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Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
Chicago regulates: Stylistics and document format In-text citations
Chicago regulates: Stylistics and document format In-text citations
Already familiar with the 15th ed
Already familiar with the 15th ed
Regardless of the convention being followed, the primary criterion of
Regardless of the convention being followed, the primary criterion of
Direct quotations should: Be integrated into your text in a
Direct quotations should: Be integrated into your text in a
Emphasis: Italic type can be used for emphasis within a quote, but
Emphasis: Italic type can be used for emphasis within a quote, but
Sic is italicized and put in square brackets immediately after a
Sic is italicized and put in square brackets immediately after a
Quotations within quotations are enclosed in single quotation marks
Quotations within quotations are enclosed in single quotation marks
Use headline-style capitalization for titles in the text, notes, and
Use headline-style capitalization for titles in the text, notes, and
Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8
Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8
Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in
Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in
Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text
Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text
Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page
Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page
Notes-Bibliography Style: Used by those in the humanities and some
Notes-Bibliography Style: Used by those in the humanities and some
Invert authors nameslast name followed by first nameand alphabetize
Invert authors nameslast name followed by first nameand alphabetize
When to Cite: Sources you consulted but did not directly cite may or
When to Cite: Sources you consulted but did not directly cite may or
The strategy below might be useful: Identify the type of source: Is it
The strategy below might be useful: Identify the type of source: Is it
For multiple authors, use the conjunction and, not the ampersand (&)
For multiple authors, use the conjunction and, not the ampersand (&)
The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names
The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names
DOIs: For electronic journal articles and other web sources, DOIs
DOIs: For electronic journal articles and other web sources, DOIs
No access date is required to be reported for electronic sources
No access date is required to be reported for electronic sources
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be
In-Text Citations: A combination of footnotes and endnotes and even
In-Text Citations: A combination of footnotes and endnotes and even
Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or
Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or
The first line of a footnote is indented
The first line of a footnote is indented
A complete note citation for a book, which corresponds to a slightly
A complete note citation for a book, which corresponds to a slightly
When an editors or translators name appears in addition to an
When an editors or translators name appears in addition to an
Ibid
Ibid
When a note contains both source documentation and commentary, the
When a note contains both source documentation and commentary, the
A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked
A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked
Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels
Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels
Here is an example of the five-level heading system:
Here is an example of the five-level heading system:
Position tables and figures after the paragraph in which theyre
Position tables and figures after the paragraph in which theyre
Every table should have a number and (a short and descriptive) title
Every table should have a number and (a short and descriptive) title
The Purdue OWL http://owl
The Purdue OWL http://owl
The End
The End

: Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide. : Ghada. : Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide.ppt. zip-: 1905 .

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide.ppt
1 Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide

Brought to you by the Purdue Online Writing Lab

2 Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide
3 Chicago regulates: Stylistics and document format In-text citations

Chicago regulates: Stylistics and document format In-text citations

(notes) End-of-text citations (bibliography)

4 Already familiar with the 15th ed

Already familiar with the 15th ed

Chicago Manual of Style? Here are some of the more significant changes: Titles that end in question marks or exclamation marks Dividing URLs over a line Names like iPod Titles with quotations Punctuation of foreign languages in an English context Capitalization of web and Internet Access dates Classical references Legal and public document references

5 Regardless of the convention being followed, the primary criterion of

Regardless of the convention being followed, the primary criterion of

any source citation is sufficient information either to lead readers directly to the sources consulted or, . . . to positively identify the sources used . . . (The University of Chicago 2010, 655).

Your instructor, department, or university may have guidelines that differ from the advice offered here. If so, those guidelines take precedence (Turabian 2007, 374).

6 Direct quotations should: Be integrated into your text in a

Direct quotations should: Be integrated into your text in a

grammatically correct manner; Use square brackets ([ ]), when necessary, to add clarifying words, phrases, or punctuation; and Use ellipses, or three spaced periods (. . .), to indicate the omission of words from a quoted passage. Include additional punctuation when applicable.

7 Emphasis: Italic type can be used for emphasis within a quote, but

Emphasis: Italic type can be used for emphasis within a quote, but

should only be used so infrequently We went last Sunday. Do not use ALL CAPS for emphasis. When you use emphasis you must let your reader know the italics were not a part of the original quotation. Emphasis added, emphasis mine, italics added, or italics mine are all acceptable.

