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Exam next Tuesday 4/8
Exam next Tuesday 4/8
Review Questions
Review Questions
Verdis Operas
Verdis Operas
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Verdis Rigoletto
Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
Wagner: Philosophical Stuff
Wagner: Philosophical Stuff
Wagner: Philosophical Stuff
Wagner: Philosophical Stuff
Wagner: misc
Wagner: misc
Wagners Music dramas
Wagners Music dramas
The Ring Cycle
The Ring Cycle
Wagners Ring Cycle
Wagners Ring Cycle
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Die Walk
Leifmotifs in Die Walk
Leifmotifs in Die Walk
French opera: Carmen
French opera: Carmen
Carmen
Carmen
Musical Exoticism
Musical Exoticism

: Exam next Tuesday 48. : Music Dept.. : Exam next Tuesday 48.ppt. zip-: 114 .

Exam next Tuesday 48

Exam next Tuesday 48.ppt
1 Exam next Tuesday 4/8

Exam next Tuesday 4/8

2 Review Questions

Review Questions

What type of piece is Brahmss German Requiem? What does Requiem mean? What type of music is Verdi known for? What are some characteristics of his operas?

3 Verdis Operas

Verdis Operas

Verdis music is divided into numbers (arias, recit, choruses), yet fluid drama Followed conventions for arias-recitatives-ensembles Great emphasis of the singer: parts were written with specific singers in mind

4 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Listening guide 51 Story Based on Victor Hugo play, The King is Amused Rigoletto is a court jester, enemies place a curse on him

5 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Gilda is his daughter Duke is a nasty seducer of women an hes after Gilda Gilda gets abducted by Rigolettos enemies Sparafucile is an assassin slated to kill the Duke

6 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Gilda and Rigoletto watch as the Duke seduces Sparafuciles sister Gilda offers herself to be killed in place of the Duke Rigoletto gets a body bag; thinks the dke is inside, but its really Gilda Curse is fulfilled

7 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Act 3 excerpts... Duke-sings a famous tuneful STROPHIC song: Woman is fickle--ha ha Song captures the Dukes character perfectly

8 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Ensemble classic ensemble technique: each character responds differently to situation; all sing together, but in different styles (like Mozarts Figaro

9 Verdis Rigoletto

Verdis Rigoletto

Listen for differences in style: Maddalena and the Duke are passionate, singing in long lyrical lines.. While Gilda is angry: her singing is short and punctuated

10 Richard Wagner

Richard Wagner

(1813-1883) Huge innovator in German opera

11 Wagner: Philosophical Stuff

Wagner: Philosophical Stuff

Believed that traditional opera was artificial because Divided into numbers (like Verdi) Ensembles where everyone sang different things at once Solution: endless melody or continours music-no separation inteo recitative and aria

12 Wagner: Philosophical Stuff

Wagner: Philosophical Stuff

Believed in unity of the arts, called it collective artwork (Gesamtkunstwerk) Poetry, state sets, the architecture of the theater, all were just as important as music Believed opera should be more natural, like spoken drama .., So he called his operas music dramas.

13 Wagner: misc

Wagner: misc

interesting things

Pontificated on many issues, obnoxious antisemitism Participated in a political uprising, had to go into exile. Built his own theater at Bayreuth Second wife was the daughter of Franz Liszt, his close friend (and the wife of another friend).

14 Wagners Music dramas

Wagners Music dramas

On mythological or historical topics Orchestra very important, often having the more lyrical melody. Vocal parts less tuneful and memorable

15 The Ring Cycle

The Ring Cycle

4 operas (Rheingold, Die Walkure, Siegfried, Gotterdamerung) Written over a period of c. 40 years Takes 16 hours to perform Complicated story based on Norse mythology Lust for power, incest, adultery, heroism

16 Wagners Ring Cycle

Wagners Ring Cycle

Uses LEITMOTIFS: a specific musical theme that represents a character, event. object or concept. Wagner didnt invent the idea, but took it to a whole new level of complexity- some listeners have found 200 leitmotifs in the Ring Cycle!! Star Wars illustrates the leitmotif concept well

17 Die Walk

Die Walk

re

Second opera in the Ring A very simplified summary: Gold in the Rhine river guarded by maidens Who ever can steal it and make a ring from it will have power, but must renounce love The dwarf Alberich does this

18 Die Walk

Die Walk

re

The gods steal it from him This begins a series of events that end with the downfall of the gods (16 hours later) Wotan is the head of the gods Br?nnhilde is his daughter Siegmund and Sieglinde are his twin son and daughter, who have fallen in love with each other

19 Die Walk

Die Walk

re

Wotan must punish them because Sieglinde has cheated on her husband Tells Br?nnhilde she must let Siegmund get killed in a fight with Hunding, Sieglindes husband But Brunnhilde disobeys him, therefore...

20 Die Walk

Die Walk

re

He puts her to sleep surrounded by fire But allows her to be woken by a hero In the next opera, this hero will be Siegfried, the son of S and S, Brunnhildes half-nephew. He is a great hero, and her lover

21 Leifmotifs in Die Walk

Leifmotifs in Die Walk

re

In this excerpt you will hear the following leitmotifs: Sleep Wotans spear (which represents his authority.) Loge, the god of fire Siefried, the hero who will wake up Brunnhilde

22 French opera: Carmen

French opera: Carmen

By Georges Bizet (1838-75) Example of op?ra comique (not sung all the way through used spoken dialogue) Later the spoken parts were replaced with recitative An example of EXOTICISM-dealing with far away people and places in a romanticized way

23 Carmen

Carmen

Considered very scandalous in its time Carmen is a gypsy (the bad girl character type) Don Jos? is a soldier who loves her But he is engaged to Michaela (the good girl character type) When Carmen takes up with another man, D.J., kills her

24 Musical Exoticism

Musical Exoticism

Bizet uses a Habanera, a Cuban dance, to depict Carmens otherness

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