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Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
The Express Team
The Express Team
Project Location
Project Location
Proposed Footprint
Proposed Footprint
Site Conditions
Site Conditions
Green Vision
Green Vision
Climate conditions of Albuquerque
Climate conditions of Albuquerque
Average climate condition per month
Average climate condition per month
South-facing direct radiation
South-facing direct radiation
THE WRAPPER THE VILLAGE
THE WRAPPER THE VILLAGE
Concept Comparison
Concept Comparison
Design criteria
Design criteria
Decision matrix
Decision matrix
Winning Concept
Winning Concept
Basement
Basement
Natural Lighting
Natural Lighting
1st Floor
1st Floor
Straw Bale Walls
Straw Bale Walls
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
Roof
Roof
Section View E-W
Section View E-W
Section View N-S
Section View N-S
Supply Air and Water wall
Supply Air and Water wall
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation and Basement
Foundation and Basement
Load Layout
Load Layout
Structural System
Structural System
Structural System
Structural System
Vertical Loads
Vertical Loads
Vertical Loads
Vertical Loads
Lateral Loads
Lateral Loads
Details: Post-tensioning
Details: Post-tensioning
Details: Large classrooms
Details: Large classrooms
Details: Connections
Details: Connections
Details: HVAC
Details: HVAC
Auditorium Climate Control
Auditorium Climate Control
MEP Conceptual Layout
MEP Conceptual Layout
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Project Evolution
Staircase Evolution
Staircase Evolution
Problem: NE Staircase
Problem: NE Staircase
Netmeeting AutoCad 2D Solution
Netmeeting AutoCad 2D Solution
Real Time Virtual Environment A/E Collaboration
Real Time Virtual Environment A/E Collaboration
3D Virtual Environment Solution
3D Virtual Environment Solution
New Problems Discovered / Feel of stairs
New Problems Discovered / Feel of stairs
Real Time Implementation of Solution
Real Time Implementation of Solution
New Problems Discovered #2
New Problems Discovered #2
Staircase Evolution
Staircase Evolution
Site Layout #1
Site Layout #1
Site Layout #2
Site Layout #2
Critical Construction Elements
Critical Construction Elements
Start: Notice to proceed
Start: Notice to proceed
7 days : Erection of Fence
7 days : Erection of Fence
11 days: Site Trailers & Road
11 days: Site Trailers & Road
24 days: Excavation Equipment
24 days: Excavation Equipment
32 days : Excavate west wing
32 days : Excavate west wing
38 days: Excavate central wing
38 days: Excavate central wing
64 days : Pour footings in west wing
64 days : Pour footings in west wing
75 days: Pour all footings
75 days: Pour all footings
81 days: Basement slab
81 days: Basement slab
98 days: Columns, Shear walls, Stair case
98 days: Columns, Shear walls, Stair case
106 days: 2nd floor beams
106 days: 2nd floor beams
118 days: 1st floor slab
118 days: 1st floor slab
118 days: Mobile crane on site
118 days: Mobile crane on site
Expenditure: $1,435,732
Expenditure: $1,435,732
124 days: Shift in crane position
124 days: Shift in crane position
134 days: 2nd floor beams
134 days: 2nd floor beams
151 days: 2nd floor slab
151 days: 2nd floor slab
160 days: Columns, Shear wall
160 days: Columns, Shear wall
161 days: Change in crane position
161 days: Change in crane position
170 days: Roof Beams
170 days: Roof Beams
180 days: Roof slab
180 days: Roof slab
196 days: 1st floor exterior enclosure
196 days: 1st floor exterior enclosure
211 days: 2nd floor exterior enclosure
211 days: 2nd floor exterior enclosure
224 days: Windows & Interior finishes
224 days: Windows & Interior finishes
Expenditure: $ 5.28 M
Expenditure: $ 5.28 M
Expenditure: $ 6.7 M
Expenditure: $ 6.7 M
349 days: Computer Lab Handover
349 days: Computer Lab Handover
Expenditure: $7
Expenditure: $7
Project Budget
Project Budget
Cost Estimate
Cost Estimate
Cost Comparison
Cost Comparison
Cost Evolution
Cost Evolution
eQUEST Simulation Result
eQUEST Simulation Result
Solar Energy
Solar Energy
LEED Certification
LEED Certification
LEED Certification
LEED Certification
Team Collaboration
Team Collaboration
Team Process
Team Process
Communication - Meetings
Communication - Meetings
New Technologies Used
New Technologies Used
What can be improved for the spring quarter
What can be improved for the spring quarter
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Reflections On Course
Thanks for listening
Thanks for listening
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
Fiber Optic
Fiber Optic
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New

: Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New Mexico. : swarts. : Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New Mexico.ppt. zip-: 15198 .

Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New Mexico

Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New Mexico.ppt
1 Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New

Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New

Mexico Final presentation May 5th, 2006

2 The Express Team

The Express Team

11:00 pm

4:00 pm

2:00 pm

Nicole CM

Robi Engineer

Matt Architect

11:00 pm

5:00 pm

Yash CM

3 Project Location

Project Location

University of New Mexico

4 Proposed Footprint

Proposed Footprint

Proposed Footprint Existing Cactus Plants

43

35

43

30

5 Site Conditions

Site Conditions

Soil Condition - 4 ksf bearing capacity Earthquake - Largest recorded magnitude is 5.5 (1918) - Design according to IBC Flood - 2+ miles from the Rio Grande - Less than 0.2% annual probability of flooding Volcano - Located 5+ miles North and Northwest of the site - Lava travels maximum of about 2 miles Snow and wind - Minimal hazards - Design according to IBC

6 Green Vision

Green Vision

Natural Lighting & Ventilation Natural Thermal Insulation Thermal Mass Photovoltaic Panels Usage of recycled materials Geothermal Heating & Cooling Green Roof

7 Climate conditions of Albuquerque

Climate conditions of Albuquerque

0-24 HOURS

0-365 DAYS

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE

MINIMUM TEMPERATURE

MINIMUM TEMPERATURE

RELATIVE HUMIDITY

RELATIVE HUMIDITY

DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION

DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION

DIFFUSE SOLAR RADIATION

DIFFUSE SOLAR RADIATION

AVERAGE WIND SPEED

AVERAGE WIND SPEED

AVERAGE CLOUD COVER

AVERAGE CLOUD COVER

AVERAGE DAILY RAINFALL

AVERAGE DAILY RAINFALL

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE

MINIMUM TEMPERATURE

RELATIVE HUMIDITY

DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION

DIFFUSE SOLAR RADIATION

AVERAGE WIND SPEED

AVERAGE CLOUD COVER

AVERAGE DAILY RAINFALL

8 Average climate condition per month

Average climate condition per month

RADIATION 0-1000 W/m?

TEMPERATURE 0-50?C

HOURS 0-24

MONTH [AVERAGE DAY]

DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION

RELATIVE HUMIDITY

TEMPERATURE

9 South-facing direct radiation

South-facing direct radiation

WINTER

SUMMER

WINTER

10 THE WRAPPER THE VILLAGE

THE WRAPPER THE VILLAGE

11 Concept Comparison

Concept Comparison

A

E

C

Modern, sleek design Expansive views Does not fit surroundings

Adobe look Environmentally friendly Sense of community

Regular column grid Cantilevers on all sides Uneven load distribution

Regular column grid Cantilever classroom Large load over auditorium

Difficult construction Higher cost

Lower construction cost Longer duration

Pros = Blue Text Cons = Red Text

12 Design criteria

Design criteria

Quality of space (3) Circulation (4) Environmentally friendly (1) Economy (3) Usability in the future (5) Site connection (6) Speed of construction (4) Maintenance and inspection (2)

Rank (in brackets) and weight factor to each criterion

13 Decision matrix

Decision matrix

Winning concept

Weight factor x (0 5 pts)

