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City-States of Mesopotamia
City-States of Mesopotamia
Geography
Geography
Human Arrival into Mesopotamia
Human Arrival into Mesopotamia
Human Arrival into Area
Human Arrival into Area
City States of Mesopotamia
City States of Mesopotamia
City States of Mesopotamia
City States of Mesopotamia
City States of Mesopotamia
City States of Mesopotamia
Cultural Diffusion
Cultural Diffusion
Sumerian Culture
Sumerian Culture
Sumerian Technology
Sumerian Technology
Sumerian Technology: Cuneiform and Counting
Sumerian Technology: Cuneiform and Counting
Sumerian Society
Sumerian Society

Презентация на тему: «City-States of Mesopotamia». Автор: dennis.duffy. Файл: «City-States of Mesopotamia.pptx». Размер zip-архива: 1573 КБ.

City-States of Mesopotamia

содержание презентации «City-States of Mesopotamia.pptx»
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1 City-States of Mesopotamia

City-States of Mesopotamia

World History: Libertyville HS

2 Geography

Geography

“Fertile Crescent”: area between Persian Gulf and Eastern Mediterranean shore & length of Nile R. Tigris & Euphrates Rivers Flow SE into Persian Gulf Mesopotamia = “Land between two rivers” Annual flooding of rivers leaves silt (++ farming)

3 Human Arrival into Mesopotamia

Human Arrival into Mesopotamia

People moved into area after 10,000 BC (pop. pressure) Why settle in Mesopotamia? River valley had fertile land (silt) Access to Persian Gulf for fishing, trade Rivers allowed for easy irrigation Challenges to settlers Annual flooding was unpredictable Small area with no natural protection Limited natural resources (little stone, wood or metal)

Modern Flooding of Tigris R.

4 Human Arrival into Area

Human Arrival into Area

Solutions to Challenges Irrigation projects to control flood waters (levees; channels) Built walls around cities for protection Traded for scarce goods with neighboring regions

Sumerians plowing

City walls of Jericho

5 City States of Mesopotamia

City States of Mesopotamia

City state = different walled cities of area, each with their own leader Culturally similar Politically independent Economically dependent (trade) Militarily competitive, mainly through raiding each other; not conquest

City plan of Ur

6 City States of Mesopotamia

City States of Mesopotamia

Political Power Irrigation projects needed leaders to organize (beginning of government) Priest-kings served as go between for Gods and man Religion the basis of political power City state’s gods owned all land Priest-king served as agent of gods Priest-kings ruled society

7 City States of Mesopotamia

City States of Mesopotamia

After 3000 BC, war became more common and warriors became permanent leaders Fought other city-states Border disputes Raiding cattle Show of strength of their city-gods Dynasties established Series of priest-kings passing power on to their own sons Took place from 3000-2500 BC

Sumerian war chariot, c. 2500 BC

Sumerian soldier with armored cloak

8 Cultural Diffusion

Cultural Diffusion

Idea or product spreading from one culture to another Spread mainly by trade Ideas spread included… Layout of cities Religious beliefs Government organization Technologies

9 Sumerian Culture

Sumerian Culture

Religion Polytheistic About 3000 gods in all Gods were immortal and all powerful Many had human traits Built ziggurats to please the gods Temples were home of gods Tower of Babel from bible a ziggurat

Sumerian Gods

Ziggurat

10 Sumerian Technology

Sumerian Technology

Invented the wheel for both trade and war, around 3500 BC Sail helped trade Plow improved farming Metallurgy Pre 3000 BC = copper Post 3000 BC = bronze Sun dried mud bricks allowed for construction of buildings (why use mud?)

11 Sumerian Technology: Cuneiform and Counting

Sumerian Technology: Cuneiform and Counting

First system of writing Used wedge shaped reed pressed into wet clay tablet Tablet then fired in oven to create permanent record Number system was base 60 Still used today (time, circle) Why is base 60 a good system?

12 Sumerian Society

Sumerian Society

Women had many rights, but little education

Sumerian Hierarchy

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