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English as a Global Language by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace
English as a Global Language by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace
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International Road Signs:
International Road Signs:
But there are still problems
But there are still problems
English, ESL or EFL is Spoken by about
English, ESL or EFL is Spoken by about
English as a Global Language
English as a Global Language
Varieties of Global English, each with its Own Peculiar Flavor
Varieties of Global English, each with its Own Peculiar Flavor
La Langue du Coca-Cola
La Langue du Coca-Cola
Competing Global Languages
Competing Global Languages
Education Act of 1870: RP
Education Act of 1870: RP
World War II (McCrum 23)
World War II (McCrum 23)
Pin-Ups and Yank Magazine
Pin-Ups and Yank Magazine
Atomic-Bomb Words (McCrum 24)
Atomic-Bomb Words (McCrum 24)
Coca-Colonialism (McCrum 24)
Coca-Colonialism (McCrum 24)
Korean and Vietnam Wars (McCrum 25-26)
Korean and Vietnam Wars (McCrum 25-26)
David Ofgor, Attach
David Ofgor, Attach
Regional Dialects (McCrum 27-29)
Regional Dialects (McCrum 27-29)
Valley-Girl/Surfer-Dude: Bitchin Dude For sure Goady Rad To the max
Valley-Girl/Surfer-Dude: Bitchin Dude For sure Goady Rad To the max
Silicon Valley Words (California) (McCrum 30)
Silicon Valley Words (California) (McCrum 30)
British vs
British vs
Disadvantages of English as a Global Language
Disadvantages of English as a Global Language
Advantages of English as a Global Language
Advantages of English as a Global Language
*21 Accents by Amy Walker: http://www
*21 Accents by Amy Walker: http://www

Презентация на тему: «English as a Global Language». Автор: Don. Файл: «English as a Global Language.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1650 КБ.

English as a Global Language

содержание презентации «English as a Global Language.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 English as a Global Language by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace

English as a Global Language by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace

Nilsen

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2 2

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3 International Road Signs:

International Road Signs:

3

4 But there are still problems

But there are still problems

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5 English, ESL or EFL is Spoken by about

English, ESL or EFL is Spoken by about

of the People in the World ( about 2 Billion People) (McCrum 24/50)

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6 English as a Global Language

English as a Global Language

? of the World’s Mail ? of the World’s technical & scientific journals ? of all newspapers 80 % of the information in computers All International Air Pilots All International Sea Captains Many movies, songs, and much business ? of European business deals 7 of the Largest TV Broadcasters (CBS, NBC, ABC, BBC, CBC, CNN, C-Span) TV Televangelism of Christianity (McCrum 10)

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7 Varieties of Global English, each with its Own Peculiar Flavor

Varieties of Global English, each with its Own Peculiar Flavor

Deutschlish Franglish (la langue du Coca-Cola) Indian English Japlish (man-shon vs. mai-homu, basaburo, aisu-kurimu, mai-com [my computer]) Russlish Spanglish (McNeal 10, 38-39)

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8 La Langue du Coca-Cola

La Langue du Coca-Cola

In France, hot money ? capitaux f?bariles Jumbo jet ? gros porteur Fast food ? pr?t-?-manger In Canada, Loi 101 : English billboards, posters and storefronts are banned. Many students are not allowed to attend English-language schools. (McCrum 39-40)

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9 Competing Global Languages

Competing Global Languages

Arabic Russian (before the breakup of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe) Mandarin Spanish French

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10 Education Act of 1870: RP

Education Act of 1870: RP

Cockney (Cock’s Egg) RP (Received Pronunciation) Posh (Portside Out Starboard Home) (McCrum 13-21)

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11 World War II (McCrum 23)

World War II (McCrum 23)

GI Bases in England, Italy, France, Germany GI Language was vivid, profane & abbreviated:

Black Market Blitz Flak

Nylons Pin-Up R & R Snafu Yank

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12 Pin-Ups and Yank Magazine

Pin-Ups and Yank Magazine

Every issue of Yank Magazine featured a pin-up to remind soldiers of the girls back home. A pin-up of Rita Hayworth is said to have been taped to Fat Boy, the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945. Compare this with the movie Dr. Strangelove: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb.