8 Sic is italicized and put in square brackets immediately after a

Sic is italicized and put in square brackets immediately after a

word that is misspelled or otherwise wrongly used in the original quotation. We saw The Beetles [sic] on Ed Sullivan. A colon (formal) or a comma (informal) can be used to introduce a direct quotation. Lucas has argued: After several years,

9 Quotations within quotations are enclosed in single quotation marks

Quotations within quotations are enclosed in single quotation marks

The so-called butterfly effect is often When the entire quotation is a quotation within a quotation, only one set of double quotation marks is necessary. A title is placed in quotes or italicized based on the type of work it is. Book and periodical titles (titles of larger works) get italicized; article, chapter, and shorter work titles are enclosed in double quotation marks. Through the Looking Glass vs. Jabberwocky

10 Use headline-style capitalization for titles in the text, notes, and

Use headline-style capitalization for titles in the text, notes, and

bibliography. Capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and all important words, including proper nouns. Capitalization is Important: Know your Rules Apply sentence-style capitalization by request. Follow the guidelines above but exclude the important words that are not proper nouns. Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. Lowercase terms used to describe periods, for example, except in the case of proper nouns the colonial period, vs. the Victorian era

11 Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8

Chicago recommends you: print on standard-sized paper (8

5 x 11); use 1 1.5 margins on all sides; choose a readable typeface (e.g., Times New Roman) at no less than 10 pt. (preferably,12 pt.); double-space text, with one space after punctuation between sentences; and number pages beginning with Arabic numeral 1 on the first page of text.

12 Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in

Title is centered one-third of the way down the page and written in

ALL CAPS.

Name + course + date follows several lines later, also centered.

No page numbers on the title page!

13 Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text

Number the first text page as page number 1. Type all text

double-spaced (no break between sections). Identify the sources you use in the paper in footnotes and in the bibliography. Format tables and figures.

14 Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page

Center the title, Bibliography, at the top of the page

Do not bold, italicize or enclose in quotation marks.

Flush left the first line of the entry and indent subsequent lines

Single-space reference entries internally. Double-space entries externally.

Order entries alphabetically by the authors last names.

15 Notes-Bibliography Style: Used by those in the humanities and some

Notes-Bibliography Style: Used by those in the humanities and some

social sciences. Requires footnotes and/or endnotes to cite sources and/or provide relevant commentary within the text (see later). Includes each source cited within the text as an entry in the references page at the end of the paper.

16 Invert authors nameslast name followed by first nameand alphabetize

Invert authors nameslast name followed by first nameand alphabetize

reference list entries by the last name of the first author of each work. Ex. Agamben, Giorgio Use headline-style capitalization for titles. Ex. A Tale of Two Cities Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. Put quotation marks around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. Ex. A Tale of Two Cities vs. An Essay on Dickens A Tale of Two Cities Publishers names are generally written out in full but may be abbreviated. Ex. Purdue University Press OR Purdue UP

17 When to Cite: Sources you consulted but did not directly cite may or

When to Cite: Sources you consulted but did not directly cite may or

may not be included (consult your instructor). Some sources are traditionally left out of bibliographies, such as personal communications; however, its better to ask permission than forgiveness (consult your instructor).

18 The strategy below might be useful: Identify the type of source: Is it

The strategy below might be useful: Identify the type of source: Is it

a book? A journal article? A webpage? 2. Find a sample of citing this type of source in your textbook or in the OWL Chicago Guide: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/ 3. Mirror the sample. 4. Make sure the entries are listed in alphabetical order and that the subsequent lines are indented (Recall References: Basics).

19 For multiple authors, use the conjunction and, not the ampersand (&)

For multiple authors, use the conjunction and, not the ampersand (&)

symbol. For two to three authors or editors write out all names in the order they appear on the title page of the source in both your notes and bibliography. For four to ten authors: -write out all names in the bibliography but use just the first authors name and et al. in the notes.

20 The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names

The 3-em dash () should be used to replace authors or editors names

who hold multiple, successive entries in a bibliography.

21 DOIs: For electronic journal articles and other web sources, DOIs

DOIs: For electronic journal articles and other web sources, DOIs

(Digital Object Identifiers) are preferred to URLs (Uniform resource Locators). -If you must use a URL, look for the stable version assigned by the journal. DOIs are to be prefaced with the letters doi and a colon. EX: DOI: 10.1353/art.0.0020 While DOIs are assigned to journal articles in any medium, you only need include a DOI when you accessed the electronic version of the source.

22 No access date is required to be reported for electronic sources

No access date is required to be reported for electronic sources

-Access dates cannot be verified; therefore, only resort to using access dates when the date of publication is unavailable. If you cannot ascertain the publication date of a printed work, use the abbreviation n.d.

