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Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World
Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World
Folk Customs
Folk Customs
Culture:
Culture:
Surface Culture & Deep Culture
Surface Culture & Deep Culture
Dress and Adornment
Dress and Adornment
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala
Samoa
Samoa
Spain
Spain
China
China
China
China
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Syria
Syria
Yemen
Yemen
Jordan
Jordan
Morocco
Morocco
Jordan
Jordan
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco
Italy
Italy
Architecture
Architecture
Canada
Canada
Syria
Syria
Syria
Syria
Syria
Syria
Yemen
Yemen
Yemen
Yemen
Nebraska
Nebraska
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Jordan
Jordan
Poland
Poland
Religion
Religion
Mexico
Mexico
Egypt
Egypt
Armenia
Armenia
South Korea
South Korea
Transportation
Transportation
Guatemala
Guatemala
China
China
Ecuador
Ecuador
Colombia
Colombia
Mexico
Mexico
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Portugal
Portugal
Georgia (former USSR)
Georgia (former USSR)
Syria
Syria
Syria
Syria
China
China
Italy
Italy
Syria
Syria
Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Jordan
Jordan
Egypt
Egypt
Peru
Peru
Peru
Peru
Hawaii
Hawaii
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Yemen
Yemen
Syria
Syria

Презентация: «Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World». Автор: Joseph Naumann. Файл: «Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 4456 КБ.

Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World

содержание презентации «Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World.ppt»
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1 Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World

Cultural Geography – Folk Customs from Around the World

Except as noted, all photos by Dale Lightfoot Dale Lightfoot's Cultural Landscapes From Around The World Oklahoma State University Geography Department

2 Folk Customs

Folk Customs

Folk customs (a.k.a. traditional customs) are developed and practiced primarily by small, homogeneous groups living in more isolated rural areas. Social customs such as the provision of clothing, shelter, transportation and food have evolved differently in different areas of the world because natural resources vary widely from place to place. Folk customs reflect the benefits and constraints of each group's environment, and through cultural evolution, particularly the level of technology, each generation has left its unique imprint on the cultural landscape

2

3 Culture:

Culture:

Culture is the learned, generally accepted, dynamic way of life of a group of people which reflects the underlying and evolving foundation of that society: their attitudes, objectives, technical skills, and world view. Adaptation, by Joe Naumann, of a definition expressed by Preston E. James.

3

4 Surface Culture & Deep Culture

Surface Culture & Deep Culture

Surface culture is composed of those aspects of a way of life which are relatively easily observed Deep culture provides the foundational elements of a culture which are often unexamined and held at the subconscious level by most members of the society – the attitudes, objectives, and world view.

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5 Dress and Adornment

Dress and Adornment

An element of surface culture which helps distinguish one culture from another and even between subcultures within a culture. It may be much more than just an adaptation to the physical environment. It may be also an expression of concepts held within the deep culture of the society.

5

6 Guatemala

Guatemala

Clothing style of women and girls in the Quich? highlands of western Guatemala.

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7 Guatemala

Guatemala

While it is more common in developing countries to see women and girls wearing traditional clothing (with men more commonly wearing western-style clothing), men in rural regions may still prefer traditional styles of dress (Santiago Atitl?n, Guatemala).

7

8 Samoa

Samoa

Samoan chief in traditional clothing. Notice the tattoo adornment on leg and torso also.

8

9 Spain

Spain

Spanish girls dancing at a feria (a fair), Jerez, Spain. In western, developed countries some styles of folk dress may still be worn.

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10 China

China

A popular style of clothing among young Chinese males.

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11 China

China

The ubiquitous Mao suit; a garment of choice in China since 1949 when the communist/Maoist era began.

11

12 Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Kazakh rider in the Alatau range south of Almaty, Kazakhstan; a region of the world traditionally inhabited by nomadic horsemen.

12

13 Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

Uzbek man in Samarkand oblast, Uzbekistan.

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14 Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

A variety of female traditional clothing in Samarkand oblast, Uzbekistan.

