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Тест 1. Fire (combustion)
Тест 1. Fire (combustion)
4. The more you study special subjects the … specialist you’ll become
4. The more you study special subjects the … specialist you’ll become
II
II
c) both…and 4. Convection occurs when a molecule of some substance, …
c) both…and 4. Convection occurs when a molecule of some substance, …
III
III
IV
IV
V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям
V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям
VI
VI
Тест 2 development of a fire
Тест 2 development of a fire
4. Any fire … be made burn faster by supplying more oxygen to it
4. Any fire … be made burn faster by supplying more oxygen to it
7. Any fire … be made more fierce if more oxygen is supplied to it
7. Any fire … be made more fierce if more oxygen is supplied to it
10
10
II
II
III
III
IV
IV
V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Development
V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Development
I. Выберите нужную форму причастия I или II
I. Выберите нужную форму причастия I или II
4. The fire … in time is not dangerous to people
4. The fire … in time is not dangerous to people
II
II
4. Chemical reactions including combustion are known to occur twice as
4. Chemical reactions including combustion are known to occur twice as
III
III
IV
IV
V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям
V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям
VI
VI
1. Class B fires involve … and liquefiable solids
1. Class B fires involve … and liquefiable solids
Тест 4. Methods of fire extinguishment
Тест 4. Methods of fire extinguishment
7. Recently this type of fire … rapidly
7. Recently this type of fire … rapidly
II
II
III
III
IV
IV
V.Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Methods of
V.Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Methods of
Тест 5. Extinguishing media
Тест 5. Extinguishing media
5. A steam engine is driven … steam into its cylinders
5. A steam engine is driven … steam into its cylinders
II
II
III
III
IV
IV
IV
IV
7.An optimum vapourizing liquid extinguishment must have … 8.… leading
7.An optimum vapourizing liquid extinguishment must have … 8.… leading
Тест 6. Fixed installations
Тест 6. Fixed installations
3.Modern dry powders are said to be as complex as vapourizing liquids
3.Modern dry powders are said to be as complex as vapourizing liquids
II
II
III
III
IV
IV
V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Fixed
V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Fixed

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Fire (combustion)

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1 Тест 1. Fire (combustion)

Тест 1. Fire (combustion)

I. Выберите правильную форму прилагательного. 1. The … method of heat transfer is conduction. a) simpler b) simple c) simplest 2. It is the … fire extinguishment method for this type of fires. a) good b) best c) better 3. Heated light air goes to the … point it can. a) highest b) higher c) high

2 4. The more you study special subjects the … specialist you’ll become

4. The more you study special subjects the … specialist you’ll become

a) good b) better c) best 5. The … foam is delivered onto a fire the more successful the extinguishment will be. a) quick b) quickest c) quicker

3 II

II

Выберите правильную форму сравнительных союзов. 1. Water is … effective … dry powders to extinguish metal fire. a) as … as b) not so … as c) both … and 2. Firemen can apply water … in the form of a jet … a spray. a) as…as b) neither…nor c) either…or 3. Water should be used … for extinction of class D fires … for class C fires. a) neither…nor b) either…or

4 c) both…and 4. Convection occurs when a molecule of some substance, …

c) both…and 4. Convection occurs when a molecule of some substance, …

a liquid … a gas, is heated to a very high temperature. a) neither…nor b) either…or c) both…and 5. Fire units are equipped with … ladders … escapes. a)both…and b)as…as c)either…or

5 III

III

Образуйте существительные с помощью определенных суффиксов от данных ниже глаголов (a)-ment, b)-tion, c)-er ) и переведите их на русский язык. to extinguish, 2. to ignite, 3. to apply, 4.to require, 5. to reduce, 6. to react, 7. to combine

6 IV

IV

Образуйте устойчивые словосочетания из колонок А и В. A 1. fire B a) application 2. ignition b) reaction 3. heat c) content 4. flame d) control 5. combustion e) extinguisher 6. water f) spread 7. temperature g) temperature 8. oxygen h) ingredient 9. diluted i) oxygen 10.basic j) supply

