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Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Eugene Delacroix Self-Portrait, 1837 ROMANTIC
Eugene Delacroix Self-Portrait, 1837 ROMANTIC
Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare, 1781
Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare, 1781
Goya reflected on the Enlightenment and Neoclassical eras penchant
Goya reflected on the Enlightenment and Neoclassical eras penchant
Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800
Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800
Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800
Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800
Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819
Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819
Th?odore G
Th?odore G
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Th?odore G
Th?odore G
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Ilya Repin, Bargehaulers on the Volga, 1870-1873
Ilya Repin, Bargehaulers on the Volga, 1870-1873
John Constable, The Haywain, 1821
John Constable, The Haywain, 1821
Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840
Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840
Joseph M. W. Turner, The Snowstorm, 1842
Joseph M. W. Turner, The Snowstorm, 1842
Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836
Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836
Some of the artists included in this school or group are: Thomas
Some of the artists included in this school or group are: Thomas
The Hudson River School
The Hudson River School
Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863
Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863
Frederic Edwin Church, Twilight in the Wilderness, 1860
Frederic Edwin Church, Twilight in the Wilderness, 1860
Frederick Edwin Church, Heart Of the Andes, 1859
Frederick Edwin Church, Heart Of the Andes, 1859
Asher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849
Asher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849
Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868
Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868
Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868
Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868
Robert Scott Duncanson
Robert Scott Duncanson
Robert S. Duncanson, Blue Hole  Little Miami River, 1851
Robert S. Duncanson, Blue Hole Little Miami River, 1851
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Millet, The Gleaners, 1857
Millet, The Gleaners, 1857
Millet, The Gleaners, 1857
Millet, The Gleaners, 1857
Jean-Fran
Jean-Fran
Jean-Fran
Jean-Fran
Gustave Courbet, A Burial at Ornans, 1849
Gustave Courbet, A Burial at Ornans, 1849
Joseph-Nic
Joseph-Nic
Camera Obscura, 1671 (In use since the Renaissance)
Camera Obscura, 1671 (In use since the Renaissance)
Portable Camera Obscura, Late 18th Century (Popular accessory to
Portable Camera Obscura, Late 18th Century (Popular accessory to
Niepc?, View from Window, 1826
Niepc?, View from Window, 1826
Niepces First Kept Photograph, Framed
Niepces First Kept Photograph, Framed
The collaborative efforts of Delacroix and Eugene Durieu as seen in
The collaborative efforts of Delacroix and Eugene Durieu as seen in
Capturing an Artists Likeness
Capturing an Artists Likeness
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Still Life in Studio, Daguerreotype, 1837
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Still Life in Studio, Daguerreotype, 1837
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1838
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1838
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Self-Portrait, 1844
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Self-Portrait, 1844
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Edgar Allan Poe, 1848
Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Edgar Allan Poe, 1848
Henry Fox Talbot
Henry Fox Talbot
Henry Fox Talbot, Photogenic drawing of a fern leaf, c.1835-40
Henry Fox Talbot, Photogenic drawing of a fern leaf, c.1835-40
Hudson River School
Hudson River School
Timothy OSullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, PA, July 1863
Timothy OSullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, PA, July 1863
George Washington Wilson, Bank of England, c1890
George Washington Wilson, Bank of England, c1890
Compare the two city streets
Compare the two city streets

: Hudson River School. : . : Hudson River School.ppt. zip-: 7050 .

Hudson River School

Hudson River School.ppt
1 Hudson River School

Hudson River School

Eugene Delacroix (FRENCH) Theodore Gericault (FRENCH) Francisco Goya (SPANISH) John Constable (ENGLISH) Joseph Turner (ENGLISH)

Thomas Cole Frederick Edwin Church Asher B. Durand Albert Bierstadt Robert Duncanson

2 Eugene Delacroix Self-Portrait, 1837 ROMANTIC

Eugene Delacroix Self-Portrait, 1837 ROMANTIC

Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres Master of Drawing NEOCLASSICAL

3 Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare, 1781

Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare, 1781

The woman lies asleep, draped across the bed. An incubus, a demon believed in medieval times to prey, often sexually, on sleeping women, sits on the woman. In the background, a ghostly horse with flaming eyes bursts into the scene from beyond the curtain. Romantic artists liked to depict the dark terrain of the human subconscious. In their images of the sublime and terrible, artists often used something of Baroque dynamism with natural details in their quest for moving visions. This contrasted the more intellectual, rational Neoclassical themes and presentations. These were not exclusive traits however. The word nightmare is actually derived from the words night and mara. Mara was a spirit in northern mythology that was thought to torment and suffocate sleepers.