23 In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be

In-Text Citations: Each time a source is used in the text, it must be

cited by note: footnote or endnote. Footnotes appear at the foot (bottom) of the page and are preferred. Endnotes appear at the end of the paper before the bibliography. (Endnotes are useful when footnotes have become exorbitant.)

24 In-Text Citations: A combination of footnotes and endnotes and even

In-Text Citations: A combination of footnotes and endnotes and even

author-date style can be used: Use footnotes for substantive commentary and cite sources with endnotes. Use footnotes for substantive commentary and cite sources with author-date parenthetical style.

25 Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or

Formatting notes: Place note numbers at the end of the clause or

sentence to which they refer. Place them after any and all punctuation except the dash. Begin note numbers with 1 and follow consecutively throughout the paper. Superscript note numbers in the text. In the notes themselves, note numbers are full sized, not raised, and followed by a period. Superscripting numbers in both places is also acceptable.

26 The first line of a footnote is indented

The first line of a footnote is indented

5 from the left margin. Subsequent lines within a note should be formatted flush left. Leave an extra line space between notes.

27 A complete note citation for a book, which corresponds to a slightly

A complete note citation for a book, which corresponds to a slightly

differently formatted bibliography entry, would look like this: 1. Jodi Dean, Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies: Communicative Capitalism and Left Politics (Durham: Duke University Press, 2009), 30. Subsequent note citations can and should be shortened Shortening usually comprises the authors last name and a keyword version of the works title in four or fewer words. Subsequent citations of Dean would be shortened to: 2. Dean, Democracy and Other Neoliberal Fantasies, 30.

28 When an editors or translators name appears in addition to an

When an editors or translators name appears in addition to an

authors, the former appears after the latter in notes and in the bibliography. Bibliographic Edited by or Translated by should be shortened to ed. and trans. in notes. Plural forms, such as eds., are never used. EX: 6. Immanuel Kant, An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment? in Perpetual Peace and Other Essays, trans. Ted Humphrey (1784; repr., Indianapolis: Hackett, 1983), 41.

29 Ibid

Ibid

is an abbreviation meaning in the same place. -Use it when the present note repeats the information of the immediately preceding note. - For example, ., ## indicates the same source but different page number(s). Aside from ., Chicago style offers cross-referencing for multiple notes with repeated content (especially for longer, discursive notes).

30 When a note contains both source documentation and commentary, the

When a note contains both source documentation and commentary, the

latter should follow the former. Citation and commentary are usually separated by a period, but such comments as emphasis added are usually enclosed in parentheses. Discursive or substantive notes comment upon the text and need not necessarily include citations. EX: 75. Lisa Ede and Andrea A. Lunsford, Collaboration and Concepts of Authorship, PMLA 116, no. 2 (March 2001): 354-69, http://www.jstor.org/stable/463522. Ede and Lunsford note that we all agree that writing is inherently social, yet we still rely on individualistic praxis; we still ascribe to pedagogies that encourage the independent author producing concrete (original, honest and truthful) works.

31 A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked

A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked

The block quotation is singled-spaced and takes no quotation marks, but you should leave an extra line space immediately before and after. Indent the entire quotation .5 (the same as you would the start of a new paragraph).

32 Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels

Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels

33 Here is an example of the five-level heading system:

Here is an example of the five-level heading system:

34 Position tables and figures after the paragraph in which theyre

Position tables and figures after the paragraph in which theyre

described. Cite the source of table and figure information with a source line at the bottom of the table or figure. Source lines are introduced by the word Source(s), followed by a colon, and end with a period. Cite a source as you would for parenthetical citation, minus the parentheses, and include full information in an entry on your References page. Acknowledge reproduced or adapted sources appropriately (i.e., data adapted from ___ ).

35 Every table should have a number and (a short and descriptive) title

Every table should have a number and (a short and descriptive) title

Flush left on the line above the table. Table 1. Title without a terminal period Every figure should have a number and a caption. Flush left on the line below the figure. Figure 2. Caption with or without a terminal period. Number tables and figures separately, in the order you mention them in the text. In the text, identify tables and figures by number (in figure 3) rather than by location (below).

36 The Purdue OWL http://owl

The Purdue OWL http://owl

english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/. Purdue Writing Lab @ HEAV 226 Composition textbooks The University of Chicago Presss The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) Kate L. Turabians A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (7th ed.). Chicagos website http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html

37 The End

The End

Chicagos Notes and Bibliography Formatting and Style Guide AUTHOR: Jessica Clements Brought to you in cooperation with the Purdue Online Writing Lab

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