7 V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям

V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям

heat reaction, 2. ignition temperature, 3. foam extinguisher, 4. powder extinguisher, 5. flame propagation, 6. fire extinguishment, 7. foam application, 8. fire ingredient, 9. heat source, 10. fire source a) составляющая пожара, b) тушение пожара, c) источник огня, d) температура возгорания, e) тепловая реакция, f) источник тепла, g) пенный огнетушитель, h) порошковый огнетушитель, i)распространение пламе-ни, j) использование пены

8 VI

VI

Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по темe “Combustion”. a) combustion, b) fire ingredients, c) consisting of, d) combustible, e) three basic ingredients, f) ordinary combustible agents. g) combustion process, h) supporter of combustion 1. Every firefighter must know how to extinguish fires of … . 2. In the … heat and light are evolved. 3…. is a rapid chemical reaction between the combustible material and oxygen. 4…. is the oxygen of the atmosphere. 5. Fire occurs if there are three … . 6. Substances are called … if they burn in air. 7. Oxygen … 21% oxygen and 79% nitrogen is called diluted. 8. Fire at any time and in any location requires … .

9 Тест 2 development of a fire

Тест 2 development of a fire

I. Выберите нужную наиболее подходящую форму модального глагола или его эквивалента. 1 .Firemen … extinguish the fire with the help of first-aid appliances. a) must b) can c) are allowed to 2. In some limited circumstances chlorine … support fire. a) must b) has to c) may 3. Each fire brigade … be provided with hose lines. a) can b) must c) may

10 4. Any fire … be made burn faster by supplying more oxygen to it

4. Any fire … be made burn faster by supplying more oxygen to it

a) must b) is able to c) can 5. This substance … be heated to its ignition point to react with oxygen. a) must b) is allowed to c) is able to 6. At last firemen … to open up a building. a) were allowed to b) could c) had to

11 7. Any fire … be made more fierce if more oxygen is supplied to it

7. Any fire … be made more fierce if more oxygen is supplied to it

a) may b) must c) can 8. Fire … be defined as a rapid chemical reaction between the combustible material and the oxygen in the air. a) is able to b) may c) is allowed to 9. You … locate inflammable agents far from the ignition source. a) are allowed to b) have to c) are able to

12 10

10

The ignition source of heat … be sufficient to insure flame propagation. a) should b) is able to c) is allowed to

13 II

II

Образуйте существительные с помощью определенных суффиксов и переведите их. a)-ment, b)-tion, c)-ity 1. to develop, 2. to decompose, 3. to accumulate, 4. to ignite, 5. flame, 6. combustion, 7. to extinguish, 8. special

14 III

III

Образуйте устойчивое словосочетание из колонок А и В. A 1.oxygen B a) supply 2. temperature b) mixture 3. water c) inrush 4. ignition d) point 5. air e) rise 6. gas-air f) equipment 7. flash g) line 8. explosion-proof h) content 9. hose i) appliance 10. first-aid j) source

15 IV

IV

Найдите русские эквиваленты для данных ниже словосочетаний. to rise the temperature, 2. to spread over, 3. to be engaged in, 4. to burst into flames, 5. to be evolved, 6. to cause a fire, 7. to be provided with, 8. to distill off, 9. to be extinguished, 10. to demand a) выделять, b) быть выделенным, c)требовать, d) вызывать пожар, e) повышать температуру, f) быть обеспеченным, g) быть вовлеченным в, h) вспыхнуть пламенем, i) распространяться по, j) быть потушенным

16 V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Development

V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Development

of Fire” flash-over, b) a steady temperature rise, c) the unobstructed air supply, d) spreads over, e) water to be supplied, f) sufficient oxygen content, g) smothering and flash-over, h) inrush of fresh air 1. There are two stages in the fire development- … . 2. During the first stage of the fire development there is … . 3. The combustible material becomes heated to its ignition point and … occurs. 4…. causes the room to burst into flames. 5. When there is no … flash-over doesn’t occur. 6…. can cause the explosive gas-air mixture. 7. Fire suddenly … the whole room. 8. Some hose lines must be ready for … .

