Тексты на английском
<<  The Olympics and sustainable urban regeneration The achievements of the scientific school of Professor Yuri Kuznetsov in the machine tool industry  >>
Hungary and the Tizsa River
Hungary and the Tizsa River
Hungary
Hungary
Hungary vs
Hungary vs
The People
The People
Hungary was a major part the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Hungary was a major part the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Limited Resources
Limited Resources
Land and water preservation
Land and water preservation
Life blood
Life blood
Industry
Industry
Troubled Waters
Troubled Waters
Background
Background
Mining Area of Baia Mare
Mining Area of Baia Mare
Factors
Factors
Possible Human Factors
Possible Human Factors
The Disaster
The Disaster
The Path
The Path
Rivers Sasar, to Lapus, to Somes, to the Hungarian part of the Tisza
Rivers Sasar, to Lapus, to Somes, to the Hungarian part of the Tisza
Bozanta Mare well water supply for 2000 people tested over 60 times
Bozanta Mare well water supply for 2000 people tested over 60 times
Cyanide testing sites
Cyanide testing sites
Results 1-4
Results 1-4
Results 5-7
Results 5-7
What is Cyanide
What is Cyanide
Effects of Cyanide
Effects of Cyanide
Levels
Levels
Aquatic Life
Aquatic Life
Saving Grace
Saving Grace
Heavy Metals
Heavy Metals
Specific Heavy Metals
Specific Heavy Metals
River Wasteland
River Wasteland
More then just the river
More then just the river
Government Response
Government Response
Esmeralda Exploration Limited
Esmeralda Exploration Limited
No End in Sights
No End in Sights
Bibliography of Information
Bibliography of Information
Pictorial Bibliography
Pictorial Bibliography
Pictorial Bibliography Continued
Pictorial Bibliography Continued
Power Point Created by Nathan Hamm
Power Point Created by Nathan Hamm

Презентация: «Hungary and the Tizsa River». Автор: HAMMNB. Файл: «Hungary and the Tizsa River.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2239 КБ.

Hungary and the Tizsa River

содержание презентации «Hungary and the Tizsa River.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 Hungary and the Tizsa River

Hungary and the Tizsa River

By Nathan Hamm

2 Hungary

Hungary

Republic of Hungary Since 1989 Total area 93,030 sq km Total area with water 960 sq km Comparative size Indiana

3 Hungary vs

Hungary vs

Indiana

4 The People

The People

Population 10,032,375 Came from a lineage called Magyar

5 Hungary was a major part the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Hungary was a major part the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Even though it was the Magyars who came to Hungary they have grown to be part of the land. They have fought and died here since 896 A.D.

6 Limited Resources

Limited Resources

Hungary has 50% arable land, it is mostly plains and rivers. The U.S. has 19.3% Hungary only 93,030 sq. km The U.S. has 9,631,418 sq. km

7 Land and water preservation

Land and water preservation

Land is made arable only if it has a source of water that feeds it. Water is the most important part of human life. A human can survive for over a month without food but not much over three days without water. When you “boil” all life and production down to its elements, water plays a dominant role.

8 Life blood

Life blood

Rivers have historically been a life blood to the land. Important part of culture.

9 Industry

Industry

Every agricultural and industrial economy needs water. Mining uses large quantities of water. But usually the chemicals used in the process are kept in pond-like holding areas enclosed by earthen dams until they can be purified.

10 Troubled Waters

Troubled Waters

Romania, Hungary, Serbia, and Bulgaria have recently suffered an environmental disaster that has been dubbed the “Aquatic Chernobyl”

11 Background

Background

City Baia Mare. Mining facility called Aurul SA Australian company “Esmeralda Exploration Limited”. Romanian government has part ownership.

12 Mining Area of Baia Mare

Mining Area of Baia Mare

Chronic health problems. Some live 50 meters from waste ponds. World Health Organization labeled the area a hotspot even before the disaster. In the area lead levels in adults are 2.5 times higher then the recommended safety levels.

13 Factors

Factors

Day of January 30, 2000 Snow thaw and heavy rains. Human error. Earthen dam breaks.

14 Possible Human Factors

Possible Human Factors

Romanian government had a “stake” in the company. Nearly no inspections. Relatively short expected period of operation. Australian Company was not under Australian laws.

15 The Disaster

The Disaster

100,000 cubic meters (some say up to 180,00) of liquid spills into Sasar river. 50 to 100 tons of cyanide is released along with large amount of copper and other heavy metals.

16 The Path

The Path

17 Rivers Sasar, to Lapus, to Somes, to the Hungarian part of the Tisza

Rivers Sasar, to Lapus, to Somes, to the Hungarian part of the Tisza

and Danube until it emptied into the Black Sea. 2000 km of the Danube effected. Affecting the water supply of 24 municipalities.

18 Bozanta Mare well water supply for 2000 people tested over 60 times

Bozanta Mare well water supply for 2000 people tested over 60 times

acceptable levels.

