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CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language
CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language
Curriculum for Excellence
Curriculum for Excellence
Curriculum for Excellence
Curriculum for Excellence
What is Scots
What is Scots
Where did it come from
Where did it come from
`
`
Enriched with French, Latin, Gaelic and Flemish loanwords, this was to
Enriched with French, Latin, Gaelic and Flemish loanwords, this was to
Scots as a national language
Scots as a national language
What happened to it
What happened to it
There was a revival with the poetry of Robert Fergusson and Robert
There was a revival with the poetry of Robert Fergusson and Robert
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is intended to
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is intended to
What is Scots
What is Scots
Clap ma dug
Clap ma dug
The Scottish – English Continuum
The Scottish – English Continuum
Scots Vocabulary
Scots Vocabulary
Scots Vocabulary
Scots Vocabulary
Scots Grammar: some examples
Scots Grammar: some examples
Slang
Slang
Scots & Other Languages Scots and Germanic Languages
Scots & Other Languages Scots and Germanic Languages
Scots & French
Scots & French
Scots & the Vikings
Scots & the Vikings
Scots & the Low Countries
Scots & the Low Countries
Scots and Latin
Scots and Latin
Scots and Gaelic
Scots and Gaelic
Scots as National language
Scots as National language
Scots parliament
Scots parliament
Kirk & Bible
Kirk & Bible
Official Status
Official Status
Curriculum for Excellence
Curriculum for Excellence
Dialect variation
Dialect variation
North East (Doric)
North East (Doric)
Shetlandic
Shetlandic
Galloway
Galloway
Glaswegian
Glaswegian

Презентация: «CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language». Автор: . Файл: «CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 374 КБ.

CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language

содержание презентации «CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language.ppt»
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1 CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language

CPD for Secondary English staff Scots Language

Scots Language Centre Scottish Language Dictionaries Curriculum for Excellence ‘The languages of Scotland will include the languages which children and young people bring to the classroom’.

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2 Curriculum for Excellence

Curriculum for Excellence

Literacy and English Experiences and Outcomes ‘Scotland has a rich diversity of languages, including Scots…’

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3 Curriculum for Excellence

Curriculum for Excellence

I develop and extend my literacy skills when I have opportunities to: engage with and create a wide range of texts develop my understanding of what is special, vibrant and valuable about my own and other cultures and languages explore the richness and diversity of language and how it can affect me

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4 What is Scots

What is Scots

Scots is the traditional Germanic language of Lowland Scotland and the Northern Isles. It is also used in parts of Ulster.

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5 Where did it come from

Where did it come from

Scots is descended from Northumbrian Old English, brought to the south of what is now Scotland from around the seventh century by the Angles, one of the Germanic-speaking peoples who began to arrive in the British Isles in the fifth century. English is also descended from the language of these peoples. So they are sister languages.

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6 `

`

By the 11th century, Gaelic, descended from the Celtic language brought over from the north of Ireland by the original Scots, had become the dominant language in most of the emerging kingdom. At this point, there was a great influx of people from the North of England whose language had been heavily influenced by the Vikings.

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7 Enriched with French, Latin, Gaelic and Flemish loanwords, this was to

Enriched with French, Latin, Gaelic and Flemish loanwords, this was to

become the Scots language. As time went by, Scots and English went their separate ways. The north of England looked to the south as its model and Scotland developed its own rich literary culture.

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8 Scots as a national language

Scots as a national language

In the 14th century, Scottish Kings and Queens spoke Scots as well as other European languages. By the early 16th century, Scots, as it was now called, was well on the way to becoming an all-purpose national language, just as English was developing south of the border.

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9 What happened to it

What happened to it

After the Scottish Reformation (1560), the Union of the Crowns (1603) and the Union of the Parliaments (1707), southern English gradually became the language of most formal speech and writing and Scots came to be regarded as a 'group of dialects' rather than a 'language'. It continued, however, to be the everyday medium of communication for the vast majority of Lowland Scots but it lost prestige.

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10 There was a revival with the poetry of Robert Fergusson and Robert

There was a revival with the poetry of Robert Fergusson and Robert

Burns. Sir Walter Scott wrote such pieces as Wandering Willie’s Tale and in the early 20th century, poets like Hugh MacDiarmid actively sought to promote Scots. From the late 20th century onwards, there has been a flood-tide of talented new writers. Literature in Scots now has international recognition.

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11 The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is intended to

The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is intended to

ensure, as far as is reasonably possible, that regional or minority languages are used in education and in the media. The UK Government signed the Charter in 2000 and ratified it in 2001 in respect of Welsh, Scots and Gaelic in Scotland and Ulster-Scots and Irish in Northern Ireland. Manx Gaelic and Cornish were subsequently incorporated.

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12 What is Scots

What is Scots

Like any language, Scots has its own vocabulary, its own grammar and its own idiomatic phrases. (It also shares many words with English)

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13 Clap ma dug

Clap ma dug

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14 The Scottish – English Continuum

The Scottish – English Continuum

Scottish speakers use a mixture of Scots and English, with some using mostly Scots and others mostly English. The language exists as part of a continuum with Scottish Standard English. When linguists talk about Scottish language they are including everything on this continuum.

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15 Scots Vocabulary

Scots Vocabulary

Sometimes we use Scots words without realising it. messages - errands pinkie – little finger pieces - sandwiches swither – vacillate

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16 Scots Vocabulary

Scots Vocabulary

Other words are very obviously Scots. ken – know ay – yes lugs – ears heid – head stooshie –fuss

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17 Scots Grammar: some examples

Scots Grammar: some examples

The use of the definite article and possessive pronoun ('I have the flu and I'm away to my bed' rather than 'I have flu and I am going to bed') are typically Scots. Other features are the use of 'yous' as a second person plural pronoun, the extra demonstrative yon (or thon) and plurals such as een. Yet these are often regarded as 'bad grammar' rather than examples of legitimate Scots.