The Wrapper

The Wrapper

The Village

The Village

Criteria

Steel

Concrete

Steel

Concrete

1

0,429

0,429

0,571

0,571

2

0,5

0,5

0,375

0,375

3

0,429

0,429

0,643

0,857

4

0,286

0,286

0,571

0,714

5

0,143

0,143

0,143

0,214

6

0,036

0,036

0,089

0,089

7

0,375

0,125

0,5

0,25

8

0,321

0,161

0,482

0,482

Sum

2,52

2,11

3,38

3,55

14 Winning Concept

Winning Concept

Total cost 6.82 million $

Straw bales

Concrete with 1-way slab

PT aud. beams

Site layout

Project duration ? 361 days

Atrium

15 Basement

Basement

Auditorium Exit

Circulation

Stairs

Elevator

Restroom

Instruct Lab

Auditorium

Computer Mech

Storage

16 Natural Lighting

Natural Lighting

Sky Port

Luminaries

Break Even @ 13 years

$22,000

Annual Savings: $1,600

Fiber Optic Cables www. .com

17 1st Floor

1st Floor

North Entrance

West Entrance

Courtyard Exit

To Rare Cactus Garden

Circulation

Stairs

Elevator

Restroom

Student Offices

Small Classroom

Large Classroom

Seminar Room

18 Straw Bale Walls

Straw Bale Walls

Three-wire bales 16x24x42 Weight 85 lbs

1. Straw

2. Wire Mesh

3. Plaster

Finished Look

Plastering of wall

19 2nd Floor

2nd Floor

South-west Stair Entrance

Faculty Offices

Circulation

Stairs

Elevator

Restroom

Admin

Faculty Lounge

20 Roof

Roof

Roof

Atrium

Clerestory Window

21 Section View E-W

Section View E-W

Faculty Lounge

Large Classroom

Auditorium

Computer Mech

22 Section View N-S

Section View N-S

Elevator

Auditorium

Student Office

Seminar Room

Large Classroom

Faculty Offices

Faculty Lounge

23 Supply Air and Water wall

Supply Air and Water wall

Water Wall

Water Wall

24 Foundation

Foundation

Soil Type: Mainly sand and a bit of silt Bearing Capacity: 4 ksf / 192 kPa Settlements: Immediate settlement (due to self-weight of foundation and building) Heaving: No need to consider (no clay) Water table: Fluctuates between 8 to 1000+ feet (assume not a problem)

25 Foundation and Basement

Foundation and Basement

Wall footing t=16 Toe in soil 34 Toe in build. 63 T&B #8@12, all around perimeter

Strip footing under shear walls

Strip footing 8x22x2.5 T&B 3#8@12

Basement wall t=16, h=16 Soil side #4@12 Inside #4@18, all around perimeter

Spread footing 10x10x2.5 T&B 5#8@12

26 Load Layout

Load Layout

Flexible building for changed future purpose

LL ? 80 psf LL ? 100 psf

LL ? 80 psf LL ? 80 psf

27 Structural System

Structural System

CIP concrete system with PT beams

PT beams, 12x18, 20x20

Columns, 16x16, 20x16

Roof slab 6 T #6@6 B #5@6

Shear wall, 10

Cantilever wall, 10

Foundation wall, 16

28 Structural System

Structural System

Shear Wall, 10 H #4@18 V #4@18 or #4@12

Elevator core, 10 #4@18

Typical column 16x16, 8#7

Stair case wall 10 #4@18

Typical PT beam 12x18 T 5#6,B 3#6 ?=0.5

Auditorium PT beam 20x20 T 6#9, B 4#8 ?=0.5

Slab, 8 T #5@12 B #6@8

Auditorium column 20 x16 8#5

Cantilever wall, 10 #4@12

29 Vertical Loads

Vertical Loads

30 Vertical Loads

Vertical Loads

31 Lateral Loads

Lateral Loads

32 Details: Post-tensioning

Details: Post-tensioning

Unbonded multi-strand tendons Fast and rational procedure 10 strands, ?=0.5

Working procedure Installation - plastic sheath and chairs 2. Casting - high strength concrete 3. Tensioning - after 7 days - from both ends Anchorage - two active ends 5. Usage - less deflection and cracking