4 Goya reflected on the Enlightenment and Neoclassical eras penchant

Goya reflected on the Enlightenment and Neoclassical eras penchant

for rationality and order in order to come to the ultimate decision to dismiss Neoclassicism. The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters is an etching and aquatint from Los Caprichos, a series. This image shows Goya asleep, resting on a table or writing stand, surrounded by menacing creatures who seem ready to attack. The owls symbolize folly, and the bats symbolize ignorance.

Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1798

5 Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800

Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800

Goya was recognized for his skill fairly early in life and appointed as the Pintor del Rey (Painter to the King) in 1786. He was later appointed to First Court Painter in 1799, and produced works such as this. The Family of Charles IV shows King Charles IV and Queen Marie Luisa surrounded by their children. Goya used his predecessor Diego Velazquezs Las Meninas as inspiration for the work. The royal family appears facing viewers in an interior space. Goya includes himself in the rear left of the painting in the act of painting on a large canvas.

6 Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800

Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800

7 Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814

Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814

The Spanish people, finally recognizing the French as invaders, sought a way to expel the foreign troops. On May 2, 1808, in frustration, the Spanish attacked the Napoleonic soldiers in a chaotic and violent clash. In retaliation and as a show of force, the French responded the next day by executing numerous Spanish citizens. This tragic event is the subject of Goyas most famous painting, The Third of May 1808.

8 Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814

Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814

9 Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819

Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819

Goyas later works were called the Black Paintings. His declining heath only contributed to his state of mind. His works became increasingly disillusioned and pessimistic. This painting depicts the raw carnage and violence of Saturn, wild eyed and monstrous, as he consumes one of his children. Because of the similarity of Kronos and Khronos (the Greek word for time), Saturn has come to be associated with time. This has led to an interpretation of Goyas painting about the artists despair over the passage of time. Despite the images simplicity, it conveys a wildness, boldness, and brutality that cannot help but evoke and elemental response from any viewer. The demons that haunted Goya emerged in his art. Historian Gwyn Williams nicely sums up Goyas Black Paintings with this quote: As for the grotesque, the maniacal, the occult, the witchery, they are precisely the product of the sleep of human reason; they are human nightmares. That these monsters are human is, indeed, the point.

10 Th?odore G

Th?odore G

ricault, The Raft of the Medusa, 1818-1819.

11 Hudson River School
12 Hudson River School
13 Th?odore G

Th?odore G

ricault, Insane Woman, 1822-1823.

Gericault examined the influence of mental states on the human face and believed, as others did, that a face accurately revealed character, especially in madness and at the instance of death. He made many studies of the inmates at hospitals and institutions for the criminally insane, and he studied the severed heads of guillotine victims. These portraits present the psychic facts with astonishing authenticity, especially in contrast to earlier idealized commissioned portraiture. The more the Romantics became involved with nature, sane or mad, the more they hoped to reach the truth.

14 Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830

15 Hudson River School
16 Hudson River School
17 Ilya Repin, Bargehaulers on the Volga, 1870-1873

Ilya Repin, Bargehaulers on the Volga, 1870-1873

18 John Constable, The Haywain, 1821

John Constable, The Haywain, 1821

19 Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840

20 Joseph M. W. Turner, The Snowstorm, 1842

Joseph M. W. Turner, The Snowstorm, 1842

21 Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836

Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836

The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. Their paintings depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, as well as the Catskill Mountains, Adirondack Mountains, and White Mountains of New Hampshire. Note that "school" in this sense refers to a group of people whose outlook, inspiration, output, or style demonstrates a common thread, rather than a learning institution.

22 Some of the artists included in this school or group are: Thomas

Some of the artists included in this school or group are: Thomas

Cole Frederick Edwin Church Asher B. Durand Albert Bierstadt Robert Duncanson

Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836.

23 The Hudson River School

The Hudson River School

24 Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863

Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains: Lander's Peak, 1863

25 Frederic Edwin Church, Twilight in the Wilderness, 1860

Frederic Edwin Church, Twilight in the Wilderness, 1860

26 Frederick Edwin Church, Heart Of the Andes, 1859

Frederick Edwin Church, Heart Of the Andes, 1859

27 Asher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849

Asher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849

Kindred Spirits is perhaps the best known painting of Hudson River School painter Asher Durand. It depicts the recently deceased painter Thomas Cole and his friend the poet William Cullen Bryant in the Catskill Mountains. The landscape is not a literal record of a particular site but an idealized memory of Thomas Cole's discovery of the region. Bryant's daughter Julia donated the painting to the New York Public Library in 1904. In 2005, it was sold at auction to Walmart heiress Alice Walton for $35 million, a record for a painting by an American artist.