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18 Slang

Slang

Some people confuse Scots with slang. Slang changes all the time. What’s trendy one day can become old fashioned the next. Slang is usually very cool. Scots has been around for centuries and has a huge amount of literature written in it. It has got formal styles and its own slang within it. Rhyming slang: Are you corned beef?

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19 Scots & Other Languages Scots and Germanic Languages

Scots & Other Languages Scots and Germanic Languages

Scots, German, Dutch, English and the Scandinavian languages are all related. They belong to the Germanic family of languages. We can see this when we compare words like kirk (Scots), kirke (Norwegian), kerk (Dutch), kirche (German), church (English).

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20 Scots & French

Scots & French

Many of our Scots words come from French, especially words connected with food. ashet (assiette) gigot (gigot – a leg of lamb) dinna fash yersel (f?cher) a golf caddie (cadet)

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21 Scots & the Vikings

Scots & the Vikings

reek, big (build), gate (road), till (to) birk, breeks (k/ch) brig, rig (-g, -dge)

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22 Scots & the Low Countries

Scots & the Low Countries

craig (neck) loun (boy) redd up (tidy up) scone gowf (golf)

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23 Scots and Latin

Scots and Latin

Most of the Latin loans come from law and education, although classical literature was also very influential. Sederunt, sine die, homulgate dominie, dux

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24 Scots and Gaelic

Scots and Gaelic

Early period borrowings: corrie, ben, strath cateran, ingle, tocher Later borrowings: claymore, fillebeg, sgian dhu

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25 Scots as National language

Scots as National language

Kings and Queens spoke Scots. In 1603 King James VI of Scots became King James I of England as well. He went to London and all the things he wrote in Scots were printed in English.

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26 Scots parliament

Scots parliament

In 1707 The Union of Parliaments joined Scotland and England and the Scottish Parliament stopped meeting. It didn’t meet again until Holyrood opened in 1999. Gradually, over all these years from 1707 onwards, people began to think that speaking English was better than speaking Scots. Even the Bible was written in English instead of Scots.

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27 Kirk & Bible

Kirk & Bible

The Geneva Bible was translated from Latin into English and not into Scots. Scottish people wanted to learn English to read the Bible. Now God, the King and the Parliament all spoke in English. Folk decided it must be important!

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28 Official Status

Official Status

Curriculum for Excellence While respecting different perspectives on Scots, we are primarily concerned with the practicalities of raising its profile in classrooms. We hope that by capturing the interest of pupils in the linguistic diversity of Scotland, they will eventually be able to make informed judgments for themselves.

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29 Curriculum for Excellence

Curriculum for Excellence

Perhaps most importantly our children should be helped to understand the notion of linguistic diversity, that we have a wide range of languages, that all have their legitimate place in our lives and that none is 'inferior' but each is suitable for its own purposes and audiences .

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30 Dialect variation

Dialect variation

Scots language consists of different dialects. The main dialects are Shetland and Orkney Northern North East Tayside Central: East Central, West Central, Borders South West Ulster

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31 North East (Doric)

North East (Doric)

Far’s yer dolphins noo? Portnockie in a March gale. I’d been telt aboot the dolphins in the North Sea. Fine sicht, aabodie said, sweemin an divin an birlin tapsalteerie jist yairds affa the coast. Sae I’m oot there, peerin throu a muckle haar, Happit tae the gunnels in ganzie an bunnet, ma neb growin reid raa. Fingirs buncht intae mittens thon size. Nocht a puckle keek o a dolphin, bit ma een still mesmerised Bi the watters, tossin an flingin thir fite cuddies as far an heich as ma Spring hairt wis speirin fir warmth. Liz Niven

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32 Shetlandic

Shetlandic

Sometimes I tink whin da Loard med da aert, an He got it aa pitten tagidder, fan He still hed a nev-foo a clippins left ower, trimmed aff o dis place or da tidder, An He hedna da hert ta baal dem awa, For dey lookit dat boannie an rare, Sae He fashioned da Isles fae da ends o da aert, An med aa-body fin at hame dere. Dey lichted fae aa wye, some jost for a start, While some bed ta dell riggs an saa coarn, An wi siccs gret gadderie a fok fae aa ower, An entirely new language wis baorn. A language o wirds aften hard tae translate, An we manna belittle or bo, For every country is prood o da wye at hit spaeks, An we sood be prood a wirs to. Rhoda Bulter

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33 Galloway

Galloway

A Christmas Poem A caald winter's nicht Starn heich in the lift A lass wi a bairnie Ahint a snaa drift Come in through the byre Step ower the straw Draw ben tae the fire Afore the day daw. The bairnies will sleep By the peat's puttrin flame Oor waarmin place, lassie, This nicht is your hame. Come mornin the snaa Showed nae fitprints at aa Tho the lass wi the bairnie Had stolen awaa. An we mynded anither A lang while afore Wi a bairn in her airms An the beasts roun the door. Josephine Neill

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34 Glaswegian

Glaswegian

The Dropout Scrimpt nscript furryi urryi grateful no wan bit. speylt useless yi urr twisted izza coarkscrew cawz rowz inan empty hoose yir faithir nivirid yoor chance pick n choozyir joab a steady pey well jis take a lookit yirsell naithur work nur wahnt aw aye yir clivir damn clivir but yi huvny a clue whut yir dayn. Tom Leonard

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