Tendon

Hydraulic jack

VSL multi-strand system, active end

33 Details: Large classrooms

Details: Large classrooms

PT Beam 20x20 10 strands, ?=0.5

Wall (t= 10) #4@18 each way

34 Details: Connections

Details: Connections

Column 16x16

Auditorium Column/beam Column 20x16 PT beam 20x20

Beam/slab PT beam 20x20 Slab 8

35 Details: HVAC

Details: HVAC

2 Climate Zones

2 AHUs

Classrooms & Offices

Auditorium

36 Auditorium Climate Control

Auditorium Climate Control

Ground Floor

N

Isometric Duct Layout

37 MEP Conceptual Layout

MEP Conceptual Layout

2nd Floor

MEP Room

N

38 Project Evolution

Project Evolution

CIP

Large classrooms

PT beams

Staircase

39 Project Evolution

Project Evolution

CIP

Precast

CIP

CIP

Large classrooms

PT beams

Staircase

40 Project Evolution

Project Evolution

CIP

Large classrooms

PT beams

Staircase

41 Project Evolution

Project Evolution

PT

Cable

PT

CIP

Large classrooms

PT beams

Staircase

42 Project Evolution

Project Evolution

CIP

Large classrooms

PT beams

Staircase

43 Staircase Evolution

Staircase Evolution

North-east staircase

South-west staircase

44 Problem: NE Staircase

Problem: NE Staircase

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

45 Netmeeting AutoCad 2D Solution

Netmeeting AutoCad 2D Solution

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

46 Real Time Virtual Environment A/E Collaboration

Real Time Virtual Environment A/E Collaboration

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

47 3D Virtual Environment Solution

3D Virtual Environment Solution

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

48 New Problems Discovered / Feel of stairs

New Problems Discovered / Feel of stairs

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

49 Real Time Implementation of Solution

Real Time Implementation of Solution

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

50 New Problems Discovered #2

New Problems Discovered #2

Georgia Tech Atlanta, Georgia

Stanford Palo Alto, California

51 Staircase Evolution

Staircase Evolution

North-east staircase

52 Site Layout #1

Site Layout #1

Cornell Dr.

Central Ave.

Stanford Dr.

NORTH

53 Site Layout #2

Site Layout #2

Cornell Dr.

Central Ave.

Stanford Dr.

Road Closed Barriers

54 Critical Construction Elements

Critical Construction Elements

Critical Column for Radius Sizing

Req. Radius: 90 Load at max radius: 6 tons

Link-Belt HTC 8670

Mobile Crane Position #2

Mobile Crane Position #1

Radius: 115 Max load: 8.5 tons

55 Start: Notice to proceed

Start: Notice to proceed

Expenditure: $50000

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

56 7 days : Erection of Fence

7 days : Erection of Fence

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

57 11 days: Site Trailers & Road

11 days: Site Trailers & Road

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

12

6

months

58 24 days: Excavation Equipment

24 days: Excavation Equipment

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

59 32 days : Excavate west wing

32 days : Excavate west wing

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

60 38 days: Excavate central wing

38 days: Excavate central wing

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

61 64 days : Pour footings in west wing

64 days : Pour footings in west wing

Expenditure: $1,027,082

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

62 75 days: Pour all footings

75 days: Pour all footings

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

63 81 days: Basement slab

81 days: Basement slab

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

64 98 days: Columns, Shear walls, Stair case

98 days: Columns, Shear walls, Stair case

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

65 106 days: 2nd floor beams

106 days: 2nd floor beams

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

66 118 days: 1st floor slab

118 days: 1st floor slab

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

67 118 days: Mobile crane on site

118 days: Mobile crane on site

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

68 Expenditure: $1,435,732

Expenditure: $1,435,732

124 days: Columns, Shear structure, Stair case

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

69 124 days: Shift in crane position

124 days: Shift in crane position

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

70 134 days: 2nd floor beams

134 days: 2nd floor beams

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

71 151 days: 2nd floor slab

151 days: 2nd floor slab

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

72 160 days: Columns, Shear wall

160 days: Columns, Shear wall

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

73 161 days: Change in crane position

161 days: Change in crane position

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

74 170 days: Roof Beams

170 days: Roof Beams

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

75 180 days: Roof slab

180 days: Roof slab

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

76 196 days: 1st floor exterior enclosure

196 days: 1st floor exterior enclosure

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

77 211 days: 2nd floor exterior enclosure

211 days: 2nd floor exterior enclosure

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

78 224 days: Windows & Interior finishes

224 days: Windows & Interior finishes

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

79 Expenditure: $ 5.28 M

Expenditure: $ 5.28 M

235 days: Installation of Atrium & Clerestory windows

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

80 Expenditure: $ 6.7 M

Expenditure: $ 6.7 M

349 days: Interior finishes

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

81 349 days: Computer Lab Handover

349 days: Computer Lab Handover

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

82 Expenditure: $7

Expenditure: $7

77 M

371 days: Substantial Completion

Cash Flow

4 8

M$

2

6

12

months

83 Project Budget

Project Budget

$6,500,000

$7,774,958

U.S. Treasury Savings Bond

2006

2015

Initial Investment: $6,500,000 Expected Interest Rate: 2% Periodic Investment: $0.00 Years Invested: 9 Tax Rate: *exempt

