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<<  VERB TENSES OF ENGLISH Verb Tenses in English History of the English Language  >>
English Tenses
English Tenses
Contents
Contents
Present
Present
Past
Past
Future
Future
Present Simple
Present Simple
Present Progressive
Present Progressive
Present Perfect
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Simple
Past Simple
Past Progressive
Past Progressive
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Progressive
Future Simple
Future Simple
Future Progressive
Future Progressive
Future Perfect
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Progressive
Future Perfect Progressive
Present Simple
Present Simple
Present Progressive
Present Progressive
They are not normally used in Present Progressive and in Present
They are not normally used in Present Progressive and in Present
Present Perfect
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Simple
Past Simple
Past Progressive
Past Progressive
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Progressive
Future Simple
Future Simple
Future Progressive
Future Progressive
Future Perfect
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Progressive
Future Perfect Progressive
Используемая литература:
Используемая литература:

Презентация на тему: «English Tenses». Автор: User. Файл: «English Tenses.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2452 КБ.

English Tenses

содержание презентации «English Tenses.ppt»
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1 English Tenses

English Tenses

2 Contents

Contents

Present Tenses Past Tenses Future Tenses

Present Simple Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive Past Simple Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Future Simple Future Progressive Future Perfect Future Perfect Progressive

Present Simple Present Progressive Present Perfect Present Perfect Progressive Past Simple Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Future Simple Future Progressive Future Perfect Future Perfect Progressive

SYSTEM

FORMATION

USE

3 Present

Present

usually always often

now

just already

for 2 hours since 2 o’clock

V V(s) (do, does)

Am Is V ing are

Have Has V ed (3)

She always plants roses in spring.

She is planting roses now

She has just planted roses.

She has been planting roses since two o’clock.

Она всегда сажает розы весной.

Она сажает розы сейчас

Она только что посадила розы.

Она сажает розы с двух часов.

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

Have been Has been V ing

4 Past

Past

Ved (2) (did)

was V ing were

had V ed (3)

She planted roses yesterday.

She was planting roses when he came.

She had planted roses before he came.

She had been planting roses for 2 hours when he came

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

yesterday last year two days ago

at 5 o’clock yesterday; when he came; while I was working

by 5 o’clock yesterday; before he came

for 2 hours; since 2 hours when he came

Она посадила розы вчера.

Она сажала розы, когда он пришел

Она посадила розы до того как он пришел.

Она сажала розы уже два часа, когда он пришел.

Had been V ing

5 Future

Future

will V

will be V ing

will have V ed (3)

will have been V ing

She will plant roses next spring.

She will be planting roses at 5 o’clock tomorrow.

She will have planted roses before he comes.

She will have been planting roses for 2 hours when he comes.

tomorrow; next summer; in two days

at 5 o’clock tomorrow; when he comes

by 5 o’clock tomorrow; When he comes

for two hours tomorrow; when you come

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

Она посадит розы весной.

Она будет сажать розы в 5 часов завтра.

Она посадит розы до того как он придет.

Она будет сажать розы уже два часа, когда ты придешь.

6 Present Simple

Present Simple

+

She plants roses in spring.

She does not plant roses in spring.

-

?

Does she plant roses in spring?

Yes, she does.

No, she does not.

7 Present Progressive

Present Progressive

She is planting roses now.

+

She is not planting roses now.

-

?

Is she planting roses now?

No, she is not.

Yes, she is.

8 Present Perfect

Present Perfect

She has just planted roses .

+

She has not planted roses.

-

?

Has she planted roses?

No, she has not.

Yes, she has.

9 Present Perfect Progressive

Present Perfect Progressive

She has been planting roses since 2 o’clock .

+

-

?

She has not been planting roses since 2 o’clock.

Has she been planting roses since 2 o’clock?

Yes, she has.

No, she has not.

10 Past Simple

Past Simple

+

She planted roses yesterday.

She did not plant roses in yesterday.

-

?

Did she plant roses yesterday?

Yes, she did.

No, she did not.

11 Past Progressive

Past Progressive

She was planting roses when he came .

+

She was not planting roses when he came.

-

Was she planting roses when he came?

?

Yes, she was.

No, she was not.

12 Past Perfect

Past Perfect

She had just planted roses before he came .

