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Hollywood/Europe: A Transnational film culture
Hollywood/Europe: A Transnational film culture
Agenda
Agenda
Screening Questions: Inglourious Basterds
Screening Questions: Inglourious Basterds
Agenda
Agenda
Reconsidering the Concept(s) of National Cinema
Reconsidering the Concept(s) of National Cinema
Transnational Cinema: National Purity vs
Transnational Cinema: National Purity vs
The Economic Approach: Industry Structure and the International
The Economic Approach: Industry Structure and the International
Hollywood, Now: The Member Companies of the Motion Picture Association
Hollywood, Now: The Member Companies of the Motion Picture Association
Popular film financing/distribution/ licensing arms of these six
Popular film financing/distribution/ licensing arms of these six
Demystifying the Dream Factory: Brand and Structure
Demystifying the Dream Factory: Brand and Structure
Inglourious Basterds: A VERY International Co-production
Inglourious Basterds: A VERY International Co-production
The Mamma Mia
The Mamma Mia
Mamma Mia
Mamma Mia
Why might it be the case that the nationality of creative talent be
Why might it be the case that the nationality of creative talent be
The Significance of National Personnel
The Significance of National Personnel
How does the concept of transnational cinema complicate traditional
How does the concept of transnational cinema complicate traditional
Rethinking Consumption: International Circulation
Rethinking Consumption: International Circulation
How would you go about gauging the extent to which a Hollywood film
How would you go about gauging the extent to which a Hollywood film
Inglourious Basterds: Ticket Sales (Source: www
Inglourious Basterds: Ticket Sales (Source: www
Mamma Mia
Mamma Mia
What important information do these data not reveal
What important information do these data not reveal
Meers: Rare Empirical Support of the Imbeddedness of Hollywood
Meers: Rare Empirical Support of the Imbeddedness of Hollywood
How, in a general sense, does transnational cinema complicate the
How, in a general sense, does transnational cinema complicate the
Text-based Approach: Content, Themes, and Address
Text-based Approach: Content, Themes, and Address
How does the content and address of Inglourious Basterds complicate
How does the content and address of Inglourious Basterds complicate
Inglorious Basterds: Meta-Transnational Cinema
Inglorious Basterds: Meta-Transnational Cinema
Mamma Mia
Mamma Mia
What could be more Hollywood than British and American actresses
What could be more Hollywood than British and American actresses
In Sum
In Sum

: Hollywood Europe: A Transnational film culture. : Richard. : Hollywood Europe: A Transnational film culture.ppt. zip-: 6606 .

Hollywood Europe: A Transnational film culture

Hollywood Europe: A Transnational film culture.ppt
1 Hollywood/Europe: A Transnational film culture

Hollywood/Europe: A Transnational film culture

Session Two Part 1: Hollywood ? Europe (?) Transatlantic Hollywood: or why Hollywood is more than an American Institution Department of Film and Audiovisual Culture Dr. Richard Nowell

2 Agenda

Agenda

12:3514:15 Mamma Mia (2008) 14:1514:25 Break 14:2515:45 Transatlantic Hollywood: Or why Hollywood is more just an American Institution

3 Screening Questions: Inglourious Basterds

Screening Questions: Inglourious Basterds

1. Do you feel like you are watching an American movie? If so, what exactly makes it American? If not, why does it not feel like an American movie? How else would you classify it? 2. How does this film dramatize some of Higsons ideas?

4 Agenda

Agenda

Cinema and cross-border flows Hollywood International Transatlantic dimensions of Hollywood

5 Reconsidering the Concept(s) of National Cinema

Reconsidering the Concept(s) of National Cinema

To what does the term transnational cinema refer? In The Limiting Imagination of Transnational Cinema, how does Higson suggest cross-border flows undermine the notion of national cinema?

