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Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe
Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe
Outline
Outline
MeteoAlarm  Who we are
MeteoAlarm Who we are
Project website: www
Project website: www
Awareness levels and awareness types
Awareness levels and awareness types
MeteoAlarm  technical aspects
MeteoAlarm technical aspects
www
www
From MeteoAlarm-xml to CAP
From MeteoAlarm-xml to CAP
<instruction> element
<instruction> element
Guidelines for awareness levels
Guidelines for awareness levels
<severity> element
<severity> element
<info> blocks for different languages
<info> blocks for different languages
<area> & <geocode> elements
<area> & <geocode> elements
Phase 2: CAP aggregation & export
Phase 2: CAP aggregation & export
<parameter> element
<parameter> element
Summary
Summary
www
www

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Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe

Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe.pptx
1 Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe

Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe

Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe

Dr. Alexander Beck alexander.beck@zamg.ac.at

2 Outline

Outline

About MeteoAlarm Who we are What we do meteoalarm.eu How we do it (so far) From MeteoAlarm-xml to CAP Phase 1: CAP-MeteoAlarm on the basis of present xml-files Phase 2: meteoalarm.eu utilizing CAP Summary

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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3 MeteoAlarm  Who we are

MeteoAlarm Who we are

MeteoAlarm is a project of EUMETNET strong support from WMO Phase I (Feasibility) completed in 2004, operational since 2006 National (hydro-)meteorological services from 34 countries 33 different languages Mission: Alerting Europe for extreme weather Events: Rain and/or Flooding, Lightning, Snow and Ice, Wind, Fog, Storm surge, Heat spells, Cold spells, Avalanches, Forest-fire risk warning thresholds should be linked as close as possible to potential impact and damage ensuring coherent interpretation as widely as possible throughout Europe (harmonization of warning strategies and thresholds)

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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4 Project website: www

Project website: www

meteoalarm.eu

17 June 2014

IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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5 Awareness levels and awareness types

Awareness levels and awareness types

Four color-coded warning levels with general description of potential damage and instructions.

17 June 2014

IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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6 MeteoAlarm  technical aspects

MeteoAlarm technical aspects

MeteoAlarm xml-format has been developed Partners upload warnings in standardized xml-format xml-files are processed, stored in database and visualized Warning situation for today and tomorrow is shown Three levels: European level, national level, regional level About 700 partner regions

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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7 www

www

meteoalarm.eu

European level country level regional level

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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8 From MeteoAlarm-xml to CAP

From MeteoAlarm-xml to CAP

CAP-MeteoAlarm based on CAP 1.2 CAP feed implemented as secured Atom-Feed Approach: Populate CAP-elements with content from xml-files No or only minor adaptions necessary for partners! Content for most elements available from xml-files Additional elements <description> = warning text <instruction> very important, but might not be easy though

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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9 <instruction> element

<instruction> element

Ideally, a warning provides a tangible and understandable description of an expected damage scenario and a clear advice what to do Not possible for all partners (e.g., legal restraints) Partners decide how the <instruction> segment will be populated: general recommended actions provided by MeteoAlarm specific recommended actions provided by partner no recommended actions at all

17 June 2014

IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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10 Guidelines for awareness levels

Guidelines for awareness levels

Color

One word

Damage / Impact

What to do?

Used how often?

Meteo Treshholds e.g. Rain (area + impact related)

Green

Weather report

- - -

usual phenomena

usual phenomena

Examples

yellow

Be aware!

exposed objects (avoidable)

caution with exposed activities

> 30 per year

> 54 mm/24h

orange

Be prepared!

general damages (not avoidable)

keep informed in detail, follow advice of authorities

1 to 30 per year

> 70 mm/24h

red

Take action!

extreme damage and /or casualties extreme damage (mostly) on large areas, threatning life and properties (not avoidable, even in otherwise safe places)

follow order of authorities under all circumstances be prepared for extraordinary measures

less then 1 year + large (5000km2) scale phenomena

> 100 mm/24h

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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11 <severity> element

