the person in question. The reach of a PAN is typically a few meters. BlueTooth: It is a short range radio technology. It is an industrial specification for wireless PANs. Bluetooth provides a way to connect and exchange information between devices such as mobile phones, laptops, PCs, printers, digital cameras and video game consoles via a short-range radio frequency.

27 Bluetooth Business Applications http://www

Bluetooth Business Applications http://www

informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=24243

Retail and Mobile e-Commerce A mobile device could be used to pay for goods and services using Bluetooth communication links with a cash register. Medical Remote patient monitoring Wireless biometric data Medicine dispensers Travel: Airline, hotel automatic check-in Home Networking: Appliances

28 Storage Device

Storage Device

Terabytes of storage RAID (Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks): Arrays of disk drives that provides a fault tolerant capability by storing multiple copies of data on several disks. Mirroring Personal Cloud Storage Network Attached Storage Example: http://www.wdc.com/en/products/network/networkstorage/ Cloud storage http://www.thetop10bestonlinebackup.com/cloud-storage

29 Data Center

Data Center

A data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. Modular Data Center Data Center Containers: Microsoft: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPnoKb9fTkA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXsoygN_v7A Google: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRwPSFpLX8I https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZmGGAbHqa0

30 Where to put data center

Where to put data center

The cost of electric power, labor, taxes, natural disasters and land are key factors when choosing a data center location. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/300809/Low_Cost_Locations?taxonomyId=155&intsrc=kc_feat&taxonomyName=servers http://news.idg.no/cw/art.cfm?id=6ECF9E56-17A4-0F78-31EAB0750688E73E# http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=417091 Arctic chill brings Facebook data center to Sweden: http://news.yahoo.com/arctic-chill-brings-facebook-data-center-sweden-110538804.html

31 Radio Frequency Identification

Radio Frequency Identification

RFID is a system for tagging and identifying objects. Antenna to send and receive signals. RFID reader Applications: An alternative to bar code Supermarket Tracking objects http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MAA9JpGraoU&feature=related

32 RFID

RFID

AN RFID tag is small compared to current bar-code labels.

33 Passive & Active RFID

Passive & Active RFID

A passive RFID tag does not contain a battery; the power is supplied by the reader. When radio waves from the reader are encountered by a passive rfid tag, the coiled antenna within the tag forms a magnetic field. The tag draws power from it, energizing the circuits in the tag. The tag then sends the information encoded in the tag's memory. An active RFID tag is equipped with a battery that can be used as a partial or complete source of power for the tag's circuitry and antenna. Active RFID always broadcasts or beacons its signal.

34 A few interesting RFID applications

A few interesting RFID applications

RFID tags help you to choose clothes http://www.zdnet.com/blog/emergingtech/rfid-tags-help-you-to-choose-clothes/719 Digital watermark to prevent counterfeit: locking product authenticity in hardware http://www.industryweek.com/articles/new_rfid_device_helps_fight_counterfeiting_15439.aspx

35 Potential Risk of RFID

Potential Risk of RFID

WiFi Symbol on your Credit Card https://oneway2day.wordpress.com/2012/10/30/wifi-symbol-on-your-credit-card/

36 Internet of Things, IoT (Everything, IoE)

Internet of Things, IoT (Everything, IoE)

The Internet of Things refers to uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) was seen as a prerequisite for the Internet of Things in the early days. If all objects and people in daily life were equipped with identifiers, they could be managed and inventoried by computers IoE counter: http://newsroom.cisco.com/feature-content?type=webcontent&articleId=1208342

37 Software

Software

System software Operating system Application software University’s registration system Application development software

38 Operating system functions

Operating system functions

User interface Resource management (managing hardware) Task management (managing the accomplishment of tasks) File management (managing data and program files) Utilities (providing a variety of supporting services)

39 Current Operating Systems

Current Operating Systems

40 Today’s Operating Systems

Today’s Operating Systems

Personal computers: IBM PC compatible: Microsoft windows, Unix-like systems such as Linux. Apple Macintosh: Mac OS X, Linux Workgroup computers: MS Windows Server, Mac OS X Server, Linux. Solaris Mainframe computers: IBM z/OS, Linux

41 Open-Source Software

Open-Source Software

Open-source software (OSS) is computer software with its source code made available and licensed with an open-source license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software for free to anyone and for any purpose. Digital rights management (DRM) technologies attempt to give control to the seller of digital content or devices after it has been given to a consumer.

42 Copyleft

Copyleft

Copyleft is a form of licensing and can be used to maintain copyright conditions for works such as computer software, documents, and art. It uses copyright law to offer the right to distribute copies and modified versions of a work and requiring that the same rights be preserved in modified versions of the work.

43 Linux and Open Source

Linux and Open Source

Linux has been more widely ported to different computing platforms than any other operating system. Linux is the most prominent example of free software and of open source development. Its underlying source code is available for anyone to use, modify, and redistribute freely, and in some instances the entire operating system consists of free/open source software. lower vulnerability to security breaches and hack attacks

44 GNU General Public License

GNU General Public License

The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html

45 Operating Systems for Mobile Devices

Operating Systems for Mobile Devices

Mobile devices: Pocket PC/PDA Smartphones Tablet computer Smartphone Operating systems, the most important software in any smartphone: http://communication.howstuffworks.com/smartphone2.htm Windows Mobile, Windows Phone iOS for iPhone/iPad Android for Google phone

46 Virtualization

Virtualization

Virtualization is a technology that makes it possible to run multiple operating systems and multiple applications on the same computer at the same time, increasing the utilization and flexibility of hardware. Average server utilization rate – 10% Reduce costs Green computing A virtual machine is a software container that can run its own operating systems and applications as if it were a physical computer. A virtual machine behaves exactly like a physical computer and contains its own virtual (ie, software-based) CPU, RAM hard disk and network interface card (NIC). An operating system can’t tell the difference between a virtual machine and a physical machine, nor can applications or other computers on a network. Vendors: VMware, Parallels, etc.