+

She had not planted roses before he came.

-

?

Had she planted roses before he came?

No, she had not.

Yes, she had.

13 Past Perfect Progressive

Past Perfect Progressive

She had been planting roses for 2 hours when he came .

+

-

?

She had not been planting roses for 2 hours when he came.

Had she been planting roses for 2 hours when he came?

Yes, she had.

No, she had not.

14 Future Simple

Future Simple

+

She will plant roses tomorrow.

She will not plant roses tomorrow.

-

?

Will she plant roses tomorrow?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

15 Future Progressive

Future Progressive

She will be planting roses when he comes.

+

She will not be planting roses when he comes.

-

Will she be planting roses when he comes?

?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

16 Future Perfect

Future Perfect

She will have planted roses before he comes .

+

She will have not planted roses before he comes.

-

?

Will she have planted roses before he comes?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

17 Future Perfect Progressive

Future Perfect Progressive

She will have been planting roses for 2 hours before he comes .

+

-

?

She will have not been planting roses for 2 hours before he comes.

Will she have been planting roses for 2 hours before he comes?

Yes, she will.

No, she will not.

18 Present Simple

Present Simple

1. The sun rises in the East.

Солнце встает на востоке. (всегда)

2. He gets up at 7 o’clock. He plays tennis every day.

Он поднимается в 7 часов. Он играет в теннис каждый день. (так он привык)

3. She looks like her mother. I don’t know his name.

Она похожа на свою мать. Я не знаю его имени. (вообще)

4. Bob passes the ball to Johnson and…

Боб передает мяч Джонсону и…. (футбольный репортаж)

5. I think we are wrong. It is windy today.

Я думаю, что мы ошибаемся. Сегодня ветреный день. (состояние)

6. Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday.

Завтра день рождения Тома. (обязательно)

19 Present Progressive

Present Progressive

What are you doing? – I’m reading now. Wait for me! I’m coming. It is raining (at present)

Что ты делаешь? – Я читаю. (сейчас) Подожди меня! Я иду. (сейчас) Идет дождь. (в данный момент)

2. We are living in a small flat. (at present). We (normally) live in a village near London.

Мы живем в маленькой квартирке. (только в настоящий момент) Мы живем в деревне под Лондоном. (всегда, обычно)

3. When are you meeting Bob? – I’m meeting him at 12 o’clock tomorrow.

Когда ты встречаешься с Бобом? – Я встречаюсь с ним завтра в 12 часов. (таковы планы на будущее)

20 They are not normally used in Present Progressive and in Present

They are not normally used in Present Progressive and in Present

Perfect Progressive

1

see feel recognize

hear smell appear

look taste seem sound

Can you hear the wind?

2

want wish hope

refuse like forgive

love prefer hate

Which chocolate do you like best?

3

think realize mean expect

know forget believe agree

understand feel remember guess

I think the shop is open now.

21 Present Perfect

Present Perfect

1. I have studied English since1993. how long have you had that bicycle?

Я учу английский с 1993 года. Как долго у тебя этот велосипед? (период времени)

2. I have visited London, but I have never been to Paris.

Я был в Лондоне, но никогда не был Париже. (до сих пор)

3. Do you want to see the new film “Police School 6”? I have already seen it? Have you seen “The Treasure Island”?

Хочешь посмотреть новый фильм «Школа полиции 6»? Я уже видел его. Ты видел «Остров сокровищ»? (в последнее время)

4. I’ve just had a delicious cake.

Я только что съел вкусный кекс. (действие только что произошло)

5. Somebody has borrowed my pen. Lucy isn’t here. She has gone shopping.

Кто-то взял мою ручку. Люси нет. Она ушла за покупками. (результат имеет место сейчас)

22 Present Perfect Progressive

Present Perfect Progressive

Where have you been? – I’ve been returning a library book. What have you been doing? – I’ve been cooking breakfast.

Где ты был? – Я возвращал книг в библиотеку. Что ты делала? – Я готовила завтрак. (действие только что закончилось)

2. He has been writing the story of his life. (He has written the story of his life)

Он пишет историю своей жизни. (ему еще долго писать) (Он написал историю своей жизни)

3. He’s been building his garage for ages. We’ve been living in this flat since 1980.

Он строит свой гараж целую вечность. Мы живем в этой квартире с 1980 года.