6 Transnational Cinema: National Purity vs

Transnational Cinema: National Purity vs

Messy Reality

Cross-boarder flows of money, people, goods, and ideas undergirding cinema are usually subsumed under the term transnational cinema Notions of national cinema are underpinned by sense of national purity: Production ? Content/Address ? Appreciation/Consumption The various cross-border flows characterizing Hollywood complicate its status as a nominally American institution at all of these stages Crucially, flows between the United States and Europe impact upon every Hollywood film ever made, albeit in different combinations The cumulative effect of the transatlantic dynamis of Hollywood output makes it difficult to maintain the idea that Hollywood is American

7 The Economic Approach: Industry Structure and the International

The Economic Approach: Industry Structure and the International

Circulation of Labor

What is Hollywood? and how does its structure undermine its nominally American status?

8 Hollywood, Now: The Member Companies of the Motion Picture Association

Hollywood, Now: The Member Companies of the Motion Picture Association

of America (MPAA)

9 Popular film financing/distribution/ licensing arms of these six

Popular film financing/distribution/ licensing arms of these six

multinational conglomerates

10 Demystifying the Dream Factory: Brand and Structure

Demystifying the Dream Factory: Brand and Structure

Hollywood is a group of financier-distributors-licensors (MPAA members), each owned by a multinational corporation These companies outsource production to independent companies, around the world, who in turn outsource aspects of production These operations involve numerous individuals and companies scattered across the globe some in European countries The notion of Hollywood imbues these countless temporary relations with a reassuring but misleading sense of unity Hollywood is in effect a brand name for an internationally structured institution whose spiritual and ancestral home is in the United States

11 Inglourious Basterds: A VERY International Co-production

Inglourious Basterds: A VERY International Co-production

Production Companies: US and German Distributors: (Mainly US) Writer- Director: Quentin Tarantino (US) Cast Brad Pitt (US) Melanie Laurent (France) Christoph Waltz (Austria) Michael Fassbender (DE-IE) Diane Kruger (DE) Daniel Bruhl (ES-DE) Til Schweiger (DE)

12 The Mamma Mia

The Mamma Mia

: A US/Pan-European Hollywood Co-production

Production Companies: Universal (Multi-national) Relativity (US) Littlestar (UK) Playtone (US) Internationale Filmproduktion Richter (DE) Distributors Universal (and UIP [Universal and Paramount[) Producers Swedish and US (inc.Tom Hanks and ABBA!) Director: Phyllida Lloyd (UK) Writer: Catherine Johnson (UK)

13 Mamma Mia

Mamma Mia

: On-Screen Talent a transatlantic ensemble

Amanda Seyfried (US) Meryl Streep (US) Stellen Skargard (Sweden) Pierce Brosnan (Irish) Colin Firth (UK) Julie Walters (UK) Chrisitne Baranski (US) Rachel McDowell (UK)

14 Why might it be the case that the nationality of creative talent be

Why might it be the case that the nationality of creative talent be

deemed to be important? Upon what rather questionable assumptions does this position lie?

15 The Significance of National Personnel

The Significance of National Personnel

Supposedly bringing a specifically national perspective to the material: Speilberg as American Assumes that: 1. Such a thing as a national perspective exists (back to the national discourse problem) 2. Personnel act upon it in their work lives 3. Other aspects of identity are not mobilized We do not know, we posit intention based on our OWN understanding of the material

16 How does the concept of transnational cinema complicate traditional

How does the concept of transnational cinema complicate traditional

conceptions of the consumption based approach? What does Meers study tell us about

17 Rethinking Consumption: International Circulation

Rethinking Consumption: International Circulation

Distribution Economic necessity ensures most Hollywood fare is made to be released internationally Uptake Most consumers are Cultural Omnivores who are not loyal to what they see as national forms Hollywood films often enjoy deeper penetration into non-US markets than the US Meaning Hollywood fare is a meaningful component of the cultural experiences of countless non-Americans

18 How would you go about gauging the extent to which a Hollywood film

How would you go about gauging the extent to which a Hollywood film

penetrated the cultural sphere of a European nation?