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15 Syria

Syria

Grandmother and grandson, rural village of Fedra, Syria.

15

16 Yemen

Yemen

Sari-style conservative female-wear in Sana'a,Yemen; a different look than the more common chadar or burka worn outside of the home by most women in the Arabian Peninsula.

16

17 Jordan

Jordan

Kufiyah (headcloth) and igal (double ring of black cord); traditional raiment of males in the Middle East (Jordan Valley, Jordan).

17

18 Morocco

Morocco

Water seller in traditional garb; a common sight in Morocco at markets, bus stations, and other public places where crowds gather (Marrakech, Morocco).

18

19 Jordan

Jordan

Kufiyah-capped Bedouin shepherds in the desert of northeast Jordan.

19

20 Morocco

Morocco

Berber farmer, Tafilalt Oasis, southern Morocco.

20

21 Morocco

Morocco

Modern Berber; Addi Ouadderrou of qsar Mezguida, Tafilalt Oasis, Morocco.

21

22 Italy

Italy

Ethnic dress of the bagpipe player in Rome, Italy is worn for commercial purposes – tourists pay to have photos taken of or with him. Photo by Joe Naumann

22

23 Architecture

Architecture

Another distinguishing element of surface culture which may be influenced by elements of deep culture.

23

24 Canada

Canada

Folk architecture has always utilized materials found in abundance in the local environment. These reconstructed 11th century sod buildings are built from blocks of earth cut from the tundra. Few trees or stones are available for building materials in this part of the world; northern Newfoundland, Canada.

24

25 Syria

Syria

Beehive-style houses constructed of dried earth; a material found in abundance on the arid plains of central Syria.

25

26 Syria

Syria

Cone-roofed houses constructed of stone; in the very stony landscape around Fedra, near Daret Ezza, northwest Syria.

26

27 Syria

Syria

In areas where nomadism (moving to follow herd animals) is a way of life, stones or mud brick are not practical because they are too heavy to move. These people, who frequently move their home sites, use animal skins or heavy cloth tents which can be folded or rolled up and carried to a new location (Syria).

27

28 Yemen

Yemen

Elaborate ornamentation in the stonework of a house in Thilla, Yemen .

28

29 Yemen

Yemen

Traditional "cake icing" style of architecture and decoration on Yemeni buildings in The Sana'a region. This folk architecture, complete with unique, semi-circular stained glass insets above each window in the house, is still retained in modern buildings.

29

30 Nebraska

Nebraska

Old settler's cabin constructed of split logs, eastern Nebraska.

30

31 Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

Houses constructed of palm wood and thatch, the most abundant construction material available around La Isabella settlement, Dominican Republic.

31

32 Jordan

Jordan

Traditional architecture constructed with more modern building materials of concrete and cinder block. This neighborhood in central Amman, Jordan is typical of modern, middle class, Middle East architecture.

32

33 Poland

Poland

Traditional European architecture in the Old Town of Warsaw, Poland.

33

34 Religion

Religion

On the surface, one observes architecture, rituals, dress, behavior, etc. which arise out of deep culture which is very resistant to change.

34

35 Mexico

Mexico

Religion is another facet of culture that is commonly etched into the landscape. This remote shrine in the southern Baja peninsula of Mexico provides evidence that Christianity is entrenched in this part of the world.

35

36 Egypt

Egypt

A mosque with twin minaret spires at the southern entrance of the Suez Canal in Egypt reveals the ubiquitous presence of Islam in this region of the world.

36

37 Armenia

Armenia

The "Mr. Pig" restaurant in Yerevan, Armenia. Though this country borders the Islamic countries of Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey, it is obviously not Islamic (it is a Christian nation) as pork, and references to pigs and pork, are avoided in Muslim regions.

37

38 South Korea

South Korea

Buddhist pagoda along a remote highland trail, Nam San Mountains, near Kyongju, South Korea. Buddhist features, both large and small, have been frequently etched into the landscapes of eastern and southeastern Asia.

38

39 Transportation

Transportation

An aspect of surface culture which is greatly influenced by the technological level of the society.