84 Cost Estimate

Cost Estimate

Budget: $7.77 Million Estimated Expenditure: $7.77 Million

85 Cost Comparison

Cost Comparison

CONSTRUCTION COST IN $ PER s.f.

Construction costs adjusted to New Mexico, 2005

86 Cost Evolution

Cost Evolution

7.77

7.77

6.5

6.8

Cost in Millions ($)

2006 Budget

2015 Budget

Winter Quarter

Spring Quarter

87 eQUEST Simulation Result

eQUEST Simulation Result

Annual Savings ~ $ 28,500

Cost in Dollars $

88 Solar Energy

Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Cells

Payback Period 2.5 yrs

Solar Hot Water = $1,020 Photovoltaic = $28,914

TOTAL SAVINGS = $29,934

Solar HW 4 MWh

PV Cells 22 MWh

Annual Life-Cycle Savings = $28,914

Electrical Power Grid 206 MWh

$185,192

Total Energy Load = 232 MWh

Dollars ($)

Years

89 LEED Certification

LEED Certification

Green thinking during project development LEED-evaluation started after final design Regular contact with Adhamina Rodriguez, LEED certified Professional

Straw Bales

Solar Panels

Bike Rack

Fiber Optic

90 LEED Certification

LEED Certification

GOLD

TOTAL: 43

Category

Points

Water Efficiency

9

Sustainable Sites

5

Energy & Atmosphere

6

Materials & Resources

8

Indoor Environmental Quality

12

Innovation & Design Process

3

91 Team Collaboration

Team Collaboration

92 Team Process

Team Process

Communication

Satisfaction

Level of communication/ Level of satisfaction

Time

March 17 Winter Presentation

May 5

Feb 24 Reviews & Crits

93 Communication - Meetings

Communication - Meetings

Matt

My

Nicole

Yash

Tracy

Jimmy

Robi

Recall

94 New Technologies Used

New Technologies Used

Wiki Adds features to TT

TeamSpeak Solves limitation of Skype High quality on low bandwidth

Unreal Game Engine Interactive 3D

95 What can be improved for the spring quarter

What can be improved for the spring quarter

Take advantage of time diference, working in parallel Improvement of mini-meetings, communicate more effectively Learning more from the other disciplines

96 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

Details are important!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

97 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

There must be a reason for every action you take in a group process!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

98 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

Always ask why and why not!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

99 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

It is all about communication!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

100 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

Dont take more columns than you need!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

101 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

Work culture is different in every country!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

102 Reflections On Course

Reflections On Course

Trust your instincts and figure out the reasons later!

Tracy CanYouHearMe

My IcanDoThat

Jimmy MacGyver

Robi MuteYourMic

Matt YellowSweatPants

Yash WhyWeHaveThat

Nicole NoSleep

103 Thanks for listening

Thanks for listening

Owners (Amine, Shan), Mentors (Greg, Katherine, Prof. Miranda, Prof. Krawinkler, Prof. Borja, John, Henry, Adhamina, David, Cole, Caroline) and our coach Renate Thanks for all your support!

104 Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
105 Fiber Optic

Fiber Optic

Sky Port ? Fiber optic cables (?=0.98) ? Luminaries 2 Sky Ports ? Good natural lighting effect in a room of 323 431 square feet Should face the sun within an angle of 60 Maximum distance between Sky Port and luminaries: 49.2 feet Decrease of visible light intensity: 4.6% per meter No heat transfer to the building Fixed and movable layers of lenses, micro computer connected to solar sensor guide the tracking

106 Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New
Express Project 2006 The Engineering School of Express University New Mexico
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