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13 Atomic-Bomb Words (McCrum 24)

Atomic-Bomb Words (McCrum 24)

Atomic Holocaust Chain Reaction (cf. Vonnegut’s “Ice Nine”) Fallout Fireball Fission Fusion

Mushroom Cloud Test Site (NOTE: The possibility of nuclear proliferation was one of the causes of Postmodernism & Deconstructionism)

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14 Coca-Colonialism (McCrum 24)

Coca-Colonialism (McCrum 24)

Budweiser Coca Cola Gillette Kellogg’s Cornflakes Kellogg’s Rice Krispies (“Snap Crackle and Pop” has to be translated into various languages)

Kodak Maxwell House Coffee Schlitz Lucky Strike Marlboro

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15 Korean and Vietnam Wars (McCrum 25-26)

Korean and Vietnam Wars (McCrum 25-26)

Korean: Brainwashing Chopper (Helicopter)

Vietnam: Defoliate Domino Theory Escalation Firefight Friendly Fire Hawks & Doves

Vietnam: Moratorium Napalm Pacification Search and Destroy The Silent Majority (ct. the Vocal Minority)

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16 David Ofgor, Attach

David Ofgor, Attach

to the US Embassy in Phnom Penh:

Talking to journalists: “You always write it’s bombing, bombing, bombing. It’s not bombing. It’s air support.” (McCrum 27)

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17 Regional Dialects (McCrum 27-29)

Regional Dialects (McCrum 27-29)

Franklin D. Roosevelt (Eastern Money) Harry Truman (Twangy Missouran) Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon & Gerald Ford (American Midwest) Lyndon Johnson (Southern) Ronald Reagan & Dan Rather (Network Standard) Kennedy Family (New England) George W. Bush (Texas)

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18 Valley-Girl/Surfer-Dude: Bitchin Dude For sure Goady Rad To the max

Valley-Girl/Surfer-Dude: Bitchin Dude For sure Goady Rad To the max

Totally Tubular

Gay Speech: Gay Out of the closet Queer Queen Women’s Speech: Ms. Letter carrier JOKE: Mannheim Germany ? Personheim Gerpersony

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19 Silicon Valley Words (California) (McCrum 30)

Silicon Valley Words (California) (McCrum 30)

Artificial Intelligence CD (Compact Disk) DVD (Digital Video Disk) Data Processing Disk(ette) Flash Drive Hacker Input

Interface Jump Drive Modem On-Line ROM (Read-Only Memory) Software, Hardware, Wetware Word Processor

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20 British vs

British vs

American Global English

bird, bobby, bonnet, boot, drawing pins, flat, lift, lorry, mate, nappy, petrol, pram, sweets, torch, trunk call girl, cop, hood, trunk, thumb tacks, apartment, elevator, truck, buddy, diaper, gas, stroller, candy, flashlight, long-distance call colour/color, theater/theatre, tyre/tire advertisement, laboratory, secretary (McCrum 32)

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21 Disadvantages of English as a Global Language

Disadvantages of English as a Global Language

/?/ ? shoe, sugar, issue, mansion, mission, nation, suspicion, ocean, conscious, chaperon, schist, fuchsia, pshaw (spelled 13 ways). <sh> <ch> <ph> <th> <gh> Full, reduced, zero grades of consonants Long, Short, -r, schwa, and zero grades of vowels 15 different vowel phonemes <c> <g> <q> <s> (/s/ /?/ /z/ /?/) <x> (McCrum 42)

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22 Advantages of English as a Global Language

Advantages of English as a Global Language

Natural Gender, not Grammatical Gender Simplified Word Endings resulting in greater flexibility (N ? V, etc.) Teeming Vocabulary (80 % is not Anglo-Saxon) but rather: Arabic, Celtic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Scandinavian, Spanish, etc. (McCrum 43)

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23 *21 Accents by Amy Walker: http://www

*21 Accents by Amy Walker: http://www

youtube.com/watch?v=3UgpfSp2t6k *American Dialect Society: http://americandialect.org/ *Global Engrish: http://www.funnyordie.com/lists/71bd760bbe/31-brilliant-examples-of-engrish-fails *Lost Baggage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvo9-UA1HD8 *Yankee-Dixie Quiz: http://www.angelfire.com/ak2/intelligencerreport/yankee_dixie_quiz.html

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