28 Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868

Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868

29 Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868

Albert Bierstadt, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868

30 Robert Scott Duncanson

Robert Scott Duncanson

31 Robert S. Duncanson, Blue Hole  Little Miami River, 1851

Robert S. Duncanson, Blue Hole Little Miami River, 1851

32 Hudson River School
33 Millet, The Gleaners, 1857

Millet, The Gleaners, 1857

REALISM

The Barbizon School

The Barbizon school (circa 1830 1870) of painters is named after the village of Barbizon (France) where the artists gathered. The Barbizon painters were part of a movement towards realism in art which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time.

34 Millet, The Gleaners, 1857

Millet, The Gleaners, 1857

REALISM

The Barbizon School

In 1824 the Salon de Paris exhibited works of John Constable. His rural scenes influenced some of the younger artists of the time, moving them to abandon formalism and to draw inspiration directly from nature. Natural scenes became the subjects of their paintings rather than mere backdrops to dramatic events. During the Revolutions of 1848 artists gathered at Barbizon to follow Constable's ideas, making nature the subject of their paintings. One of them, Jean-Fran?ois Millet, extended the idea from landscape to figures peasant figures, scenes of peasant life, and work in the fields. In The Gleaners (1857), Millet portrays three peasant women working at the harvest. There is no drama and no story told, merely three peasant women in a field.

35 Jean-Fran

Jean-Fran

ois Millet, The Gleaners, 1857. REALISM

36 Jean-Fran

Jean-Fran

ois Millet, The Angelus, 1857-59. REALISM

37 Gustave Courbet, A Burial at Ornans, 1849

Gustave Courbet, A Burial at Ornans, 1849

REALISM

38 Joseph-Nic

Joseph-Nic

phore Niepc?

Louis-Jacques Daguerre

Henry Fox Talbot

Frederick Scott Archer

Great names in Photography

Created 1st known image in 1826 Worked with Niepc?. After Niepc?s death, added a lens and a positive metal image (Daguerrotype) Discovered light-sensitive paper, Negative image on metal for countless reproductions Discovered using silver nitrate on glass made for clearer pictures in just a few seconds

39 Camera Obscura, 1671 (In use since the Renaissance)

Camera Obscura, 1671 (In use since the Renaissance)

40 Portable Camera Obscura, Late 18th Century (Popular accessory to

Portable Camera Obscura, Late 18th Century (Popular accessory to

sketching)

41 Niepc?, View from Window, 1826

Niepc?, View from Window, 1826

42 Niepces First Kept Photograph, Framed

Niepces First Kept Photograph, Framed

43 The collaborative efforts of Delacroix and Eugene Durieu as seen in

The collaborative efforts of Delacroix and Eugene Durieu as seen in

this photograph demonstrate the symbiotic relationship between painters and photographers. This photograph provided Delacroix with a permanent image of the posed nude female model, photographers sometimes also attempted to create the mood through careful lighting and the draping of the cloth.

Eugene Durieu and Eug?ne Delacroix, Draped Model, 1854.

44 Capturing an Artists Likeness

Capturing an Artists Likeness

This portrait shows the painter at the height of his career. In the photograph, the artist appears with remarkable presence. His gesture and expression create a revealing mood that seems to tell viewers much about him. The new photographic materials made possible the rich range of tones in Nadars images. Glass negatives and albumen printing paper could record finer detail and wider range of light and shadow.

Nadar, Eugene Delacroix, 1855.

45 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Still Life in Studio, Daguerreotype, 1837

Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Still Life in Studio, Daguerreotype, 1837

46 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1838

Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1838

47 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Self-Portrait, 1844

Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Self-Portrait, 1844

48 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Edgar Allan Poe, 1848

Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Edgar Allan Poe, 1848

49 Henry Fox Talbot

Henry Fox Talbot

Discovered light-sensitive paper, Negative image on metal for countless reproductions

50 Henry Fox Talbot, Photogenic drawing of a fern leaf, c.1835-40

Henry Fox Talbot, Photogenic drawing of a fern leaf, c.1835-40

51 Hudson River School
52 Timothy OSullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, PA, July 1863

Timothy OSullivan, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, PA, July 1863

53 George Washington Wilson, Bank of England, c1890

George Washington Wilson, Bank of England, c1890

54 Compare the two city streets

Compare the two city streets

Hudson River School
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