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China's Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects
China's Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects
Outline
Outline
1. Media going-out
1. Media going-out
2. Promotional videos: an attempt of national branding
2. Promotional videos: an attempt of national branding
3. Ambiguities in those efforts
3. Ambiguities in those efforts
4. Internal complexities
4. Internal complexities
4. Internal complexities
4. Internal complexities
4. Internal complexities
4. Internal complexities
5. External contradictions
5. External contradictions
5. External contradictions
5. External contradictions
6. Chinas rise or a new global communication order
6. Chinas rise or a new global communication order
Thanks
Thanks

: Chinas Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects. : jdq. : Chinas Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects.ppt. zip-: 324 .

Chinas Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects

Chinas Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects.ppt
1 China's Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects

China's Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects

HU Zhengrong JI Deqiang Communication University of China

2 Outline

Outline

1. Ambitions: Chinas project of enhancing competence and raising national image in global communication (1) Media going-out plan (2) National branding: promotional videos 2. Ambiguities within those plans 3. Social and Political-economic analysis (1) Internal complexities: Fractured society and interest groups in conflicts Medias Dual-role and regulatory uncertainties (2) External contradictions: Ideological stereotypes in global media coverage West-dominant media political economy 4. Discussion: the core value of Chinas rise in global communication order

3 1. Media going-out

1. Media going-out

1. Chinas culture going out plan China is going to actively exploit international culture marketplaces, innovate culture going-out models, strengthen the competence and influence of Chinese culture and finally enhance the nations soft power Chinas 12th Five-Year Plan(2011-2015) 2. Media expansion: three examples (1) Xinhua News Agency: World television network: CNC World News Increase of oversea bureaus (2) China Central Television Expansion of multilingual broadcasting services Chinas first national TV website: China Network Television (CNTV) (3) Newspapers English edition of Global Times, a product of Peoples Daily Group The US edition of China Daily

4 2. Promotional videos: an attempt of national branding

2. Promotional videos: an attempt of national branding

Two-stage promotion: 1.Experiencing China Presentation of outstanding Chinese figures in various fields 2.China on the way Personal telling about how China developed by ordinary Chinese people and foreigners

China promo videos playing in Times Square

5 3. Ambiguities in those efforts

3. Ambiguities in those efforts

What exactly the meaning of Chinas rise is? What is the core value of China within the existing global communication order? Whether Chinas voice can be heard and correctly decoded by audiences from oversea audiences? If China decides to go the way Western media group succeeded, the extent to which Chinese media organizations will get the same or higher status with manipulative power in global communication is obscured. Those ambiguities lie in the characteristics of Chinese media in the context of reform China since early1980s.

6 4. Internal complexities

4. Internal complexities

Media Convergence

(1) Fractured society and interest groups in conflicts One nation with diverse social strata One nation with fractured social structure between the affluent and the poor, the urban center and the rural peripheries, as well as the developed East coastal areas and the underdeveloped West and hinterland One nation with a variety of interest groups A case: the Turf War between SARFT and MII

The interplay between marketization and sustaining political governance in the era of media convergence

7 4. Internal complexities

4. Internal complexities

legitimacy

profit

(2) Dual-role of Chinese media and regulatory uncertainties The Dule-role of media: profit making and ideological management.

The consolidation of existing special-interest-oriented media structure

8 4. Internal complexities

4. Internal complexities

Regulation systems are de facto the reflection of those complexities. By definition, regulation is the temporary outcome or balance of negotiation between various interest groups (always with unequal empowerment of negotiation) within a society, and is essentially not stable but subject to change whenever this balance is broken up. The existing regulatory structure encourages marketization on the one hand, and securing the commanding height on the other hand. This two-sided regulatory feature has been amplified during globalized media expansion, which might undermine the value basis of Chinas rise.

9 5. External contradictions

5. External contradictions

(1) Ideological stereotypes With generally low official credibility, Chinas state media have a hard time winning over a skeptical audience. (Zhang Xiaoling, 2007) A case: How did US media represent and frame Chinas media going-out plan? US Today (Feb. 18 2009): China, known for its tight control of people and the news, wants to soften its image around the world and is ready to spend big bucks on a media empire to do that. The New York Times (Oct. 5 2009): China Yearns to Form Its Own Media Empires CNN (Sept. 3 2010): Can Chinese media rule the airwaves? CNN proposed a market-driven and private-capital-led media reform to soften Chinas image, because Americans are suspicious of state-run media.

10 5. External contradictions

5. External contradictions

The logic of dominance

A temporary conclusion: Chinas media going-out plan backing by huge government subsidies has been inevitable to fall into the West-dominated media narratives characterized by constant criticizing media control and worrying about their oriental counterparts who will soon to be able to displace them as a new market empire. (2) The political economy of global media structure: Western / transnational media conglomerates dominant

11 6. Chinas rise or a new global communication order

6. Chinas rise or a new global communication order

Discussions remain significant on the road Chinese media should go to present a full picture of the country to the world. The core value China contributes to the world is NOT: - Trade rule: exchange value in market - Cultural essentialism: Confucianism and Taoism - Post-colonial perspective: Orientalism BUT: - An imagination base for social development - A tolerance and absorption of diverse cultures - A peaceful rise in a new global communication order

12 Thanks

Thanks

Authors: HU Zhengrong, Ph.D., Professor Chair, Chinese Association of Communication Vice President, Communication University of China Director, National Center for Radio and Television Studies Email: huzhr@cuc.edu.cn JI Deqiang, Ph.D. candidate Communication University of China Email: jdq@cuc.edu.cn

Chinas Rise and Global Communication: Problems and Prospects
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