39

40 Guatemala

Guatemala

A home-built canoe in Lake Atitl?n, western Guatemala. Traditional forms of transportation persist throughout the world, especially in less developed countries, despite the presence of, and growing dependence on, modern transport.

40

41 China

China

People-powered fishing vessels in the Li River, near Yangshuo, China.

41

42 Ecuador

Ecuador

Family transport with Dad at the steering pole; on the Rio Napo, upper Amazon Basin, eastern Ecuador.

42

43 Colombia

Colombia

Heading home from market with a head full of produce (southern Colombia).

43

44 Mexico

Mexico

Burro transportation, Paricut?n area, Mexico.

44

45 Morocco

Morocco

"Ships of the desert"; Sahara traffic at Erg Chebbi, near Merzouga, Morocco.

45

46 Morocco

Morocco

The family wagon; mom is being chauffeured. A common form of transportation in the Tafilalt Oasis, Rissani, Morocco.

46

47 Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Ox cart, Grenada, Nicaragua.

47

48 Portugal

Portugal

Horse cart, Serpa, Portugal. Folk transportation is still sometimes seen in more developed countries.

48

49 Georgia (former USSR)

Georgia (former USSR)

Hay wagon in northeast Georgia. Though the modern capital of Tblisi is well developed, folk ways of life are still visible in the countryside of this former Soviet state.

49

50 Syria

Syria

Mazote wagon, Aleppo, Syria (mazote is the local name for diesel used to fuel home heaters). In spite of the presence of modern cars and trucks, the horse-drawn wagon remains the preferred method of transport for delivering mazote in rural and urban areas alike

50

51 Syria

Syria

Homemade three-wheeled vehicles, Palmyra, Syria. Because of the expense of imported cars (all cars here are imported), people in many developing countries construct their own vehicles from spare parts, operations which sometimes evolve into small cottage industries which design and build similar vehicles for local mass consumption.

51

52 China

China

Jerry-built cars in southeast China; a common vehicle in this region.

52

53 Italy

Italy

Cart is used to transport tourists today, more than it is used for its traditional use – wedding gift of a farmer to his son – to be used on the farm later. Agrigento, Sicily. Photo by Joe Naumann

53

54 Syria

Syria

A traditional method of plowing, near Menbij, Syria. Such methods are still used in countries where mechanized farming is rare, and in developing countries where mechanization is common but the animals can still be used on very small plots or where the ground is too muddy to support a tractor.

54

55 Oklahoma

Oklahoma

Longhorn cattle, western Oklahoma. Livestock herding practices vary widely around the world, and while cattle, sheep, and goats predominate, other domesticates are still raised in folk fashion.

55

56 Jordan

Jordan

Bedouin woman tending to her herd of camels and goats, Wadi Araba, southern Jordan.

56

57 Egypt

Egypt

Cattle and camel...an unusual mix; middle Nile Valley, Egypt.

57

58 Peru

Peru

An Ind?gena with her pack llama, near Cuzco, Peru.

58

59 Peru

Peru

Alpaca herd grazing in the high Andes Mountains, between Nazca and Cuzco, central Peru.

59

60 Hawaii

Hawaii

"Pigs...for graduation...order now." Were you presented with a pig for your graduation? You might have, had you lived in rural Hawaii and wanted to roast one for a traditional luau celebration.

60

61 Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

Dung cakes drying in the sun in rural Uzbekistan. Animal fecal waste, mixed with straw as a binding agent, has served as a heating and cooking fuel for many world regions throughout human history.

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62 Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

A gathering at the village water well and pool, rural central Uzbekistan.

62

63 Yemen

Yemen

Outside of villages and their centralized public wells, permanent settlement in dry land regions requires a smaller private or communal well (Hadramaut region, eastern Yemen).

63

64 Syria

Syria

The interior channel of a qanat, or subterranean canal, in Syria. Called karez, foggara, or falaj in other countries these traditional irrigation system have for many centuries provided water for villages and oases across north Africa, the Middle East, and central Asia.

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