<<  Electric Vehicles Personal Transportation of the Future Future Public Transportation: hybrid bio-fueled buses planes electric trains The Symbolic Dimension of Innovation Process Nicola Cavalli  >>
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Outline
Outline
Objective
Objective
Background
Background
Background
Background
Who?
Who?
Canadian Statistics - 2010
Canadian Statistics - 2010
Regulations
Regulations
Discussions
Discussions
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Discussions
Discussions
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Discussions
Discussions
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
Discussions
Discussions
Reflection
Reflection
Religious Impacts
Religious Impacts
Cultural Impacts
Cultural Impacts
Social Impacts
Social Impacts
Future Directions
Future Directions
Summary
Summary
References
References
Questions
Questions

: Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology. : Icecube. : Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology.pptx. zip-: 3255 .

Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology

Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology.pptx
1 Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology

Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology

2 Outline

Outline

Background Who is it for Canadian statistics and regulations Discussions Reflections Future directions Summary

3 Objective

Objective

General understanding of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) technology Gain a wider perspective on cultural, religious and social implications Think actively, discuss openly, participate!

4 Background

Background

Designer Baby

a baby whose genetic make-up has been selected in order to eradicate a particular defect or to ensure that a particular gene is present

5 Background

Background

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) Assisted human reproductive technology Screening of embryos for genetic abnormalities prior to transferring to the uterus In vitro fertilization consists of: 1) Ovarian stimulation 2) Egg retrieval 3) Egg fertilization 4) Embryo development 5) Embryo transfer

6 Who?

Who?

Individuals or couples who are at risk to pass on a condition that is the result of a variant in a single gene Individuals or couples with a chromosome condition, or who have had a previous child with a chromosome condition Women who are at an increased risk to have a child with a chromosome condition due to their age

7 Canadian Statistics - 2010

Canadian Statistics - 2010

22 769 patients underwent in vitro fertilization over the past 5 years 61% of fertility clinics responded (17 out of 28 clinics) 6 performed embryo biopsy on site 7 referred to other units in Canada 3 referred to units in U.S. Majority do not offer PGD due to: Lack of resource/staff/money/expertise No market demand Not convinced it would yield accurate diagnosis

8 Regulations

Regulations

Assisted Human Reproduction Act (2004) Prohibited Activities Create a human clone Create an in vitro embryo for any purpose other than creating a human being Maintain an embryo outside the body after 14 days of fertilization Alter the genome of a cell of a human or in vitro embryo Gender selection for non-medical reasons

9 Discussions

Discussions

Controversies

10 Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
11 Discussions

Discussions

Selecting for a disability

Being deaf is not about being disabled, or medically incomplete - it's about being part of a linguistic minority. We're proud, not of the medical aspect of deafness, but of the language we use and the community we live in.

12 Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
13 Discussions

Discussions

First born child: 76% have no gender preference More than one child: 30% want equal number of girls and boys, and 58% have no preference Using technology: 92% against it

Surveyed among pregnancy women: 58% had no gender preference

234 surveyed: 39% have no preference 39% prefer a girl 22% prefer a boy

Couples undergoing fertility treatment: 40% would like to select the sex of their baby

14 Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
15 Discussions

Discussions

Adam Nash One of 15 embryos Saved his sister suffering from Fanconis anaemia Great achievement or unethical?

16 Reflection

Reflection

Religious, Cultural, Societal Impacts

17 Religious Impacts

Religious Impacts

Dignitas Personae Preimplanation diagnosisconstitutes an act of abortion... By treating the human embryo as mere laboratory material, the concept itself of human dignity is also subjected to alteration and discriminationSuch discrimination is immoral and must therefore be considered legally unacceptable

18 Cultural Impacts

Cultural Impacts

India Prefer boys

China Country side Prefer boys

19 Social Impacts

Social Impacts

Socioeconomic disparity Discrimination Social activists Disability activists Eugenics the science of improving a population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics

20 Future Directions

Future Directions

More research, increased market demand, increased access to screening More on-site PGD More will choose PGD over other methods When should it be refused? What to regulate? Should government provide funding?

21 Summary

Summary

Science and technology is always evolving No right or wrong views Religious, cultural, societal influences Keep an open mind

The important thing in science is not so much to obtain new facts as to discover new ways of thinking about them. - Sir William Lawrence Bragg

More information at: http://futurebabies.weebly.com

22 References

References

Collins M. Designing Rules for Designer Babies. Sci Am. 2009;300(5):29. Crockin S. Adam Nash: legally speaking, a happy ending or slippery slope? Reprod Biomed Online. 2001;2(1):6-7. Dahl E. Procreative liberty: the case for preconception sex selection. Reprod Biomed Online. 2003;7(4):380-4. Edwards RG. Ethics of PGD: thoughts on the consequences of typing HLA in embryos. Reprod Biomed Online. 2004;9(2):222-4. Klitzman R et. al. Anticipating issues related to increasing preimplantation genetic diagnosis use: a research agenda. Reprod Biomed Online. 2008;17 Suppl 1:33-42. McMahon CA. Community concerns about sex selection: research as a way forward response to Edgar Dahls The presumption in favour of liberty. Reprod Biomed Online. 2004;8(3):272-4. Murphy TF. Choosing disabilities and enhancements in children: a choice too far? Reprod Biomed Online. 2009;18 Suppl 1:43-9. Speechley KN, Nisker J. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Canada: A Survey of Canadian IVF Units. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2010;32(4):341-7. Steinbock B. Designer babies: choosing our childrens genes. Lancet. 2008;372(9646):1294-5. Assisted Human Reproduction Canada. Legislation, Regulations and Guidelines. 12 Sept 2011. Available at http://www.ahrc-pac.gc.ca/v2/index-eng.php. Accessed March 8, 2013. Carlson E. Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement. Available at http://www.eugenicsarchive.org/html/eugenics/essay2text.html. Accessed March 8, 2013. Kirkey S. Center For Genetics And Society. Embryo testing stokes concern over designer babies. 19 Sept 2011. Available at http://www.geneticsandsociety.org/index.php. Accessed March 8, 2013. Lewis D. Infertility Awareness Association of Canada. Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis Now Available to all Canadians! 2006. Available at http://www.iaac.ca/content/pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-now-available-all-canadians. Accessed March 8, 2013. The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Instruction Dignitas Personae on certain Bioethical Questions. 8 Sept 2008. Available at http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20081208_dignitas-personae_en.html. Accessed March 8, 2013.

23 Questions

Questions

Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/designer-babies-the-future-of-reproductive-technology-248196.html
c

46

29
900igr.net > > > Designer Babies The Future of Reproductive Technology