17 I. Выберите нужную форму причастия I или II

I. Выберите нужную форму причастия I или II

1. The phenomenon … as combustion is a rapid chemical reaction between the combustible material and the supporter of combustion. a) knowing b) known 2. Combustion is a rapidly … chemical reaction when heat and light are evolved. a) occurring b) occurred 3. Water is the best … agent for fires of ordinary combustible materials. a) extinguished b) extinguishing

Тест 3. Classification of fires

18 4. The fire … in time is not dangerous to people

4. The fire … in time is not dangerous to people

a) extinguished b) extinguishing 5. Oxygen … of 21% oxygen and 79% nitrogen is called diluted. a) consisting b) consisted 6. In some … circumstances chlorine and fluorine may support combustion. a) limiting b) limited 7. There are a lot of … agents suitable for the extinction of class A fires. a) extinguishing b) extinguished

19 II

II

Выберите правильный перевод причастия I или . 1. The agents extinguishing fires are quite different. а) тушащие в) потушенные с) будут потушены 2. Heat absorbed by a liquid causes its evaporation. а) поглощающие в) было поглощено с) поглощенное 3. The condition known as back draught is dangerous to firemen. а) известно, что в) известное с) было известно, что

20 4. Chemical reactions including combustion are known to occur twice as

4. Chemical reactions including combustion are known to occur twice as

fast if the temperature rises by 10 C°. А) включают в) включенное с) включающие 5. Realizing the danger he left the building at once. А) осознавая в) осознающий с) он осознавал опасность…

21 III

III

Образуйте существительные, прилагательные или причастие II ( в функции определения ) с помощью определенных суффиксов от данных ниже глаголов или существительных a) –t(ion), b) – ment, c) –able, d) –ed. 1. to classify, 2. to equip, 3. to suit, 4. to spill, 5. to develop, 6. to form, 7. flame, 8. to cool, 9. liquid, 10. to decompose

22 IV

IV

Образуйте устойчивые словосочетания из колонок А и В. A 1. water B a) fire 2. oxygen b) classification 3. liquid c) extinction 4. metal d) extinguisher 5. heat e) source 6. fire f) powder 7. present-day g) damage 8. gas h) nature 9. foam i) content 10. organic j) production

23 V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям

V. Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям

to cool, 2. to take a form, 3. to avoid, 4. to spill, 5. to divide into, 6. to contain, 7. to involve, 8. to be classified into, 9.to denote, 10. to choose the extinguishing agent принимать форму, b) делиться на, c) классифицироваться, d) выбирать тушащее вещество, e) охлаждать, f) избегать g) содержать, h) разливать, i) означать, j) включать в свой состав

24 VI

VI

Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Classification of Fires”. a) according to the combustible materials, b) ordinary combustible agent, c) flammable liquids, d) extinguishing media, e) methods of fire extinguishment, f) size and intensity, g) a handicap to firefighters, h) water quantity

25 1. Class B fires involve … and liquefiable solids

1. Class B fires involve … and liquefiable solids

2. Class A fires involve … such as wood, paper and textiles. 3. … for class B fires are foam, vapourizing liquids, carbon dioxide and dry powder. 4. Cooling, blanketing and smothering are the main … . 5. Sprays are always used where smoke is … . 6. Fires are classified …, the size and the intensity of the fire. 7. Sometimes fires are classified according to their … . 8. … depends on the size and intensity of the fire.