19 Inglourious Basterds: Ticket Sales (Source: www

Inglourious Basterds: Ticket Sales (Source: www

boxofficemojo.com)

North America: 37.5%/ International: 62.5% USA: 25th/2009 Germany: 12th/2009 France: 11th/2009 Italy: 17th/2009 UK: 27th/2009 Spain: 13th/2009 Holland: 8th/2009 Czech Rep. 9th/2009

20 Mamma Mia

Mamma Mia

: Ticket Sales (Source: www.boxofficemojo.com)

North America: 23.6%/ International: 76.4% USA: 13th/2008 Germany: 3rd/2008 France: 24th/2008 Italy: 14th/2008 UK: 1st/2008 Spain: 5th/2008 Holland: 1st/2008 Sweden: 1st/2008 Czech Rep.: 2nd/2008

21 What important information do these data not reveal

What important information do these data not reveal

22 Meers: Rare Empirical Support of the Imbeddedness of Hollywood

Meers: Rare Empirical Support of the Imbeddedness of Hollywood

Meers study is quite rare in Film Studies, as it considers how Europeans think of Hollywood His study sidesteps box office data, which shows the extent to which Europeans gravitate to some Hollywood films Instead, he shines a light on how young Flemish audiences perceived Hollywood, and compare it to other cultural products They were drawn to the slickness, escapism, and plausible fantasies they saw in Hollywood films, and to American English Hollywood was was very much a part of their cultural experience

23 How, in a general sense, does transnational cinema complicate the

How, in a general sense, does transnational cinema complicate the

text-based approach in terms of the content and themes of a film? in terms of how it addresses audiences?

24 Text-based Approach: Content, Themes, and Address

Text-based Approach: Content, Themes, and Address

1. Most films do not focus on a nation: A. Focus on tiny communities B. Dramatize international events C. Set in fantasy space 2. Viewers are invited to focus on perennials underpinning topical themes honor, love 3. Audiences are addressed as members of other types of community e.g. youth

25 How does the content and address of Inglourious Basterds complicate

How does the content and address of Inglourious Basterds complicate

the text-based approach? How does the content and address of Mamma Mia! complicate the text-based approach?

26 Inglorious Basterds: Meta-Transnational Cinema

Inglorious Basterds: Meta-Transnational Cinema

Content Focuses on international events and transnational cinema Spotlights regional, ethnic, political, and taste communities (not national though) Themes Perennials: revenge, power, fate, hubris Address International cine-literate audience: young hip indie crowd defined by taste

27 Mamma Mia

Mamma Mia

: Meta-meta-transnational Pop

A multi-layered expression of the transatlantic circulation of shared popular culture 1. Producers seek to bring moviegoers together across the globe around the film Mamma Mia! 2. The international community-building role of popular culture is spotlighted on the screen [Characters overcome problems and unite around a shared love for internationally known ABBA music] 3. Indeed, that music showcases joy of international cultural exchange: lyrically, stylistically, tonally

28 What could be more Hollywood than British and American actresses

What could be more Hollywood than British and American actresses

singing an international hit song - with a Spanish name, written in English by Swedes and played in a style accented by internationally recognizable Spanish and German folk music from a US-German-Swedish-British coproduction about a wedding between a Brit and a Greek-born woman of American and unknown European parentage on a Greek isle, which was one of the most-see films of 2008 in countries such as Holland and the Czech Republic?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmFhcst0s9I

29 In Sum

In Sum

Despite its reputation, Hollywood is best approached as an international institution with both American and non-American dimensions Hollywood is a brand name for myriad global operations conducted under the auspices of six multinational conglomerates Hollywood utilizes the international circulatiom of capital, goods, people, and ideas to assemble products for international markets Hollywood films often tell international, regional, or post-national atories, and cannot avoid being underpinned by perennial themes These films are invariably intelligible to, consumed by, and play important roles in the lives of international audiences esp. in Europe

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