<severity> element

Is the CAP minor suitable for the MeteoAlarm green ? Not precisely, but we decided to go for it No particular awareness vs. Minimal to no known threat (A code such as nominal would suit better)

(OASIS CAP 1.2)

severity

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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cap. alertInfo. severity. code

The code denoting the severity of the subject event of the alert message (REQUIRED)

(1) The <urgency>, <severity>, and <certainty> elements collectively distinguish less emphatic from more emphatic messages. (2) Code Values: Extreme - Extraordinary threat to life or property Severe - Significant threat to life or property Moderate - Possible threat to life or property Minor Minimal to no known threat to life or property Unknown - Severity unknown

12 <info> blocks for different languages

<info> blocks for different languages

Partners are encouraged to provide warning information in their native language and English whenever possible. Two or more <info> blocks for individual languages

(OASIS CAP 1.2)

info

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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cap. alertInfo. info. group

The container for all component parts of the info sub-element of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

Multiple occurrences are permitted within a single <alert>. If targeting of multiple <info> blocks in the same language overlaps, information in later blocks may expand but may not override the corresponding values in earlier ones. Each set of <info> blocks containing the same language identifier SHALL be treated as a separate sequence. In addition to the specified sub-elements, MAY contain one or more <resource> blocks and/or one or more <area> blocks.

13 <area> & <geocode> elements

<area> & <geocode> elements

MeteoAlarm regions do not change frequently Use <geocode> instead of <polygon> NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) codes are used wherever possible

(OASIS CAP 1.2)

geocode

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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cap. alertInfoArea. geocode. code

The geographic code delineating the affected area of the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Any geographically-based code to describe a message target area, in the form: <geocode> <valueName>valueName</valueName> <value>value</value> </geocode> where the content of valueName is a user-assigned string designating the domain of the code, and the content of value is a string (which may represent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., valueName ="SAME" and value="006113"). (2) Values of valueName that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters without periods (e.g., SAME, FIPS, ZIP). (3) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <area> block. (4) This element is primarily for compatibility with other systems. Use of this element presumes knowledge of the coding system on the part of recipients; therefore, for interoperability, it SHOULD be used in concert with an equivalent description in the more universally understood <polygon> and <circle> forms whenever possible.

14 Phase 2: CAP aggregation & export

Phase 2: CAP aggregation & export

Under development, could be ready in autumn 2014 Some additional mandatory elements Validator will be available for the CAP-MeteoAlarm profile Only a limited number of partners will be able to provide CAPs in the beginning Both versions (xml and CAP) will likely exist for some time

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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15 <parameter> element

<parameter> element

For a smooth transition to CAP awarness type and level shall be provided as <parameter> elements.

(OASIS CAP 1.2)

parameter

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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cap. alertInfo. parameter. code

A system-specific additional parameter associated with the alert message (OPTIONAL)

(1) Any system-specific datum, in the form: <parameter> <valueName>valueName</valueName> <value>value</value> </parameter> where the content of valueName is a user-assigned string designating the domain of the code, and the content of value is a string (which may represent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., valueName ="SAME" and value="CIV"). (2) Values of valueName that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters without periods (e.g., SAME, FIPS, ZIP). (3) Multiple instances MAY occur within an <info> block.

16 Summary

Summary

MeteoAlarm is a successful collaboration of 34 European public weather services Collaborative Decision Making together with Civil Protection agencies CAP-feed based on xml-files provided by partners Timeframe: pretty soon, summer 2014 (together with Google team) CAP-MeteoAlarm to follow afterwards Each partner is free to choose either xml or CAP upload MeteoAlarm will assist partners in the transition to CAP How to handle all clear messages in CAP?

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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17 www

www

meteoalarm.eu

Thank you!

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IOT Xth Anniversary CAP Implementation Workshop, Sri Lanka

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Developments in MeteoAlarm for Europe
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