4. Look! It’s been raining.

Смотри! Прошел дождь. (Улицы еще мокрые)

23 Past Simple

Past Simple

When did you buy that dress? I bought it yesterday. The train left at 9.15.

Когда ты купила это платье? Я купила его вчера. Поезд ушел в 9.15. (действие произошло в определенное время в прошлом)

2. Once there was a king, who had a beautiful daughter.

Однажды жил-был король, у которого была прекрасная дочь. (состояние дел в прошлом.)

24 Past Progressive

Past Progressive

It was raining (1) when Bob left (2) my house.

Шел дождь (1), когда Боб вышел из моего дома (2). (2 действие случилось на фоне 1)

2. I was reading while my sister was eating breakfast.

Я читал, пока моя сестра завтракала. (оба действия длительные)

3. What were you doing at 7 o’clock yesterday?

Что ты делала вчера в 7 часов вечера? (длительное действие в указанный момент времени)

25 Past Perfect

Past Perfect

When the match had finished (1), Bob left quickly(2). Lucy had cooked dinner (1) by the time Bob came home (2). It was (2) the first time he had visited the zoo (1) (Past-in-the-Past)

Когда матч закончился (1) Боб быстро ушел (2). Люси приготовила обед (1) к тому времени, когда Боб пришел домой (1). Это был (1) первый раз, когда он побывал в зоопарке (2). (1 – сначала; 2 – потом)

2. If you had driven more carefully, you would have avoided this accident. (Unreal Past Perfect)

Если бы ты вел машину более осторожно, ты избежал бы этой аварии. (но авария уже произошла)

26 Past Perfect Progressive

Past Perfect Progressive

I had been studying English for two years when I took the exam. Had it been raining before he crashed his car? No, it hadn’t been raining at all.

Я изучал английский язык два года к моменту сдачи экзамена. (я учу его и сейчас) Шел ли дождь перед тем, как он разбил свою машину? (до и, может быть в момент столкновения) Нет, дождя совсем не было. (ни до, ни после)

2. It had been raining all night, and the streets were still wet in the morning.

Всю ночь шел дождь, и утром улицы были еще мокрые. (результат налицо)

27 Future Simple

Future Simple

I’ll help you.

2. it’ll be windy tomorrow.

3. Very well. I’ll buy it.

4. Perhaps I’ll do it.

5. What shall we do?

6. Will you close the door?

7. I won’t do it.

Я помогу тебе. (обещание)

Завтра будет ветрено. (предсказание)

Очень хорошо. Я куплю его. (решение принято в данный момент)

Возможно, я сделаю это. (есть вероятность)

Что будем делать? (предложение, получение советов)

Не закроешь ли дверь? (приказ, просьба)

Я не буду этого делать. (отказ)

28 Future Progressive

Future Progressive

I’ll be having a bath at 7 o’clock tomorrow morning.

Я буду принимать ванну завтра в 7 часов утра. (указан момент времени в будущем)

2. Will you be going there? – Yes, I’ll be going there.

Ты пойдешь туда? – Да, пойду. (без намека на вежливость, без желания)

3. I’ll be seeing him there tomorrow.

Я увижу его там завтра. (он всегда бывает там в это время)

29 Future Perfect

Future Perfect

I am sure that he will have reached the restaurant (1) by 6 o’clock. They will already have left (1) by the time we get there (2). (past-in-the –future)

Я уверен, что он доберется до ресторана (1) к 6 часам. Они уже уйдут (1) к тому времени, когда мы будем там (2). (1)– это как бы прошлое событие по отношению к (2)

30 Future Perfect Progressive

Future Perfect Progressive

I’ll have been reading for two hours when Bob comes home.

Я буду читать (уже) два часа к тому времени, когда Боб придет домой.

31 Используемая литература:

Используемая литература:

Английский язык: Большой справочник для школьников и поступающих в вузы/Е.М. Базанова, И.Ю. Баканова, О.Ю. Болтнева и др. – М.: Дрофа, 2004 Happy English-2. Учебник 7-9 класс. Клементьева Т.Б., Монк Б., Изд. Титул, 2000

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