19 Cyanide testing sites

Cyanide testing sites

20 Results 1-4

Results 1-4

21 Results 5-7

Results 5-7

22 What is Cyanide

What is Cyanide

Toxic class of compounds. Used in gold mining to cause the precious metals gold and silver to “leach” out the ore. Human beings and other life can stand only tiny amounts of it.

23 Effects of Cyanide

Effects of Cyanide

Cyanide blocks ingestion of oxygen by cells. Long term exposure causes convulsions and eventually death.

24 Levels

Levels

Romanian waterways peaked at 19.16 milligrams/liter Feb 1 Hungary reports at Szamos 32.6 mg/liter more than 300 times the accepted 0.1 mg/liter

25 Aquatic Life

Aquatic Life

Fish are almost one thousand times more sensitive to cyanide then humans are. Even from minimal exposure they suffer severely.

26 Saving Grace

Saving Grace

Cyanide does decompose in sunlight. There is some cyanide in nature b12 vitamin rich food have some in them.

27 Heavy Metals

Heavy Metals

Do not break down and are “bio-accumulative” Creates long-term effects.

28 Specific Heavy Metals

Specific Heavy Metals

Lead delays normal growth and increases blood pressure. Copper causes intestinal distress, and liver damage.

29 River Wasteland

River Wasteland

The polluted water flowed through Hungary for 12 days. Experts speculate a near total loss of all animal and plant live in the river. Hundreds of tons of fish had to be disposed of from the river and its shores. The Tisza River was a legendary fishing river; it was in literature and poems through out Hungary.

30 More then just the river

More then just the river

Rare and unique fauna and flora in the Horto-bagy Marsh were endangered including five ospreys living in the Hortobagy National park. Cyanide was the known cause of the demise of two bald eagles, one was paralyzed and one was found dead.

31 Government Response

Government Response

Romanian Principal International Alert Center (PIAC) notified the Hungarian PIAC on Jan 31 at 8:54 P.M. Hungary was able to save some lakes and side streams. Tension between Hungary and Romania increase (already high due to Hungarian minority in Transylvania. Million are spent cleaning up the result.

32 Esmeralda Exploration Limited

Esmeralda Exploration Limited

The spill cost it 350,000 dollars per week in lost revenue. In June, the government of Hungary filed a $110 million lawsuit against Australian-based Esmeralda Explorations, Ltd.

33 No End in Sights

No End in Sights

The Tragedy of this spill has raised question about the use of Cyanide and possible safe alternatives. Czech Republic banned use of cyanide “leaching” in all mining. There has been several groups in the U.S.A. that have raised in debate over the continued use of Cyanide in Wisconsin, Montana, and Colorado. If you would like to get in contact with one go to www.treatyland.com or www.nodirtygold.org or www.moles.org

34 Bibliography of Information

Bibliography of Information

Textual information gathered from these sources The Cyanide Spill at Baia Mare, Romania and other flyers and informational packages from http://www.rec.org/ Information on the Hortobagy Marsh found in http://s.o.w.tripod.com/tiszariver.htm and http://www.calguard.ca.gov/ia/Transcarpathia/Floods%20-%20Cyanide%20in%20Tisza.htm Facts on Cyanide can be found on http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts8.html Technical information on the geography of Hungary located at www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook Law suite information found on web sight http://s.o.w.tripod.com/tiszariver.htm

35 Pictorial Bibliography

Pictorial Bibliography

Pictures of Hungary on pages 1-6 http://www.uwec.edu/grossmzc/ Picture of Indiana page 3 from http://www.inspire.net/indfacts.html Picture on Page 8 from http://almashriq.hiof.no/lebanon/700/770/779/fahs/village/fahs.html Picture of Danube river from page 10 located at www.world-ventures.com/ LC_River_Cruise_Danube

Page 11,17,23,25,26,29,and 30 pictures come from http://journalism.uts.edu.au/miningoz_2004/DirtyGold/index.htm Page 13 picture is from http://www.donskiff.com/images/rain.jpg Picture on page 16 http://www.rec.org/ Picture on page 17 came from http://greenhorizon.rec.org/news.html

36 Pictorial Bibliography Continued

Pictorial Bibliography Continued

Page 19-21 pictures from http://www.tisaforum.org.yu/arhiva/HUMoE/prel-eval.htm Picture from Page 22 http://www.bigscrub.org.au/bs-images/cyanide.jpg Page 27-28 pictures come from http://drake.marin.k12.ca.us/stuwork/rockwater/hev%20met/hevmet.html Pictures on page 30 found on http://www.nps.gov/badl/exp/hortobagy.htm Picture on page 31 http://www.deh.gov.au/industry/industry-performance/minerals/booklets/cyanide/baia-mare-cs.html

37 Power Point Created by Nathan Hamm

Power Point Created by Nathan Hamm

UW Eau Claire student E-mail: hammnb@uwec.edu Presented in Geography 308 Professor Zoltan Grossmann Class: Geography of Russia and Eastern Europe Semester Spring 2005

«Hungary and the Tizsa River»
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/hungary-and-the-tizsa-river-126327.html
cсылка на страницу
Урок

Английский язык

29 тем
Слайды