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How Did the Second World War Start
How Did the Second World War Start
It’s all about being friends with each other
It’s all about being friends with each other
How did the war start
How did the war start
How, and why did World War I start
How, and why did World War I start
What was the main cause
What was the main cause
What happened next
What happened next
How long did the war last
How long did the war last
How did World War I end
How did World War I end
What did the treaty do
What did the treaty do
What happened after the war
What happened after the war
What happened next
What happened next
The situation got worse
The situation got worse
What did we do
What did we do
Was it ‘Peace in our time’
Was it ‘Peace in our time’
What happened first
What happened first

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How Did the Second World War Start

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1 How Did the Second World War Start

How Did the Second World War Start

A presentation by Miss Hayton

2 It’s all about being friends with each other

It’s all about being friends with each other

Some countries were friends with certain countries and not others! France and Britain were friendly with each other. Germany and Italy were friendly with each other.

3 How did the war start

How did the war start

To find out how the Second World War started we have to look back at the First World War. This map of Europe shows some of the countries involved.

4 How, and why did World War I start

How, and why did World War I start

World War I began in 1914 and lasted until 1918. It was supposed to be ‘The war to end all wars’. Countries had formed friendships or alliances with each other. Different countries began to build up their armies and build bigger, more powerful ships.

5 What was the main cause

What was the main cause

Germany, Austria and Italy were allies. France, Britain and Russia were allies. A Serbian man called Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo.

6 What happened next

What happened next

Gavrilo Princip was from Serbia, so Austria wanted them to apologise and pay compensation. Serbia refused, so Austria declared war. Russia was Serbia’s ally, so they declared war on Austria.

Germany declared war on Russia and Serbia. France declared war on Austria and Germany. Italy declared war on France and Russia. Germany invaded Belgium, so Britain declared war.

7 How long did the war last

How long did the war last

The war that was supposed to end by Christmas 1914 only ended on November 11th 1918. During the war millions of people were killed or injured.

8 How did World War I end

How did World War I end

By September 1918 the German High Command realised that the war was lost. The Armistice was signed at 11 a.m. on November 11th 1918. In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed.

9 What did the treaty do

What did the treaty do

Many people were determined to stop war happening again. A League of Nations was established to enable countries to keep peace. Germany was made to take the blame.

10 What happened after the war

What happened after the war

Germany was made to pay out huge sums of money in compensation. They were also made to give up some land.

Germany was also forced to reduce the size of her armies and to sink her ships. As a result the country became bankrupt.

11 What happened next

What happened next

The country had no money, people had no jobs and were starving. Some people resented the status and money that others, such as Jews had. Jews were persecuted and made to give up their jobs and money Adolf Hitler rose to power with promises to help the German people. He set up youth groups and spoke at rallies.

12 The situation got worse

The situation got worse

All over Europe, people began to suffer as jobs disappeared. Germany began to re-build her ships and build up her armies.

13 What did we do

What did we do

The British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain believed that he could negotiate with Adolf Hitler. He met Herr Hitler at Munich in 1938 and declared the meeting was successful, ‘Peace in our time’ he said.

14 Was it ‘Peace in our time’

Was it ‘Peace in our time’

Unfortunately not! Germany, with the support of her allies, continued to invade other countries. In September 1939 Britain issued an ultimatum, after Germany invaded Poland. It was ignored, so war was declared.

15 What happened first

What happened first

War was declared on September 3rd 1939. Air raid sirens sounded, but it was a false alarm. The evacuation of children began.

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