26 Тест 4. Methods of fire extinguishment

Тест 4. Methods of fire extinguishment

I. Выберите нужную форму сказуемого в активном или пассивном залоге. 1. This type of fire …quickly . a) extinguished b) was extinguished 2. Fire-fighters know that combustible agents … gases. a) distill off b) are distilled off 3. Vapour-air explosive mixture … into three groups. a) is classified b) classifies 4. The scientists … the temperature of the woodwork to its ignition point. a) raised b) were raised 5. Back-draught may usually … by a fresh air inrush. a) cause b) be caused 6. Flash-over can … only by a fire brigade. a) be extinguished b) extinguish

27 7. Recently this type of fire … rapidly

7. Recently this type of fire … rapidly

a) extinguished b) has been extinguished

28 II

II

Образуйте существительные с помощью суффиксов от данных ниже глаголов и переведите их –al, b) – tion 1. to dissipate, 2. to prevent, 3. to remove, 4. to eliminate, 5. to provide, 6. to protect, 7. to classify, 8. to withdraw, 9. to direct, 10. to reduce

29 III

III

Образуйте устойчивые словосочетания из колонок А и В. A 1. water B a) reduction 2. oxygen b) ingredients 3. temperature c) protection 4. flame d) energy 5. environment e)damage 6. oil f) place 7. fire g) spill 8. heat h) spread 9. chain i) reaction 10. safe j) content

30 IV

IV

Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям. 1.to require three ingredients, 2. to decide in favour of sprays, 3. to demand for combustion, 4.to include in the chemical composition, 5. to remove fuel, 6. to prevent flame spread, 7. to be called starvation, 8. to reduce oil spill а)удалять топливо, b) уменьшить разлив нефти, c) требовать три составляющих, d) решать в пользу распыленной струи, e) называться голоданием, f) включать в химический состав, g) требовать для горения, h) предотвращать распространение пламени

31 V.Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Methods of

V.Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Methods of

Fire Extinguishment” 1.the removal of fuel, b) depriving the fire of oxygen, c) before attempting, d) cause the fire to go out, e) sufficient oxygen, f) are required for combustion, g) oxygen content, h) different extinguishing media 1.… to extinguish a fire a fire-fighter must decide which of the fire ingredients he will try to remove. 2.When the burning material includes in its chemical composition … for its combustion, smothering is ineffective. 3.The … is called starvation. 4.The three ingredients … . 5.To reduce the … some inert gases may be used. 6.It is important to use … . 7.The withdrawal of any of the three ingredients will … . 8.… is called smothering.

32 Тест 5. Extinguishing media

Тест 5. Extinguishing media

I. Заполните пропуски нужной формой инфинитива или герундия. 1.… a fire it is sufficient to reduce the oxygen content below the level to support combustion. extinguishing to extinguish 2.It is for a fireman… what extinguishing medium to choose. a) to decide b) deciding 3. The chain reaction releases a lot of radiation which must be prevented … into the atmosphere. a) to escape b) from escaping 4… this method the firemen managed to extinguish the fire in seconds. a) by applying b) to apply

33 5. A steam engine is driven … steam into its cylinders

5. A steam engine is driven … steam into its cylinders

a) by introducing b) to introduce 6. The rate of fire spread can be reduced … the fire load. a) to decrease b) by decreasing 7. The firemen managed … the fire without increasing the potential loss. a) to extinguish b) extinguishing 8. Back-draught is dangerous to firemen engaged … a building. a) in opening up b) to open up

34 II

II

Образуйте существительные с помощью определенных суффиксов от данных ниже глаголов ((– a) – tion, b) –ment, c) –ance (ence) to propagate, 2. to agitate, 3. to involve, 4. to react, 5. to maintain, 6. to interfere, 7. to recognize

35 III

III

Образуйте устойчивые словосочетания из колонок А и В. A 1. agent B a) content 2. chain b) propagation 3. combustion c) concentrate 4. hand d) reaction 5. oxygen e) mixture 6. flame f) extinguishment 7. foam g) carrier 8. protein h) solution 9. liquid i) equipment 10. foam compound j) pump

