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English accents
English accents
Liverpool located in Merseyside Scouse accent
Liverpool located in Merseyside Scouse accent
1. Northernisms
1. Northernisms
No FOOT-STRUT split
No FOOT-STRUT split
no BATH broadening
no BATH broadening
lexical incidence: BATH words
lexical incidence: BATH words
strong short vowel systems
strong short vowel systems
English accents
English accents
s??g ?s
s??g ?s
2. Irish characteristics
2. Irish characteristics
TH stopping (London)
TH stopping (London)
TH stopping
TH stopping
English accents
English accents
no clear-dark /l/ allophony
no clear-dark /l/ allophony
3. Other striking Scouse characteristics
3. Other striking Scouse characteristics
frication or affrication of plosives
frication or affrication of plosives
SQUARE vowel merged with NURSE vowel
SQUARE vowel merged with NURSE vowel
long mid diphthonging
long mid diphthonging
prosodic characteristics: intonation
prosodic characteristics: intonation

Презентация: «English accents». Автор: john. Файл: «English accents.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1667 КБ.

English accents

содержание презентации «English accents.ppt»
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1 English accents

English accents

10. Liverpool (Scouse)

2 Liverpool located in Merseyside Scouse accent

Liverpool located in Merseyside Scouse accent

3 1. Northernisms

1. Northernisms

STRUT words have /?/ BATH words have /?/ (phonetically [a]) [g] is retained after [?]

4 No FOOT-STRUT split

No FOOT-STRUT split

put p?t cut k?t

full f?l dull d?l

In the north of England, /?/ and /?/ have not become separate phonemes

5 no BATH broadening

no BATH broadening

? remains short / _ [-voi +fric] b??

pass, glass, grass, staff, raft, laugh, bath, path, after, castle

Rhymes: bath - math(s), castle - tassel, pass - gas

6 lexical incidence: BATH words

lexical incidence: BATH words

typical southern accent TRAP ? BATH ?? START ?? gas, pass, farce ? ?? ??

typical northern accent TRAP a BATH a START a? gas, pass, farce a a a?

7 strong short vowel systems

strong short vowel systems

typical northern system (5 vowels)

typical southern system (6 vowels)

? ? e ? ? ?

? ? ? TRAP a ? LOT

KIT

FOOT

KIT

FOOT-STRUT

DRESS

STRUT

DRESS

TRAP

LOT

8 English accents
9 s??g ?s

s??g ?s

?g??g ?s??g?

?f??g?

final [g] remains after [?]

compare

[g] retained in northwest England, lost elsewhere

10 2. Irish characteristics

2. Irish characteristics

/?, ?/ are realized as plosives (TH stopping) /t/ is realized as a fricative in certain positions /l/ lacks clear-dark allophony

11 TH stopping (London)

TH stopping (London)

D becomes d in initial position

text messaging: da = the wiv dis = with this

12 TH stopping

TH stopping

? ? t? or t ? ? d? or d

thick and thin

a thick tick

faith - fate breathe - breed

father these and those

13 English accents
14 no clear-dark /l/ allophony

no clear-dark /l/ allophony

m?lk

??l

b?lb

?b?tlz

w??l

?p?nsl

15 3. Other striking Scouse characteristics

3. Other striking Scouse characteristics

frication or affrication of other plosives /e?/ is merged with /??/ the GOAT vowel is realized as [o?] or [e?] non-standard intonation patterns

16 frication or affrication of plosives

frication or affrication of plosives

k ? x (or ? or kx or q?) in final position d ? dz

snake [sne?x] back [bax] work [w???x]

Dad [dzadz]

NB: no phoneme /x/

17 SQUARE vowel merged with NURSE vowel

SQUARE vowel merged with NURSE vowel

fare = fur [f???, f??]

work [w???x]

[?m??ri]

Homophones: stare - stir pair - purr fairy = furry

18 long mid diphthonging

long mid diphthonging

GOAT vowel as [o?] or [e?]

face fe?s ? fe?s day de?

goat go?t ? go?t (? ge?t)

no? a? do?nt No, I don't ne? a? de?nt

19 prosodic characteristics: intonation

prosodic characteristics: intonation

I don't /like ?it = RP etc I don't \like it

Are 'you from \Liverpool? = RP etc Are 'you from /Liverpool?

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