47 Application development software

Application development software

Low level language High level language third generation fourth generation Word processing, desktop publishing, spreadsheet, database management, graphic presentation, etc. MS Office OpenOffice.Org http://www.openoffice.org/

48 A compiler translates a complete program into a set of binary

A compiler translates a complete program into a set of binary

instructions that the CPU can execute

49 Object-oriented development tools

Object-oriented development tools

Graphical user interface Component programming Event-driven programming Code generator/Wizard Object example: Excel’s cell, chart Object-oriented tool examples: MicroSoft .Net: VB.Net, C# Java, C++, etc.

50 Portability Java: Write Once Run Anywhere

Portability Java: Write Once Run Anywhere

Java Byte Code

Java Source Code

Java Virtual Machine (JVM)

Java Byte Code (Intermediate Code)

Executable Code

51 Microsoft’s

Microsoft’s

Net

Language must compliance with Common Language Specification, CLS. Compile the language into Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) code. The MSIL code is then executed in the Common Language Runtime (CLR), which conceptually is same as the JVM, where it is translated into machine code by a compiler. Microsoft .Net is a server-side technology. It runs on any servers that implement the .Net system.

52 Software as a Service, SaaS

Software as a Service, SaaS

SaaS is a model of software deployment where an application is hosted as a service provided to customers across the Internet. SaaS alleviates the customer's burden of software maintenance, ongoing operation, and support. no upfront investment in software development Conversely, customers relinquish control over software versions or changing requirements; Costs to use the service become a continuous expense, rather than a single expense at time of purchase.

53 Companies Offer SaaS

Companies Offer SaaS

SalesForce.com: http://www.salesforce.com/ Workday: http://www.workday.com/index.php Google Docs: https://www.google.com/intl/en/docs/about/ Microsoft OneDrive https://onedrive.live.com/about/en-us/ Microsoft Office 365 http://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/business/products/office-365/

54 What is cloud computing

What is cloud computing

Cloud computing is a style of computing in which computing resources are provided as a service over the Internet. Users need not have knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure in the "cloud" that supports them. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ae_DKNwK_ms&eurl=http%3A%2F%2Fpardalis.squarespace.com%2F&feature=player_embedded https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYGQcmZUTaw

55 Examples of Cloud Computing

Examples of Cloud Computing

SaaS Platform as a service, PaaS This form of cloud computing delivers development environments as a service. You build your own applications that run on the provider's infrastructure and are delivered to your users via the Internet from the provider's servers. Mainframe, Linux, Windows Server, etc. Infrastructure as a service, IaaS the computing resource provided is virtualized hardware, in other words, computing infrastructure. Virtual machines

56 Examples of Cloud Computing Platforms

Examples of Cloud Computing Platforms

Cloud computing platforms typically offer services such as website hosting, virtual machines, PaaS, and database management using a network of data centers. Examples: Microsoft Windows Azure http://www.windowsazure.com/en-us/ Amazon Web Services http://aws.amazon.com/ Google Cloud Platform https://cloud.google.com/

57 Cloud Computing Pricing

Cloud Computing Pricing

Google Cloud example: https://cloud.google.com/appengine/

58 Who owns the data

Who owns the data

Privacy: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/social-media/9780565/Facebook-terms-and-conditions-why-you-dont-own-your-online-life.html Facebook introduced a new terms of service agreement in Feb. 09: You hereby grant Facebook an irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, transferable, fully paid, worldwide license (with the right to sublicense) to (a) use, copy, publish, stream, store, retain, publicly perform or display, transmit, scan, reformat, modify, edit, ….. Security: http://www.ecommercetimes.com/story/Pinning-Down-Enterprise-Data-Security-in-the-Cloud-67093.html?wlc=1252360837 Top reasons why big businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS : http://www.executivebrief.com/blogs/the-pros-and-cons-of-saas-part-2/

59 Reasons to Adopt SaaS

Reasons to Adopt SaaS

1. Cost Effective available on a subscription basis rather than a large upfront expense 2. Easy to Deploy and Get Started just require an Internet connection and easily access the application through a browser. 3. Minimal IT support SaaS provider supplies IT support 4. Upgrades: always have the latest technology 5. Collaboration SaaS also facilitates more effective collaboration between team members, colleagues and customers

60 Top reasons why businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS

Top reasons why businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS

Business continuity: SaaS vendors could just shut their doors easily. Data security SaaS are typically fit-for-all, not much customization

61 New products, services, and business models: Business model: describes

New products, services, and business models: Business model: describes

how company produces, delivers, and sells product or service to create wealth Information systems and technology a major enabling tool for new products, services, business models E.g. Netflix’s Internet-based DVD rentals

IT and New Business Model

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