36 IV

IV

Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже словосочетаниям. 1. close relationship, 2.substituted methane, 3.total flooding system, 4. volatile liquid, 5. liquefied state, 6.wetting agent, 7.flexible classification, 8. incipient fire, 9. diluted agent, 10. vapourizing liquid a) парообразующая жидкость, b) поверхностно-активное вещество, c) начинающийся пожар, d) летучая жидкость, e) сжиженное состояние, f) разбавленное вещество, g) замещенный метан, h) система сплошного затопления,i) гибкая классификация, j) тесная взаимосвязь

37 IV

IV

Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Extinguishing Media”. a) foam compound solution, b) wetting agent mixture, c) inert gas introduction, d) fire extinguishing properties, e) flame propagation, f) chain carrier, g) maximum combustion interference, h) combustion reaction 1.Fires may be extinguished by the … reducing the oxygen content. 2.The combustion reaction leading to … is a chain reaction. 3.Foam compounds include … and other components, 4.If the halogen compound reacts with the … and terminates the chain, flame propagation ceases. 5.Volatile liquid compound of halogens have great … . 6.Foam is generated by the mechanical agitation of a … in the presence of air.

38 7.An optimum vapourizing liquid extinguishment must have … 8.… leading

7.An optimum vapourizing liquid extinguishment must have … 8.… leading

to flame propagation is a chain reaction involving free radicals.

39 Тест 6. Fixed installations

Тест 6. Fixed installations

I. Выберите правильный вариант перевода субъектного или объектного инфинитивного оборотов. 1.Water is considered to be the most common extinguishant a) Считается, что вода – самое распространенное огнетушащее средство. b) Они считают, что вода – самое распространенное огнетушащее средство. 2.Fires are known to be extinguished by introducing inert gas. a) Они потушили пожар путем введения инертного газа. b) Известно, что пожар тушится путем введения инертного газа.

40 3.Modern dry powders are said to be as complex as vapourizing liquids

3.Modern dry powders are said to be as complex as vapourizing liquids

a) Говорят, что современные сухие порошки такие же сложные, как и парообразующие жидкости. b) Современные сухие порошки такие же сложные, как и парообразующие жидкости. 4.We consider water to be the most effective extinguishing agent. a) Считается, что вода - самое эффективное тушащее средство. b) Мы считаем, что вода – самое эффективное тушащее средство. 5. We watched the firemen extinguish the fire. a) Мы наблюдали, как пожарные тушили пожар. b) Пожарные тушили пожар, а мы наблюдали.

41 II

II

Образуйте прилагательные с помощью определенных суффиксов и переведите их на русский язык (a) –ic; b) –ous; c) – al; d) –ing; e) –ed 1.control, 2. seal, 3.spray, 4.metal, 5. industry, 6.economy, 7. danger

42 III

III

Образуйте устойчивые словосочетания из колонок А и В. A 1. water B a) valve 2. fire b) main 3. oil c) drenches 4. alarm d) supply 5 floor e) head 6. town f) device 7. roof g) outlet 8. pipework h) system 9. sprinkler i) area 10. temperature j) fire

43 IV

IV

Найдите русские эквиваленты к данным ниже глаголам. 1.to be manually operated, 2. to impinge on, 3.to be discharged from, 4. to ensure, 5. to damage, 6. to be designed for, 7. to be located overhead, 8. to be connected through, 9. to resist, 10. to be installed inside a)управляться вручную, b) располагаться наверху, c) быть установленным внутри, d) ударяться о, e) разрушать, f) обеспечивать, g) быть соединенным с помощью, h) сопротивляться, i) быть выпущенным из, j) быть спроектированным для

44 V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Fixed

V. Заполните пропуски, используя активную лексику по теме “Fixed

Installations” a)automated sprinkled system, b) operate simultaneously, c) water-spray projector system, d) temperature sensitive device, e) oil storage installations, f) ceiling construction 1…. are employed for the protection of the equipment against the oil fires. 2. Sprinkler heads employ a … . 3. Water-spray projector systems are not used to protect large … . 4. The distance between heads varies with the type of … used. 5. An … comprised pipes installed at or near the ceiling of each floor. 6. In the event the sprinkler heads … they ensure the complete spray coverage.

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